Articles

Mott’s General Store, Main Street, Lyn

The Credit Ledger from

Blake E. Mott’s General Store, Lyn, Ontario

(Author unknown) (Note: the photo is not of Mott’s Store, unfortunately no photos exist of his store)

Blake Mott and his wife Edith were the proprietors of a General Store in Lyn from about 1921 to 1931. Blake rented the ground floor of the building owned by the International Order of Oddfellows on the main street of Lyn, right next to the present museum.

This ‘Credit Ledger’ covers the time period of March 17th, 1925 to May 26th, 193. On the surface this Ledger records goods and services purchased on credit, but in fact it is a document depicting a social and economic way of life in that era. The 475 pages of purchases tell far more than what the customers bought; it relates how rural folk lived and managed to economically survive in increasingly difficult times. Interest centres not so much on what they bought and the prices, but on how they paid their bills, for that information indicated their financial fluidity and resourcefulness.

The decade of 1920 to 1930 has frequently been referred to as “The Roaring Twenties”, which immediately conjures up images of gay ‘Flappers’ and ‘Great Gatsby’ type figures of enormous wealth and high social standing, living the good life. Well, for the wealthy that might have been true but for the vast majority, especially the working class, which include rural folk, typically those who lived in the Lyn area, life in that decade was one of increasing hardship. There was a boom in the immediate post WW 1 period but as the decade wore on the good times became economically more difficult. The working class experienced ten years of declining income while the wealthy hardly noticed it at all, until the stock market crash of 1929, which caused chaos amongst the upper income group. The Market crash had a domino effect with disproportionate repercussions on the already cash strapped lower income group- which included most of the citizens of Lyn.

The era of the village store is all but gone; a few such stores still exist in outlying communities, but they have a finite life and their imminent demise is dependent upon the economics of transportation. It might be that the reader has a vague idea of what a general store is, and so to clarify, a brief description is in order. Where there was an established community, more likely than not remote, and mobility was restricted, or transportation was expensive, there arose a need for a store where goods, that could not be conveniently or economically produced locally, could be purchased to meet life’s needs. Thus emerged the general store. It was a phenomena that existed from time immemorial to mid 20th century. It was a shop where a vast selection of goods were available, not much variety perhaps, but the key factor was ‘availability’. It was the fore runner to today’s department store complex. The general store also served as a community hub with essential social services and communications being part of its stock in trade.. This tangible ‘other product’ illustrates that ‘Man does not live by bread alone’. Mott’s Store was probably typical of the era in which it existed with a mind boggling inventory roughly divided into ‘departments’ within a small shop. The Ledger records some, but by no means all, of his stock (refer to later pages for a list of items sold). For the average farm wife, living in relative isolation, Mott’s emporium might have seemed to be a material oasis from another planet.

People bought on credit for numerous reasons and not simply because they were short of money; they had small amounts of money but it might not have been available at any given time. Lyn was essentially a farming community where the ‘mill cheque’ was the major source of income and the cheques were issued by the milk factory once per month, meaning that there was no constant flow of money in the community. Like milk, it came in spurts, but at thirty day intervals. People lived from milk cheque to milk cheque, doing as best they could between times. Mott was probably the last link in the local financial chain.

A credit account with Mott was a matter of convenience for some folk who had other mid month priorities for their ready cash. Those people who did not have a steady income would have appreciated the easy credit on food until the next casual job came along. Mott did not charge interest on his accounts, which was the norm for general stores trying to attract and hold customers in a competitive market place. This mutual rust and faith worked well for the most part, with few failing to pay their bills. Payments to him were frequently of small amounts with 10 and 20 cents being common, although most paid off a goodly portion of their account, but rarely the whole lot. They were not able to get ahead of the game, they were in perpetual debt. Many of those in the Ledger obviously were not making a living wage. There is no evidence of how many of Mott’s customers paid in cash for this book is a Credit Ledger.

Mott provided several services aside from provender. He ran a type of taxi service; he also sub-contracted deliveries of heavier items to a truck owner; he was a money lender; he owned a telephone and charged for conveying messages (10¢ each!); he was a middle mn or ‘agent’ for watch repairs; he was a caterer for the Masons; he accepted, in lieu of cash payment on credit accounts, all manner of farm produce (refer to list on a later page), and in addition to all that he was the distributor of “Relief” to those too poor to survive without Township Assistance. In many ways Mott was an extraordinary businessman; astute, flexible, alert to opportunities, adaptable to change, multi-skilled, having an agile mind and being competent in risk assessment. He was an admirable performance given the difficult financial times in which he operated.

Mott became a significant person in the community because he provided so many services. This was probably Mott’s way of staying ahead of the competition, there were four other general stores in the village at that time and the struggle for survival was probably keen. In addition to those four competing stores there was a number of very small stores sprinkled about the countryside; one was run from the converted front parlour of a private house. The number of general stores in Lyn was justified because customers were drawn from approximately a ten mile radius. One of Mott’s customers habitually walked down Halleck’s Road from his house on Highway 2. It is well to bear in mind that Lyn rivalled Brockville for economic dominance at one time.

The Ledger records many times Mott billing church ministers, who did not own a car, for taxi services to funerals or Sunday church services in the distant charges of their respective parishes. A normal day labour rate was about $2.00 was in effect at the time and Mott charged between $2.00 and $2.50 for most trips, which was quite expensive.

Lester Ladd was the owner of a truck and he carried bread and other products for Mott as a sub contractor.

As a money lender Mott was limited. He lent amounts from 20¢ to $100. and charged 7% interest. The normal interest rate at that time was about 4%, but it seems that Mott might have been the ‘lender of last resort’ and hence the extra 3% for the higher risk. He did not do it often but he did provide a financial service, be it ever so humble, for a community that had few alternatives.

The Ledger records many instances when Mott supplied coffee and snacks to the Masons (referred to in the ledger as A.F.& A.M.- and acronym for the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons) when they held their meetings in the rooms above the present day library in Lyn. He contracted to fill the il lamps, clean the meeting rooms, set fires in the winter, wash dishes, provide milk, butter, bread, cookies, fruit cakes and salmon with charges ranging from $4.65 t0 $8.15. Actually it was a local lady defraying her credit account who did the work, and Mott who supplied the goods and took responsibility for the service.

Prior to entering the grocery business Mott was a farmer and he retained ownership of the farm after he opened the store. The ledger records, in 1928, rent of $4.00 per month for the farm house being collected by Eli Mott, a distant relative. Eli must have vacated the house and another tenant moved in for in the back of the ledger a hand written note dated February 24th, 1932, giving two months notice of eviction to the new tenant (name withheld). The ownership of this farm was convenient for Mott because it was a place where customers could ‘trade’ day labour and farm supplies to reduce their credit amount at the store. All parties were happy; no cash changed hands, the credit account decreased and Mott had his farm in better order. Mott might have sold some farm produce to other farmers rather than use it himself. He did purchase a lot of hay and it probably was used for his own cattle. In 1927 Mott sold ‘a year’s pasture for two colts’ to one of his customers for $14.00, a Mr. M.Fodey.

Mott also ‘traded’ with suppliers. The Ledger relates that he exchanged the cost of automobile repairs ($70.33) for a grocery credit of the same amount, with the garage owner, G.R.Stewart. There is also an entry telling that Dr. G.W.Brown was credited $5.00, which was his grocery bill, for inoculating Mott’s daughters four times. Miss Addie McLean, and artist and music teacher, was credited 50¢ for music lessons for Mott’s daughters.

There are occasional entries where people, other than the account owner, paid some amount off an account. An assumption is being made that the account owner was owed money and an indirect payment was made. Two entries note that payments were ‘lent’ money, i.e. money was lent to the debtor but paid directly to Mott, thus relieving Mott of some of the debt.

Hard economic times fostered a system of ‘Relief to the Poor’, ‘Dole, or ‘welfare”. The Ledger shows that The Township of Elizabethtown paid for bread to be distributed by Mott to designated customers. There is no record of who the recipients were (preservation of the individual’s dignity, Mott was sensitive) but there is a record of how much bread was distributed, pages of it. Later on in the decade, as things got worse, bread was supplemented by other basic necessities, Rolled Oats, sugar, butter, milk, beef, soap, tea and bacon.

Mott was not wealthy enough to be immune to the failing economy and despite his various acts of nobleness oblige, he indulged in, what today would seem, a bizarre act. A local man recalls buying ice cream cones from Mott who would lift the ice cream fro the canister with a metal scoop and trim off the excess ice cream from the bottom of the scoop with his jack knife!

The lot of women was shown in the Ledger to be less than good. There seems to be unequal credit for labour in lieu of cash. Mrs. D. Lawson was credited a mere 75¢ for scrubbing the floor of the Masonic Lodge and yet was charged $2.50 for taxi service to visit her husband in the Brockville Hospital. She did other work on the Masonic room and was paid $1.05. A Mrs. LaRue demolished a barn and was credited only $6.00. The accounts that are obviously those of women are all very well managed, with frequent payments and never large sums owing. Life, then, for women, was tough. Edith Mott wife of Blake Mott, more than pulled her weight in the maintenance of the household. Not only was she wife, mother (of four girls), lover, house keeper, store keeper and Post Mistress, but also managed the dining room of Stack’s Hotel.

The amount of money owed on a credit account varied widely from $4.00 or less, to the highest at $186.98 (he did manage to pay it off). Most payments were irregular and small. A prime example of this was one church minister, who despite living quite frugally had an account that perpetually hovered around $73. The frequency of visits to the shop by customers ran from several times a month to three times a day and the purchases indicated that the regulars had poor planning skills. One person returned some ham, excess to their needs, for a 50¢ credit. A man who had an outstanding account of $1.12, ceased coming to the shop and then four years later returned and picked up where he had left off; no interest being charged and no comment recorded. Another man existed on little other than pork and beans, bread and tobacco. It was interesting to note that the boring fare for the average account holder, was spiced up from time to time by small luxury items, despite the lack of money: salmon, ice cram, tropical fruit, maple butter, coconut, ginger snaps, raisins, chocolate, cookies, herbs, spices, herrings and candies. Being typical boosts to the taste buds. An inordinate amount of tobacco was sold at 25¢ a pack; that being very expensive in relation to a day’s wage.

The list of tropical fruits suggested an efficient importing and distribution system was in operation. Fruit could have been shipped from Florida, or the Caribbean, to Montreal and thence by train to Brockville and truck to Lyn.

The listing of perishable items, ice cream in particular, indicates that Mott had a cooling system in the store, Refrigeration as we know it did not come into common use until much late and electricity to run a freezer came into the area only in 1947. A clue is found in the account of Albert (Ab) Cain, a maker of axe handles, where he traded 738 cakes of ice for $12.65 off of his account. The ice cakes, normally 16” square by approximately 12” thick, would have been used in a large wooden ice box type cooler. When awaiting use in the store cooler the cakes were held in a barn at the rear There was snow packed between the cakes of ice and a foot of sawdust all around the inside of the walls acted as insulation. Ice cutting was a difficult and heavy job that separated the men from the boys, meaning that it was a hard won credit.

Midway through 1930 it is evident that fewer customers are coming to the shop and they are buying fewer goods. More ‘trading’ is taking place, meaning less cash flow for Mott. Who has bills to pay in cash. By Christmas the position became intolerable and thus Mott wrote a brief note to his landlords, the IOOF Property Committee, informing them of his intent to quit the premises on January 1st, 1931. it must have been a very difficult note to write, despite its brevity, for it meant that eight years of his efforts, and those of his wife Edith, were in vain.

Gentlemen, Owing to the drop in business and the depression of money, I hereby give you notice of my vacating your store as per agreement, notice taking effect from January 1, 1931.

Respectfully yours, (signature) E.B. Mott”

However there is an entry in the Ledger as late as June 24th, 1931, for goods and services rendered to the Masonic Lodge. So there is a question as to the date of the store closing.

When Mott was running his store in the IOOF building, his wife Edith Mott, who had a reputation as an excellent cook, was running the dinning room of Stack’s Hotel, it being just three doors west of the Mott’s Store. Since Mot had rented his farm house to Eli Mott, Blake was living with his wife Edith and four young girls in rooms above the hotel dining room. When Stack’s Hotel was destroyed by fire in 1928 Mott purchased a house on the corner of Main Street and Lyn Valley Road (39 Main Street). After his store closed Mott was employed by the owners of Billings’ General Store in Lyn. Mott then gained the contract for the Royal Mail in Lyn, the post office at that time was within Billing’s Store. Later the Mott’s left the employ of Billings and moved the Post Office into the IOOF building, in the same place as their old store.

In his obituary in the Recorder and Times, 1945, it was noted that Mott was in business in Lyn until 1937. According to family records, held by Mott’s grandson, Clark Dempsey, Mot was Christened Blake Edward Mott, but on two formal documents, perhaps of a legal nature, he signed his name as E.B. Mott.

Mott was born in Lyn on July 25th, 1881 and died aged 64 in Brockville on January 28th, 1945, he was buried in the Oakland Cemetery. He married Edith Danby in August 1911 and they had four children, Velma, Helen, and twins Doris and Dorothy. Mott was the son of Weldon B. Mott and Marticia Clark. Mott had two brothers, Clark P. Mott of Philadelphia and H.F. Mott, a judge, in Toronto. Mott had an aunt, Bessie Mott, born in Lillies on May 30th, 1853 who died in Brockville on December 5th, 1948, aged 95.

Addendum

The Ledger used for this story starts as of March, 1925 and runs until May, 1931. Several times, at the beginning of the Ledger there is reference to accounts being “Carried from Book #1”, which must have covered the earlier period. That book is not available. The date of Mott opening his store is said to have been 1921, but that is not certain.

The Ledger itemizes a customer’s purchases made at any one time, except for “the weekly supplies” where it is simply listed as “groceries”, which on average, ran from $1.50 to $4.00. The described individual items shed light on a life style and local economy. Where prices are available they are in brackets beside the item. While some prices might appear to be low it ust be remembered that they are in 1925-30 dollars and should be adjusted to reflect the average rural labour’s wage for that era. The prices did not increase much, if at all, during the 1920’s, but real incomes declined, not because a day’s labour was any cheaper, but rather it was increasingly more difficult to find. The dollar value of a day’s labour varied on the task and if the labourer supplied machinery and horses, but simply for a man without machinery anywhere from $2.00 to $2.50 for an eight hour day seemed to be the norm, that’s about 31¢ per hour.

Mott’s general store was small and the number of items he carried must have been enormous, meaning that they probably were jammed in where ever a space was available. To give the reader the impression of the controlled chaos that must have existed the items have been listed in a random fashion.

Meat @ 30¢ a pound

Bread 10¢ a loaf

Herrings 20¢

Sausages @ 20¢ a pound

Soap 9¢

Raisins 18¢

Lemons 6 for 20¢

Corn Flakes 13¢ a box

Life Savers 5¢

Ice Cream 25¢

Cabbage 10¢

Peanut Butter 25¢

Hair net 10¢

Horse Blanket $4.00

Chick Feeds 4 lbs for 25¢

Glass Sealers 12 for $1.40

Caster Oil 20¢

Overalls $2.00

Corn Starch 13¢

Tea 65¢

Packet of Seeds 10¢

Clothes pins 2 doz. 15¢

Laces 5¢ & 15¢

Nutmeg 6 for 5¢

Honey 5 lbs $1.00

Icing Sugar 1 lb for 10¢

Prunes 25¢

Vanilla 10¢

Coat $4.00

Shirt $1.25

Salmon 45¢

Lettuce 5¢

Gloves $1.00

Yeast Cakes 8¢ each

Coffee 1/2 lb 40¢

Scribbler 5¢

Aspirin 25¢

Corn Syrup 1 lb 10¢

Water Mellon 10¢

Skein of Yarn 25¢

Gillett Lye 15¢

Salt 100 lbs $1.40

Bugg Lantern $2.00

Fly Swatter 15¢

Coca 30¢

Ammonia 10¢

Berries 1 box 18¢

Pineapple 20¢

Envelopes 10¢

Fly Paper 10¢

Broom 75¢

Milk 1 pint 5¢

Easter Eggs 5¢ each

Boots $4.25

Sateen 2.75 yards 83¢

Dates 18¢

Flour 100 lbs $4.75

Blueing 7¢

Dutch Cleanser 13¢

Bon Ami 15¢

Cornstarch 13¢

O’Henry Bar 10¢

Magazines 60¢

Macaroni 2 lbs 25¢

Talcum Powder 25¢

Sardines 25¢

Sugar 100 lbs $7.50

Axle Grease 50¢

Axe Handle 50¢

Cookies 1 lb 30¢

Jam 1 jar 65¢

Eggs 1 doz 30¢

Jelly Rolls 20¢

Flash Light $2.00

Paint 1 Gal $5.00

Mott also accepted other items in lieu of cash as payment against credit accounts. Some examples are:

Day Labour was at various dollar values, depending upon the task and if a horse or equipment was supplied. Tom Pettem was credited $8.00 for 2 day’s labour and for that he supplied a machine and a team of horses. Eli Mott, a relative, was credited $2.00 for a days assistance in the store. Seymore Cromwell was credited $9.00 for three day’s labour at fencing. Ed Braut worked eight days for $10.00.

Fire Wood was credited by the cord, or the load. A. Bolton received $3.50 per cord and $4.00 a cord for Tom Pettem. In 1922 two cords were valued at $9.00. Orval Brundige supplied two cords of slab wood for $4.50. Harry Leader traded 5 gallons of syrup for $8.75 and $10.86 for an unknown quantity of fire wood.

J.Bolin traded milk for most of his purchases, 80¢ for 10 quarts was typical, in fact he traded so much milk he was oft times in a credit position.

Joseph Young benefited by 15¢ for fish

Lester Ladd was credited 25¢ for carting 50 loaves of bread.

Walter Jarvis profited by $1.50 for two loads of earth.

Vincent Mercier traded a calf skin for 65¢ and another for 80¢

A number of customers brought in eggs, 10¢ a cozen, and home made butter

In season berries were a popular trading commodity.

Potatoes by the bushel were recorded a number of times.

Joe Bolin was credited 10¢ a pound for 113 pounds of beef

Walter Gardiner was given 10¢ a pound for 115 pounds of beef.

Jos. Mott was credited $20.61 for a heifer

Bryce Moore provided five cedar posts for a credit of $12.50

Charles Herbison did some blacksmithing for $6.90

Albert Cain gained $12.65 for cutting 738 cakes of ice.

Following is a listing of customer names as they appeared in the Ledger between March, 1925 and May, 1931. It reads like a who’s who of Lyn.

 

A.F.&A.M. Gardiner, G.W. Mercier, Vincent
Andress, Chas Gardiner, Stanley Miller, Robert
Andress, S. Gardiner, Walter Molt, G.P.
Armstrong, Vera B.,Miss Gibson, Roy Moore, Curson
Beach, Ralph Green, Clarence Moore, Joel
Bolin, Joe Hamilton, J. Moorree, Bryce
Bolton, A. Hamilton, J., Miss Mott, Arnold
Booth, Ed Heffernan, Edmund Mott, Eli
Bowman, George Hendry, Hilbert Mott, Geo. P.
Brant, Ed. Herbison, Charles Mott, Geo. P.
Brown, G.W., Dr. Herbison, Frank Mott, Jos.
Brundige, Orval Herbison, H. Murphy, Lance
Bufelt, Ed. Hodge, Kenneth Neddo, W.
Bushfield, Archie Hull, Mrs. Nixon, Vfred
Cain, A. Hunter, B. Nunn, Clifford
Cain, Ernie Imerson, O. Nunn, Clifford
Cain, Ourine Jackson, George Pergau, Geo., Mrs.
Cain, Victor Jarvis, Walter Pergau, Helen, Mrs.
Cdonovan, Paddy Jenkinson, James Pettem, Harold
Chant, Frank Johnston, William Pettem, Leonard
Charlton, M. Jowett, Arnold Pettem, Luella
Chisamore, Willie Ladd, Authur Pettem, Tom
Clow W.J. Ladd, Lester Reid, George
Clow, John LaRue., Mrs. Robinson, Rev.
Clow, W. Lawson, Bun Runnett, Fred
Coby, James Lawson, Harmon, Jr. Russell, Lester
Comyn, William Lee, N. Seymore, Cromwell
Cromwell, R. Leeder, John Shane, Richard
Dailey, Mrs. Lennox, Ernie Simpson, Jas.
Darling, Ian Lennox, Mrs. Simpson, John
Darling, Sanford Lowry, Mrs. Slack, Frank
Davis, Ed Mallory, Ira Smith, Ambrose
Delve, Rev. Marshall, Harry Square, John
Dison, Dixon Marshall, James Stafford, Frank
Dollan, Gordon May, William Steacy, John
Dowdell, Rev. McElroy, Stanley Stewart, Jack
Dumont, Orval McLean, Addie, Miss Teskey, Rev.
Earle, Leland McNamara, Hav. Truesdale, C.
Edgley, James McNamara, John, Sr. Truesdale, William
Edgley, Mrs. Dar McNish, Fred Vanattan, Geo. & Sid
Edmunds, Mr. McNish, Harris Watson. Chas
Elizabethtown Twp. Webster, Earl
Fodey, M. Young, Jas. jr.
Young, Jos. Sr.
Young, William Sr.

Billings Family Photos

The Billings Families were prominent in the village of Lyn. Water and his sister grew up on a house on the Lyn Road, which is now across from Burnbrae Farms and part of their property. Murray Billings was a cousin of Walter’s and operated a new and used car sales business in Lyn. Walter wrote of his growing up in and around the village, his stories are featured on our website under “Stories by Walter Billings”.

These are photos we have that were donated by the Billing’s Family. Some photos don’t have names, if you know who they are, please email us and let us know.

 

 

Billings Family Home c1945

 

Walter and Bessie Billings at their cottage at Five Mile Light

 

Billings Cottage at Five Mile Light

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bishop/ Billings General Store, Main St. Lyn.

 

Mary Dunster in front of Billings Grocery Store

 

 

 

 

Walter standing next to his car in front of his store
In front of the store in winter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alice Leeder with her bicycle in front of Billings Motors, Main Street, Lyn

 

Billings Car Lot
Billings Car Lot
Billings Car Lot
Billings Car Lot
Billings Car Lot
Billings Car Lot

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ira Billings
Unknown Photo #1
Unknown Photo # 2
Unknown Photo #3

 

Unknown Photo #4
Unknown Photo #5
Unknown Photo #6

 

Unknown Photo #7

 

Unknown Photo #9
Unknown Photo #8

 

Unknown Photo #10
Unknown Group on Road Roller
Unknown woman in front of car

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Murray Billings and his car
One of Murray’s cars

 

 

 

 

 

 

One of Murray’s Cars
One of Murray’s cars

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

One of Murray’s cars
One of Murray’s Cars

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Murray Billing’s 1917 Buick, now on display at the Automotive Museum in Oshawa, Ontario

 

 

Lyn – November 19th, 1859

The Brockville Recorder, David Wylie

We paid a visit to Lyn a few days ago, and were agreeably surprised at the rapid evidences of advance made in that very thriving village. We found the Messrs. Coleman, to whom Lyn is indebted for, we may say, all its real prosperity, just completing a splendid stone grist and flouring mill, capable of working four run of stones. – The mill is being fitted up with all the latest improvements in machinery, and will, in everything connected with it, be not only a powerful, but a model grist and flouring mill. The machinery will be drive by water power, and here, too, the intelligence and progressive character of the Messrs Coleman are conspicuous. A canal and basin has been cut and built up at great expense, at the mouth of which large wrought iron tubes are attached, through which the water will be carried in sufficient quantity and force to set all the machinery at work, not only of the grist and flouring mill, but also of the extensive tan work belonging to the above named gentlemen. Tubes of the same description as those mentioned are also to be used to carry water for propelling purposes to all the other factories in the village, including the saw mill and last factory of Mr. Hallowell. So much progress and energy deserve the greatest amount of success.

Mr. Baxter has also erected a very splendid new store, built with white brick, and having quite a city appearance. A near and commodious new Wesleyan Methodist church has also just been opened. Several new houses have lately been erected and new nursery grounds opened by Mr. Nicol, everything betokening rapid advance, and, we sincerely hope continued prosperity; and we have faith in the Messrs. Coleman, that if prosperity does not follow in their wake as heretofore, the fault will not lie at their door.

Richard Coleman

The Late Richard Coleman

taken from

The Brockville Recorder – April 30, 1868

Last week we had only time to announce that the above named gentleman had been shot dead, but how, the particulars had not reached us. We may now briefly state that he put an end to his existence by his own hand, while labouring under a temporary fit of insanity. He took his rifle from his own residence and carried it to a shed only a very short distance from his house. He applied the muzzle of the rifle to his forehead and pulled the trigger with his foot. The ball entered his brow and passed out at the back of his head. These are the facts and we have no desire to dwell on minor particulars. No man who knew Mr. Coleman but sincerely regrets his death. The writer has known him for nearly twenty years, and knew him only to respect and esteem him. Some time ago it is well known he became, with his brother, peculiarly embarrassed. His whole property went from him and we know how these unfortunate circumstances weighed upon his mind. He had taken special pains to render his house and grounds a most pleasant locality, where he expected to look out, as from a secure loophole, upon the world and its joys and sorrows. But, alas, how deceitful and fleeting are all earth’s treasures – They take unto themselves wings and flee away and the soul-now take-thy-ease-spirit which has been nursed is often rudely shaken and shattered, and hopes, like the sandy-foundation house, falls, and sometimes, as in the case of our respected and departed friend, great is the fall thereof.

Lyn was very much to the deceased Richard Coleman. His energy and enterprise —- the village and it has not the character of a most important manufacturing locality – His whole mind was often engrossed with the progress of Lyn, which, for many years, was known as Coleman’s Corners, his father having settled in the locality, and from whose resident the corners derived their name.

As we have stated, the first financial difficulty of the firm and the loss of property severely affected Mr. Coleman’s mind but it was hoped that the dark cloud had begun to show its silver lining and that ere long all would again be well. It was, however, so ordered that those hopes were to be dashed to pieces, gloom enshrouded him once again on the failure of the Messrs Chaffey, who, we are led to believe, had kindly aided him in his struggles to free himself from his former embarrassments. There was nothing in the failure, however, which should have caused him alarm, but his mind was not what it once had been, and a slight shock, even where the evils anticipated were imaginary, prostrated him. His intellect gave way, and thus, under a dread of coming earthly evils, aberration of mind followed and the recorded sealed the earthly sojourn o f one whom we had ever esteemed as a brother, and as a most consistent Christian. Peace be to his ashes, and may God give his promised consolation to the bereaved family.

We have been requested to state that the Rev. Mr. Burton will preach a funeral sermon in the Wesleyan Methodist Church, Lyn, at three o-clock on Sunday afternoon next. We have no doubt there will be a large turn out.

R. Coleman Shot

taken from the

Brockville Recorder – Thursday, April 30, 1868.

Just as we were preparing for press, the melancholy intelligence reached us that R. Coleman, Esq., of Lyn, was found in a tool house adjoining his residence dead, with a bullet hole through his head. Whether shot accidentally or otherwise he have not learned.

Christ United Church, Lyn

Christ Church Lyn…Now The United Church, by Walter K. Billings

The Presbyterians of the Lyn district held their first service in the ball-room of the Brownton Hotel. It was conducted by the Rev. William Smart, who was one of the pioneers of religion. A Sunday school was organized by Mr. Smart and Adiel Sherwood, who was sheriff of Brockville. Services were held occasionally in the Methodist Church and later in Pergau’s Hall, until a church was built.

Pergau Building c1975

Lyn congregation was only a mission until 1855. Rev. William Smart arrived in Brockville in October 1811 and commenced his ministerial labours there, extending them to Yonge and Augusta. After Mr. Smart left, the ministerial services were conducted by the Rev. Mr. McMurray and later by Rev. J.K. Smith of Brockville. The first minister of Lyn was the Rev. Robert McKenzie, who remained from July 5, 1859 until 1862. He was succeeded by the Rev. John Burton, who was called to Prescott February 4, 1868, and later to the Northern Congregational Church in Toronto. Then for six years the Presbyterians were without a settled minister, until the year 1874, when the Rev. Archibald Brown was called and settled here.

The Lyn section of the Presbyterian congregation resolved in the autumn of 1874 tom build a church, the work being started in April, 1875. The donor of the building site to the Presbyterian Church was James Cassels, M.D. of Quebec. Robert Cassels was chairman. The building committee was composed of James Cumming, Chairman, Robert Bryson, Treasurer, John Halliday, James Bulloch, James Hamilton, Archie Davidson, Peter Purvis and John McNish. The architect was W.G.Thomas of Montreal, contractors were Hugh McKay and Joshua Franklin, the mason and plasterer William Whitton and carpenter Edwin Bagg. The building was to be of stone in Gothic Style. The auditorium was to be sixty by thirty-four feet, the vestry in the rear was to be ten by sixteen feet, and the tower fourteen by fourteen feet. The total cost was to be about four thousand dollars.

On Friday, May 7, 1875, the cornerstone was laid by the Rev. William Smart, assisted by the Rev. Archibald Brown Rev. James Hastie of Prescott and the Rev. John Burton of Belleville. Copies of “The Brockville Recorder”, “The Weekly Monitor”, Montreal and Toronto newspapers and the current coins of the Dominion were deposited in the stone.

The tower, at first, was about the height of the main roof, but later was completed to its present height by Joseph Hudson, a stone mason of Lyn. At first, the choir seats were arranged just inside the church, with a space in the centre for the small organ then in use. My first recollection of the interior of the church was the choir seats. These with the little organ placed directly below the stained glass window and the organist facing the entrance met your gaze as you entered the church. The aisle behind the pews separated the choir from the congregation. These seats are still there, but the space taken by the organ has been filled in. Sometimes when there was an evening service, the younger boys occupying these were a disturbing element to the minister.

The congregation was seated facing the pulpit, with their backs to the choir. The pulpit, a wonderful piece of cabinet making, was built by Mr. John McNish, an uncle of the late George A. McNish, and brother of his father, James McNish. Some years later the choir was moved to chairs behind the pulpit and another organ was installed. Then the Board of Managers decided that a pipe organ should be bought. This always seemed an unwise move to many of the Presbyterian congregation. A second-hand organ filled the choir loft completely, except fora narrow passage at one side, where the pumper could squeeze in to the long lever at the back of the organ, get off his coat and work the twelve foot shaft up ad down until the bellows was full of air. If you got too much pressure, one of the pipes would whistle. This disturbed the congregation, and did not ad to the solemnity of the service. Later the bellows would start leaking air; then someone would have to take off the front panels, crawl in and try to locate the leak.

It was a hard job to pump the organ. A pumper was usually hired to do this work but after a few services he would quit. Then one of the younger members of the congregation would volunteer to do the next pumping, but usually that member was not on hand the next Sunday and another was asked to pump. An amusing incident happened one night, when a special meeting of the congregation had been called for some purpose or other. At the end of the meeting the minister announced a closing hymn. The organist, Mrs. Ernest Cumming, pressed on the keys, but no sound came. She tried again. Still no air. Then she slid off the stool, walked to the end of the organ and looked back into the narrow passage. There sat the pumper, braced with his back to the wall and fast asleep! The congregation, by this time very quiet, heard her, in a stage whisper call. “Tommy! Tommy! Give us some air!” Tommy woke and grasping the lever, pumped. Each stroke of the lever hit the side and bottom of the slot that the lever worked in. The pumper explained that he had been at a party the night before, to account for his condition. He writer did his share of pumping, and felt a great relief when the old organ was removed and an electric organ installed.

During the pastorate of the Rev. C.E.A. Pocock, new acetylene lights were secured These gave a splendid light, except for an occasional whistle when a bit of an obstruction in the burner meant getting out the stepladder, placing it under the offending light and turning off the valve in the pipe. Meanwhile the minister waited.

After the passing of Mrs. Cumming, first wife of Mr. James Cumming, he presented a marble baptismal fount to the church in memory of his wife. The minister at that time, Rev. J.J. Wright, boarded with the caretaker of the church, Mrs. John Armstrong. Her two youngest boys, Allan and Robert, had, a few Sundays previously witnessed a baptism. They had just been presented with a lovely collie pup, and decided that it should be baptized. Securing some water, they poured it into the font and were just about in the act of immersing the pup’s head when the church door opened and the minister walked in and stood looking, as they thought, directly at them. Keeping quiet, they finally got down behind the font and waited. The pup whined a little but evidently the visitor did not hear him. He finally turned and walked out to the street. That night the boys were late for tea, having decided to keep out of sight until Mr. Wright had left to make a call. Expecting to get a lecture from their mother they walked in, but no mention of the incident was made. They decided Mr. Wright was a good sport and would not tell or else he had not seen them. I asked the lads many years later what they were going to name their pup. They said, “Lucky”.

Presbyterian Church, Perth St. Lyn c1905

The seats in the church at first were built in lengths that extended from the aisles at each side. Usually two and sometimes three families occupied one seat. If you were late for church you had to push past the family occupying the end of the seat. Later on it was decided that the seats should be rearranged. Messrs. Archie and James Greer did this work. Some of the seats were cut in two, the end cut at a bevel, new ends of ash put on, each seat given additional lip to make it wider, and the aisles moved to their present location. Each short pew was fastened to the side wall. This provided a splendid arrangement, as a small family could use one of these. Then the members drew lots to get their pew.

During Mr. Pocock’s pastorate the Board of Managers decided a furnace was necessary, as the old chimneys built in the walls of the church were leaking and the stoves in use did not give enough heat. A furnace man who was consulted advised making a passage from the back of the cellar, removing earth enough to go through with wheelbarrows and excavating for the furnace room a space ten feet square and ten feet deep. Also, at this time, an outside chimney was built from the ground. A cement floor was laid in the furnace room with a three foot cement wall enclosing it. When the furnace was put in it proved very satisfactory except that there was no drainage, and one day after a heavy rain we found some water on the floor.

The Managers arranged to have a ditch dug from the pond to this spot, but some said the cellar was too deep and was lower than the pond itself. We finally put a level on, and having proved that we had six feet of fall, we started to dig the ditch. It was Saturday night, the men were now under the building, and the work went more slowly. It started to rain, but at six o’clock quitting time the men were about five feet from the furnace room. When I went into the cellar about seven o’clock there was a foot of water on the floor. After consulting the minister, as I knew we could have no fire if we could not get rid of the water, I went out to see one of the men who had been working on the ditch, but he would not come back. Then I again went back to the basement. There in the water stood our minister, Mr. Pocock, with a pair of rubber boots on! He had made a trough reaching to the unfinished ditch. There, dipping with a pail and pouring the water into the trough, he declared that it was not going to beat him, and he would have a fire in that furnace before the morning. I hastened down the street, called Mr. James Cumming on the telephone and told him what our minister was doing. He called back. “I’ll tend to that!” and in half and hour he had four of his men with rubber boots on finishing the drain. Then he ordered Mr. Peacock to go home and prepare his sermon, while he stayed to see what the men started. Of course we had a service the next day.

Fourteen years after Church Union in 1939, it was decided to excavate and put a Sunday School room under the main floor. A contract was let and the work started. Six or seven feet of earth had to be removed by wheelbarrow before anything else could be done, then the basement walls were found to extend just four feet below the floors. A bit of skilful engineering then was started. Workmen would measure off eight feet in length of the basement wall, then remove all the earth under the wall for four feet, build in the stone and cement foundation, and pass on eight feet further, taking out another four feet of earth. This was continued all around the foundation. Every precaution was taken not to disturb the upper walls, with such success that not a crack developed. After hundreds of tile had been laid from wall to wall and connected with the original drain to the pond, cinders were spread over the cleared ground. A cement top was laid over this and finally wooden floors were put down. The furnace was rebuilt, another entrance opened behind the tower into the Sunday school room and the work was all completed in the stipulated time. I have seen many difficult contracts executed, but the building of the walls under the old foundation was a feat worthy of mention.

For a small village church our United Church in Lyn has unusually beautiful windows. The largest one, the Cassels memorial window, was installed when the church was built. Representing Jesus, the Light of the World, it is a beautiful piece of work in an arched opening, about twelve feet high and eight feet wide. The McDonald window, behind the pulpit, over the choir seats, also distinctive for its rich, glowing colours was likewise installed when the church was built in 1875. No more memorial windows were given until February, 1944, Mr. T.J. Storey put in a window in memory of his wife. In May, 1945 another was given to the church in memory of Mr. Clayton Taylor by Mrs. Taylor and her daughter, Mrs. Josephine Taylor Macdonald. In June, 1945, two more were given; one in memory of James Cumming by his family and another in memory of the Stewart and Morrison families by Hon. H.A. Stewart, KC of Brockville. After the death of Mr. T.J. Storey, a window in his memory was given by his daughter Mrs. Douglas Cole and her husband in May 1949. Following this in February, 1952, Mrs. F.W. Moffatt gave another stained glass window in memory of her parents Mr. And Mrs. James McNish.

Other valuable and beautiful gifts have been made to Christ Church in Lyn at various times. A communion table was given in 1920 by Mrs. Horton Rowsom and her brothers and sisters in memory of their father and mother, Mr. And Mrs. David Thompson. In January 1950, the children of Mr. And Mrs. James Neilson gave silver offering plates in memory of their parents. In 1939 when the church was renovated, new electric fixtures were presented by Dr. Gordon Richards of Toronto in memory of his father and mother, Rev. J.J. and Mrs. Richards.

Now I shall close with a final word about the ministers who have served our church over the years. After Rev. Archibald Brown, already mentioned, came Rev. J.J. Richardss, Rev. J.J. Wright, Rev. Charles Daly, Rev. C.E.A. Pocock, Rev. D.M. McLeod, Rev. A.W. Gardiner and Rev. W.T. McCree. In 1925 with Church Union it was decided that the United congregation should worship in the former Methodist Church, and this plan was followed until 1939. During those year our minister were Rev. F.G. Robinson, Rev. R.A. Delve and Rev. A.S. Doggett, under whose leadership the congregation in 1939 moved back to Christ Church which was redecorated and renovated. The large bell from the Methodist Church was brought over and placed in position in the tower where it still calls the congregation to worship. In 11940 Rev. H.B. Herrington succeeded Mr. Doggett and in July 1942, Rev. C.K. Mathewson came to the congregation where he and his sister, Miss Nan Mathewson, still ably minister.

 

Interior of the Presbyterian Church c1905

 

Rev. Charles Daly

 

Original Methodist Church, Main St. West, Lyn

 

 

 

Christ United Church, Lyn

Now The United Church

by Walter Billings

Pergau Building Lyn c1975

The Presbyterians of the Lyn district held their first service in the ball-room of the Brownton Hotel. It was conducted by the Rev. William Smart, who was one of the pioneers of religion. A Sunday school was organized by Mr. Smart and Adiel Sherwood, who was sheriff of Brockville. Services were held occasionally in the Methodist Church and later in Pergau’s Hall, until a church was built.

Lyn congregation was only a mission until 1855. Rev. William Smart arrived in Brockville in October 1811 and commenced his ministerial labours there, extending them to Yonge and Augusta. After Mr. Smart left, the ministerial services were conducted by the Rev. Mr. McMurray and later by Rev. J.K. Smith of Brockville. The first minister of Lyn was the Rev. Robert McKenzie, who remained from July 5, 1859 until 1862. He was succeeded by the Rev. John Burton, who was called to Prescott February 4, 1868, and later to the Northern Congregational Church in Toronto. Then for six years the Presbyterians were without a settled minister, until the year 1874, when the Rev. Archibald Brown was called and settled here.

The Lyn section of the Presbyterian congregation resolved in the autumn of 1874 tom build a church, the work being started in April, 1875. The donor of the building site to the Presbyterian Church was James Cassels, M.D. of Quebec. Robert Cassels was chairman. The building committee was composed of James Cumming, Chairman, Robert Bryson, Treasurer, John Halliday, James Bulloch, James Hamilton, Archie Davidson, Peter Purvis and John McNish. The architect was W.G.Thomas of Montreal, contractors were Hugh McKay and Joshua Franklin, the mason and plasterer William Whitton and carpenter Edwin Bagg. The building was to be of stone in Gothic Style. The auditorium was to be sixty by thirty-four feet, the vestry in the rear was to be ten by sixteen feet, and the tower fourteen by fourteen feet. The total cost was to be about four thousand dollars.

On Friday, May 7, 1875, the cornerstone was laid by the Rev. William Smart, assisted by the Rev. Archibald Brown Rev. James Hastie of Prescott and the Rev. John Burton of Belleville. Copies of “The Brockville Recorder”, “The Weekly Monitor”, Montreal and Toronto newspapers and the current coins of the Dominion were deposited in the stone.

Presbyterian Church Lyn c1905

The tower, at first, was about the height of the main roof, but later was completed to its present height by Joseph Hudson, a stone mason of Lyn. At first, the choir seats were arranged just inside the church, with a space in the centre for the small organ then in use. My first recollection of the interior of the church was the choir seats. These with the little organ placed directly below the stained glass window and the organist facing the entrance met your gaze as you entered the church. The aisle behind the pews separated the choir from the congregation. These seats are still there, but the space taken by the organ has been filled in. Sometimes when there was an evening service, the younger boys occupying these were a disturbing element to the minister.

The congregation was seated facing the pulpit, with their backs to the choir. The pulpit, a wonderful piece of cabinet making, was built by Mr. John McNish, an uncle of the late George A. McNish, and brother of his father, James McNish. Some years later the choir was moved to chairs behind the pulpit and another organ was installed. Then the Board of Managers decided that a pipe organ should be bought. This always seemed an unwise move to many of the Presbyterian congregation. A second-hand organ filled the choir loft completely, except fora narrow passage at one side, where the pumper could squeeze in to the long lever at the back of the organ, get off his coat and work the twelve foot shaft up ad down until the bellows was full of air. If you got too much pressure, one of the pipes would whistle. This disturbed the congregation, and did not ad to the solemnity of the service. Later the bellows would start leaking air; then someone would have to take off the front panels, crawl in and try to locate the leak.

It was a hard job to pump the organ. A pumper was usually hired to do this work but after a few services he would quit. Then one of the younger members of the congregation would volunteer to do the next pumping, but usually that member was not on hand the next Sunday and another was asked to pump. An amusing incident happened one night, when a special meeting of the congregation had been called for some purpose or other. At the end of the meeting the minister announced a closing hymn. The organist, Mrs. Ernest Cumming, pressed on the keys, but no sound came. She tried again. Still no air. Then she slid off the stool, walked to the end of the organ and looked back into the narrow passage. There sat the pumper, braced with his back to the wall and fast asleep! The congregation, by this time very quiet, heard her, in a stage whisper call. “Tommy! Tommy! Give us some air!” Tommy woke and grasping the lever, pumped. Each stroke of the lever hit the side and bottom of the slot that the lever worked in. The pumper explained that he had been at a party the night before, to account for his condition. He writer did his share of pumping, and felt a great relief when the old organ was removed and an electric organ installed.

During the pastorate of the Rev. C.E.A. Pocock, new acetylene lights were secured These gave a splendid light, except for an occasional whistle when a bit of an obstruction in the burner meant getting out the stepladder, placing it under the offending light and turning off the valve in the pipe. Meanwhile the minister waited.

After the passing of Mrs. Cumming, first wife of Mr. James Cumming, he presented a marble baptismal fount to the church in memory of his wife. The minister at that time, Rev. J.J. Wright, boarded with the caretaker of the church, Mrs. John Armstrong. Her two youngest boys, Allan and Robert, had, a few Sundays previously witnessed a baptism. They had just been presented with a lovely collie pup, and decided that it should be baptized. Securing some water, they poured it into the font and were just about in the act of immersing the pup’s head when the church door opened and the minister walked in and stood looking, as they thought, directly at them. Keeping quiet, they finally got down behind the font and waited. The pup whined a little but evidently the visitor did not hear him. He finally turned and walked out to the street. That night the boys were late for tea, having decided to keep out of sight until Mr. Wright had left to make a call. Expecting to get a lecture from their mother they walked in, but no mention of the incident was made. They decided Mr. Wright was a good sport and would not tell or else he had not seen them. I asked the lads many years later what they were going to name their pup. They said, “Lucky”.

The seats in the church at first were built in lengths that extended from the aisles at each side. Usually two and sometimes three families occupied one seat. If you were late for church you had to push past the family occupying the end of the seat. Later on it was decided that the seats should be rearranged. Messrs. Archie and James Greer did this work. Some of the seats were cut in two, the end cut at a bevel, new ends of ash put on, each seat given additional lip to make it wider, and the aisles moved to their present location. Each short pew was fastened to the side wall. This provided a splendid arrangement, as a small family could use one of these. Then the members drew lots to get their pew.

During Mr. Pocock’s pastorate the Board of Managers decided a furnace was necessary, as the old chimneys built in the walls of the church were leaking and the stoves in use did not give enough heat. A furnace man who was consulted advised making a passage from the back of the cellar, removing earth enough to go through with wheelbarrows and excavating for the furnace room a space ten feet square and ten feet deep. Also, at this time, an outside chimney was built from the ground. A cement floor was laid in the furnace room with a three foot cement wall enclosing it. When the furnace was put in it proved very satisfactory except that there was no drainage, and one day after a heavy rain we found some water on the floor.

The Managers arranged to have a ditch dug from the pond to this spot, but some said the cellar was too deep and was lower than the pond itself. We finally put a level on, and having proved that we had six feet of fall, we started to dig the ditch. It was Saturday night, the men were now under the building, and the work went more slowly. It started to rain, but at six o’clock quitting time the men were about five feet from the furnace room. When I went into the cellar about seven o’clock there was a foot of water on the floor. After consulting the minister, as I knew we could have no fire if we could not get rid of the water, I went out to see one of the men who had been working on the ditch, but he would not come back. Then I again went back to the basement. There in the water stood our minister, Mr. Pocock, with a pair of rubber boots on! He had made a trough reaching to the unfinished ditch. There, dipping with a pail and pouring the water into the trough, he declared that it was not going to beat him, and he would have a fire in that furnace before the morning. I hastened down the street, called Mr. James Cumming on the telephone and told him what our minister was doing. He called back. “I’ll tend to that!” and in half and hour he had four of his men with rubber boots on finishing the drain. Then he ordered Mr. Peacock to go home and prepare his sermon, while he stayed to see what the men started. Of course we had a service the next day.

Fourteen years after Church Union in 1939, it was decided to excavate and put a Sunday School room under the main floor. A contract was let and the work started. Six or seven feet of earth had to be removed by wheelbarrow before anything else could be done, then the basement walls were found to extend just four feet below the floors. A bit of skilful engineering then was started. Workmen would measure off eight feet in length of the basement wall, then remove all the earth under the wall for four feet, build in the stone and cement foundation, and pass on eight feet further, taking out another four feet of earth. This was continued all around the foundation. Every precaution was taken not to disturb the upper walls, with such success that not a crack developed. After hundreds of tile had been laid from wall to wall and connected with the original drain to the pond, cinders were spread over the cleared ground. A cement top was laid over this and finally wooden floors were put down. The furnace was rebuilt, another entrance opened behind the tower into the Sunday school room and the work was all completed in the stipulated time. I have seen many difficult contracts executed, but the building of the walls under the old foundation was a feat worthy of mention.

For a small village church our United Church in Lyn has unusually beautiful windows. The largest one, the Cassels memorial window, was installed when the church was built. Representing Jesus, the Light of the World, it is a beautiful piece of work in an arched opening, about twelve feet high and eight feet wide. The McDonald window, behind the pulpit, over the choir seats, also distinctive for its rich, glowing colours was likewise installed when the church was built in 1875. No more memorial windows were given until February, 1944, Mr. T.J. Storey put in a window in memory of his wife. In May, 1945 another was given to the church in memory of Mr. Clayton Taylor by Mrs. Taylor and her daughter, Mrs. Josephine Taylor Macdonald. In June, 1945, two more were given; one in memory of James Cumming by his family and another in memory of the Stewart and Morrison families by Hon. H.A. Stewart, KC of Brockville. After the death of Mr. T.J. Storey, a window in his memory was given by his daughter Mrs. Douglas Cole and her husband in May 1949. Following this in February, 1952, Mrs. F.W. Moffatt gave another stained glass window in memory of her parents Mr. And Mrs. James McNish.

Other valuable and beautiful gifts have been made to Christ Church in Lyn at various times. A communion table was given in 1920 by Mrs. Horton Rowsom and her brothers and sisters in memory of their father and mother, Mr. And Mrs. David Thompson. In January 1950, the children of Mr. And Mrs. James Neilson gave silver offering plates in memory of their parents. In 1939 when the church was renovated, new electric fixtures were presented by Dr. Gordon Richards of Toronto in memory of his father and mother, Rev. J.J. and Mrs. Richards.

Now I shall close with a final word about the ministers who have served our church over the years. After Rev. Archibald Brown, already mentioned, came Rev. J.J. Richardss, Rev. J.J. Wright, Rev. Charles Daly, Rev. C.E.A. Pocock, Rev. D.M. McLeod, Rev. A.W. Gardiner and Rev. W.T. McCree. In 1925 with Church Union it was decided that the United congregation should worship in the former Methodist Church, and this plan was followed until 1939. During those year our minister were Rev. F.G. Robinson, Rev. R.A. Delve and Rev. A.S. Doggett, under whose leadership the congregation in 1939 moved back to Christ Church which was redecorated and renovated. The large bell from the Methodist Church was brought over and placed in position in the tower where it still calls the congregation to worship. In 11940 Rev. H.B. Herrington succeeded Mr. Doggett and in July 1942, Rev. C.K. Mathewson came to the congregation where he and his sister, Miss Nan Mathewson, still ably minister.

 

Interior of the Presbyterian Church c1905

 

Rev. Charles Daly

 

Original Methodist Church, Main St. West Lyn

 

 

 

Our Village – A short history of Lyn

by Walter K. Billings

My first recollection of Lyn was about the year 1876. Word had come to the farm that the many cords of tanbark piled on what was afterwards the ball grounds was on fire. I was too young to go to Lyn that night and could only stand in our yard and see the smoke and tongues of flame shooting skyward. Tanbark was used in the tanneries in the village, and the loss of this bark was a serious blow. It was ground and placed in vats, the hides were thrown in, and water poured on them. However, the burning of the bark compelled the tanneries to close down and I do not remember that they ever operated again.

Lyn Mill Pond

Lyn about that time was a thriving village. A saw mill, fed from the pond behind the stores and through the by-wash besides the post office, consisted of an upright saw driven by an over-shot water wheel and was managed by men by the name of Armstrong, Jerry and Robert. Another mill near the flour mill was operated by a Mr. Weeks and Norman Field, who operated a cheese factory in the summer.

There was a woolen mill under the hill also, which a Mr. Burris had charge of, and carriage and paint shop behind the building that housed the fire engine. The latter was in charge of Henry Storey, and the former run by a Mr. Wilson. Before I was fifteen, these firms were all out of business, largely because of the failure of the water power.

My school days, divided between the Howard school and later the Lyn school, where I had as chums Maurice Brown, Ernie Gardiner, Jack Halliday, Trevor Grout and Byron Haskin, were very pleasant memories. The teachers were anxious that we get through the Entrance and on to the Brockville High School, and I think we all did our best at the examinations. But the Horton School (in Brockville) at that time was no place to go to write. I remember I was so cold at this December examination that I could hardly hold my pen, much less do anything worth while at answering the questions. I think Trevor Gout, my desk-mate at school, later judge Grout of Brampton, was the only one who passed.

The next summer I was working hard to try again when I had to leave school and go to work on the farm. A Business College course later gave my sister Lou and me some knowledge of book keeping, which we found very useful in after years.

Marketing the produce of the farm gave me a break from the usual routine. Apples, potatoes, green corn and even pumpkins were in demand, and one summer we had a wonderful crop of Strawberries, Father had contracted with a fruit firm in Montreal to take all the berries. I think the price was eight cents a box delivered at Lyn station. However, at the height of the season this firm wired to send no more berries as they were going bankrupt. They had paid all they owed us up to this time, so Father said we would have to sell them on the streets of Brockville.

One day I had disposed of one fifty-four box crate on the street and had just opened the other. I remember I was on a street just east of William and running at right angles with this street when an engine came puffing along on the C.P.R. tracks. My horse started to run but he was headed east, and I knew he could only go around that block and would come back on to William street. So I turned back, ran over to this street and met him. The crate of berries by this time was standing nearly on its end, but as I had fastened down the lid, I found a lot of the boxes empty and the contents piled there, and pretty well mussed up. A woman had wanted to buy my whole crate previously, so I went back to her, told her what had happened and offered her all I had at five cents a box – we could count the empty ones. She agreed, and produced a large dish-pan, a bread pan, and a wash boiler. When I went back next day she was still picking over the strawberries.

Lee’s Pond Dam

But to get back to memories of the village. One day in the spring of 1884, March 28th to be exact, a farmer living at Seeley’s, John W. Booth, came in on horseback, another Paul Revere, rode up to the door of the Post Office, and called out, “Mr. Mallory, get ready! The dam at Lee Pond has gone out and the water is coming. I am telling you to get ready!” Then he went through the village and down to the grist mill to warn them there. At first it was thought it was all a hoax, but going to the pond at the back of the store the men saw muddy water coming down. With boards and bags the doors were barricaded, and in a few minutes the rush of water two feet deep came, tearing up the stone of the street and washing everything movable down to the valley below. The bridge at the foot of the mill hill was carried away, floated across the flats to about where the B&W station now stands, and lodged against a couple of trees.

I remember when the waters subsided, Tom Hudson came for my father, and together they managed to get the bridge and with long poles floated it back to the side of the road, and next day with moving jacks drew it back on its foundations. The village stores were in a sorry mess. Water and mud had gone over the top of the barricade and into the interiors. At the blacksmith shop, wagon wheels, parts of milk wagons and the various collection of machines had been left outside; later some of those were found on the flats below the mill; others were never recovered.

Lyn’s Blacksmith Shop

The blacksmith shop was the usual gathering place for the farmers on a rainy day, each one bringing a horse to be shod or wagon wheel to be repaired, and many a story was told to the amusement of the village loafers. In front of the old box stove there was always a long bench and it was usually occupied. Sometimes a checker board was produced and a couple of the old men started a game. One player, more skillful than the other, near the end of the game would seem to have his opponent all bottled up. Then someone would draw his attention to someone passing along the street, and with a piece of stick would move one of the checkers, so that when the players looked back at their game it had a different aspect. Another, a habitual loafer, usually was on this bench, and the boys, securing some thumb tacks, would put them through the tail of his coat and into the edge of the bench, so that when he would be called to the door by one of these same boys, the bench went with him, tipping over the checkers and players at the other end. Other times they would fill his overcoat pockets with small iron scraps, heavy enough that when he attempted to move he would drop back again on the bench.

Lyn, like many other villages, had its usual number of characters. One couple I remember particularly. The husband was a small man, not too industrious. The wife was tall, angular and quite masculine. One day the husband had bought a load of wood from a farmer, who was unloading it at the side of the house when the wife appeared. Standing there with her hands on her hips she said “My man how much did you pay for that wood?” He replied, “Three dollars.” “Well” she said “it ain’t worth it” and went into the house. The farmer, looking at the husband said “Well?” The husband said. “Yes, guess you will have to do as she says.” In a few minutes he walked over and looked up in the farmers face. “Say, its awful provoking, ain’t it?” he said.

Years later while I was carrying on my work in the village, a farmer from Caintown, whom we will call Jack, came in one afternoon, saying that they were boiling sap that day in his bush. He invited the four lads in the shop u that night to have sugar. Of course they went, taking a lunch with them. During the early part of the night, when the sugar was about ready, one of the boy’s said it would be great if they just had some fried chicken to eat with their lunch. Jack at once spoke up and said “You know my neighbour has a dandy lot of Rock chickens, nearly full size now, and if a couple of you lads go out to the road and into John M’s hen house, just pick one off the roost and I will clean and fry it for you. I have lots of butter and some corn meal here to sprinkle over the frying pan.” Away they went and soon back with a four pound bird. Jack had a kettle of hot water ready and he doused it in, then proceeded to pluck off the feathers, saying as he did so. “My! won’t John M. be mad when he misses this chicken!”

But,” he sad, “maybe we had better burn these feathers for fear someone should come in and see them.” The fried chicken was just right. When the boys were no longer hungry and the syrup was ready to be taken off they cleaned up the chicken bones, burned them and went home,

Next morning Jack watched for his neighbour, John M. to go to his hen house. He came out with a pan of feed, went in to his chickens, and finally came out and went into the house. Jack thought “Well, he has not missed the fowl or he doesn’t care,” and at last he decided to feed his own flock. Walking over to his hen house he noticed some footprints in the dirt, then going to the door and stepping inside he noticed that his hens were making a fuss as though they had been scared. Looking around then he saw why John M. Had gone so quietly into his house again. The chicken that he had beheaded and plucked was not John M’s! It was one of his own!

It was nearly a month before Jack came into the village, and the first greeting he got as he tied his horse was from across the street. It was one of those boys who had helped to eat the chicken, and he said “Hello Jack! When are we going to get some more fried chicken?”

Chapter II

Lyn’s Flour Mill

The flour mills built in 1857 by the Coleman Company when Lyn was a flourishing manufacturing centre, later went into bankruptcy and were taken over in 1876 by James Cumming acting for the bank. He later purchased the whole property and carried on the business successfully doing custom grinding, manufacturing several popular bands of flour and furnishing employment for about twenty men.

James Cumming’s son Gordon, associated with him until the former’s tragic death in 1916, carried on the business until 1933 when severe competition from larger manufactures compelled the Lyn flour mills to close.

In the first chapter I mentioned the fact that the loss of the tan bark by fire caused the two tanneries to close down. However, another custom tannery located west of the village, at the foot of a lane running down across the line of the Brockville and Westport Railway, past the home of Nathan Purvis, was in operation for a considerable period after the larger tanneries closed.

Henry Booth, the proprietor, lived in an ancient frame house just across the lane from the Purvis home. He used hemlock bark for tanning, and the mill for grinding the bark was powered by a long wooden shaft similar to the ones on horse powers of that time. That is, one horse was used to turn the mill, by being hitched to the end of the shaft and walking in a circle round and round. Mr. Booth was considered an expert at tanning calf-skins and cowhides. The finished leather was taken to the shoe shop of Peter Pergau, who fashioned it into boots for his customers. The walls of this tannery are still standing, a reminder of an industry long since gone.

Harness Shop, Main Street, Lyn

Harness leather was also manufactured in two flourishing shops, one, Norman Coleman’s and the other Sels Orton, who had a shop across the street from the present blacksmith shop.

Another industry, and undertaking establishment, did a good business. Edward Bagg had a workshop on the corner behind the home of Mrs. Blake Mott, and furnished caskets of his own manufacture.

The old tannery at the foot of the hill below the upright sawmill was leased to the G.F.C. Eyre Mfg. Co. About the year 1901. This firm did a good business manufacturing wooden dry measures, cheese boxes, hub blocks for carriage wheels, and wheel barrows. They also had a saw mill for custom sawing and cut cedar shingles. This carried on for five or six years, employing twelve or fifteen men, but financial difficulties looked and the firm went out of business. N.R. Gardiner bought the machinery and did business for a few years, but a dispute over the lease compelled the closing of the factory, and Mr. Gardiner removed the machinery and sold it.

The Last Factory

The Lyn Last Works, started by Bulloch and Coleman, manufactured boot lasts, boot trees to form the long boots then worn, and dies for cutting the soles for the shoes. Mr. Coleman passed away and James Cumming carried on with Mr. Bulloch for several years finally selling out to his son, A.E.Cumming, who overhauled the building and machinery. For many years it provided paying employment as a lot of men did piecework and became very skillful at their job.

Logs were purchased during the winter and later cut into short lengths, then split in sizes to be turned into lasts. These blocks were stored in an airy dry barn to season for three or four months, then carried to the factory. But the maple was fast being used up locally and blocks had to be purchased from Quebec. This difficulty finally compelled the factory to close, and threw ten or more men out of employment. The building was later sold to the Brundige family of Frankville, who conducted a custom saw mill until the building burned on March 29th,1924.

At one time a stave factory was located just below the last factory. They manufactured staves for all types of barrels. This building burned on May 7th 1862.

McNish Foundry

Another industry which had been doing a good business from about 1890 to 1920 was the Lyn Foundry, owned by George P. McNish. He manufactured land rollers, hand cultivators, plows, root cutters and feed cookers, but competition by larger concerns finally compelled the closing of this business. For a few years Alba Root carried on a business in a red building at the edge of the canal finally moving his cheese box equipment to Greenbush about the year 1902. Henry Graham, who owned a portable saw mill and tractor engine, leased the building formerly used by N.R. Gardiner and in 1912 did custom sawing.

After the spring cutting was finished, the traction engine was driven up the hill past the old shoe factory, burning slabs for fuel and emitting sparks from the smoke stack along the way. On one of these trips sparks ignited the roof of the shoe factory, but a heavy shower coming at just the right time saved the building. However on a later moving, May 11, 1914, the shoe factory was not so fortunate. Long vacant, it burned fiercely, a strong east wind carrying sparks over the village. The old carriage shop, later a cheese factory, next caught fire, then Stack’s ice-house and across the street the George Hensby house occupied by William Young, caught fire and burned. The roughcast house on Main Street next to the canal was on fire but was saved. R.F. Tennant’s verandah started burning and the steps were destroyed. Sparks carried by the gale set fire to the barn and stable of John Serviss behind the residence now occupied by James Manhard and Florence Roberts Next went the house and shed of Dave McCrady. The fire engine from Brockville arrived in time to save only the kitchen of the McCrady house.

But to turn to pleasanter things. I have many memories of the concerts given by local talent, when John Square, our painter and decorator would impersonate Harry Lauder and give some of his very popular Scotch songs. During spring cleaning, john Squire was a most unpopular man among many housewives, who had been promised immediate work by John, and then waited in vain. But all was forgiven him at our annual library concerts, when his Scotch songs delighted us!

I can still remember him with Cora Morrison, now Mrs. Burnham, and Catherine Neilson Gray, doing a pretty piece of work together.

The Minstrels in black face comprised the following boys: Arthur Hudson, Frank Stafford, Willie Clow, Willie McNish, Lorne Cumming, Jack Cumming, John Square and one or two others. What nights! What fun at the preceding practices! Mrs. Ern Cumming was always our pianist, and her home was always open house to those boys.

Many stories are told of practical jokes played on the local inhabitants. One of these was at a time many years ago when there was a very hotly contested election in the offing. Mr. Armstrong, a prominent Liberal, was waiting at the Post Office for his daily paper, The Globe, then strongly Liberal, whose editor, George Brown, wrote many campaign editorials.

Thee Mail and Empire was tossed to Mr. Armstrong. Not looking to see what paper it was he started reading, and seeing a bitter article condemning the Liberal organization, he threw down the paper, turned to his companion, and said, “Did you see this? My God! Has George Brown gone crazy?”

A Democrat Wagon

One story that Father enjoyed telling was the following: One summer a number of residents of the vicinity decided that a trip to Charleston Lake would be in order. Securing a three seated democrat wagon and team, eight or nine farmers left for the lake, and enjoyed a week’s holiday camping. On their trip home they decided to go around by Farmersville, now Athens, and have a picture taken of the group. I do not remember all of the group but my father was one of the ringleaders.

Mr. Kenneth Morrison, a prominent Scotsman and a wonderful athlete, said. “Well, boys, if we are going to have our pictures taken I am going to change into a clean pair of trousers.” Stopping the team, Mr. Morrison climbed out and took off his trousers, handed them up to his seat mate and reached for another pair. The driver, watching the performance, struck the horses with the whip and away they went, leaving the Scotchman paint-less. Well, he started running after the wagon, and the driver would almost stop to let him in, and away they would go again. Naturally, Mr. Morrison got mad, and threatened to exterminate the whole crowd when he got hold of them. Then someone called out, “Oh here comes a buggy with a woman in it.” “What will I do?” said the victim, and they advised him to get behind the rail fence, which he did. They finally let him have his trousers, after making him promise not to wreak his wrath on the driver!

Postcards – Birthday and Humorous

Postcards were a chance for people to send “best wishes” for special occasions to their family and friends, or just to keep in touch. The postage on these cards was cheaper than a letter and the cost of the card less than that of an actual birthday card as we know them today.

It was a way to stay in tough with friends and family and sometimes send an occasional bit of humour through the mail. These postcards give us a very accurate snapshot of the humour and attitudes of the people of that time, they give us a look into what daily life was like.

While our collection is small, we wanted to share with you what those who sent these to their family and friends back home.

We are always interested in increasing our collection so that we may share with everyone this glimpse into our past. If you have postcards there are three ways in which you could share them with us:

1) a direct donation to the museum

2) loan them to us, we will scan them and return the originals to you

3) if you have a digital image you can send it to us at our email address: LynMuseum@gmail.com

Birthday

A Happy Birthday to You
Birthday Greetings
Hearty Birthday Greetings
Birthday Greetings
A Happy Birthday
A Happy Birthday
Best Wishes
Birthday Greetings
Accept all good wishes
Best Birthday Wishes
Birthday Greetings
Best Wishes
All good wishes for a bright and happy furure
A Birthday Wish – I greet you with an earnest wish; May happy days be thine, May every birthday bring you joy, So runs this wish of mine
Greetings- With loving Thoughts and Best Wishes on your Birthday
Wishing you a joyous Birthday- Like the birds song to the flower, Like the blossom to the spray, Like the sunshine to the flower, May Heaven’s smile gleam on your way

 

Humorous

I wish I had a fellow
Ready for the next
Happy dreams of long ago
Well, you have a nice old mess of it !
This is the year the girls propose, give me a ring instead of a rose
The Daily News
I regret that a large gathering at my rooms, quite a swell affair, prevents my accepting your kind invitation
“Sunshine of St. Eulalie was she called; for that was the sunshine Which, as the farmers believed, would load their orchards with apples”- Longfellow’s Evaangeline
When a girl puts on a man’s hat, it’s a sign she wants to kiss him.
You make me laugh
I don’t mind being held by the right one
Am detained. Position very awkward.
Am busy looking into matters here – ” Full line of peek a boo waists and open work stockings”
Take oh take my loving heart, And let us as a pear depart
Take me on trial, in Brockville , Ont.
A Thtoughbred
Happy Days
I never get tired boosting for “Greenbush” It’s sure a swell place
Joy Riding at Alexandria Bay N.Y.
Something doin’ in New Dublin
Said the old fat Rooster, To the little Brown Hen: “You haven’t laid an egg since the Lord knows when” Said the little Brown Hen to the old fat Rooster: “You don’t come around as often as you used ter”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mills of Elizabethtown Kitley Township

LEADING GRISTMILLS AND SAWMILLS IN NINETEENTH CENTURY

ELIZABETHTOWN AND KITLEY TOWNSHIPS

(Author Unknown)

published app 2005

INTRODUCTION

The earliest mill builders in Elizabethtown and Kitley were United Empire Loyalists who brought at least some “know how” with them from the former Thirteen Colonies.[1] Daniel Jones Sr. and Joseph Jessup, for example, had built and operated mills in the Colony of New York. Abel Coleman, a tanner from the Colony of New York, was familiar with gristmill construction, at least in principle. Tanners built and operated similar if smaller mills, in order to grind hemlock bark to make the liquid they needed to treat hides.

Elizabethtown and Kitley were not as well watered as some neighbouring townships.[2] Lacking rivers, millers had to make do with small creeks with seasonal flow. Lacking deep, steep sided creeks for high dams, flumes, and overshot waterwheels, most millers had to make do with low dams, millraces, and less efficient undershot wheels. [3] Duncan Livingston, an early Kitley mill builder, met the challenge of a wide, shallow creek bed with a dam 12′ high and 100′ wide, a slanting flume, and a horizontal “tub wheel” attached directly to the upper or “runner” millstone above it.

The earliest gristmills in Elizabethtown and Kitley had only a single run of stones, with no mechanized, labour saving “conveyors,” horizontal and vertical, for continuous milling.[4] They required much fetching and carrying, and other handwork. The earliest sawmills had only a reciprocating (“up and down”) blade.[5] Logs had to be ratcheted into it by hand, and the last cut had to be made with an axe. Between the 1820’s and the 1840’s, however, local gristmills began acquiring “conveyors,” and local sawmills began shifting from reciprocating blades to band saws and circular saws with a semi mechanized feed and “take away,” over wooden rollers.

Mechanized milling made the lack of sufficient, reliable power a bigger problem than ever. In and after the 1850’s, millers in Elizabethtown and Kitley began replacing waterwheels with turbines [6] (which used water flow more efficiently) or steam engines.[7] In 1851, for example, William Olds and Hiram Blanchard at Greenbush, with an adequate supply of wood for fuel, opted for a steam engine for their new gristmill. [8] (Steam engines would power three subsequent sawmills at the village.) In 1859 the Colemans at Lyn, with an adequate water supply, opted for turbines, five “Tyler wheels.”

But transportation had greatly improved in the province,[10] and small scale rural focused mills were already losing markets to large scale urban focused mills. Few Elizabethtown and Kitley mills prospered for long in the second half of the 19th century. One exception was the big Cumming flour mill at Lyn, connected to the outside world by the Grand Trunk Railway, via a tramway a mile and a half long and eventually connected to its hinterland by the Brockville & Westport Railway. Another exception was the much [12] smaller Bellamy gristmill near Toledo, which served a still rather isolated area. For very different reasons, these two mills were among the few in our area that prospered into the 20th century.

The last, factory like mills in Elizabethtown and Kitley were neither as visually intelligible nor as picturesque as the earliest waterwheel driven ones. The latter, unfortunately, were the first to vanish.

SELECTED MILLS

R. Coleman and Co. Mills, Lyn, Elizabethtown

Location: con. 3, lot 27.

Abel Coleman built the first mill in either Elizabethtown or Kitley around 1787, a stone gristmill on what would be known as Lyn Creek, just back from where it plunged into a ravine. [13] An undershot water wheel powered its single run of stones (local granite). Crops failed in 1787, however, and so did the mill. Coleman bought back his mill c.1800, had it operating by 1805, and prospered despite rivalry from Joseph Jessup’s gristmill southeast at Lyn Falls. [14] Abel’s son Richard 1 built two successive wood frame mills on the old site (1820, 1838) on the Main Street of Lyn, and began eyeing water north of Lyn. [15] The Coleman’s were the only millers in Elizabethtown or Kitley who made a decisive shift from “custom milling” to “merchant milling”, from serving nearby farmers to manufacturing for sale to wholesalers. In 1859 Richard 1 and son Richard 11 erected a very large, five story stone mill down in the ravine, powered by five turbines (fed by an elevated sealed flume). It housed four runs of stones, a bark mill, and Canada’s first mechanized barrel stave factory (powered by a small steam engine). [16] The Coleman’s created extensive water reserves to the north, and built a tramway south to the Grand Trunk Railway. But the Coleman’s were financially overextended, and shortly after the death of Richard 1 (1861), lawsuits by owners of “drowned lands” precipitated Richard 11’s bankruptcy.

Early Brockville Mills, Elizabethtown

Location: various (see text).

Brockville was politically part of Elizabethtown Township until 1832.[17] The village’s first mill, a wood frame sawmill, was built at the mouth of Buell’s Creek by Daniel Jones Sr. and William Buell Sr. in the early 1790’s.[18] The village’s first gristmill was built somewhere farther up the creek by Buell in 1796.[19] The second gristmill was built at the headwaters of the creek by Jones c.1805, his dam creating the earliest form of what became known as the Back Pond. [20] All three mills had undershot waterwheels. [21] Later gristmills would be built on the creek by, among others, Dr. Elnathan Hubbell (1830’s; mill bought in late 1840s by James L. Schofield, who replaced overshot waterwheel with steam engine c.1850) and Robert Shepherd 1852). The only survivor among these mills is Shepherd’s, which has housed a well known Brockville restaurant for many years.

Livingston Gristmill, near Toledo, Kitley

Location: con. 7, lot 26.

John Livingston built the first mill in Kitley, west of future Toledo, in 1798. A tall gristmill (probably of stone) on the bed of Marshall’s Creek, in a steep sided ravine. [22] The mill seems to have had a high dam, elevated flume, and overshot waterwheel. Customers had to cross a stone bridge to reach the upper, milling level. The mill operated until c.1820, and was eventually destroyed by a fire in the 1840’s. John H. Dayton built a woolen mill on the site in 1866; it burned in 1883. Mill ruins are thus copious but rather ambiguous in origin and date. The site is now closed to visitors.

Livingston / Soper Gristmill / Sawmill, near Frankville, Kitley

Location: con. 8, lot 17.

John’s brother Duncan built a stone gristmill a mile west of future Frankville, on the bed of a shallow creek tributary to Irish Lake, c.1804. [23] It had a very low dam 12′ high, slanting flume, and horizontal “tub wheel”, an ancient forerunner of the water turbine, common in France and the Thirteen Colonies, but unusual in our area. At some point Livingston seems to have converted his gristmill into a sawmill, with a reciprocating blade. The sawmill passed to Timothy Soper c.1814. It was probably a later Soper who equipped the mill with what is said to have been one of the earliest circular saws in Eastern Ontario. Local legend says the mill operated until the 1880’s (likely only from time to time). Most of the ruins were used to make crushed stone in the 1930’s. [24]

Kilborn Mills, near Toledo, Kitley

Location: con. 9, lot 26.

Kilbom’s sawmill was one of the most important in Kitley, if only because it operated continuously for a very long time. About 1823, Abel Kilbom built a wood frame sawmill and wood frame gristmill on Marshall’s Creek, some distance west of John Livingston’s by then abandoned gristmill. The sawmill had a single reciprocating blade, the gristmill a single run of stones. [26] They were likely powered by overshot wheels since Kilbom’s dam seems to have been a high one, high enough to create “Kilbom’s Mill Pond,” the earliest form of “Bellamy’s Pond” and modem Bellamy Lake. [27] The gristmill would eventually close. Kilbom died in 1853, and in 1855 the sawmill was sold to Chauncey Bellamy Jr., who operated it until 1890 (see below). There are no remains.

Pearson / Maud / Astleford Mills, near New Dublin, Elizabethtown

Location: con. 7, lot 17.

In their heyday, these two mills were very important to farmers in central Elizabethtown. [28] In the mid 1820’s Mr. Pearson, an Irishman, built a dam and stone gristmill northeast of future New Dublin, on a tributary of Mud Creek, and soon afterward a stone sawmill. Both mills were powered by undershot wheels, [29] the gristmill with a single run of millstones, the sawmill with a single reciprocating blade. It is said some equipment (millstones?) was imported from Ireland. Pearson sold his mills to Henry Maud in 1843. Maud sold his mills to James Astleford c.1850. Astleford closed the sawmill some years before 1873, when he finally closed the gristmill. Both mills fell to ruins, most of which had disappeared by the 1960’s.

Mott’s Mills, near Hutton, Kitley

Location: con. 1, lot 00.

In 1826 Abel and Hiram Mott bought a site on what would be known as Hutton’s Creek, in isolated but well wooded north central Kitley, and shortly built a stone sawmill.[30] The shallow creek permitted only an undershot waterwheel, to drive a single reciprocating blade. [31] There may also have been a gristmill at the site early on (hence the plural “Mott’s Mills”); if so, it cannot have operated very long. In any case, the sawmill had many later owners, from Samuel Booth (1835), through Richard Olmstead, John and Abial Marshall, and George Nash, to Stephen Robinson (1860’s). Apparently at some early point, the reciprocating saw was replaced by a circular saw.[32] At least by 1860 George Nash and Charles Blancher were operating a shingle mill nearby.[33] The sawmill seems to have been closed in the 1870’s by Stephen Robinson’s son William. [34] The ruins of the sawmill were recently leveled as a hazard to children playing in the area. There is much stone rubble above and below the 1952 floodgates, likely the remains of the dam, millrace, and mill. The modem Hutton Creek Wetland behind the floodgates is very picturesque from spring to autumn.

Greenbush Mills, Elizabethtown

Location: various (see text).

Greenbush was in a rather isolated area with enough trees to supply a long succession of sawmills.[35] James Olds built the first sawmill in 1834 (undershot wheel, reciprocating blade), southeast of the village, on a tributary of Mud Creek. He may have operated it with sons Samuel and William. It passed to Daniel Blanchard in 1862, and then to Thomas Smith, before shortly closing. In 1851 Hiram Blanchard and William Olds built a wood frame (?) steam powered flour mill (single run of stones, conveyors) to the north of the village. It soon closed because of costly mechanical problems. Amos Blanchard and Andrew and Thomas Cook (father and son) bought this flour mill in 1872 and seem to have converted it into a sawmill (circular saw). This sawmill soon passed to Samuel and William Olds, who operated it until it burned c.1900. John Edgely built a wood frame steam sawmill (circular saw) in 1903, on the site of the James Olds sawmill of 1834. It passed to John Hanna and Pearson White, burned in 1906, but was rebuilt by Hanna and eventually passed to L.B. Kerr. Alba Root built a wood frame steam sawmill (circular saw) in 1904, on the site of the Blanchard & Cook mill of 1872. Root’s mill burned in 1906, was rebuilt, and soon burned again. The dangers of operating steam engines in or near a sawdust laden atmosphere are readily apparent. There are no significant remains of any of these mills.

Bellamy’s Mills, near Toledo, Kitley

Location: con. 7, lot 27.

Chauncey Bellamy Jr. bought property on Marshall’s Creek, west of Toledo, from [36] William Brown in 1855, and also acquired the old wood frame Kilbom sawmill. Bellamy built a three story stone gristmill some yards below the dam and sawmill, with a wooden box flume on trestles to carry water from the dam to the gristmill’s overshot wheel (in the weather proof “wheel house” traditional in Canada and the northern United States), which drove a single run of stones. Bellamy gave the sawmill a new lease on life by replacing its reciprocating saw with a circular one. Eventually, he raised the water level behind his dam two or three feet to assure his mills’ summer operation, compensating at least one neighbour whose lands he “drowned” in the process. Well before Bellamy’s death (1908), his son George became general manager of both mills. Chauncey’s sawyer son James operated the aging sawmill until it closed ca 1890, while Chauncey’s son Warren carted finished lumber to customers as far away as Kingston. Around 1915, George Bellamy replaced the gristmill’s waterwheel and leaky box flume with a turbine and round water tight stone and concrete flume (bound with steel hoops). He sold the mill to Omer Arnold in the 1920’s. There were several subsequent owners, starting with Albert Drummond. The mill burned in 1955. All that now remains on site is the stone basin once behind the dam. [37]

Lyn Flour Mills, Lyn, Elizabethtown

Location: con. 3, lot 27.

This “merchant mill” began as the R. Coleman and Co. mill of 1859 under a new name. [38] When the Bank of Upper Canada seized the Coleman mill for debt in 1862, it appointed Richard Coleman II son in law and former employee, James Cumming, as interim manager. Messrs. Chassels and Rivers bought the mill in 1867, and continued Cumming as manager. Around 1875, he addressed the lingering deficiency in water power by supplementing the mill’s turbines with a large steam engine, separately housed. He finally bought the mill for himself in 1880, and shortly modernized all its machinery, most notably replacing the old fashioned millstones with an up to date roller mill for cost effective, high volume flour output. At least by 1893, steam had displaced all but two water turbines as the mill’s “prime mover.[39] James and then his son Gordon operated the mill until its closure in 1933, during the Great Depression. What remained of the Cumming mills was dismantled in 2004, and the site was leveled in 2005. The Heritage Place Museum in Lyn has a rich collection of documents and images covering most of the mills’ history.

NOTES

There were several types of mills in 19thcentury Elizabethtown and Kitley, but this account treats only gristmills and sawmills, the socio economically most important ones. At that, it treats only the earliest, most strategically located, and longest lasting of these mills. Its extensive notes provide a framework for future, more detailed studies.

The account is largely based on secondary sources. No apology is necessary for a reliance on Lockwood’s well researched Kitley, 1785‑1975 pub 1975. Unfortunately there is no equivalent for Elizabethtown. Goldie Connell’s Augusta pub.1985 contains much information about 19th century milling in Augusta Township that is applicable to adjacent Elizabethtown with little or no adjustment. But for basic information about Elizabethtown mills, one must still rely on the Elizabethtown Land Book Abstracts and Township Papers at the Leeds and Grenville Genealogical Society in the Brockville Museum and of course on documents in the Leeds Registry Office. This said, many important details about Elizabethtown and Kitley mills have been lost forever. We are lucky if we know mills were, say, wood frame rather than stone. Somerville’s knowledgeable description of the Coleman mills in the 1860 Montreal Gazette, and Loverin’s knowledgeable description of the Cumming mills in 1893 (Athens Reporter) are very unusual.

Abbreviations of main sources:

Beacock Fryer = Mary Beacock Fryer, A Pictorial History of Brockville (Brockville: Besacourt Press, 1986).

Blanchard = H.D. Blanchard, “History of Old Greenbush,” Brockville Recorder and Times, March 14,1930.

Clout = Karen Clout, Greenbush and Addison Villages: A Look at the History and Homes (New Dublin, Ontario: Heritage Elizabethtown, Local Architectural Conservation Advisory Committee, 1994; repr. 1995).

Connell = Goldie A. Connell, Augusta: Royal Township Number Seven (Prescott: Augusta Township Council, 1985).

Leavitt = Thad. W.H. Leavitt, History of Leeds and Grenville, Ontario, From 1749 to.1879, with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some Prominent Men and Pioneers (Brockville: Recorder Press, 1879; repr. Belleville, Mika, 1980, 3rd printing).

Leung = Felicity L. Leung, Grist and Flour Mills in Ontario: From Millstones to Rollers, 1 780’s to1880’s (Ottawa: Ministry of Public Works and Government Services Canada, Parks Canada, Department of Canadian Heritage, National Historic Parks and Sites Branch, 1981).

Lockwood = Glenn J. Lockwood et al., Kitley, 1785 to1975 (Prescott: Kitley Township Council, 1975).

McKenzie = Ruth McKenzie, Leeds and Grenville: Their First Two Hundred Years (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Ltd., 1967).

Somerville = Alexander Somerville, “Travels in Canada West,” Montreal Gazette, October 10, 1860, repr. in Brockville Recorder, November 8, 1860

Ten Cate = Adrian Ten Cate and H. Christina MacNaughton, eds., Brockville: A Pictorial History (Brockville, privately printed, 1972).

Footnotes

1. Local historians have often seemed more interested in the UELs’ military exploits than in their civilian occupations. Even with a professional millwright in charge, men building a mill had to have a working knowledge of mechanics as well as sophisticated carpentry skills, especially when constructing a wooden waterwheel and wooden power train. There is a hint of a significant local “talent pool” in Leavitt’s terse comment “when the first [grist] mill was raised at Ogdensburg [New York], the Canadian settlers of Augusta and Elizabethtown went to that place en masse to assist.” (p. 155). Twelve miles east of modem Brockville, this gristmill was the first convenient alternative to the government built gristmill at Kingston Mills (1784), well over 50 miles southwest of modem Brockville. According to Franklin B. Hough, History of St. Lawrence and Franklin Counties, New York, from the Earliest Period to the Present Time (Albany, N.Y.: Little & Co., 1853, p. 385), Nathan Ford, then of New Jersey, hired “about forty men” from Elizabethtown and Augusta to build a dam and a stone sawmill at future Ogdensburg in 1796. This sawmill then produced lumber to build the wood frame gristmill of 1797, which was also erected by men from Elizabethtown and Augusta. Ford was short of money by 1797, so the building of the waterfront gristmill may, as Leavitt seems to imply, have been a special sort of “bee.” I am grateful to Shirley McDonald of Morristown, New York, for information about both mills. I am also grateful to Doug Grant of Brockville for much information about Daniel Jones Sr. as a miller. At the National Archives, Ottawa, Mr. Grant discovered details about the large scale sawmill, with 14 reciprocating saws, that Daniel Jones Sr. built and operated with his father in law, a Mr. Wing, at Kingsbury, Charlotte County, New York, in the 1770’s; about Jones’s association (as millwright?) with Sir John Johnson and Joel Stone in applications for mill sites at future Gananoque, Upper Canada, in the 1780’s; and about Jones’s own applications for mill sites on the Rideau and Ottawa Rivers in the 1790’s (tel. con., October 27, 2005). For Coleman’s and Jessup’s milling backgrounds, see notes 13 and 14, below. Further in depth research will likely reveal that other UEL’s in the two townships had a milling background in the Thirteen Colonies. Dr. Elnathan Hubbell, for example, may have come from the eponymous milling family at Hubbell’s Falls, Vermont (now Essex Junction).

2. The building of nearby mills in immediately adjacent townships very likely limited the erection (or at least the long term prospects) of mills in neighbouring areas of Elizabethtown and Kitley (see note 10, below, and Appendix). But there were more immediate obstacles to the building of early mills in the two townships, lack of capital, transportation difficulties, lack of settlers to supply grain and timber for milling and to consume the resulting products. These problems were remedied as population increased (more rapidly in riverfront Elizabethtown than in inland, landlocked Kitley). But the lack of sufficient water power could be remedied only by new power sources. The latter lay some time in the future (see notes 6 and 7, below), especially in Upper Canada, which lagged the United States in socio economic development by well over a century.

3. Millers had long thought that overshot waterwheels produced more torque than undershot ones, but this superiority was not scientifically demonstrated until the Englishman John Smeaton, the “father of civil engineering” published his prizewinning comparison of power sources for mills (including windmills) in 1759 (Leung, p. 47). Smeaton proved that “gravity wheels” of his day (overshot, with buckets) used about 60% of available water power, while “impulse wheels” (undershot, with “floats” or vanes) used about 30%. The vertical breast wheel (with an angled flume projecting water at the side floats of a wheel) fell somewhere between the two in efficiency. Millers in Elizabethtown and Kitley Townships had to rely mostly on undershot wheels, because of the shallowness of the average creek bed. No example of a breast wheel has been documented for Elizabethtown or Kitley. The only documented example of a tub wheel in the two townships was at Duncan Livingston’s gristmill & sawmill in Kitley of c.1804 (see note 23, below). In general, torque increased directly with wheel diameter. Adapting diameter (and float or bucket width) to available water flow was one of the millwright’s main tasks, based more on an ancient tradition of trial and error and rules of thumb (“molinology,” from mola, the Latin word for mill) than on science and mathematics.

4. “Conveyor” systems for gristmills (horizontal screws, bucket or “cup” elevators, etc.) were invented by Oliver Evans of Maryland c.1782, and were becoming common in the American South even as UEL’s were settling in Canada (1780’s-1790’s). Leung (pp. 56-69) gives an exhaustive account of Evans’s innovations. His conveyors cut labour costs by half, and made very efficient use of brief spring and autumn “spates” because of continuous milling round the clock. But they also required extra power and were complicated and expensive to build, install, and maintain. The latter fact William Olds and Hiram Blanchard of Greenbush discovered to their cost as late as 1851 (see note 8, below). Evans’s system was adopted only slowly in Canada after 1800, but for various reasons it was not adopted at all in Britain until after about 1850 (Leung, p. 56). Cost apart, the main drawback of speedy Evan’s style continuous grist milling was excess capacity, which (given the money tied up in machinery) all but forced a shift from “custom milling” to “merchant milling,” from a service to farmers to manufacture for wholesalers. Such a shift would have brought rural millers into direct competition with their farmer customers to that point. It was not a shift that most rural millers seem to have been willing or financially able to make.

5. Water powered reciprocating (up and down) saws are much younger than water powered millstones. Primitive versions first appeared at Augsburg, Germany, in the 14th century. Although they required much handwork, they were a great advance over the laborious two man pit sawing that had for a long time been the only way to produce finished lumber. Somewhat more sophisticated sawmills reached North America early in the 17th century and proliferated in the Thirteen Colonies in the 18th. But being costly and sometimes inconveniently located, they did not entirely displace pit sawing. By the end of the 18th century, saw milling was ripe for “industrialization” (e.g., Daniel Jones Sr.’s 14 blade mill in New York in the 1770’s; see note 1, above). The key was a blade faster and more efficient than a reciprocating saw. William Newberry of London, England, patented the first band saw in 1808. Shaker Sister Tabitha Babbitt of Harvard, Massachusetts, is said to have invented the first circular saw for a sawmill c.1813. As band saws and circular saws were introduced in sawmills (1820’s), semi-mechanized feed (log chains) and “take away,” both over rollers, were introduced as a matter of course. Continuous saw milling was common in Canada by the 1840’s. The drawbacks of continuous saw milling were analogous to those of continuous grist milling, among them the high costs of building, installing, and maintaining the new equipment (partly but not wholly offset by reduced labour costs); and the excess capacity that all but forced a shift from custom milling to merchant milling (especially when steam engines freed millers to locate near a good road or railway rather than a good seasonal water supply).

6. The first practical water turbine was perfected in France by Benoit Fourneyron in 1827 (Leung, pp. 86-88). American inventors produced various versions in the 1840’s and 1850’s, some manufactured in Canada. One example was the “Outward Pressure” turbine patented by engineer John Tyler of Claremont, New Hampshire, c.1850, and soon manufactured under license at Gananoque (Somerville). In 1859, while the Coleman’s were installing their first five Tylers, five Tylers manufactured under license in Ottawa were installed in the Dickinson‑Currier

mills at Manotick (Leung, p. 86). A Tyler turbine that Orval Ladd recently rescued from the ruins of the Coleman mills is on display at the Heritage Place Museum, Lyn. Somerville’s vague description can to some extent be supplemented by direct observation, though the wheel has not yet been fully

cleaned. According to Somerville, water was led down from a sealed flume into a slowly draining water tank by a pipe slanting at a 450 angle and tapering from 20″ in diameter to 3.5″. Water jetting at a pressure of 22.5 pounds per square inch struck and turned curbed propeller blades affixed toward the lower end of the immersed vertical “spindle.” Atop the spindle was a large horizontal conical gear

that turned a large vertical conical gear. The meshing “teeth” were small hardwood slabs set into slots in the otherwise smooth gear faces, to eliminate metal on metal sparking in a highly flammable flour and sawdust laden atmosphere. Further gearing transmitted the now horizontal torque up to overhead axles and belt wheels that powered machines throughout the mill.

7. Leung notes (pp. 88-89) that “Steam powered flour mills were first established in Great Britain in 1783, in the United States in 1808 and, it is reported, in Upper Canada in 1823…. Available evidence points to the United States as the source of the first steam engines used to power grist and flour mills (and sawmills) in Upper Canada…. Up to the 1860’s the majority of mills were run by water power…. Lillie reported 41 grist mills (in Ontario) were impelled by steam and 569 by water in 1854.” Both McKenzie (p. 173) and Connell (p. 242) assert that George Longley of Maitland, a few miles east of Brockville, was the first miller in Upper Canada to use steam power, importing his engine from England c.1837. It is clear from Leung’s account, however, that Longley was by no means the first in Upper Canada, although he was perhaps the first in the United Counties of Leeds and Grenville. Most millers here and elsewhere in Canada were reluctant to shift to steam because the engines were expensive to buy and import, expensive to operate, and prone to various problems (see note 9, below). Even the “merchant mills” at Lyn did not receive a large steam engine as a “prime mover” to supplement its water turbines until c.1875 (Orval Ladd, conversation, Heritage Place Museum, Lyn, October 20, 2005).

8. See Blanchard. According to Clout (p.1) and Loma Johnston (tel. con., September 14, 2005), the high cost of maintaining conveyors as well as a steam engine and a power train (gearing, axles, belt wheels, etc.) forced early closure of the Olds Blanchard gristmill.

9. Somerville plays up the cheapness of turbines as against steam engines, but he plays down the significant capital cost of installing them. A turbine required a relatively high head of water (high dam), a water tight “hydraulic” flume, and special housing and gearing. This said, Somerville’s arguments against waterwheels at mid century, when compared with turbines and steam engines, were unanswerable:

The price of the (Tyler turbine) is $80 at Gananoque (where it was manufactured under license), or $100 if imported from the States. It is hardly liable to accident, and will last fifty years. A steam engine of the same power costs over $1,500, is liable to many accidents (e.g., breakdowns, boiler explosions, and fires), to premature decay, and has a large appetite for so many cords of wood a day. The latest, that is, the most recent, overshot (wooden water) wheel in use at Lyn cost $800, and was calculated to be worn out in eight years. When grinding bark, to make tanning liquid, it sometimes groaned and stood still, unequal to the weight of resistance (inertial friction of the stones themselves, and of the intervening gear train that translated horizontal torque into vertical torque), though its diameter was twenty four feet and its water force ample. The little merry going Tyler wheel drives the same bark mill, and has never indicated to the feeder in of the bark that it has had enough Economy of space, and absence of splashing and moisture within the walls of the flour mill, are other merits. The little Tyler, with its tank to preserve it from Canadian frost, occupies a square of ten or twelve feet… The overshot (wooden) wheel required a space equal to about half the new mill, and rotted itself and adjacent timber even then…. The Coleman barrel stave factory would have been supplied by a Tyler motion, had not a steam engine of 25 horsepower fallen in the way of the company at a low price.

10. Partly because inland transportation was difficult early in the 19th century, many mills in Elizabethtown and Kitley faced competition from nearby mills in adjacent townships. To the west, for example, were mills at Graham Lake (McIntosh), Temperance Lake (Judson), and Dickens / Glen Elbe (Bellamy Sr.), all in Yonge Township. To the east were mills at Maitland (Lemon, Longley) and North Augusta (Bellamy brothers) in Augusta, and at future Jasper (Haskins / Olmstead) and Merrickville (Merrick) in Wolford. But by mid century, c.1850, millers in Elizabethtown and Kitley faced an even greater challenge. Improvements in transportation, better roads and bridges, the advent of steamboats and especially railways had reduced the isolation that had long been the raison d’e^tre of many a small rural mill and were now exposing rural millers to competition from products of better capitalized, better equipped, and larger scale mills in or near major urban centers. (Local gristmills, for example, could not produce flour as cheaply as the big Ogilvie “merchant mills” in Montreal.) Contributing specifically to the decline of sawmills in Elizabethtown and Kitley were the exhaustion of the virgin forests of Eastern Ontario and the consequent shift of commercial lumbering to forests north of Lake Erie, both in the 1830’s (Connell, p. 85). Contributing specifically to the decline of gristmills were the loss of the Imperial trade preference for Canadian flour and crop devastation by the wheat midge (“Hessian Fly”), both in the 1840’s (Connell, p. 85). Later, when cheap Prairie grain began flowing eastward (1870’s), Leeds and Grenville had no large grain elevators (or associated port and rail facilities) to handle any significant “break in bulk” in this largely water borne traffic. With their forests long gone and their focus now shifting from grain growing to dairying and mixed farming, the inhabitants of Elizabethtown and Kitley (the latter with a population declining since 1851) no longer needed the great number of saw and grist mills that had dotted the landscape in the first half of the 19th century. Some gristmills very likely survived by increasing their production of livestock feed (Leung, p. 230). One of the few new flour mills in Elizabethtown and Kitley in the early 20th century, A. E. Cameron’s steam powered Island City Mills in Brockville, opened c.1903 and focused on grinding feed. The mill passed to H.T. Murray (under whom the mill shifted from steam to electrical power), then to G.D. Atkinson, and was finally closed in 1966. Several such mills opened and closed during the period; one or two continue to operate.

11. In 1853 the Brockville Recorder opined that a locally owned railway would greatly increase (local) production of sawed lumber for the United States market” (“The Brockville and Ottawa Railroad,” February 3, 1853). The possibility of importing timber was one reason why many Leeds and Grenville saw millers supported the Brockville & Ottawa Railway in the 1850’s, and the Brockville, Westport & Sault Ste. Marie Railway (the last leg intended to access forests north and west of Lake Superior) in the 1880’s. The B&O never got beyond Carleton Place (c.1860), and the B.W. & SSM never got beyond Westport (1888). But the crucial importance of railways to all mills is evident in Somerville’s account of the Coleman tramway between Lyn and Lyn Station “A branch line of rails, length one mile and a half brings railway cars all the way from Boston now that the Victoria Bridge at Montreal is opened (in 1859)…. A car from Boston brings a load of hides (for the Coleman tannery)…. The same car is loaded with one hundred barrels of flour (for Boston) at the mill door…. It is drawn over the branch, that is, over the tramway, to the Grand Trunk station, Lyn Station, by horses…. Whereas, before the Grand Trunk (that is, before 1856)… the barrels of flour were conveyed to Brockville, six miles, by carts on the common road, shipped there for Prescott by river, transshipped at Prescott for Ogdensburg, landed at that place, and sent by various routes, with several more changes of conveyance and stoppage…. The price of transit was much more than at present….

According to Orval Ladd (tel.con.October 13, 2005), the Brockville & Westport Railway bought the old Coleman tramway from James Cumming c.1890, and used the rails as part of the link the B&W built between its new station actually in Lyn and the old Lyn Station on the Grand Trunk to the south.

The Bellamy mills in North Augusta were equally reliant on Bellamy Station, which was on the B&O line in Elizabethtown, but there was only a well travelled “common road” between the mills and the depot.

12. The sawmills at Greenbush and Mott’s Mills were also among the rural mills that thrived on a measure of isolation, in pockets of remaining forest.

13. This account is based on David Wylie, “Lyn,” Brockville Recorder, November 10, 1859; Somerville; W. Jarvis, “Recalls Early Days of Nearby Village When It Was Thriving Community,” Brockville Recorder and Times, March 24, 1965; and McKenzie, pp. 25-26,168-169. Wylie and Somerville toured the new mills and seem to have interviewed the Coleman’s themselves. McKenzie (p.23) cites Somerville’s article as one of her sources. Orval Ladd of the Heritage Place Museum, Lyn, kindly provided valuable supplementary information (tel. con.October 13, 2005).

14. Joseph Jessup, who came from a prominent milling family in the Colony of New York, had a gristmill just above Lyn Falls by c.1805, and had added a sawmill and combing and carding mill there by 1815 (McKenzie, pp. 26, 168). But like many other mills in Elizabethtown and Kitley, Jessup’s lasted only a few decades.

15. For the wood frame mills of 1820 and 1838, see W. Jarvis, and photos at Heritage Place Museum, Lyn. In describing the Coleman’s very extensive waterworks north of their mill in the late 1850’s, Somerville, evidently charmed by his Coleman hosts, too casually dismissed a major factor in their downfall:

Until quite recently c.1855, the water power at Lyn could not be relied on more than three months in twelve. To redress this disadvantage the Coleman family, as a company of flour millers, tanners, saw millers and lumberers, purchased wild land running from Lyn, six, ten, and twelve miles inland. It was chiefly marsh and shallow lakes…. In the Spring freshets, the melted snow is gathered into those lakes, rising ten feet above the summer level, apparently to the distress of neighbouring farmers, and is drawn out during the year as required. At one of the sluices a two mile long canal was hand dug to conduct the stream towards Lyn, which otherwise would have found the St. Lawrence at Gananoque, where there are plentiful streams without it, a self acting (automatic) register records how much water has passed within any stated time. Lyn is provided with a working supply of water equal to the steam machinery of a hundred and fifty horsepower….

The Coleman’s in fact bought the mills at Temperance Lake and Graham Lake in Yonge Township (W. Jarvis, cited above). These mills had long been the focus of villages and were hardly “wild land.” Unfortunately for Richard Coleman II, several owners of lands he then “drowned” north of Lyn obtained sizable legal judgments against him and hastened his bankruptcy (McKenzie, p. 168). He committed suicide in 1868 (“R. Coleman Shot,” Brockville Recorder,“The Late Richard Coleman,” Brockville Recorder May 7, 1868).

16. Wylie mentions the four runs of stones. For other details, see Somerville.

17. The Brockville Incorporation Act of January 28, 1832 (reproduced in Beacock Fryer, p. 43) says only that St. Andrew Street divides the East and West Wards “until it intersects the rear or Northerly limits of the said Town” without specifying what the latter were. I am grateful to Doug Grant of Brockville for drawing my attention to the wording. The ambiguity of Brockville’s northern boundaries continued throughout the 1830’s, hence the mention here of the Hubbell gristmill, which operated in the 1830’s and 1840’s. Mr. Grant also provided information about J.P. Buell’s grist and saw mills on Buell’s Creek, near present day St. Lawrence College, and about D.B.O. Ford’s gristmill near the original site of Daniel Jones Sr.’s gristmill at the Back Pond (concession 3).

18. Leavitt, p. 188; Ten Cate, p. 18; and Beacock Fryer, pp. 25-26.

19. Leavitt, p. 197, Ten Cate, p. 18, Beacock Fryer, p. 26. Ten Cate cites a Buell letter of 1796: “I am going on with my grist mill as fast as I can and intend to get it going this fall.” Beacock Fryer tentatively suggests that this mill was northward on Buell’s property, at the head of William Street on Buell’s Creek. No mill appears on Buell’s maps of 1811 and 1816, but they show only the southern portion of his property. Favouring Beacock Fryer’s suggestion is the fact that Butler’s Creek flowed into Buell’s Creek just above the point she suggests, and would significantly have increased the seasonal flow in Buell’s Creek. Any trace of a mill at this spot would have vanished during extensive and intensive development of the area in the 1960s (bridges, culvert, Stewart Boulevard, houses, apartment buildings, etc.). However, there is another, perhaps stronger possibility. On September 21, 1961, Brockville Parks Commission employees engaged in “beautifying” Butler’s Creek between Central and Front Avenues unearthed some very old stone ruins, located in the ravine just below “Ferguson’s Falls” and not far above the point where Butler’s Creek flows into Buell’s Creek (“Stone Ruins Original Mill Serving District?” Brockville Recorder and Times, September 23, 1961, with photo). The ruins consisted of the lowest courses of a stone wall and what appeared to be a stone ramp. This site was originally on William Buell Sr.’s property. He may well have preferred the smaller Butler’s Creek to the larger Buell’s Creek for his gristmill of 1796 because its spring and autumn spates were easier to control, and less likely to damage his waterwheel and mill. But the very smallness of the seasonal flow of Butler’s Creek, and the site’s relative inaccessibility at the time, may also have doomed a mill at this point to early closure and abandomnent. In fact, Buell’s mill of 1796 seems not to have lasted very long. Whatever the case, the mysterious ruins at “Ferguson’s Falls” have long since disappeared.

20. Leavitt, p. 197, McKenzie, p. 26; Beacock Fryer, p. 26.

21. I visited the sites of the Jones-Buell sawmill, Buell gristmill (supposed site, north of the present day William Street Bridge, at Buell’s Creek), and Jones gristmill on October 20, 2005. All the sites seem too low lying to allow the building of a high dam and elevated flume for an overshot wheel. Only the Hubbell site, in a ravine on Buell’s Creek just west of the Perth Street Bridge, which I also visited on October 20, 2005, clearly would have permitted a high dam, elevated flume, and overshot wheel. We know Hubbell’s mill was water powered from the Census of 1851. James L. Schofield, who bought Hubbell’s mill c.1850, seems eventually to have replaced Hubbell’s waterwheel with a steam engine. In any case, a building designated “Engine House” appears on a map of the Schofield property in 1860 that Doug Grant of Brockville discovered in the Ontario Archives.

22. This account is based on Lockwood, pp. 150-152, with supplementary information from Myrtle Johnston (September 14, 2005). According to Lorna Johnston (conversation, Brockville Museum, October 5, 2005), the current owner of the site does not welcome visits. (John Livingston Gristmill)

23. This account is based on Lockwood, pp. 161-163, with supplementary information from Myrtle Johnston (September 14, 2005). The tub wheel, also called a “Norse mill,” was the main forerunner of the water turbine. The vertical axle of the wheel stood on a bearing, and the wheel itself was most often surrounded by a bottomless “tub” or high rim, to focus the water pouring down on it. With angled, propeller blade like floats, it did not need to be more than 6′ in diameter, and required only a low head of water (Leung, pp. 47-48). Another of the tub wheel’s virtues was that it could drive the upper millstone or “runnee’ above it directly, without a power stealing gear train to translate horizontal into vertical torque, thus to some extent offsetting its low power output. (Duncan Livingston / Soper Gristmill and Sawmill)

24. According to Lockwood, there are no significant remains.

25. This account is based on Leavitt, p. 117, and Lockwood, pp. 152-153.

26. Here as elsewhere, when guessing the equipment of early Upper Canadian mills, it is safer to err on the side of simplicity.

27. My guess that Kilbom’s mill originally had an overshot wheel is based on conjectured dam height, but also on the fact that the mill apparently had an overshot under its subsequent owner, Chauncey Bellamy Jr.

28. I am grateful for this account to Horton Astleford, descendant of the last owner of the mill, and the family genealogist and mill historian (tel. con., October 6. 2005). Pearson’s import of equipment from Ireland is mentioned in “Maud’s School Closes Down After Almost a Century,” Brockville Recorder and Times, July 14, 1965.

29. Even a cursory visit to the site on October 20, 2005 confirmed that only undershot wheels would have been possible there.

Mott’s Mills

30. This account is largely based on successive entries in the Kitley Land Book Abstracts, Registry Division Leeds # 28, Leeds and Grenville Genealogical Society, Brockville Museum. I am grateful to Lorna Johnston for her assistance.

31. A visit to the site on October 6, 2005, confirmed that the creek bed is too shallow to have accommodated a high dam and overshot wheel.

32. We know that there was a circular saw in Stephen Robinson’s mill by 1861, from an account of a grim accident that befell one of his mill hands, Mark Boyd, on April 4, 1861 (“Fatal Accident,” Brockville Recorder, May 2, 1861). As Boyd was brushing sawdust away from the circular saw while it was operating, the saw snagged his glove and yanked him down headfirst. The sawmill’s longevity suggests it had acquired a circular saw many years before 1861. I am grateful to Myrtle Johnson for drawing my attention to the Boyd incident (tel. con., September 14, 2005).

33. The Nash-Blancher shingle mill is noted on Walling’s map of 1860-1861 (repr. McKenzie, Illustrated Historical Atlas of the Counties of Leeds and Grenville, Belleville: Mika, 1973, p. 68). It was far enough from the creek to suggest it was steam powered. There are no significant remains of it today.

34. Genealogist Lorna Johnson informed me (conversation, Brockville Museum, October 5, 2005) that William Robinson left for Western Canada in the 1870’s.

Greenbush Mills

35. This account is based on Blanchard and on Clout, pp. 1-2, with important supplementary information from Lorna Johnson (tel. con., September 14, 2005). Writing in 1930, H.D. Blanchard said that “ninety years ago” (that is, in the 1840’s) Samuel and William Olds operated a sawmill that was “a water power affair,” sawing lumber “by an upright (reciprocating) saw.” This can only refer to their father James’s sawmill before its sale to Daniel Blanchard in 1862. It seems likely that the Blanchard Cook steam sawmill of 1872 had a circular saw, as the subsequent longevity of this mill under Samuel and William Olds suggests.

Bellamy’s Mills

36. This account is based on Leavitt, pp. 119-120, 164, McKenzie, pp. 170-17 1, and Lockwood, pp. 153-159, with important supplementary information from Lorna Johnson (tel. con., September 14, 2005) and Myrtle Johnson (tel. con., September 14, 2005).

37. Lonaa Johnson (tel. con., September 14, 2005) says there are no mill remains.

Lyn Flour Mills

38. This account is based on Leavitt, p.100; Loverin’s “Lyn’s Leading Industry,” Athens Reporter, January 10, 1893; and McKenzie, pp. 168-169, with important supplementary information from Orval Ladd (tel, con., October 13, 2005). From a technological point of view, Loverin’s account of the Cumming mill in 1893 is even more informative than Somerville’s account of the Coleman mill in 1860. It is virtually an advertisement, but such is the nature of journalism.

39. Cumming’s reduction of the number of turbines from five to two is noted in the Athens Reporter, which adds that the two that remained had a combined output of 90 hp.

40. A visit to the ravine site on October 19, 2005, confirmed there are no remaining ruins.

APPENDIX:

Other Mills Patronized by Elizabethtown and/or Kitley Farmers,

Outside the Political Boundaries of Their Townships

As mentioned in notes 2 and 10 above, early on in the 19th century, when the scattered mills in Elizabethtown and Kitley presented transportation difficulties, some Elizabethtown and Kitley farmers gave their custom to nearer mills in adjacent townships. The obvious alternatives were in Yonge to the west, and in Augusta and Wolford to the east.

The mills listed below are only some of the leading alternatives, but they were the larger, longer lasting ones. Lord’s mills were admittedly small and short lived, but they are included because of his experiment with an inland windmill. Some entries are lengthy because most modem readers will be unfamiliar with the mills and mill sites at issue.

Mention must be made of J.P. Buell’s gristmill and sawmill near what later became the Ontario Hospital Farm, and D.B.O. Ford’s gristmill at the Back Pond. Though both were technically in Elizabethtown Township, they were strongly associated with nearby Brockville, and postdate Brockville’s political separation from Elizabethtown in 1832.

The Bellamy brothers and John McIntosh (see below) came to Yonge Township from Vergennes, Vermont, at much the same time. The Bellamy’s came from a milling family prominent at Vergennes and in Connecticut. McIntosh seems to have had some milling experience at Vergennes. He may in fact have been a professional millwright, and may well have known the Bellamy’s in Yonge as well as Vergennes.

Haskins / Olmstead Mills, near Jasper, Wolford, 1806 / 1807

In 1806 or 1807 a man known only by his last name, Haskins, built a gristmill on Irish Creek on the Wolford side of future Jasper. It is likely he had a milling background in the former Thirteen Colonies (United States). The dam Haskins built in 1806/1807 was partly of stone and partly of timber. He is thought to have added a sawmill a few years later. The gristmill likely had a single run of stones and the sawmill likely had a single reciprocating blade. The later swamping of the dam suggests that it was relatively low, and thus that both mills were powered by undershot waterwheels. Haskins’s mills were patronized by farmers in Kitley (who used Marshall’s Creek / Irish Creek and Irish Lake as their east-west “highway”) as well as by farmers in western Wolford. Haskins sold out to Richard Olmstead in 1820. Olmstead operated the mills until c.1830, when rising water in the new Rideau Canal backed up Irish Creek and over topped his dam. Olmstead petitioned the government for damages and was eventually granted 11,200 Halifax currency. His subsequent attempt to start another mill using the broken head of water at or near his old site was thwarted by the government, which had his new dam removed. Olmstead then briefly owned Mott’s mills in north central Kitley. Source: Lockwood, pp. 192‑193.

McIntosh Mills, Yonge, ca 1822

John McIntosh came to Upper Canada from Vergennes, Vermont, c.1820. He may have been a millwright. In any case, he lived for a time on the Jessup farm south of Lyn and built some sort of mill near Lyn c1841. Meanwhile, he hired. a man named Graham to find and clear a suitable mill site. Graham found a good site on a creek northwest of Lyn, which McIntosh bought, but Graham shortly absconded. McIntosh moved to the new site, and built a log gristmill with a single run of stones (locally carved). He soon added a sawmill with a single reciprocating blade.. Both mills were powered by undershot waterwheels. McIntosh’s mills were patronized by nearby farmers in western Elizabethtown as well as by farmers in eastern Yonge. The large millpond formed by his dam became known, ironically, as Graham Lake, while the little village that sprang up at the site became known as “McIntosh Mills.” McIntosh’s sons Joseph and John took over from their father. They demolished the old log gristmill and replaced it with a three story stone “flouring mill,” with Evans style mechanization inside. The brothers sold out to Richard Coleman in the late 1850s. Coleman had little interest in the mills, and permitted only limited operation of them. What he really wanted was Graham Lake water to power the large mills he was building farther south at Lyn in Elizabethtown (1859). “McIntosh Mills” languished for quite some time. In 1872, ten years after Coleman’s bankruptcy, George Tennant bought the former McIntosh mills and associated water rights. He updated equipment in the flour mill, replaced the sawmill’s reciprocating blade with a circular one, added machinery for making shingles and cheese boxes, and built tenements and a store for the many workers he employed year round. Leavitt says Tennant “caused the once dilapidated looking place to be a cheerful, busy spot.” Tennant’s mills eventually passed to T.E. O’Brien. After a fire in the gristmill in 1904, O’Brien sold the shell to Peter Flood in 1905. Flood reconstructed the mill, and he and his descendants operated it until 1971. In that year, rising complaints from Graham Lake summer cottagers (water levels fell when the mill was operated) forced the Floods to sell the mill to the Federal Ministry of Natural Resources. Determined local attempts to persuade the Ministry to restore the mill as a tourist attraction delayed its demolition until 1982-1983. There are no significant remains.

Sources: Somerville [ 1860]; Leavitt, pp. 112-113 (with illustration of Tennant’s mills); “Lyn’s Leading Industry” [Coleman reference], Athens Reporter, January 10, 1893; “District News: Yonge Front,” BrockviIle Evening Recorder, March 10,1897; Athen’s Reporter [notice of fire], November 16, 1904; “Villagers Mourn Demolition of Mill,” Brockville Recorder and Times, July 11, 1974; “McIntosh Mill Gets Temporary Reprieve,” Brockville Recorder and Times, July 16, 1974; “Government Re-Assessing Future of McIntosh Mill,” Brockville Recorder and Times, July 17, 1974; “No Funds Available to Restore Old McIntosh Mill and Private Groups Aren’t Interested in Project,” Brockville Recorder and Times, April 12, 1982.

Bellamy Mills, North Augusta, Augusta, ca 1822

Early in 1811 Daniel Dunham built a sawmill on concession 8, lot 34, on Mud Creek Kemptville Creek. It had a single reciprocating saw powered by an undershot waterwheel. Later in 1811 Daniel sold the lot to his son James. In 1821 James Dunham sold the rear half of lot 34 to the brothers Chauncey Sr., Samuel, and Hiram Bellamy. Originally from Vergennes, Vennont, these three men, along with their brother Edward, had lived in Yonge Township for the previous four years (perhaps as mill hands). By 1834, they owned the whole of lot 34, had a new gristmill in operation along with the old Dunham sawmill, and had given rise to “Bellamyville” (soon to be known as North Augusta). They gave their new gristmill one run of stones (carved at Brockville), and shortly replaced the old sawmill’s reciprocating blade with a circular one. Both mills were patronized by nearby farmers in northeastern Elizabethtown as well as by farmers in western Augusta.

Meanwhile, Edward Bellamy had left Leeds and Grenville to build mills elsewhere, and in 1830 Chauncey Bellamy Sr. had returned to Yonge Township, where he built mills at Dickens (see Bellamy Mills, Dickens / Glen Elbe, Yonge, below). Of the two Bellamy brothers who remained at North Augusta Connell writes:

Samuel J. and Hiram, their sons and grandsons were influential citizens of North Augusta for decades to come. Family members were involved in pot and pearl ash works, cloth dressing, woolen and carding mills, a shingle mill, a tannery and a store as well as the saw and grist mills. Around these businesses gathered the blacksmiths, carpenters, coopers, tinsmiths and other tradesmen necessary to the operation of the mills [p. 257].”

The Bellamy mills in Augusta Township benefited indirectly but significantly from the building of the Brockville & Ottawa Railway (opened 1860). Bellamy Station was in Elizabethtown, and the road between it and the Augusta mills was an important lifeline to suppliers and clients. Various Bellamy mills burned in the second half of the 19th century, but they were always rebuilt. When the gristmill burned in 1863, the Bellamy’s used the opportunity to replace the mill’s waterwheel with a steam engine and to add more runs of stones. However, when the sawmill burned again in 1903, it was not replaced. The grist/flour mill passed to Edward and Thomas Eyre in 1877. Connell says: “With improved transportation, which brought unbeatable competition from the products of larger mills in urban centers, flour was no longer made and only custom milling of cattle feed was done. Harlow Place was the last miller to own the grist mill.” The mill closed in 1965. It would soon be dismantled and re-erected at Upper Canada Village.

Sources: Leavitt, p. 184; McKenzie, p. 170; Connell, pp. 256-258.

Lord’s Mills, Augusta, ca 1822

Charles Lord of Montreal bought land in west central Augusta in 1815 (concession 4, lot 24), but it was not until c.1822 that he settled on this property and built a gristmill and sawmill on the South Nation River that ran across it. He had a single run of stones and a single reciprocating saw, both powered by the same undershot waterwheel. For about five years, Lord’s mills served nearby farmers in east central Elizabethtown as well as farmers in central Augusta. But excessively high and low water levels on the South Nation be deviled his operations. Around 1827 Lord replaced his waterwheel as a power source with a wood frame windmill. His was not the first windmill powered mill in Augusta. Connell notes (p.86) that the first and perhaps only forerunner had been built by Ephraim Jones near the St. Lawrence at “New Oswegatchie” (Blue Church area) c.1786 and had ceased operation some time before 1805. In any case, once Charles Lord had installed the sails on his new windmill, they turned only long enough to grind about a bushel of corn and then stopped. Thinking the surrounding dense forest was blocking the wind, Lord cleared 500 acres of trees. The sails still refused to budge. It was now clear that the real problem was the height of the surrounding terrain. Running short of money, Lord abandoned his mills, sold his land, and moved to New York State. But the little community that had arisen in the area would always be called “Lord’s Mills.” Some years after Lord’s departure, when his mills were in ruins, John Hanna bought the site and erected a sawmill (circular saw) and shingle mill, powered by an undershot waterwheel. But he may not have solved the problem of the South Nation’s wildly fluctuating water levels. By 1870 the Hanna mill, its wheel developing 6.7 hp, was operating only half a month a year, to make wooden bowls. It closed shortly afterward. There are no significant remains.

Source: Connell, pp. 86, 239‑240.

Longley Mills, Maitland, Augusta, ca 1828

By 1828, two years after the English born George Longley had settled at future Maitland, he was operating a windmill powered stone gristmill (single run of stones) just west of the village, on the south side of the King’s Highway, near the St. Lawrence. To some extent it served farmers in southwestern Elizabethtown as well as farmers in south Augusta. But even this early it was primarily a “merchant mill,” grinding imported grain into flour for export to wholesalers elsewhere. Longley prospered, and expanded his mill’s capacity. However, while the sails of the stone windmill benefited from winds off the river, their operation was somewhat unreliable. Accordingly, around 1837 Longley imported a large 30 horsepower steam engine (likely from Britain or the United States) as the “prime mover” for the three storey stone flour mill he built south of the old windmill tower. The new riverside mill had four runs of stones for grinding wheat, two for grinding oats, and an elaborate Evans style power train and conveyor system. Said to have been the largest in eastern Upper Canada at the time, Longley’s mill was now almost exclusively a “merchant mill.” It had a large new wharf on the St. Lawrence to accommodate busy steamboat traffic in grain and flour. The old windmill tower was now used to store grain. After Longley died in 1842, a Mr. Hardy operated the mill under license from Longley’s estate, and then James and Robert Harvey. By 1854, the mill was in need of an extensive and expensive update. Instead, Longley’s executors closed it. Borst and Halladay purchased the mill building in 1863 and converted it into a distillery, but their business collapsed in financial scandal in 1865. Some distillery structures were dynamited in 1909. The windmill tower was reconstructed and stabilized in 1967. The remaining old outbuildings were removed in 1973.

Sources: Leavitt, pp. 75-76; McKenzie, pp. 173, 184; Connell, pp. 242-243; Dumbrille and Otto, Maitland: “A Very Neat Village Indeed” (Boston Mills: Boston Mills Press, 1985), pp. 37-41, 53-55, 63-64; Doug Grant, “Doug Grant’s History Album: Maitland Windmill,” Brockville Recorder and Times, December 11, 1999.

Lemon Mills, Maitland, Augusta, c.1830

Around 1823 Charles Lemon built a blacksmith’s shop and foundry on the King’s Highway, in what would become Maitland, a few miles east of Brockville. Around 1830 Lemon bought the remains of Hulbert’s burnt out sawmill and the still intact tannery on what soon became known as Lemon’s Creek, which flowed into the St. Lawrence just to the east of the village. Lemon shortly erected a sawmill of his own. Eventually he added a gristmill (undershot waterwheel, single run of stones) and carding mill. Unlike Longley’s “merchant gristmill” (see above), Lemon’s gristmill was primarily a “custom mill,” serving farmers in southeastern Elizabethtown as well as farmers in south Augusta. Lemon’s son, Charles Jr., took over the various businesses, and replaced the old gristmill on the creek with a large stone flour mill down by the river. A long flume running under the highway carried water from the old dam to power the overshot wheel of the new mill. Charles Jr. eventually sold out because of ill health. The flour mill had several subsequent owners, one of whom replaced the waterwheel with a steam engine. The mill seems to have operated past 1900, but was dismantled before the 1930’s. All utilitarian buildings associated with the Lemon family have long since vanished, except for the one in the village that once housed Charles Lemon’s original foundry.

Sources: Leavitt, p. 103; McKim, “Landmarks by the Riverside,” Brockville Recorder and Times, April 9, 193 5; McKenzie, p. 176; Connell, pp. 86, 242; Dumbrille and Otto, Maitland: “A Very Neat Village Indeed” (Boston Mills: Boston Mills Press, 1985), pp. 88‑89.

Temperance Mills, Yonge, ca 1830

Around 1830, as the Temperance movement was gathering strength in Leeds and Grenville, Rathiel Judson built a dam and gristmill just over the township line between Yonge and Elizabethtown, on a creek that fed what would become Centre Lake. Judson soon added a sawmill and a carding mill. His dam created a large millpond that would soon become known as Temperance Lake. Judson seems to have required all his employees to abstain from alcohol, as he did. Judson’s mills were used by nearby farmers in western Elizabethtown as well as by farmers in eastern Yonge. The village that arose in the area was first known as “Judson’s Mills” and then as “Temperance Mills.” Judson eventually sold his mills to a joint stock company that operated them as the Leeds Union Temperance Mill. In 1844 the company sold out to Henry Hagerman, who continued to require employees to be abstainers. Hagerman added a shingle mill and a cheese‑box factory. Around 1852 his mills were severely damaged by a heavy spring runoff. Hagerman repaired them, but when they burned two years later he was financially unable to rebuild them. Around 1855 Richard Coleman purchased the property. He had no interest in rebuilding the mills. What he wanted was Temperance Lake water to power the large mills he was planning to build at Lyn in Elizabethtown Township (18 5 9). “Temperance Mills” became a ghost town, and by 1879, according to Leavitt, the mills were “in a state of ruin.” All that remains is part of Judson’s original dam, now high and dry. Cottagers have dubbed two of the islands in the lake Whiskey and Soda.

Sources: Leavitt, p. 79; “Lyn’s Leading Industry” [Coleman reference], Athens Reporter,. January 10, 1893; McKenzie, p. 171; “Abstainers Gave Name to Temperance Mills,” Brockville Recorder and Times, March 26, 1982.

Bellamy Mills, Dickens / Glen Elbe, Yonge, c.1832

In 1830 Chauncey Bellamy Sr. left “Bellamyville” in Augusta Township (see above) and settled at Dickens in Yonge Township, two miles southeast of Athens. It seems to have been a return for him. As noted above, Chauncey and his brothers had lived and worked in Yonge between 1816 and 1820, before moving to Augusta. Chauncey’s son Chauncey Jr. had in fact been born at Dickens in 1818. In any case, by 1832 Chauncey had two mills operating on a creek near Dickens, a tributary of Wiltse Lake. His gristmill had a single run of stones, his sawmill had a single reciprocating blade, and both of them were powered by undershot waterwheels. Chauncey’s new “custom mills” prospered, patronized by nearby farmers in western Elizabethtown as well as by farmers in eastern Yonge. In 1835 he built himself a substantial stone house at Dickens (still extant, recently restored). Likely updating machinery from time to time, but still relying on waterwheels for power, Chauncey operated his mills until his death at Dickens in 1866. The inscription on his tombstone speaks of him as “emphatically a man of industry and toil.” His mills had several subsequent owners. In 1889 Dickens, by then renamed Glen Elbe, was given a station on the Brockville & Westport Railway, and the former Bellamy gristmill may have benefited to some extent. But by now, like most gristmills surviving in rural Ontario, it was focused on milling feed for livestock rather than milling flour for human consumption. Lorna Johnson, a Bellamy descendant and family historian, is certain that the gristmill, at least, operated into the 20th century. But she is uncertain of the precise date that it closed. There are now no significant remains of either the gristmill or the sawmill on site.

Sources: Leavitt, pp. 79, 164; McKenzie, pp. 170, 184; Connell, p. 257; Lorna Johnson, tel. con., November 23, 2005.

The General Store in Lyn

C.M. Taylor Drugs

The General Store in Lyn was located at 25 Main Street West and was first owned by A. T. Trickey. It was a drug store and also a general merchandise store. A.T. Trickey ran it until approximately 1890 when it was purchased by Mr. Gardiner. Mr. Gardiner did not have a druggist pharmacy license so he hired a fellow from Tamworth, Ontario by the name of C. M. Taylor. He went to work for Mr. Gardiner, later married Mr. Gardiner’s daughter and eventually took over the store. Mr. Taylor and his wife eventually took over the Gardiner house on Perth Street, which is north of the United Church. They lived there for many years and had one daughter who lived there until approximately the 1950’s. Next Eldon Coon took over that house and built a new house for Miss Taylor to live in. Originally the house was built by the Coleman Family and it was said that every brick in it had been wrapped in tissue paper and shipped from England and all the steel rims around the outside had been made in France by the same people who made the Eiffel Tower.

In 1919 the store was sold to John McCrady who worked part time for Mr. Taylor. When he took over the store it became more of a grocery store than anything. He sold ice from the ice house behind the store. The hotel that was next to it burned in 1928 and what was left of the walls remained there until the late 1940’s. He ran the store until the late 1940’s when he sold it to his son Dave McCrady.

J.C. McCrady General Store

Dave McCrady ran the store for a couple of years and then sold it to Frank McCrady, his brother. In 1947 Frank sold it to Earl “Dusty” and Cleta Miller. They took over the store, enlarged it, fixed the apartment upstairs and lived above the store. They built a piece beside the store from which they sold appliances. They ran it until 1985 when they sold it to the Pourier Brothers. Under their ownership the business didn’t survive and they left. The store was sold to a fellow from Hopetown. He started to renovate the inside but it caught fire and burned through the roof. The building was then torn down and an empty lot was left. The lot remained empty until Ursula Veltcamp bought it and built the little restaurant that is now there. The Stack hotel was right beside it on the western side.

C. M. Taylor Druggist c1908
C,M, Taylor Drugs with the Stack Hotel on the right c 1908
C. M. Taylor Drugs
J.C. McCrady Red and White Store c1950
D. R. McCrady Red and White Store

Miller’s General Store c1970
Millers Red and White Store c 1970
Calico Cat

Postcards for Special Holidays

Postcards were a chance for people to send “best wishes” for special occasions to their family and friends, or just to keep in touch. The postage on these cards was cheaper than a letter and the cost of the card less than that of an actual birthday or Christmas card as we know them today.

It was a way to stay in tough with friends and family and sometimes send an occasional bit of humour through the mail. These postcards give us a very accurate snapshot of the humour and attitudes of the people of that time, they give us a look into what daily life was like.

While our collection is small, we wanted to share with you what those who sent these to their family and friends back home.

We are always interested in increasing our collection so that we may share with everyone this glimpse into our past. If you have postcards there are three ways in which you could share them with us:

1) a direct donation to the museum

2) loan them to us, we will scan them and return the originals to you

3) if you have a digital image you can send it to us at our email address: LynMuseum@gmail.com

Happy New Year

A bright and happy New Year
A Joyous New Year
A Happy New Year- To enjoy happy memories off time past- to delight in lovely visions of Future and to Live joyfully in the present.
May you get your full share of Good Things this festive season
A Happy New Year- May it be the best one yet, with many more to come
A Happy New Year
A Happy New Year
A Happy New Year
New Year Once Again
A Happy New Year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If next year brings all the gladness, That I hope you may receive, You will have no time for sadness, Nor remember how to grieve

 

 

Valentines Day

A Token of Love
This message is for you my dear- Your looking glass will make it clear

 

 

True Love, Sweet Heart, To My Valentine
A Hearts Taken – To my Valentine
A Loving Thought
Valentine Greetings- Wont you swap your heart for mine, and be my little Valentine

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Valentine Greetings – When Cupid plays his little tricks, And fills with love divine, I find my heart is in a fix, So be my Valentine

 

 

 

My Valentine Puzzle – My name is not Maud, Mag nor Sue., But here is just what I will do- Just guess who sent this, And I’ll give you a kiss- If one’s not sufficient- take two

St. Patrick’s Day

A flower of more pretentious worth, Can not be more plainly tell, The triple faith I have in thee, Thou Shamrock of the dell

 

Easter

Happy Eastertide
A Joyous Easter
A Happy Eastertide
Easter Greetings – Just an Easter greeting true, Because of my regard for you.
Easter Greetings
Easter Greetings

 

 

May Yours be a Happy Easter
A Happy Eastertide – Like the sunshine after the rain, Easter gladness comes again, The risen Lord with your abide, And bless for you this Eastertide
A Joyful Easter – While the sunshine and the dew, Draw up from the earth its flowers anew, May the sun of Easter Love, Draw our hearts to Heaven above.
A Joyous Easter
A Joyful Eastertide
Happy Easter
Easter Greetings
Easter Greetings
May Easter Joys be with you
A Happy Easter – Earth awakes to the Easter music, Her Bosom with praise overflows, The Forest breaks forth into singing, For the desert has bloomed as the rose
Easter Joys be Thine – With all my heart, I wish for thee, A time of resurrection power, Oh, may thy life forever be, As sweet and pure as Easter flower
Easter Happiness – May all that is fairest and truest and best, Be given to thee of the king, May love, in its perfect completeness of rest, To thee Easter happiness bring
A Happy Easter
A Joyous Easter
Easter Greetings- The happiest moments of my life I spend sending Easter greetings to my friends

 

 

Best Easter Wishes
Best Wishes
Happy Eastertide
Easter Greetings
A Happy Easter
God bless Easter Morning
Joyous Easter
Easter Blessings – God bless thee at this time of flowers, When balmy breezes move, God bless thee through life’s changing hours, With whispers of his love
Eastertide- The wild flowers sweetly greet you

 

 

 

Easter Wishes

Thanksgiving

Cordial Thanksgiving Greetings
Good Wishes for Thanksgiving Day
Thanksgiving Day
Wishing you a Happy Thanksgiving
Thanksgiving Day
I am coming for Thanksgiving, Just that alone makes life worth living

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Halloween

 

Holloween
A Jolly Halloween
The highest expectations for Halloween

 

 

Lee Family Photo Album

Unfortunately here we have another photo album without any names or dates attached to the pictures. Some of them can be identified by the background, and others can be dated by the clothing styles. The album was in the possession of the Lee Family, and we do know from other named photos that the Lee Family was friends with Anson McNish.

If you recognize anyone in these photos please let us know who they are.

 

Eastern Hospital, Brockville, Ontario- Postcard from 1911

 

Nurses at the Eastern Ontario Psychiatric Hospital #1
Nurses and Staff on the Hospital Grounds #2
Nurses and Staff on one of the Hospital Buildings steps #3
Nurses and Staff from the hospital #4
Interior in one of the hospital buildings #5
Dining Room in one of the hospital buildings #8
A nursing sister #6
A nursing sister #7
Sisters ? #9

 

# 10
#11
# 12

 

# 13
# 14
# 15

 

# 16
# 17
# 18
# 19

 

Katie # 20
In the garden # 20

 

In the Garden # 21
In the garden # 22
In the garden # 23
In the garden # 24
In the Garden # 25
Wedding Photos taken in the garden # 26

 

In the Garden # 27

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Taken along King Street, Brockville # 28

The Children

 

# 29
# 30
# 31

 

# 32

 

# 33
# 35

 

 

 

# 34
# 36
# 38
# 37

 

# 41

 

# 39

 

# 40
# 43
# 42
# 45
# 44
# 47

 

 

# 48

 

 

# 46
# 49

 

 

# 50

 

 

Jas. Bolger’s Groceries, unknown location # 51

 

# 52
# 53
# 54
# 56

 

 

 

# 55

 

 

 

 

 

 

# 57
# 58
# 59
# 60
# 61

 

 

 

 

 

 

# 62

 

# 63

 

# 65
# 66
# 67
# 68
# 69

 

 

# 70
# 71

 

 

Parade on King St. Brockville looking at Court House Square # 72

 

Summer camp along the river # 73

 

A hunting Cabin # 74

 

Bathing # 75
# 76
# 77

 

# 78
# 79
# 80

 

 

 

 

Using an ax # 81

 

An Old Stage Coach # 82

 

On the St Lawrence in front of the Reynolds Coal Dock, west end # 83

 

Steamer St. Lawrence passing the Brockville Water Works, east end of Brockville # 84

Kilborn Spring on the Lyn Road

This little know natural flowing spring once attracted hundreds of visitors from around the area. The spring is located about 5 minutes south of Lyn on the Lyn road, where it intersects the Old Red Road (Chemical Road).

Whether or not this spring is still there now, we don’t know but in the early 1900’s it attracted people from Lyn, Brockville and the area who came with empty bottles and jugs to fill with this mineral rich spring water. The mineral water was thought to have healthy medicinal properties for those who drank it.

The spring took it’s name from the Kilborn family that lived and farmed in an old stone house just down and across the Lyn Road, that stone house still stands today.

The re-alignment of the Lyn Road in the 1970’s may have effected this spring.

A close up view of the outcropping of the limestone rock

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kilborn Spring
Looking north on the Lyn Road with the spring on the left
The outcropping of Limestone on the hill above the spring
Kilborn Sring
Kilborn Spring

Dunster Family Photo Album

Photos taken from the Dunster Family Album. Unfortunately some photos had no name or date on them, if you recognize anyone, please let us know. The majority of photos date from the late 1940’s to early 1950’s.

Brockville Cadet Parade 1950 #1
Brockville Cadet Parade 1950 #2
Brockville Cadet Parade in front of BCI on Pearl St. #3
Brockvile Cadet Parade 11950 #4
Brocivlle Cadet Parade on Pearl St. E. 1950 #5
Brockville Cadet Parade 1950 on Pearl St. #6
Brockville Girls Cadets 1950 #7
Brockville Girls Cadets on King St. E 1950 #8
In formaation on Court House Green 1950 #8
Brockville Girls Cadets on Court House Green 1950 #9
Counties Court House in the background 1950 #10
Unknown Cadet on King St. next to Fullerton’s Drug Store 1950 #11
Unknown Cadet 1950 #12

 

Nursing student in front of Comstock Building, Brockville #13
Nursing Student in front of Nurses residence, Comstock Building, Brockville #14
Nursing Student in front of Comstock Residence #15
Colleen and Helen on the Lyn Pond 1950 St. John Hall in the background #16

 

Hattie Dickey, Main Street Lyn #17
Elery Edgeley on the Lyn Mill Pond 1949 #18
Keith McCrady skating on the Lyn Pond 1949 #19
Harry McCrady skating on the Lyn Pond 1949 #20
Mrs. Sager, Lyn 1949 #21
Uknown standing in front of Coons Bakery, Main Street Lyn #22
Three unknown girls #23
Four unknown children #24
Unknown Children #25
Unkown on King St W. Brockville with Buell Street in the background #26
Unknown in front of house #27
Unknown on lawn chair #28
Unknown in front of car #30
Unknown next to car #29
Mary Dunster #31
Sam Dunster, WW II #32
Frank and Mary Dunster #33
Frank Dunster #35
Samuel Dunster WW I #34
Sam Dunster at the Brockville Railroad station #37
Harold and Frank Dunster 1947 #36
Mary Dunster and Mary Kilmury at the Lyn Pond #38
San Dunster on right, Camp Barriefield 1916 #40
Group of unknown soldiers #39

 

Post Cards – Christmas

Postcards were a popular way to send Christmas greetings. A chance to connect with old friends. Postcards were a very inexpensive way to send these special greetings.

By looking at the cards we can see how the various images of these holidays changed over time.

While our collection is small, we wanted to share with you what those who sent these to their family and friends back home.

If you have been to any of these places, here’s your chance to see what it used to look like.

We are always interested in increasing our collection so that we may share with everyone this glimpse into our past. If you have postcards there are three ways in which you could share them with us:

1) a direct donation to the museum

2) loan them to us, we will scan them and return the originals to you

3) if you have a digital image you can send it to us at our email address: LynMuseum@gmail.com

Christmas

 

With fondest XMAS Greetings
May peace and goodwill Your Christmas stocking fill.
May your Christmas be Happy – Christmas Thy Royalty we own, But do not dread thee crowned,When majesty shines from thy throne, Great joy it brings around
May Christmas bring in goodly measure, The very things your heart would treasure
Christmas Tidings – All joys combine to make your Christmas a happy one
A Merry Christmas
A Merry Christmas
Greetings- With all kind thoughts and wishes for Christmas tide
If my sincere wish is granted Christmas will be filled with happiness for you
With best Wishes for a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year
Dec 25th – Yours and Mine at Christmas Time
Greetings to you on this Christmas Day
Christmas is Here
A Christmas Blessing
A Merry Christmas
Merry Christmas
All that will make you happy and gay, I hope will be yours on Christmas Day
A Merry Christmas
A Joyous Christmas
Christmas Greetings
A Happy Christmas – As merry as the day is long. This Christmas be to you and yours
Loving Christmas Token
With the Sincerest Good Wishes for your health and happiness- Christmas Greeting
Christmas Wishes
Christmas Greetings
A Happy Christmas
A Merry Christmas – Dec 25th
Hearty Christmas Greeting
Xmas Greeting
A Joyous Christmas
A Merry Christmas
A Merry Christmas
A Merry Christmas to All
A Merry Christmas
A Joyful Christmas
‘Dec 1895
A Joyous Christmas
My times are in Thy Hand

 

A Happy Christmas
Little Granny, three years old. With your glasses and your cap. What is that big book you hold. Resting on your aproned lap? If it is, from end to end, Full of bright things- nothing hard, It is like the wish I send, To the one who has this card!
A Christmas Greeting
Christmas Cheer – Let all the world rejoice to day And happiness be yours always
A Merry Christmas
With Best Christmas Wishes
Loving Christmas Wishes
Grace be with you all
Wishing you a happy Christmas
A Xmas Greeting
A Merry Christmas
With Best wishes for a Merry Christmas
A Merry Christmas

 

 

A Merry Christmas – Dear happy Yuletide reigns anew, And greetings tender, warm and true, Speed forth on Memory’s wing to you, To wish you untold gladness
A Joyful Christmas
Christmas Greetings
A Bright and Happy Christmas
A Merry Christmas
Christmas Greetings
A Happy Christmas
Best wishes for a Merry Christmas
Christmas Greetings
When you this card shall view, You will have cause to know, That I’d like to stand with you, Beneath the mistletoe.
May your house be full of song and joy this Xmas season
Christmas Blessings
A Merry Christmas
A Merry Christmas
Christmas Greetings
A Merry Christmas
Christmas Greetings
A Merry Christmas
Christmas Joy be Thine

 

 

Post Cards – General Greeting

Postcards were a chance for people to send “best wishes” for special occasions to their family and friends, or just to keep in touch. The postage on these cards was cheaper than a letter and the cost of the card less than that of an actual birthday or Christmas card as we know them today.

It was a way to stay in tough with friends and family and sometimes send an occasional bit of humour through the mail. These postcards give us a very accurate snapshot of the humour and attitudes of the people of that time, they give us a look into what daily life was like.

While our collection is small, we wanted to share with you what those who sent these to their family and friends back home.

(If you notice the upper left hand corner on some cards is missing, as a stamp collector removed the stamp)

We are always interested in increasing our collection so that we may share with everyone this glimpse into our past. If you have postcards there are three ways in which you could share them with us:

1) a direct donation to the museum

2) loan them to us, we will scan them and return the originals to you

3) if you have a digital image you can send it to us at our email address: LynMuseum@gmail.com

 

All Kind Thoughts – To wish you many happy days
Good Luck be with you
Best Wishes
Love like mine knows no shrinking of you I am ever thinking.

 

A Winter’s Day
Sirder (?)
Miss Maude Fealy; Miss Marie Studholme; Miss Lily Hanbury and Miss Gertie Millar

 

Maude Fealy (March 4, 1883 – November 9, 1971) was an American Stage and silent film actress whose career survived into the talkie era. (Wikipedia)

Caroline Maria Lupton (10 September 1872 – 10 March 1930), better known by the stage name Marie Studholme, was an English actress and singer known for her supporting and sometimes starring roles in Victorian and Edwardian musical comedy. Her attractive features made her one of the most popular postcard beauties of her day. (Wikipedia)

Lily Hanbury (1873 – 5 March 1908) was an English stage performer. Hanbury was born Lilian Florence Alcock, the daughter of Elizabeth (née Davis) and Matthew Henry Alcock.[2] Educated in London, her début was in an 1888 revival of  W.S. Gilbert’s Pygmalion and Galatea; and later she appeared on most of the leading stages of the English metropolis. Her extensive repertory included, ‘Countess Wintersen’ in The Stranger; ‘Hetty Preene’ in G.R.Sim’s Lights o’ London; and ‘Petra’ in Ibsen’s Enemy of the People. (Wikipedia)

Gertrude “Gertie” Ward, Countess of Dudley (née “Millar”) (21 February 1879 – 25 April 1952) was an English actress and singer of the early 20th century, known for her performances in Edwardian musicial comedies under her maiden name, Gertie Millar. (Wikipedia)

 

 

A flower bouquet
Why – Why do so many folks we like dwell in a distant land, While folks we care much less about we meet on every hand.
Wording written in glitter
Mayflowers blooming around them, Filling the air with a strange and wonderful sweetness
A girl and her pet cat
Dear Heart c1908
Mother
A Canadian Park Scene- The Maple Leaf for Ever

 

 

 

 

Harvesting a profitable crop of Onions

 

Love’s Symbols- Violets, “Faithfulness” If in your Coat this flower I see, I’ll know you’re faithful still to me.

 

When the Fields are White with Daisies- “Once again the sun shines brightly and the world is white with bloom, And a girlish heart is breaking with its pain. For the news she hears next morning The the ship which sailed away, Would be anchored in harbour ne’er again” 1907
At Break of Day – May break of day when nights dark and gloom is spent. Bring happy hours for you and sweet content.
L’Envon – When earth’s last picture is painted, And the tubes are twisted and dried. When the oldest colors have faded, And the youngest critic has died, We shall rest and faith, we shall need in, Lie down for an aeon or two, Till the master of All Good Workmen, Shall set to work anew,
I’m Popular with the

 

Yah, dere iss plenty of choyful times in Lyn, undt maybe ve dont meet a policeman
Lyn
Greetings from Lyn
Greetings from Lyn
I‘ve been lonesome ever since I came to Lyn, All because you aren’t along
I’d be completely happy in Lyn, if you were here!
The kind we raise in our state
Hearty Congratuatios

 

A ship at sea

 

 

Post Cards – International

Postcards were a chance for those travelling to send back home a glimpse of what they were seeing. Postcards give us a very accurate snapshot of the cities, buildings and people of that time, they give us a look into what daily life was like.

For those who stayed home, a postcard was there window to the world, treasured and saved.

While our collection is small, we wanted to share with you what those who sent these to their family and friends back home.

If you have been to any of these places, here’s your chance to see what it used to look like.

We are always interested in increasing our collection so that we may share with everyone this glimpse into our past. If you have postcards there are three ways in which you could share them with us:

1) a direct donation to the museum

2) loan them to us, we will scan them and return the originals to you

3) if you have a digital image you can send it to us at our email address: LynMuseum@gmail.com

 

Souvenir of 1936- The Year of the Three Kings

 

Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth

 

Bank of England and Royal Exchange

 

In the Gardens, Golders Hill Park

 

End of a Great Career, Military Funeral of a General

 

Kings Head, Chigwell

 

Burns Birthplace, Ayr

 

Windsor Castle, The Grand Reception Room

 

Paris- Le Jardin de Luxembourg

 

Paris – L’Avenue de l’Opera

 

Paris – L’Arc de Triumphe

 

Paris- la Rue de Rivoli et le Pavillon de Marsan

 

Paris – Le Boulevard des Italiens

 

Paris – Le Dome des Invalides

 

Paris – La Madeleine

 

Paris – La Place de la Bastille

 

Paris – La Bourse

 

Paris – Le Sacre Coeur

 

Paris – Le Trocadero

 

Paris – Facade de Notre-Dame

 

Paris – La Rue Soufflol el le Pantheon
Paris – Vue generale du Louvre

 

 

 

 

Post Cards from Niagara Falls, Ontario

Postcards were a chance for those travelling to send back home a glimpse of what they were seeing. Postcards give us a very accurate snapshot of the cities, buildings and people of that time, they give us a look into what daily life was like.

For those who stayed home, a postcard was there window to the world, treasured and saved.

While our collection is small, we wanted to share with you what those who sent these to their family and friends back home.

If you have been to any of these places, here’s your chance to see what it used to look like.

We are always interested in increasing our collection so that we may share with everyone this glimpse into our past. If you have postcards there are three ways in which you could share them with us:

1) a direct donation to the museum

2) loan them to us, we will scan them and return the originals to you

3) if you have a digital image you can send it to us at our email address: LynMuseum@gmail.com

 

Rock of Ages and American Falls from below, Niagara Falls

 

American Falls from Canada, Niagara

 

Prospect Point, Niagara Falls

 

Ice Bridge, Niagara Falls

 

General View of Niagara Falls from Canadian Side

 

Maid of the Mist, Niagara Falls

 

Whirlpool and Aero Car, Niagara Falls

 

Niagara Falls from Great Gorge Route, Bird’s Eye View of Suspension Bridge connecting Queenston, Ontario and Lewiston, New York

 

Cave of the Winds and “Rock of Ages” Niagara Falls

 

Interior of St. Patrick’s Church, Niagara Falls, Canada

 

Whirlpool Rapids, Niagara Falls

 

Cave of the Winds, American Falls, Niagara (postmarked 1919)

 

Maid of the Mist and American Falls of Niagara

 

Cantilever and Steel Arch Bridges

 

 

Post Cards from Ontario

Postcards were a chance for those travelling to send back home a glimpse of what they were seeing. Postcards give us a very accurate snapshot of the cities, buildings and people of that time, they give us a look into what daily life was like.

For those who stayed home, a postcard was there window to the world, treasured and saved.

While our collection is small, we wanted to share with you what those who sent these to their family and friends back home.

If you have been to any of these places, here’s your chance to see what it used to look like.

We are always interested in increasing our collection so that we may share with everyone this glimpse into our past. If you have postcards there are three ways in which you could share them with us:

1) a direct donation to the museum

2) loan them to us, we will scan them and return the originals to you

3) if you have a digital image you can send it to us at our email address: LynMuseum@gmail.com

 

Montreal Road, Cummings Bridge (Ottawa) Ont.

 

King Street (East) looking West, showing Sir John Macdonald statue, Hamilton, Ont.

 

Regatta Day, Stony Lake, Kawartha Lakes, Ont.

 

Municipal Buildings, Cobourg, Canada

 

Queens Square showing Knox Church and Opera House, Galt, Ont., Canada

 

Dickson School, Galt, Ont.

 

Birds Eye View of Merrickville, Ont., Golf Links in back ground.

 

St. Lawrence Street, Merrickville, Ont.

 

Ottawa River Scene

 

Chaudiere Falls, Ottawa

 

Wellington St., Ottawa

 

Parliament Buildings from Nepean Point, Ottawa
Sir John A. Macdonald Monument, Ottawa
Entrance to House of Parliament, Ottawa

 

Jarvis Street Baptist Church, Toronto, Canada

 

City Hall, Toronto

 

Osgoode Hall (Law Courts), Toronto, Canada

 

The Armouries, Toronto, Canada

 

Temple Building, Toronto, Canada

 

On the Terrace showing Manufactures’ and Women’s Building, Toronto Exhibition, Canada

 

Trinity College, Toronto, Canada

 

Bridge, at Little River, Gore Street, Perth, Ont.

 

Water Scene near the Island, Toronto

 

Perth, Ont.

 

Scene on the Tay, Perth, Ont.

 

Victoria Park, Smith’s Falls, Ont.
Poonahmalee Cut above Smiths Falls, Ont.

 

Harbor Scene Prescott
Water Front, Prescott, Ont.

 

King Street West, Iroquois, Ont.

 

Minden, Ont.

 

Post Office & Parliament Blds., Ottawa

 

Ontario Wheat Field

 

Harvesting

 

 

 

Postcards from Canada

Postcards were a chance for those travelling to send back home a glimpse of what they were seeing. Postcards give us a very accurate snapshot of the cities, buildings and people of that time, they give us a look into what daily life was like.

For those who stayed home, a postcard was there window to the world, treasured and saved.

While our collection is small, we wanted to share with you what those who sent these to their family and friends back home.

If you have been to any of these places, here’s your chance to see what it used to look like.

We are always interested in increasing our collection so that we may share with everyone this glimpse into our past. If you have postcards there are three ways in which you could share them with us:

1) a direct donation to the museum

2) loan them to us, we will scan them and return the originals to you

3) if you have a digital image you can send it to us at our email address: LynMuseum@gmail.com

(You may notice that some of the upper left corner is missing on some post cards, this is where the stamp was and someone wanted it for their collection)

 

Canada

 

Main Street, Moose Jaw, (Saskatchewan)

 

Hospital, Moose Jaw, Sask

 

Plowing in Saskatchewan

 

Portage la Prairie, Man. Birds Eye View

 

Mount Royal Ave, East, Montreal, Canada

 

Montreal in the forest lands on Mount Royal

 

Dominion Square, Montreal

 

 

Garneau Monument, Quebec, Que

 

The Basilica and City Hall Square, Quebec

 

One o’clock Gun, Halifax, N.S.

 

Keppoch Shore, P.E. Island

 

View of Reston, Man.

 

Hastings Street, Vancouver, B.C.

 

Corner Granville and Hastings Streets, Vancouver, B.C.

 

Dominion Trust Building, Vancouver, B.C.

 

Waterfront and Shipping Vancouver, B.C. (postmarked 1906)

 

Hell’s Gate, Fraser Canyon

 

Sunrise on the West Coast

 

Overlooking Capilano Canyon, Vancouver, B.C.

 

Jasper Avenue, Edmonton, Alta.

 

Life in the Canadian West “Roping the Steer”
Buffaloes at Edmonton, Alta., Canada
Life in the Canadian West: “The Cowboy Race”

 

 

 

 

The Great Divide, Stephen, Canadian Rockies

 

The Home of D.E.Black & Co., Limited, Calgary, Alta.

 

Grain Exchange, Calgary, Alta.

 

Central School, Calgary, Alta., Canada

 

C.P.R. Main Line near Yoho, B.C.

 

Baniff Alberta

 

G.T.P. Freight Yards, Prince George, B.C.

 

Spy Hill Dairy & Stock Farm- Calgary Central Creamery

 

Down Bow River showing Mount Rundle, Banff, Canadian Rockies

 

Takakkaw Falls, (1200 feet high), Yoho Valley, Canadian Rockies

 

 

Log Driving on the Gatineau River

 

City Hall and Jacques Cartier Square, Montreal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Postcards from the United States

Postcards were a chance for those travelling to send back home a glimpse of what they were seeing. Postcards give us a very accurate snapshot of the cities, buildings and people of that time, they give us a look into what daily life was like.

For those who stayed home, a postcard was there window to the world, treasured and saved.

While our collection is small, we wanted to share with you what those who sent these to their family and friends back home.

If you have been to any of these places, here’s your chance to see what it used to look like.

We are always interested in increasing our collection so that we may share with everyone this glimpse into our past. If you have postcards there are three ways in which you could share them with us:

1) a direct donation to the museum

2) loan them to us, we will scan them and return the originals to you

3) if you have a digital image you can send it to us at our email address: LynMuseum@gmail.com

 

Partial View of Buckbee’s Seed Warehouses and Trial Grounds at Rockford, Illinois

 

Cascade Park, Duluth, MN

 

Jack Fish Tunnel, Lake Superior

 

Main Street, East Side, Redwood, N.Y.

 

City Hall Jamestown, N.Y.

 

Salt Wells, Syracuse, N.Y.

 

Storm King, Hudson River, N.Y.

 

Pluto Falls, Watkins Glen, N.Y.

 

Ohio

 

Grand Hotel Butler, Seattle, WA.

 

 

Hotel Butler Orchestra Programme (The back of the postcard)

 

Wharf, Seattle, Wash.

 

Spokane’s Electric Terminal, Interurban Depot, Spokane, Wash.

 

Northern Pacific Train and Depot, Spokane, Wash.

 

Mount Plesanthouse, Brattenwoods, N.H.

 

Young’s Residence, Million Dollar Pier, Atlantic City, N.J.

 

Public Library, Boston, Mass.

 

Elm and Main Street, Hackensack, N.J.

 

Main Street, Cass City, Mich., Looking West

 

The Castle, Watchung, N.J.

 

 

B & W Railroad – 1930

The Athens Reporter- the following article was in this paper on April 3, 1930. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

 

Word was received this week in Brockville to the effect that no change will be made on the Westport sub-division of the Canadian National Railways, at least until the time arrives for the closing of the schools and in the meantime further consideration and study will be made by the management of the system to the details of a new schedule.

Following is a telegram received from Montreal by J. Gill Gardiner, a director of the railways.

“It has been decided to make no change in Westport service until the closing of the schools. This will give time for making arrangements for the opening of the schools in the fall. In the meantime, further consideration will be given to a new schedule.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

Toll Roads – The Athens Reporter 1906

The Athens Reporter- letter to the editor from 1906. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

 The Toll Roads- April 25, 1906

(Letter to the editor)

Having recently driven over the road between Athens and Brockville, I feel moved to offer a few observations on the state of that particular highway. To find fault with the roads at this season, and after the kind of winter we have had, may look like fault finding with Providence. No such complaint is intended; we should rather be thankful that through the agencies of frost and rain the disgraceful ruts of the Brockville road have been broken up from the bottom. This upheaval will lead to a smoother road than has been; for when dry weather comes the loose material will pack together and form a comparatively even surface. It is time something happened to these ruts, and we should all be thankful that nature has come to our relief.

But the question is, what part are the toll road people going to take in this good work? Are they going to leave the road to take care of itself, as heretofore, or is it their intention to do the repairing demanded by common decency? There is perhaps no more ridiculous spectacle to be seen in the Province than that of travellers stopping at the toll gates between Athens and Brockville to pay toll. If at these gates travellers were halted and presented with some silver coins, here would be a reason for these gates; for as a matter of fact, people driving over this road should receive remuneration. The labourer is worthy of his hire.

The disgraceful state of this road calls attention again to the fact that it is time for the abolition of tolls between this village and Brockville. It is a notorious fact that toll-roads are seldom or never good roads. The gates are a constant source of annoyance to the public, and, in the opinion of the writer, the work of collecting toll in all weathers and at all hours from people in all sorts of humors must be anything but an agreeable occupation. The toll road, in fact, is almost entirely bad. It is an exceedingly expensive road, that is, expensive to the public. There are three charges against such a road: (1) the interest on the company’s investment (2) the profits of the gatekeepers, and (3) the cost of keeping the road in repair. The public has to “put up” for all three; whereas, if the road were taken out of the hands of the company, two of these sources of expense would be eliminated. Toll roads are also objectionable for the reason that they have a tendency, and by no means a slight tendency, to damage trade. The fact that a toll gate has to be passed is sufficient to keep a certain number of people at home who would otherwise come into town on business. This may seem an unwarranted statement, but it is true. It is the conviction of the writer that if there were any way of arriving at an estimate it would be found that the business of Brockville is damaged every year to the extent of hundreds of dollars through the existence of toll gates, and Athens in proportion. This shortage of business is made up in other places not affected by the gates, or, perhaps, it is not made up at all. Merchants, professional men, and the public generally suffer in consequence. A free circulation of traffic is necessary to prosperity, just as is the free circulation of blood is necessary to the health of the body, and anything that impedes the free movement of traffic and intercourse generally ought to be abolished.

The charges that might be brought against the toll road do not end here. It is time for a change. Toll roads are coning more and more to be regards as barbarous relics of by gone days. All over the Province they are being taken over by the local and county municipalities. Why should we in this district lag behind other municipalities in the march of progress and go down in history with the unenviable record of having been the last to abolish the toll road nuisance?

Signed: I.N. Beckstedt

Toledo – News from the Village – 1924 to 1930

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the years – 1924 to 1930. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

Toledo – Nov 15th, 1924

Mr. and Mrs. Duncan McClure were Perth visitors on Friday, the 7th inst.

Misses Laura and Dorothy McClure of Perth, spent Thanksgiving holidays with relatives and friends here.

William Walsh Jr., has returned from the Canadian West where he spent the autumn.

Several from outlying points spent Thanksgiving with their parents and included Yates Marshall and Denton McClure, of Smiths Falls Collegiate Institute; Miss Marguerite McNamee of Brockville, who was accompanied by her friend, Miss Fennell of that town.

William Moran was a recent visitor at the home of his son in Plattsburg, N.Y.

W.C. Dowsley, I.P.S., of Brockville, visited the Toledo School on Thursday.

His many friends hope to hear of a better report soon, from James Gray, who had to be demoved [sic] to a Brockville hospital on Thursday morning.

Mrs. George Pepper recently disposed of her farm to Joseph Carr, of Frankville, and she and her daughter, Miss Irene Pepper, pudpose taking up permanent residence in Smith’s Falls in the near future.

Some of our local Nimrods have returned laden with spoil. Robert Mackie was hunting in the district north of Ashton, while Bert Ladouceur was with a parth which went to the Dalhousie lake region.

Toledo, April 3, 1925

Hume Kent has opened his cheese factory for the season.

Owing to temporary cessation of work on the dam in course of construction near Croghan, N.Y., Charles Nichol and Hurbert Cardiff have returned home for a while.

Clifford Eaton, lineman, and his staff are busy re-wiring a telephone line in Shane’s district.

Miss Eva Stratton is enjoying a few days’ visit with her sister, Mrs. Elmer Baldwin, and Mr. Baldwin, of Brockville.

Mrs. R.C. Latimer is suffering from a severe attack of acute indigestion, but at latest report she is slightly improved.

The sugar season is over and the general report is that quality was good, but the season very short.

The members of the Orange Lodge held their monthly meeting on Thursday night.

Herbert Bellamy was in Brockville on Thursday to spend the day with his wife, who is still in the hospital. Mrs. Bellamy is not improving as rapidly as her many friends would wish.

The owners of Perth and Smiths Falls creameries, respectively have been through here recently soliciting patrons for the summer months

The choirs of the different churches are preparing special music for Easter. In addition to the Easter service, the Union church Sunday school will hold a special morning service.

Toledo – Sep 21, 1925

C.Webster of Smiths Falls reciently made a business trip to Toledo.

Mrs. B. McCallum of Montreal is the guest of her sister Mrs. W. Dunham and Mr. Dunham

Dr. A.R. Hurley, Mrs. Hurley and family of Rochester, NY were recient guests here of Mrs. Hurley’s mother, Mrs. Lena Brigginshaw.

Rally Day in the Union Church will be observed a week fom next Sunday, October 4th.

Toledo is again to the front in regard to the school fair held there on Thursday, the 17th inst. The large crowd were keenly interested in the success of the fair and the pupils of the various schools represented made and excellent showing. Toledo won the cup again, being the school with the highest number of points to its credit, while the pupils of that school, under the able management of Miss Murray, won second place in the parade.

Clifford Eaton is busily engaged with his threshing outfit reciently purchased from Egbert Mott of Frankville.

Special services were conducted in St. Philip Neri Church last week. Rev. J.P. Fallon, O.M.I. officiating.

Wilfred Miller of Michigan is visiting at the home of his brother, Mr. and Mrs. L. Miller, also with friends in this vicinity.

Special service was conducted in the Toledo Union Church on Sunday afternoon, 20th inst., when Rev. T.F. Townsend, BA, BD., Union Church pastor, assisted by Rev. G.G. Upham of Athens, Baptist minister held service for the members of the Orange order here and the members of Newbliss ladies lodges, who marched to the church in a body led by Toledo brass band.

A host of friends here are pleased to know that Mrs. T.F.Townsend is progressing slowly but steadily after her recent serious operation.

Miss Mabel Quigley left on September 21st for Ottawa where she purposes attending the Normal School.

Mrs. P.J. Quigley is having a private sale of some household goods after which she intends moving to Ottawa, after visiting some friends in this vicinity for a month or so.

Many friends from this vicinity are sorry to hear of Robert Morrison’s death.

Toledo, Jan 27, 1926

Mrs. M. Weatherhead and Miss Jennie Nichol were recent Athens visitors.

Mr. and Mrs. G.C. Marshall and Miss Lucy Marshall recently entertained at their home the members of certain of the Union Church Sunday school classes, when a most enjoyable time was spent by all.

Mrs. Joseph Jordan, of |Lombardy, was a recent visitor at the home of Mrs. N. Nichol and Miss Jennie Nichol.

Mansell Weatherhead is busily engaged drawing wood to Athens. Fred Seward is drawing logs to Philipsville.

Toledo, Jan 27, 1926

Obituary for William Moran

It was a great shock to the people of this community (Toledo) when the word went forth Sunday afternoon, the 24th inst, that William Moran had passed away after a very brief illness. On Friday he suffered an attack of acute indigestion, but very few knew of it, and on Sunday, to the consternation of his near ones attending him, and to the great surprise of all, he suddenly passed away.

The late Mr. Moran was born in Ireland in 1855, a son of the late Maria Hipson and John Moran and when the boy William was six years old his parents came to Canada and settled in this district, where deceased spent the last years of his life. In his younger days he spent some time in Michigan, also in Western Ontario and later in Smiths Falls. He was an expert cabinet maker and actively followed that vocation up to the day he became ill. He also did considerable work as a painter.

Deceased was the possessor of many sterling qualities, very quiet and unobtrusive in his manner, but ever ready to lend a helping hand when called upon. He was strictly honest and industrious to a fault and in his unassuming way he exerted a great influence for good in this community, where he was held in high esteem. In politics he as a Conservative and in religion was of the Anglican faith.

The late Mr. Moran’s first wife formerly Miss Maria Morrison passed away in 1910. Their two children survive to mourn a loving father: Mrs. G. Gould of Alhambra, Cal., and Mortimer A. Moran of this place. A few years ago he married secondly Miss Cynthia A. Price, who survives also to mourn his loss. Of a family of eight there survive four sisters and one brother: Mrs. Thos. Rae, of Flint, Mich; Mrs. R.C. Russell of Detroit, Mich.; Mrs. Alexander McQueen, of Morefield, Ont.; Mrs. Sanford Morden, of Niagara Falls, NY., and Robert Moran of Alpena, Mich. A brother, John Moran died some time ago, while a sister Mrs. G.R.Mack, of Detroit Mich., passed away last August.

Toldeo, March 8th, 1927

Mr. and Mrs. J. Seymour of Athens were recent guests at the home of Mrs. J. Nichol and Miss Jennie Nichol.

Robert Bruce of Newbliss, township assessor, was through this district recently.

Eber Running, eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. S. Running, is ill, threatened with appendicitis. Dr. Kelly, Delta, is in attendance.

Wilfred Bruce has returned from Kingston, where he was attending the dairymen’s class last week.

Mrs. Herbert Bellamy has returned from a week’s visit in Brockville.

Mrs. James Gray was so unfortunate recently as to fall on the ice and fracture her wrist.

The construction of the Brockville- Smiths Falls provincial highway will surely be a reality as soon as weather conditions permit, for the engineers and staff are already marking out lines to be followed. The report circulated that the road it to go just northeast of the village instead of following the present route, is not being received favourably by the people of Toledo and surrounding country.

Me. And Mrs. H.N. Stinson recently entertained the latter’s sister, Mrs. W. Tackaberry, and Mr. Tackaberry of Philipsville.

Miss Irene Gray’s recent very severe cold has developed into bronchitis. She is still confined to bed and is under the care of Dr. Throop, of Frankville

W. Hanton of Jasper, was recently purchasing cows here for the American market.

Miss Ruby Whitmore is able to resume her duties after her recent illness.

Gertrude Walsh is still suffering from a very persistent cold.

Smith Brothers, Frankville, are busily engaged in this section with their portable sawing outfit.

Mrs. Carley and son, Vincent Carley of Frankville were visiting her son Burton Carley in Toledo on Sunday.

Miss Irene Gray was the recipient of a beautiful bouquet of cut flowers, with roses and orchids predominating, from the teacher and members of her Sunday school class.’

The party given last week by Mr. and Mrs. R.R. Eaton was greatly enjoyed by all present. Dancing was the principal amusement of the evening and was indulged in until a late hour.

 Toledo- April 11th , 1927

The well drillers are still busy in this district. Hume Kent is having a well drilled just inside his cheese factory.

Mr. and Mrs. James Walsh were Smiths Falls visitors on Saturday.

Mr. and Mrs. E. Baldwin of Brockville spent Sunday with the latter’s sister and brother, Miss Eva Stratton and E.H. Stratton.

Letford Millar made a business tip to Perth on Saturday.

In spite of the exceptionally long syrup making season, indications mow are for a big run at Easter. A large quantity of most exceptional quality has been manufactured, such big makers as Harold and Herbert Bellamy, H. Dunham, Fred Seward and others reporting several hundred gallons each.

Special music for Easter is being prepared by the choir of the three respective churches here.

Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Rowsome, their son, Garnet Rowsome, and the former’s mother, Mrs. E. Rowsome, of Belleville, en route from the home of the latter’s daughter, Mrs. R. Hanton, and Mr. Hanton, of Frankville, where they had spent the week, were calling upon friends in this district on Sunday evening.

Toledo, May 29, 1930

The commercial Hotel, a landmark of Toledo, Saturday morning was destroyed by fire. The building was owned by John McEwen, and was of frame construction. Most of the contents were destroyed. The Smiths Falls Department responded with a truck and hose, and the Frankville engine was also rushed to the scene. The flames however had spread so rapidly that the firemen concentrated their efforts to near-by buildings, some of them being saved with difficulty, the cause of the fire is unknown. It broke out in the kitchen, and while some insurance was carried, the loss will be heavy. This is the second large fire to occur in Toledo within four weeks. Three buildings were destroyed previously. It was the fourth fire in that village in less than a year.

Tin Cap – News from the Village – 1925-1926

 

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the years – 1925 to 1926. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

 Tin Cap – Feb 27th, 1925

Mrs. Leonard Elliott, Brockville, spent a few days last week visiting her aunt, Mrs. George Boyd.

Fred Wright, Miss Mollie O’Donnell and Miss Myrtle Lyons visited on Tuesday at William O’Donnell’s.

Mrs. Anson Gilroy was called to Hamilton last week by the death of her father, Aquila Hanson.

Mr. and Mrs. B.S. Johnston, Brockville, are visiting the form parents, Mr. and Mrs. D.A. Johnston.

Roy Locke, Brockville is moving his household effects into his new home recently purchased from S. Barker.

Reeve Reuben Davis is in Toronto this week.

Tin Cap, Jan 25th, 1926

Harold Rowsome, recently of the Recorder and Times staff, Brockville, and a former resident of the Tincap, left last week for Ottawa where he has accepted a position in the Civil Service.

Mrs. Robert Marks is visiting in Smiths Falls

Basil Reed is visiting in Bishop’s Mills.

Mr. and Mrs. Reuben Davis celebrated their 40th anniversary of their wedding last week by entertaining a number of friends. Telephone messages and congratulations were received from many distant friends to wish them many more years of happy married life.

W.W. Anderson, Ottawa, visited at Jonas Gilroy’s last week.

Miss Matilda Anderson has been quite ill at her home here.

Redan – News from the Village – 1926

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the year – 1926. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

Redan , Jan 25th, 1926

Miss Laura Loucks spent the week-end at home in Smiths Falls.

Mrs. Mildred Pritchard has returned after having visited relatives in Westport

Elgin Mott spend Tuesday last in Smiths Falls, a guest of Mrs. George Foster.

Miss C. Young, of Glen Buell, spent Sunday at Horton Young’s.

The farmers in this vicinity are busy getting in their supply of wood.

New Dublin – News from the Village – 1925-1930

 

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the years – 1925 to 1930. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

New Dublin – Feb 23, 1925

Dr. T.R. Whaley and Mrs. Whaley of Alsask, Sask., and Mr. and Mrs. W. Whaley of Charleston, visited their mother, Mrs. M.J. Whaley and their sister Mrs. A.A. Orr, last week. Dr. Whaley spent several days with his mother during his short visit in the east. He is a surgeon in his private hospital in Alsask and has only a limited time at his disposal from his work as a specialist in his line.

New Dublin – March 1st , 1928

The Women’s Institute met in the Township Hall this afternoon, a good gathering and some visitors being present. After the usual opening and the minutes of the last meeting there was a general discussion re the proposed pipe fence to finish the inclosing of the cemetery on the west side of the road. Considerable material has been purchased and plans are being made to proceed with the work in early spring. A short report of Parliamentry proceedings was given by the chairman of that department, also local history was discussed also several interesting anecdotes related, dealing with modes of life and work and thought of the people in pioneer days. Mrs. W.M. Nash spoke at some length on the Nash, Davis, McConkey and Barry families as pioneers and was asked to get data concerning those names and present them at the April meeting. Two new books were added to the birthday library. Mrs. H.A. Flood gave a very interesting reading on “The Back Woods Folk” in Scotch dialect. Meeting closed in the usual way to meet again on the first Thursday afternoon in April.

Mr. and Mrs. George Roantree and Mr. and Mrs. Harry Johnston of Morton visited at J.E. Johnstons last week.

Miss Dehlia Freeman of Frankville is spending some time with her friends Mr. and Mrs. John E. Johnston.

Miss Beatrice Healey has returned from several days visit with her relatives Mr. and Mrd. H.Woods and family at Chantry.

Wm. J. Bolton spent Tuesday in Brockville accompanied by his nephew C. Hall of Greenbush.

John B. Harton who has been seriously ill with rheumatism for several weeks is slowly improving in health.

Joseph Astlford has been ill of heart affection but is improving.

Master Harold Toppin is still quite ill, but hopes are held for his ultimate recovery. He is much missed at school and play by his young associates. Mrs. R. Toppin is enjoying very good health after her serious illness.

Mrs. Mort Rowsome is ill, in care of Dr. A.I. Armstrong.

Much sympathy is extended to Mrs. R. Willey in the death of her mother Mrs. A.O. Tait of Spencerville, which took place at the General Hospital in Brockville last week.

New Dublin – Aug 28th, 1928

The Women’s Institute will hold the September meeting on the first Thursday afternoon of the month. It will be grandmother’s day and all members and ladies of the locality are invited to be present and enjoy a good programme followed by luncheon. The meeting will open at 2 p.m.

The party held in the Township Hall on Friday evening provided an enjoyable occasion for a large number of young people from the surrounding district.

W.H Davis has returned from the General Hospital, Brockville, and is improving in health following an operation for appendicitis.

Miss Gladys Bolton R.N., accompanied her sister Evelyn home from the Brockville General Hospital, where she underwent an operation for appendicitis. Miss Gladys returned to Toronto where she will continue to practise her profession.

The school here will re-open on Sept. 4 with Miss B. Maud of Addison again in charge.

Several from this vicinity attended the Ottawa Exhibition last week.

Miss Eva Horton and G. Fox of Syracuse, N.Y. are visiting relatives and friends here and in Brockville.

Mrs. Lewis Blanchard has been spending a few days with her parents W.H. and Mrs. Davis.

W.R. Johnston went on the Harvestors Excursion to the Canadian West last week.

Miss Edna Jones of Syracuse N.Y., visited the Misses Ethel and Shirley Rowsome over the weekend.

Mrs. R.N. Willey is spending a few days with her sister at Watertown, N.Y.

Miss Celena Menut of Binghampton, N.Y., is visiting her aunt and uncle Miss E.M. and H.R. Horton

Rev. Townsend of Westport conducted the services in the United Church here on Sunday.

Miss Shirley Rowesome visited friends in Brockville last week.

 New DublinFeb 11, 1929

The play “Mary’s Castle in the Air” put on by the Manhard Y.P.A. in the Orange Hall on Wednesday evening was much enjoyed by a large audience.

The Women’s Institute met in the municipal hall on Thursday afternoon, the president Mrs. H.A. Frood in the chair and other officers present. On account of the prevalent illness in this locality the meeting for January was not held. Much correspondence was read by the secretary and considered by the meeting. Acknowledgements of Christmas remembrances were received from several recipients and a donation of five dollars from one so remembered.

Miss Beatrice Healy and Miss Shirley Rowsome were appointed a committee to prepare for a musical contest to be held before April 20. A household Science Course is to be asked for in the early part of June. At the close of the business session an interesting programme was put on by Mrs. R.N. Willey and Miss Norine Healey. The roll-call answered by “your favourite author.”

A paper on health was read by Mrs. Willey and Miss Norine Healey took charge of a humorous play “The House of Nuts.”

Mrs. T.E. Healey told a very amusing story and Miss Norine Healey gave several vocal selections accompanied by her ukulele which were very much enjoyed and applauded. Six new books were added to the birthday library.

The March meeting will be held on the first Thursday afternoon of the month, the programme in charge of Mesdames Thos Steel and Ed. Healey.

The history of the old mill near Bellamy and of the B.J.Horton farm will be read at the meeting. Roll call will be answered by, “Your favourite poet and a quotation from him.”

The annual vestry meeting of St. John Anglican Church will be held in the Township Hall on Friday evening, Feb 15. Light supper will be served at the close of the business session.

Mrs. Hiram Woods of Chantry is visiting her twin sister, Mrs. Fred Healey this week.

W.E. Earl is seriously ill of pleurisy in charge of Dr. A.I. Armstrong of North Augusta.

Miss Beatrice Healey has returned home from Toronto where she spent several months as stenographer in an Insurance Office

The Young People’s Guild of the United Church held a driving party to the home of Mr. and Mrs. Mort Nash on Friday evening, Feb 8. It was Miss Verna Healey’s anniversary of her birthday and a social evening was spent in games and music. Light lunch was served at the close.

Earnest J. Kendrick is busy in the neighbourhood with his sawing machine.

New Dublin Jan 2, 1930

The concert presented by the Sunday School and public school on Monday night was well attended considering inclement weather. Rev. Mr. Barbour acted as chairman in his usual able manner. The songs, recitations and playetts given by the children were all well rendered.

A pageant “Christmas Everywhere” was one of the most picturesque and interesting numbers imaginable, the different nationalities being well represented by members of the community. “Indian Huntresses,” a drill, was very beautifully done, the members all being in white and silver with bows and arrows, the same huntresses sang and Indian Lullaby around the campfire.

A three act play “Sniffling Hiram” provoked peals of laughter from the audience as did also a lesser dialogue “The Fliver family”. Instrumental music was given by Miss Beatrice Healey, the accompanist of the evening and Miss Shirley Rousome and James Barrigar. The whole programme was one of unusual merit and would be worth reproducing to a larger audience. Miss Florence McBratney, the teacher, and others in the program are to be congratulated on the success of the evening’s entertainment.

Edward Webster, a pupil of St.Alban’s School of Brockville, elder son of Mr. and Mrs. J.S.Webster, stood head of his form for the Michaelmas term just ended, making 88 percent average on all subjects. Edward is 13 years of age and in a class composed of 13 boys from Kingston, Brockville, Toronto, Montreal, Gananoque and one from New Dublin.

Miss Florence McBratney is spending the holidays with her parents in Brockville.

Mr. and Mrs. Elmer F. Griebe and two children and Niel Frood of Syracuse, N.Y. spent the holidays with relatives here.

Mrs. Elizabeth Orr of Brockville is visiting Mrs. Charles Burgess for a few days.

Mr. and Mrs. R.C. Willey and daughters spent Christmas with friends at Lyn.

On Tuesday evening about thirty friends gathered at the Municipal Hall for a social evening in honour of Mr and Mts. Elmer Grube, Niel Frood and Harold McDougal who have been absent from the community for ore than two years. Games and dancing were enjoyed till midnight when lunch was served and the company dispersed having spent a very enjoyable evening.

Mott’s Mills – News from the Village 1925

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the year – 1925. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

Mott’s Mills – April 1925

Miss Violet Greenwood, a student of the Athens High School, was quietly married Tuesday morning at the Anglican church parsonage in Smiths Falls to Mr. W.C. Ferguson, a well to do farmer residing near Motts Mills. They then took the train for Ottawa and other points. On their return they will reside on the old homestead.

Lyn – News from the Village – 1912 to 1942

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the years- 1912-1942. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

 Lyn, Sep 4, 1912

Killed on Track – While walking from Brockville to his home above Lyn, between twelve and one o’clock on Thursday afternoon, Nathan Purvis, a well known farmer, met his death on te tracks of the B.W.& N.W. Railway, at a point near Lyn Junction. An engine was a special freight train from Lyn to Brockville with D. Carty on the look-out. When nearing the place described he observed on the track what seemed to be a bundle of paper. As te train had almost reached the object and too late to give the signal Carty discovered that it was a man, who was run over and terribly mutilated. The body was sufficiently intact to permit identification by the train crew.

Lyn– June 27, 1925

Lyn Women’s Institute Holds Opening Meeting- membership comprises 41 residents of the village

The first regular meeting of the Lyn branch of the Women’s Institute was held on Tuesday afternoon in the Institute rooms. The president Mrs Stuart Booth, presided. After the singing of the Institute ode the roll call was responded to by the payment of fees, at the close of which the sectary reported a paid up membership of 41. Mrs. George McNish gave a splendid paper on “The value of co-operation”. Miss Julia Stafford collected suggestions for the yearly programmes from all present. Mrs. Helen Paul gave an interesting talk on the “Origin, Growth and Objects of Women’s Institutes,” which was followed by the nominations for the standing committees for the year. Refreshments were then served from a daintily decorated tea table, presided over by Ms. John Square and Mrs. Mazie Shipman. The social half hour was much enjoyed by all. The next meeting of the Institute will take place on the third Monday in July at 7:30 p.m.

Miss Bessie Billings has gone to New York to visit Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Bryson.

Miss Catherine Neilson is spending the summer at Ivy Lea.

Mr. and Mrs. C.J. Imerson and Omar Emerson motored to Delta on Sunday to visit friends. Mrs. Imerson is staying there for a few days.

Mrs. D. Leeder and baby, of Cartage, N.Y., were guests of Mr. and Mrs. C.J. Imerson last week for the Davis-Howard wedding.

In spite of the threatening weather the social held by the Anglican Church on the rectory grounds last Friday evening was quite a success. While the crowd was not so large as usual everyone seemed t enjoy themselves. Rev. L.E. Davis, Brockville, acted as chairman and a very interesting programme was given.

Miss Jean McFadyen, Kingston, is visiting Rev. and Mrs. W.F. McCree.

Miss Mary Cumming, Toronto, is home for the holidays.

Lyn, Sep 24, 1925

Women’s Institute of Lyn Increases its Membership- Seventy-Seven now on roll of the organization

The regular September meeting of the Ly branch of the Women’s Institute was held on Monday afternoon in the Institute rooms with the president, Mrs. Stuart Booth in the hair. There was a very large attendance of the members who had as their guests the older ladies of the community. Ten new members joined, making a total of 77 on the roll. “The First Recollections” given in response to the roll call, created much amusement. The treasurer, Mrs. J. Bolin, gave a splendid report showing a good balance on hand. Miss. J. Hamilton reported on the probability of having a class in basketry during the coming month. It was decided also to hold a sale at Thanksgiving time. During the programme antiques of china, pewter, linen and trinketry, all well over a hundred years old and carrying besides much of local interest, were on display. Mrs. John Square gave again by request a paper on the “Early History of Lyn.” Two splendid papers, one in favour of “Consolidated Schools” was read by Mrs. Wilson Burnham and one on “Christian Stewardship” read by Mrs. Herb Robins were much appreciated. An interesting summary of current events for the month was given by Mrs. Walace Gardiner in the absence of Miss. J. Taylor. Of interest to all was the very realistic demonstration, given by Mrs. M. Shipman and Mrs. R. Steacy, of the processes through which flax is passed in the preparation of home made linen. A vote of choice of the delegate from this branch to the annual astern Ontario convention in Ottawa was taken and resulted in the appointment of Mrs. Helen Paul, with Mrs. Joseph Bolin as alternate. Tea was then poured at a daintily spread tea table by Mrs. John McCready and Mrs. Norman Lee. The splendid programme and happy social hour following reflect much credit on Miss Julis Stafford, who with group three ladies was responsible for the meeting. The next regular meeting will be held in the evening on the third Monday in October.

Miss Bessie B. Billings has gone to St. John, N.B. where she will teach in a select girls’ school.

Misses Gladys Latimer and Mary Brown have gone to Ottawa to attend the Normal School.

Dr. and Mrs. F.M. Judson have been spending a few days at C.M. Taylor’s cottage, Lily Bay.

Miss Margaret McNish has returned from visiting relatives in Toronto and Weston.

Dr. Lloyd Hannah, Moosejaw, Sask. Who has been ill, is here on an extended visit to his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Gerald Hannah.

Mr. and Mrs. Stuart Miller and family and father Norton Miller, of Prescott, spent the weekend with Mrs. John Stead.

Miss Taylor, who has been visiting relatives in England will spend a few days with Rev. and Mrs. W.T. McCree, on her way across Canada to her home in New Zealand.

Allan G. Cumming has returned to Boston, Mass., after having spent some weeks with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. G.C Cumming.

Mrs. James A. Davidson, who s visiting her cousin, Ms. R.F. Tennant, was taken seriously ill on Wednesday, but is reported better at this writing.

Mrs. James Sheridan, Brockville, spent the weekend with Mrs. Williamson.

Mr. and Mrs. Muirhead, Brockville, were week-end guests of Mr. and Mrs. John Square.

Miss Georgina Pergeau, Gananoque, has returned from visiting her sister Mrs. Moris Lee, in Detroit, and is spending a few days with her mother, Mrs. George Pergau. Little Miss Betty Lee accompanied her home.

Last Friday evening Rev. and Mrs. A.E. Smart entertained the members of the A.Y.P.A. at the rectory.

The annual harvest Thanksgiving festival services of the Anglican Church will be held on Sunday afternoon, September 27, at 3 o’clock.

Miss May Stafford and friends are spending this week with Mrs. William Stafford and family.

L.A. Glassford, Toledo, Ohio, is spending a holiday in the village with Mrs. Glassford and Miss Widdis.

The Misses Agnes and Estella Bulloch are closing their home here next week and will go to Montreal to spend the winter.

Lyn, Jan 25th, 1926

On Sunday evening last a delightful song service was held in the United church and was thoroughly enjoyed by the large congregation present. Six well known hymns were sung by the congregation, who seemed to enter into the spirit of them, “Onward Christian Soldiers”, “All Hail the Power of Jesus’ Name”, “I Need The every hour”, “I hear thy Welcome Voice”, “I am Thine, O Lord”, “Oh for a Thousand Tongues to Sing”’ and the closing hymn, “O Vanada”.

The choir under the efficient leadership of Stuart Booth, excelled itself. The following anthems were given in a manner that would have done credit to any city choir; “Sing, O Daughter of Zion”, “Guide Me, O Thu Grat ehovah”, and “Seek Ye the Lord”.

Miss Fern Robinson rendered a solo entitled “Hear Me Cry”, and Casper Booth gave “The Holy City”. Mrs. M. Cornell, Miss Fern Robinson and J.Bushfield contributed solos in the anthems. The accompanists were Mrs. Stuart Booth, Mill Louise Booth and Miss Margaret Booth. At the close of the service many expressions of appreciation were heard. It is the intention of the organist and choir to hold similar song service once each month during the winter. The minister, Rev. F.G. Robinson, conducted the service.

Lyn– April 11th , 1927

Miss Margaret McNish is visiting Mr. and Mrs. F.W. Moffatt and Miss Mary McNish at Weston, Ont.

Sidney G. Easton is home from Lethbridge, Alberta to spend Easter with his father E.H. Easton and his sister, Miss. W.R. Easton.

Dr. and Mrs. E.J. Bracken and the Missess Elinor, Jean and Lois Bracken motored from Gananoque on Sunday to spend the day with relatives and friends.

Mrs. R.G. Stewart spent the weekend with Mr. and Mrs. Thompson Weeks at Poole’s Resort.

James W. Cumming is home from Detroit, Mich.

Mrs. G.W. Judson will leave this week to spend Easter with friends in Ottawa.

The Misses Vera Armstrong and Helen Purvis have purchased Essex coaches from R.G. Stewart, the local automobile dealer.

Mrs. G.C. Cumming has returned from visiting relatives and friends in Toronto and Windsor.

The condition of the Rev. E. Teskey does not improve the way his many friends would wish.

Master Murray Billings will leave this week to spend Easter in Toroto with his sister, Miss Bessie Billings.

Miss Ruth MacNish, R.N., is home from New Rochelle, NY to care for her sister, Mrs. William Robinson, who still remains quite ill.

On Wednesday afternoon last a number of members of the Women’s Institute met in the Institute rooms and tendered Mrs. G.W. Judson  and Dr. and Mrs. F.M. Judson a shower of preserved fruit, pickles, etc., as well as other useful articles as they were unfortunate to lose all of such things in the fire which destroyed their home recently. Mrs. Maurice Brown read a short address to which Mrs. G.W. Judson replied very fittingly. Refreshments were served by the committee in charge.

The regular meeting of the Women’s Institute will be held on Wednesday evening April 20, with Mrs. Maurice Brown as Convenor.

Lyn– July 23rd, 1948

County Farmers to Meet Tuesday at Lyn Farm

An evening meeting for farmers will be held on the farm of H.H. McNish, Lyn, Tuesday evening, July 27th at seven o’clock in the evening, under the supervision of the Experimental Farm Ottawa. J.R. Ostler, Leeds County agricultural representative, informed The Reporter yesterday.

He starter the newer and up to date work of the Experimental Farms and Illustration Stations would be outlined and it is expected speakers from Ottawa will be present for the occasion. Mr. McNich’s farm is the illustration station for this area.

The grain varieties are now nearly ripe and ready for observation as well as other crops and experiments going on. Leeds County Crop Improvement Association is co-operating with the Experimental Farm, Ottawa, in this programme.

Lillies – News from the Village – 1927

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the years- 1927. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

 Lillies, April 16th , 1927

Albert Gardiner is a patient at the General hospital. All are hoping to see him home soon.

Morton Charlton’s auction sale was well attended on Wednesday last.

The farmers are commencing to work on the land.

Miss Florence Booth had her tonsils removed recently at the General hospital, Brockville. All are pleased to learn that she is convalescing rapidly at her home here.

David Lawson purchased a valuable horse from Charles McNish recently.

Dr. and Mrs. F.M. Judson, Lyn, paid the Vickery family a short visit one day last week.

The Misses Mabel and Lois Marshall are guests of their parents, Mr. and Mrs. J.H. Marshall.

Mr. and Mrs. H. Dunster and family, Lyn, spent a day last week at A.H. Hendry’s.

The Misses Gladys Louise, Florence and Margaret Booth are holidaying at their home here.

Mrs. H. Darling spent a day last week with her daughter, Mrs. Morton Charlston.

Lehigh’s Corners

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the years- 1925 to 1926. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

Lehigh’s Corners – Mar 2nd, 1925

Mr. Wallace Hanton arrived home last week from Belleville where he has been for some time with his uncle, Mr. Ernie Rowsome.

Mr. and Mrs. R.T.Hays entertained a number of their friends on Monday might last to a shower given in honour of Miss Lela Eaton. She was the recipient of many costly and useful presents.

Mr. Vincent Carley returned on Tuesday after spending a few days with Soperton and Oak Leaf friends.

Attending sawing bees seems the order of the day in this section, the majority of farmers having nearly finished.

Miss Leita Burns arrived home on Tuesday after spending a few days in Chantry a guest of Mr. and Mrs. R. Trotter.

Mrs. Wilson Barrington and Mrs. R. Johnson were Brockville visitors last week.

Mr. Hurbert Eaton was unfortunate enough to have two of his fingers badly cut while sawing wood at Leslie Soper’s. Dr. Throop dressed the wounds and he is improving nicely.

Mr. Burton Carley has been busy these days hauling ice from Lake Eloida to Netterfield Moore of Frankville

Miss Dorothy Male of New Boue returned home on Sunday after spending a week with Mr. and Mrs. R.T. Hays.

Mr. and Mrs. Roy Blancher of Addison, spent Wednesday with Mr. and Mrs. George Cannon.

Lehigh’s Corners, Jan 28th, 1926

A number of young people gathered at the home of Mr. and Mrs. James Burns last Tuesday evening when a very enjoyable time was spent in games, music and dancing, after which dainty refreshments were served by the hostess. The special feature of the evening was the following address of farewell to Miss Hazel Burns, who is leaving soon for Gouverneur, where she has been offered a very lucrative position. Miss Mary Conlon read the address, and Miss Irene Mott made the presentation after which Miss Burns expressed her sincere thanks to one and all.

Dear Hazel,- We, your friends, have met here to-night to spend once more a pleasant evening with you in your home before you leave us to take up your new field of work in Gouverneur. We regret to have to lose you, as you will be missed very much by your friends here. We all sincerely wish you success in your work and trust you will enjoy it very much. As a slight token of our friendship we wish you to accept this purse. Signed on behalf of your many friends. January 26th. 1926

Jellyby – News from the Village – 1924-1928

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the years- 1924 to 1928. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

Jellyby –Nov 17th, 1924

Mr. and Mrs. Clifford Johnston, Greenbush spent Sunday with Mr. and Mrs. William Rowsome.

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Freeman attended the funeral on Sunday of their uncle, John Freeman, New Dublin.

Mr. and Mrs. Gordon Kennedy, Howard, Arthur and Kenneth Clark on Sunday visited the latter’s mother Mrs. Hiram Clarke, Ottawa, who is ill.

Miss M. Alguire spent the weekend at her home in Athens.

Mrs. James Henry Berry has returned home after having spent some time with her mother, Mrs. Condy, Smiths Falls, who is ill.

Miss Delia Freeman, Frankville, is spending a few days at the home of her nephew, Charles Freeman.

 Jellyby, Feb 23rd, 1925

A large number from here attended the auction sale held at Wellington Davis’ on Thursday.

Jonas Baldwin, Merrickville, spent a few days last week visiting his daughter, Mrs. Gordon Kennedy.

Mr. and Mrs. Clifford Johnston were Sunday visitors of friends here.

Miss Keitha Gray was the guest of her friend, Miss Viola Deval, on Sunday.

Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Watts, Plum Hollow, spent Sunday as the guests of Mr. and Mrs. Roy Symington.

Master Alton Freeman spent the week-end with his grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph E. Davis,

Mr. and Mrs. James Glazier, of Brockville, visited Mr. and Mrs. John Edwards on Sunday.

Mr. and Mrs. James C. Ferguson and daughter were recent visitors at R. Cavanaugh’s.

Visitors in the home of Gordon Kennedy on Thursday last were Mr. and Mrs. M. Baker and daughter Fern, Mr. and Mrs. H Knowles and Miss Elva and J.W. Baldwin all of Merrickville.

Jellyby – Jan 25th, 1926

Howard Clarke was an Athens visitor on Monday last.

Miss Della Davis, Bellamys, spent last week visiting Mr. and Mrs. Harvey Giffin

H.Rowsome, J. Jelly and R. Davis attended the swine marketing course last week at the Canadian Packing plant, Peterborough.

Mr. and Mrs. S. Foxton spent last Saturday at Mr. and Mrs. J.E. Davis’, Bellamys.

Mrs. John Symington, Greenbush, spent Sunday at Mr. and Mrs. Roy Symington’s.

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Freeman and Miss Delia Freeman spent Sunday as the guests of Mr. and Mrs. J.E. Davis, Bellamys.

Mr. and Mrs. Frank Sunderland spent Saturday with the former’s mother, Mrs. John Edwards.

Mrs. J.H. Davis is on the sick list. Her friends are hoping for a speedy recovery.

Mrs. A.J. Smith was a Brockville visitor on Saturday.

Miss Lyla Moore is suffering from a severe cold.

 Jellyby, Feb 21st ,1928

Mr. and Mrs. Harry Johnston, Mr. and Mrs. George Rowntree, Morton, and Mr. and Mrs.J.E.Johnston, New Dublin, and Miss Delia Freeman, Frankville, were guests on Friday of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Freeman.

Hiram Clark, Campbell’s Bay, is spending a couple of days with his sons here.

Miss T. Hinton was a recent guest of Mr. and Mrs. C. Freeman.

Miss Marion Clark, Greenbush, spent the week-end at the home of her brother, Arthur Clarke.

Mr. and Mrs. Carles Freeman and son Alton, spent Sunday with Mr. and Mrs. J.E. Bellamy’s.

Mrs. Harvy Knowles and little daughter, Elva, spent a couple of days last week with relatives in Merrickville.

Mr. and Mrs. Brock Moore spent Sunday with Mr. and Mrs. George Riley, Yule.

Jasper – News from the Village – 1926

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the years- 1926. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

Jasper. April 12, 1926

School re-opened o Monday.

Mrs. Carroll Livingston and daughter Doreen, of Frankville, were guests last week of Mrs. O. Burridge.

Mrs. Mort Davis, Smiths Falls, was the guest of Mrs. Walter Hanton on Friday last.

Mr. and Mrs. Howard Moore and children visited in Kemptville last week.

Miss Pearl Campton spent Sunday with friends in Smiths Falls.

C.A. Pryce is able to be out again having recovered from a bad cold.

Mrs. Harry Bates has returned home from Smiths Falls

Greenbush – News from the Village – 1902-1930

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the years- 1902 to 1930. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

Greenbush, Sep 10, 1902

The Ladies Aide of Greenbush Church are holding a harvest social on Friday evening next in aid of the church.

 

Greenbush– June 29, 1925

Robert Wallace and family spent Sunday with friends in Brockville.

Miss Ada Davis is having a public school picnic today before her departure for her home in Kinburn to spend the summer vacation.

The frequent rains are preventing the proper cultivation of the corn crop. The grain and hay crop are looking well.

Mr. and Mrs. Robert Forsythe were visitors at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Wilfrid Locke, Brinston’s Corers on Tuesday of last week, and on Monday at E.J. Suffel’s, Delta.

Mrs. George Burke of Brockville, visited her brother, Henry Paterson last week.

Dr. Arthur Tinkless of Watertown, N.Y., called on his brother and aged mother, Mrs. Margaret Loverin, on Saturday last.

Miss Muriel Earl, of Lyndhurst, is visiting her grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. J. Hewitt.

 Greenbush, Dec 5, 1927

The United Church here is holding Missionary Anniversary services on Sunday and Monday Dec. 11th and 12th. Rev. R.B. Ammond, a Missionary in China for more than a score of years will speak at Addison at 11am and at Greenbush Church on Monday evening the subject being “The present Crisis in China”. Offerings for Missions will be taken at all the services.

Members of the Greenbush SS. Are busy preparing for the annual S.S. Concert to be held in the church on the evening of the 23rd.

Miss Mabel Smith of Ottawa, who has been spending some time here following an operation, returned on Saturday to resume her duties as teacher.

Mr. and Mrs. Lewis K. Blanchard and family who spent summer at Franktown returned to their home here to spent the Winter. Shortly after their return the oldest son, Harold was taken ill of Typhoid fever and is still critically ill.

Mr. and Mrs. B.W. Loverin visited at Maynard last week and while there Mr. Loverin accompanied Mr. Percy Fretwell and Mrd. Obt. Seeley and attended the Royal Winter Fair.

Mr. A. Root left last week on a trip to Los Angles, Cal. Where he intends to spend the winter with his son Wilson E. Root.

The Greenbush Mission Circle held its annual meeting at the home of Miss Reba Olds, on Saturday Dec. 3rd where the following officers were elected:

President- Nina Wallace; Vice President- Florence Connel; Rec. Sec.- Kathleen Little; Cor. Sec.- Bella Twa; Treasurer- Maxine Loverin; Organist- Reba Olds. After the meeting the hostess served light refreshments.

Mrs. E. Kendrick of New Dublin is a guest at the home of her brother Mr. Fred Olds.

Mr. Kenneth Hall has gone to Detroit.

Miss Viola Duval spent Sunday at her home here.

Greenbush, March 1st , 1928

Mr. George Evans is still very critically ill at his home here. His daughter, Mrs. Gertie Ducoln of Alexandria Bay, NY is in constant attendance at his bedside.

The Greenbush Mission Circle held a social evening on the 24 inst. At the home of Miss Florence Connell, having their parents, the members of the Tuxis square and their parents as guests. An interesting programme of games, contests and music was carried out, followed by refreshments. A vote of thanks was tendered Mr. and Mrs. Connel for the use of their comfortable home thus enabling the young people to have such an enjoyable time.

Miss Florence Dunlop of Ottawa was a recent visitor at the home of Mr. and Mrs. A.E. Gifford, while here she favoured the Ladies Aid by giving one of her lectures entitled “Our Sister Dominions” which was listened to with much pleasure and profit by all present. During the evening Miss Marjorie Wallace gave a pleasing recitation and Mrs. Lloyd Brown rendered a comic reading in good style. Mrs. Williams of Addison gave two pleasing solos and the male choir gave a splendid selection. Rev. Jas. Leach very ably filled the chair.

Miss Evelyn Kilborn is in Ottawa a nurse in training at the Civic Hospital.

Several from here took in the hockey match in Brockville last night.

Mr. and Mrs. Anthony Suzerini of New York are guests at the home of the latter’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. Gordon Brayton.

The many friends of Mrs. Geo. Taplin regret to hear of her serious illness. Miss Merkley of Williamsburg is the nurse in attendance.

The box social held in the school house on Friday evening last under the auspices of the Ladies Aid was well attended and added over fifty dollars to the Treasury of that society. A good programme was given by local talent assisted by Mr. Jas. Watson of Eaton, Sask who is visiting here who rendered two solos in good style, At the close of the programme the boxes which were creations of art as well as receptacles of good things were auctioned by B.W. Lovern. Rev. Jas. Leach occupied the chair.

Greenbush –  July 11, 1928

Farmers have begun their haying and report a fair crop.

Mr. and Mrs. Dan Fenlong of Evans’ Mills, N.Y., were recent visitors at Dormon Fenlong’s.

Mrs. B.W. Loverin spent the weekend at Newington, the guest of her son Arnold and his family.

Margery Wallace and Gordon Little were successful in recent entrance examinations. Congratulations

Miss Bessie White underwent a serious operation in the Brockville General Hospital on Thursday last. Her sister Wilma is with her as special nurse.

Mr. and Mrs. E. Smith spent several days in Ottawa last week, the guests of her daughter, Muriel, when a farewell dinner was given by Mrs. Earl Scrivens in Honour of Sergeant-Major Harold Kerr and Mrs. Kerr on the occasion of their departure for Mayo in the Yukon Territory where Sgt.-Major Kerr will have charge of the Government Radio Station. Mrs. Kerr was formerly Miss Eileen Weaver R.N., of New York City. Mr. and Mrs. Kerr will visit relatives at Winnipeg and Vancouver en route for the North West.

Greenbush – Aug 21, 1928

Miss Mabel Smith of Ottawa, who is spending her holidays with relatives, has gone to New York City to visit her brother Dr. M.T. Smith.

Mr. and Mrs. W.T. Robinson of Rochester are here on a motor trip; they are accompanied by their friends Mr. and Mrs. J. Waldron and their son.

Mr. Joseph Peterson is visiting his daughter Mrs. A. Blanchard.

Mrs. Maurice Shaver of Ottawa was a recent visitor in the home of her sister, Mrs. E.N. Smith.

Mr. Herbert Olds with his daughter and grandson of Eric, Penn., are spending a couple of weeks with his father Mr. Morton Olds.

Mr. and Mrs. W.H. Tackaberry and Mr. and Mrs. John Deval and Miss Gretta motored to Dunrobin to visit friends recently.

Mrs. D. Fenlong arrived home last week from Merrickville where she had been visiting her daughter, Mrs. P. Morrow.

Mr. and Mrs. B.W. Lovern spent the weekend with friends at Elgin.

Mr. Bert Forsythe of Ottawa was a recent visitor in our village.

Mr. and Mrs. Edward wain of Moose Jaw, Sask., who are spending the summer with relatives at Morrisburg, called on friends here last week. Mrs. Swain was formerly Miss Lucy Loverin.

Greenbush – August 29th, 1928

Miss Evelyn Kilborn went to Ottawa on Tuesday to resume her training in the Civic Hospital which has been interrupted by illness.

Rev. Townsend, Westport, occupied the pulpit of the United Church here on Sunday last and gave an inspiring sermon on the subject. “The Evil Eye”.

Mr. Harry Sterling of Oshawa is spending his holidays with his Uncle and Aunt, Mr. and Mrs. Jas. Miller.

Miss Opal McVeigh, nurse in training at the Kingston General Hospital with a party of friends motored here on Sunday to visit her parents.

Mrs. And Mr. E. Smith and Miss Marguerite Kerr spent a few days in Ottawa last week and on their return were accompanied by Miss Muriel Kerr.

Miss Jessie Loverin spend last week with her friend, Mrs. Frank Frood at Dunrobin and also attended the Ottawa Fair.

Mrs. Hamilton Maird of North Collins, N.Y., with her children and grandchildren to the number of eleven persons are camping on Mr. Geo. Langdon’s lawn. While on their motor trip they intend to visit other places of interest.

The mission circle girls conducted a pleasant social evening on Mr. Jas. Gibson’s lawn on Saturday, Aug. 25th. Weiner’s, ice cream, cake and coffee were served to those wishing them and an impromptu programme was given. Among those taking part were Mrs. Ena Lawton and Mr. Claire Baird of North Collins, N.Y., and Mr. Robert Gregg, of Greenbush. Mrs. M. Moore and Mrs. E. Gifford were the accompanists for the evening. The Ladies Aid is holding a social evening at the same place on the evening of Sat., Sept. 1st.

Miss Mabel Smith returned to-day from New York where she has been visiting her brother, Dr. M.G. Smith and other relatives.

Greenbush – January 7th, 1929

Many of our citizens have suffered and are still suffering from the ravages of la grippe.

Miss Evelyn Kilborn started her duties as teacher at Toledo on Thursday last but her school has been ordered closed on account of sickness.

Mrs. Morris Loverin is in Kingston with her mother, Mrs. George Olds, who is very ill.

During the holidays Miss Mabel Smith visited her sister, Ms. Geo. Edwards in London.

Many family reunions were held on Christmas day. At Mr. Leonard Kendrick’s in addition to his own family were |Mr. and Mrs. E. Smith; Miss Marguerite Kerr; Mr. and Mrs. E.A. Gifford and family; Miss S.A. Smith; Mr. and Mrs. W.H White and son Archer; Mrs. S. Pritchard and Dr. Clare Pritchard of Athens; the Misses Muriel Kerr, Mabel Smith and Bessie White of Ottawa; Mr. Leslie Kerr of Baltimore, Maryland; Miss Wilma White, R.N., Mr. and Mrs. Charles Pritchard and Dr. M.T. and Mrs. Smith and son Edward of New York City.

The guests at B.W. Loverin’s at the family reunion were Arnold Loverin and family of Newington; Mr. and Mrs. Percy Fretwell and children and Mr. John Harrison of Prescott; Mr. and Mrs. Lyman Judson, Mrs. Bertha Judson and Mrs. Avis Daniels of Athens; Mr. and Mrs. John M. Percival and Miss Melba and Mr. Carl Percival of Addison.

On New Year’s Day there was a gathering of the Johnston family at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Kerr when all the members of the family from far and near were present except Mrs. David Johnston and her son Gerald, who were detained in Smiths Falls through illness.

Greenbush – Jan 28th, 1929

Mr. J. Hewitt had the misfortune to have his horse which he had driven to Brockville one day last week take sick, so he had to leave it there in the care of a veterinary who reports that it is improving.

Mrs. D. Fenlong, in company with her son Roy visited at the home of her daughter at Merrickville over the week-end.

The Mission Circle met on Saturday, the 21st inst. At the home of Mrs. B.W. Loverin where an interesting program was given by all the members, at the close of which all took part in a contest provided by Reba Olds. The hostess served refreshments.

The Annual congregational meeting of the Greenbush United Church was held in the church hall on the evening of Thursday Jan 24th with a good representation of different families present. The officers and teachers for Sunday School were elected, the Ladie’s [sic] Aid reorganized and a new finance board appointed. Plans were made to meet any deficiency in balancing the books for 1928. At the close refreshments were served.

Mr. Gordon Moore of Francis, Sask. Is visiting his brother Morton and other relatives and friends.

Mr. and Mrs. Ford Earl of Lyndhurst were visitors at the home of Mr. and Mrs. J. Hewitt on Thursday of last week.

Greenbush, Aug 18, 1930

Miss Alice Hudson of Glen Elbe is visiting her cousin Pearl Hall

Many residents here was the big dirigible R-100 both on its western trip Sunday night and going east on Monday afternoon.

After a weeks holiday spent with relatives here and at Charleston Lake, Dr. Morley Smith left yesterday for his hoe in New York accompanied by Mrs.Smith.

Miss Muriel Kerr of Ottawa is visiting relatives here.

Miss Sadie Twa, R.N., who has been engaged as special nurse on a case in Brockville spent Sunday at home.

Miss Wilma White, R.N., of New York City, who has been touring Europe, arrived home on Tuesday last and is spending some time in the parental home. While in Bavaria, she visited Aberammergan, the scene of the famous Passion Play, staged by the people of that town, and has consented to give a talk on this and other incidents of her trip for the benefit of the Woman’s Missionary Society at their meeting in the church on the afternoon of Wednesday, the 20th inst.

Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Campbell and two children of Montreal, were guests of Mr. and Mrs. W.H. White on the 10th inst, and Mr. and Mrs. Doughty with their son and daughter of Toronto were there on the 17th inst.

Miss Irma Olds, R.N., of Erie, Penn., who is spending her vacation here, is spending a few days with relatives in Brockville.

The Greenbush congregation will hold their 97th anniversary of the building of the church on the second Sunday of October, when Rev. Mr.Semple, of Smith’s Falls, will preach at the morning service and also give an address in the church Monday evening. The evening service on Sunday will be in charge of the Rev. M.I. Robinson of Athens.

The funeral of the late George D. Langdon was held at the home of his son Louis, on Monday last and was largely attended. The pastor, Rev. R. Barbour officiated. Among those from a distance aere Mr and Mrs W. Clow and Andrew Clow of Alexandria Bay, NY; Mr and Mrs George Clow, and Mr and Mrs Blake Dickey and family of Yonge’s Mills; Mr and Mrs James Eligh, Mrs Annie Eligh, Mrs Elton Eligh and Mr and Mrs Ogle of Sherwood Springs; Mr and Mrs Charles Buell and son Harry and Euret Clow of Brockville; Mr and Mrs W. White and son Visitor of Caintown; Mr and Mrs Lorne Brown of Glen Buell; Mr and Mrs W. Clow, Tincap; Mrs H. Willows, Seeley’s; and Mrs Gordon McLean, Athens. Interment was made in Glen Elbe cemetery.

The service in the United Church on the 17th inst. Was in charge of the pastor Rev. R. Barbour, with Rev. Mr. Gray, a home missionary from western Canada and a native of Edinburgh, Scotland, as a special speaker. He reminded us of our very large responsibility to the home mission work as no country in the world has so large a home missionary territory. A pleasing duet was given by Mrs. E. Smith and Mrs. C. Hall.

Last week Mr and Mrs .H.Tackaberry accompanied by Mr and Mrs Geo. Taplin of Addison motored to Gore’s Landing to visit the Rev. James Leach and family.

Mr and Mrs Williard Fretwell of Prescott accompanied by Mr and Mrs Percy Fretwell of Maynard spent last Friday with friends here and at Charleston Lake.

Glossville- News from the Village – 1905

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the year 1905. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

 Glossville, Dec 6, 1905

Mr. Willie Good spent Sunday at Maitland.

Miss Maggie Johnston is home after spending a coupe of months in Brockville

Mr. and Mrs. Wilson of Kemptville spent last Sunday the guests of Mr. and Mrs. James Love.

Miss Hazel Breakell spent Sunday with her parents at Brockville.

Miss Edith Church spent Sunday here.

Miss Keitha Brown of Athens spent a week with Miss Eva Brown.

Glen Buell – News from the Village 1905-1930

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the years- 1905 to 1930. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

 Glen Buell, Nov 27, 1905

Albert Hayes is erecting a new barn for Mr. Richard White and will soon have it completed.

Miss Ella Davis was the guest of friends in Smith’s Falls for a few days.

Miss Elsie Betz has returned home from a visit with friends in Uncle Sam’s domain.

Mr and Mrs John Andersen is having an addition built to his house.

Mr. and Mrs. Johnie Stewart were calling on friends in the Glen one day last week.

A number from around here attended the party at Mr. John Grey’s. All reported a good time.

Mr. Nath Stewart had the misfortune to lose a valuable young horse last week.

 Glen Buell – Sept 26th, 1925

Under the auspices of the Anglican church at Addison, a surprise party was held at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Burton Baxter Thursday evening in the honour of Mr. and Mrs. William Baxter. A hand-some oak writing-desk was presented to the young couple after which refreshments were served. Dancing was indulged in, until a late hour.

On Friday evening a shower was held at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Watson Percival in honour of Mr, and Mrs. Alan Stewart. The young couple were recipients of many handsome and useful articles.

Miss Kathleen  Forth, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William Forth, left on Saturday for Ottawa where she will attend the normal school.

Miss Naomi Baxter left Sunday for Ottawa to attend the Normal school.

Miss Nellie Newton left on Sunday for California after having spent the summer visiting her brothers, Arthur and Ernest Reynolds.

E.M. Westlake and son Byron left for Toronto on Wednesday where the latter is to enter the University as a student in the faculty of Arts.

Mr. and Mrs. .Horsefield, Frankville, were the guests of the latter’s parents Mr. and Mrs. Lorne Brown.

Master Roy Armstrong, who has been spending the summer with his aunt, Mrs. Joseph Anderson, returned to Niagara Falls on Saturday.

Mrs. Leach and daughter, Smiths Falls, were the guests of the former’s mother, Mrs. Brock Davis, last Sunday.

 Glen Buell April 6, 1926

Byron Westlake left this afternoon to resume his studies at Victoria University, Toronto, after having sent the holiday with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. E.M. Westlake.

The many friends of Mrs. Burton Baxter are sorry to know that she is very ill and all hope for a speedy recovery.

Miss N. Baxter, of the Normal School, Ottawa, is spending her Easter vacation with her parents.

Miss Kathleen Forth, of the Ottawa Normal School, is spending her holiday with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Forth.

Rev Dr. F.W.A. Meyer of Brockville ably filled the pulpit on Easter Sunday owing to the serious illness of the pastor, Rev.F.G. Robinson.

The many friends of Mrs. Lorne Brown are pleased to know that she is improving after her recent illness.

Miss Gertrude Forth is home from Toronto to spend her holidays with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. D.J. Forth.

 Glen Buell Farmer Loses House and Barn, Oct 23, 1930

About six o’clock this Thursday afternoon fire was discovered up stairs in the home of Mr. Burton Baxter, Glen Buell, caused from the chimney.

Help was summoned but by the time neighbours arrived the garage, barn and stable were all ablaze.

The cattle and horses were saved, but the contents of the house, the machinery and this season’s crop were all destroyed.

Mr. Baxter’s farm is 7 miles east of Athens, just south of the Athens-Brockville highway.

A year ago on another farm owned by Mr. Baxter, his barn and season’s crop were destroyed.

It was not learned whether or not any insurance was carried.

Frankville – News from the Village 1925-1930

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the years- 1925 to 1930. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

 Frankville- Feb 26, 1925

Kitley Mourns the Loss of William Henry Montgomery. Was a  School Teacher after leaving Athens High School

The death occurred at Frankville, on Tuesday, February 24, of a highly respected and widely known citizen in the person of William Henry Montgomery. The deceased had been strickened with paralysis only a few days before and had failed to show any improvement during the time up to his death. On Tuesday morning about 3:30 the end came. The whole community and surrounding country were in mourning. The one who had passed way was the great helper and advisor of the community. He was a man slow to criticize, of weighty judgment and of a charitable nature and the district has lost one of its greatest intellects. The deceased was much interested in public and political life. Being a staunch Conservative, he took and active part in politics.

The latter part of Mr. Montgomery’s life was spent at Frankville, where he was born in 1856, the son of the late Joseph Montgomery. He attended the Farmersville (Athens) High School and after graduating from that institution taught school in several parts of the district. Then he accepted a position as Customs Officer at Brockville, and spent some years in the service of the government. He returned to the home of his boyhood to spend the remainder of his life in the service of the people with whom he began his days.

The funeral left the home at 1 p.m. on Thursday and the service was conducted by the Rev. T.F. Townshend of the Toledo Union Church and internment made in the cemetery there.

Some years ago the only daughter, Mrs. W.J. Plunkett, Perth, Ont., passed away. A sorrowing wife, one grandson, E. Cleon Plunkett, and family, Ottawa; four brothers, J.W. Montgomery, Frankville; Stewart Montgomery, Frankville; Rev. Edgar Montgomery, Tauton, Mass; Herman Montgomery, Almonte and one sister, Mrs. H. Pierce, Smiths Falls remain to morn the great loss.

The pallbearers were the cousins of the deceased, Manford Montgomery. James Robb, George Robb, Edgar Robb, I.E. Lockwood and Morty E. Montgomery.

Among the floral offerings were sprays from Mr. and Mrs. H.A. Stewart, Brockville; Dr. W.H. Bourns and Mrs. Edgers, Frankville; and Dr. H.A. Clark, MPP, Brockville.

Much sympathy is extended to the bereaved wife and sorrowing friends.

 

Frankville, Feb 25, 1925

A miscellaneous shower was held last Monday evening at Mr. and Mrs. Richard Hayes’ for Miss Leala Eaton, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Clark Eaton. A large number of people were present and a wonderful collection of gifts testified to the esteem in which the bride is held by her many friends.

Mrs. T.F. Townsend entertained the Ladies’ Aid on Thursday last. A very enjoyable time was spent by all.

Miss Leala Eaton and Roy Carr were married at the Methodist parsonage on Tuesday by the Rev. T.F. Townsend. They were both of Frankville and will reside in Kemptville where Mr. Carr has a good position.

Rev. T.F. Townsend entertained a number of young married people on Tuesday night at the parsonage. Although the roads were in bad condition, a good crowd was there and an enjoyable time was spent.

 

Frankville, April 9, 1925

A golden wedding – Mr. and Mrs. Eber Yates

The pleasant and commodious home of Mr. and Mrs. Eber Yates was the scene of a happy gathering on Monday, April 6, when friends and relatives assembled to celebrate the 50th anniversary of their wedding.

The rooms were tastefully decorated with streamers and festoons in color of old gold; cut flowers added their incomparable charm to the setting and emblems (variously located) of “United Hearts”, all these in combination very clearly indicated the meaning of the event.

On being ushered into the spacious dining room the guests found awaiting them a magnificent spread, replete with all that could be desired of “Things good to eat and drink.”

Grouped on the lawn in front of the residence, a number of photo negatives were secured, first of the entire assembly, and again of smaller groups.

It had been understood that there were to be no presents, but this was disregarded and Mr. and Mrs. Yates were the recipients of a number of fine souvenirs in gold, properly marked and engraved for the occasion.

Time passed rapidly in pleasant converse and reminiscent exchange, following which a reading appropriate to the occasion was given by the elder daughter, Mrs. Wm. G. Towriss, of Athens, and a number of the old time melodies and favourites were rendered with Mrs. Claude Marshall, of Toledo, the younger daughter, as the accompanist, and the event was brought to a close by singing that old favourite “The Way of the Cross Leads Home”.

The departing guests wished bon voyage to Mr. and Mrs. Yates for the remaining portion of the journey of life.

 Frankville – July 1, 1925

Mr. and Mrs. Steward Montgomery are taking a trip to Winnipeg to visit their daughter, Mrs. Martin for a few months.

Quite a number of Frankville people attended the funeral of George Booth at Addison on Tuesday last.

A number of people went to Brockville to attend the funeral of Delbert A. Cummings who was so well known in this vicinity.

Mrs. P. Jones has returned home from Smiths Falls where she was visiting friends and relatives for a few days.

Dr W. Bourns is very ill again. His brother James has arrived from ‘Appelle to visit him.

Mrs. Albert Hanton and Mrs. John Lockes are in New York visiting Mr. and Ms. James Lockes and other relatives.

The Methodist social held on June 29th was a complete success, every person present seemed to enjoy it.

D.D. Leverette, wife and daughter, were Sunday visitors of his mother Mrs. G.M. Leverette.

Mr. and Mrs. L. Neddo and I.B. Leverette, Brockville were visitors of W. Perival on Sunday last.

Mathew Hanton is able to be out again after his recent illness.

 Frankville, April 10, 1926

Rev Mr. Douglas conducted Lenten services in St. Thomas’ church last week.

Arnold Smith returned this week to his cheese factory in Navan, Que.

On Easter Sunday Mr. and Mrs. W. G. Richards entertained their daughters and husbands, viz., Mr and Mrs. M. Barber, Plum Hollow; Mr. and Mrs. Harry Dunham, Toledo, also Mr. Dunham’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. Ham. Dunham.

G.W. Steen spent Easter with his sister, Mr. and Mrs. J Mitchell.

Miss Freeman has returned to her home after spending the winter with friends.

Mrs. Morrison returned to Brockville after spend a week with her brother, Mr. H. Hanton, who is very ill.

Miss Bouck, teacher, is spending holidays at her home at Osgoode Station.

Last Wednesday Mrs. W. Brown entertained the village teen age girls to their annual treat of warm sugar.

M.W.S. met Tuesday p.m. at the home of Mrs. W. Bryan. Mrs. (Rev.) Townsend, president, was not able to be present. Mrs. W.G. Richards was elected president of the Hildred Mission Band, Mrs. N. Moore having resigned owing to pressing duties.

Mr. Goff of Syracuse came over to accompany his aunt, Mrs. Kate Edgers, to his home for a time.

Mr. and Mrs. Edwards and family of Tincap, have moved into oart of the house with Mr. H. Sands.

A specially arranged programme by the choir and a decidedly pleasing sonata entitled “Pilgrims’ Vision”, followed by an unusually impressive sermon by Rev. Mr. Townsend, concluded the Eater services last Sunday evening in the United church.

Mr. Luke Morris is sick with the flu.

 Frankville– March 14th, 1927

 Frankville Family Remembered on Removal to Athens

A very pleasant time was spent last Saturday evening when about forty members of St. Thomas Church, Frankville, gathered at the home of Mrs. L.G. Eaton to tender a farewell to Mr. and Mrs. William Hewitt and to express their good will and regret at their removal to Athens.

The evening was very pleasantly spent by those present in games and music and the following address read by Mr. Richard \Hayes.

To Mr. and Mrs. William Hewitt.

Dear Friends:

We, the members of the Anglican Church, Frankville, wish to express our feelings and sincere regret at your departure from this community by accepting these small tokens of remembrance and coupled with this our fervent hope that you may be spared many years to enjoy health, prosperity and continued friendship in your new home ever remembering your friends of this place.

Signed on behalf of the Wardens and members of the church. R.T. Hayes and V.E. Carley

At the proper time Vincent Carley presented Ms. Hewitt with and umbrellas and Mr. Hewitt with a cane.

Mr. Hewitt on behalf of Mrs. Hewitt and himself expressed their regret at leaving Frankville and sincerely thanked them for their expressions of good will and tokens assuring them they would often remind them of their good friends in this community. This response was followed by “For they are Jolly Good Fellows”.

The ladies then proceeded to the kitchen and a dainty lunch was served which all enjoyed immensely.

 Frankville, March 11th, 1927

It is with deep sympathy that we have to report the death of another of resident of this place in the person of Mrs. Percival, widow of George Percival, by whom she was predeceased 29 years ago. She who passed away on Tuesday, March 8th at the advanced age of 84 years and ten months.

Deceased, before her marriage, was Miss Mary Louisa Leverette, daughter of the late William Leverette and Elizabeth Woods, among the early residents of this section. The late Mrs. Percival was the possessor of many kindly and loveable attributes and had many friends who will mourn her demise. She was also widely known and highly esteemed through out the entire community.

Those who are left to mourn her loss are one daughter and one son, Mrs. Louis Neddo, of Brockville, and William L. Percival of this place. Also surviving are two brothers, Charles W. Leverette of Frankville and J.B. Leverette of Brockville. Deceased was a member of the Frankville United church of Canada.

The funeral service was held at her late residence on Thursday at 2 o’clock by her pastor, Rev. Mr. Grdiner, who spoke from the 61st chapter of Isaiah, 2nd verse, after which the remains were laid to rest in the family plot at Lehigh cemetery. The pallbearers were George, Glen, Harold and Dalton Leverette all nephews of the deceased.

 Frankville, Oct 23, 1930

W.D. Livingston, Frankville carried bullet for 51 years.

To have a bullet extracted from his body where it remained for a period of 51 years, was the very unusual experience which befell W.D. Livingston of Frankville, on Monday of last week.

When a young man, Mr. Livingston accidentally shot himself in the left ankle with a .22 calibre revolver, while near Council Bluffs, Iowa. The bullet was not recovered and the wound healed with such success that no pain was caused and no discomfort resulted until a couple of weeks ago when the sole of his foot became sore.

Deciding to have the soreness investigated, Mr. Livingston consulted Dr. W. Earl Throop, Frankville. A small lump was discovered on the sole of the foot and when the lump was opened the bullet was found. A couple of stitches were required to close the wound and the patient suffered no ill effects.

The bullet was in a remarkable state of preservation. It was scraped along one side, possibly from contact with the ankle bone.

Mr. Livingston is 73 years of age, has been a farmer all his life and is enjoying good health.

Fairfield East – News from the Village – 1925

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for 1925. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

Fairfield East, Feb 25th, 1925

The auction sale of Claude Laforty was well attended and many from Brockville were there. The stock and implements brought extra good prices in spite of the sale being held over a day on account of the rains.

On Tuesday night the neighbours were entertained by Mr. and Mrs. C. Laforty, the evening being spent in games, music and dancing. The neighbours reported a splendid time and were grateful to their host and hostess for the entertainment. Miss Dora Barton, pianist, and Mr. Rowsome, violinist, furnished the music.

W.H. Irwin and Mrs. Richard Preston of Soperton are guests of Mr. and Mrs. C. Laforty.

F.W. Moulds, Brockville, spent Monday and Tuesday as the guests of H.E. Pyke

C.Moulds made a business trip to Brockville on Wednesday.

George N. Young, Brockville spent Monday with his brother in law, Ed Johns.

W.C. Dowsley, I.P.S. Brockville spent Wednesday morning at the local school.

Mrs. Peter Pyke is ill with a cold.

James Davis, Brockville, spent a day in the neighbourhood.

Addison – News from the Village 1902 to 1927

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the years- 1902 to 1927. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

 Addison, Sep 10 1902

Messrs. Frank and Fremont Blanchard are attending the Toronto Exhibition this week.

Mr. James Nevens of Easton’s Corners was a guest in our village for a few days last week.

Mr. John Wiltse has left to take a circuit with the Holiness Movement church at Avonmore, Ontario

Several of our local sports attended the fair at North Augusta on Friday last and reported a good time.

Mr. Charles Kincaid and lady, of Plum Hollow, passed through here last week en route to visit the Toronto Fair.

Mr. George Charlton of Mt. Pleasant has purchased the celebrated “Gray Eagle” from Mr. Herb Wiltse and is ready for the boys now.

The Rev. Mr. Lawson delivered the first Referendum sermon on Sabbath evening last. He is going into the campaign in full earnest and will not cease till the 4th of December next.

Mr.James Wiltse of Silver Brook is building a grand silo, which, when finished, will be second to none in this section. We wish there were more of such enterprising farmers as Mr. Wiltse in these parts.

Mr. Brown has been on the sick list for some weeks but was able to attend the North Augusta Fair on Friday last bringing home with him a very fancy driver. Any one wanting to deal should give him a call.

AddisonDec 6 1905

An open fall has enabled the farmers to do a lot of plowing

Mr. Henry Muscle has moved into the brick house formerly occupied by Mrs. L.Godkin, who has moved into Brockville.

Mr. R. Barber of Montreal is visiting his mother, Mrs. C. Barber of this place.

Prof. W.T. Lewis has been retained at the hospital at Brockville for some time past, though nervous prostration.

Mr. A.A. Davis of Brockville passed through this place one day last week.

It seems almost strange that anyone should take upon himself the responsibility of prophesying as to the mildness or severity of the coming winter, since so many, a year ago, foretold a mild winter, founding their statements upon the fact that the muskrats had not built and houses etc. One of the most correct proofs of a severe winter is seen in the ears of corn having an ample covering of husks, which was the case this season. Nevertheless, as there are exceptions to all rules, we hope this is one, although it would seem that the elements have combined to frustrate the most sanguine sage regarding this matter.

 Addison – Nov 20th, 1924

Miss Maud Alguire was a weekend visitor at the home of Whilma and Helen Sturgeon.

Miss Opal McVeigh returned to her home here after a pleasant visit with friends in New Dublin.

Albert Drummond, Chantry, was a guest last week at the home of J. Patamore.

Mr. and Mrs. R. Hill and Mr. and Mrs. H. Watts attended the funeral of Mrs. Hill’s uncle, John Freeman at New Dublin on Sunday afternoon.

Mrs. Arnold Loverin and Children, who have been spending a few weeks with relatives ere, have returned to their home in Finch.

Mrs. Omer Kilborn and infant son came to their home on Tuesday.

The November meeting of the Women’s Institute will be held in the Methodist hall, Addison on Wednesday November 26, Mrs. J.M. Percival will give and address on the preparation and serving of a Christmas dinner. Mrs. Delman Kilborn will tell of the Sins and Blessings of Christmas Giving.” Every member is asked to take part in the exhibition of useful and inexpensive Christmas gifts. The community is again reminded that the Institute library is at their disposal and books may be taken or returned every Saturday evening.

Rev W.F. Crawford, of the British and Foreign Bible Society, gave his illustrated lecture in the Methodist church, Greenbush, on Wednesday evening. A fairly good audience was present, and the lantern slides gave a splendid description of life in Turkey.

Addison – Feb 25, 1925

The Addison Women’s Institute will hold an open meeting in the church hall, Addison on the evening of Friday, Feb 27th at which E.F. Neff, of Athens, will show moving pictures and give an address on some subject of interest to agriculturalists. There will also be an oratorical contest for the boys and girls of the public schools of the community served by the Institute.  Good music is being provided and everybody is cordially invited to present.

Dwight Brayton, of Syracuse, N.Y., is spending a few days with his parents Mr. and Mts. G Brayton.

Rev. H.E. Warren, Athens gave a sermon on temperance in the Methodist church here on Sunday morning.

Miss Mary Bowen, Glen Tay, is at present the guest of her sister, Evelyn, at the Methodist parsonage.

Mrs. George Taplin returned home from Brockville on Saturday accompanied by her sister, Mrs. Meltz.

 Addison April 2, 1925

Mrs. R. Kelley spent a week in Delta, a guest at the home of her son Dr. J.M. Kelley.

Mrs. T. Brown spent a couple of days last week with friends in Brockville,

Miss Helen Male, Garretton spent the weekend at her home here.

Mr. and Mrs. F. Blanchard and R. Kelley attended the funeral of Mr. Topping in Athens last Thursday.

Miss Mary Wiltsie left on Saturday for Ogdensburg, where she has obtained a position.

Mr. and Mrs. Arnold Loverin and children after spending a week with friends here, returned to their home in Finch on Tuesday.

Mrs. Earle of Brockville, spent the week-end at the home of Mrs. George Booth and is at present a guest at the home of Mrs. I. Best.

Mrs. Herb Watts was a recent visitor at the home of her daughter, Mrs. E. Mott, Redan.

Rev. D.D. Elliott attended the district meeting in Lansdowne on Tuesday.

Ernie Millar, who spent the past few weeks with friends here, left last week for Oshawa to visit before returning to his home in Davidson, Sask.

George Millar made a business trip last week to Kingston and Toronto.

The Addison and Greenbush W.M.S. met at the home of Mrs. E. Davis, Greenbush, on Wednesday afternoon. A good programme was prepared and carefully followed. The open Easter meeting will be held in the church at Addison on Easter Sunday evening.

Mrs. Snider who has spent some time with friends in the West, arrived here on Monday evening and is a guest at the home of her sister, Mrs. J. Best.

 Addison– July 1st, 1925

Mr. and Mrs. MacDonald and son, Allen, Picton were recent visitors at the home of Mrs. E.O. Howe

George Millar made a business trip to Kingston this week.

Albert Patterson, Brockville was a recent visitor at the home of his sister, Mrs. George Taplin.

Rev. D.D. Elliott, Mrs. Elliott and Evelyn spent the weekend with friends in Perth and Renfrew.

Mrs. E.O. Howe spent the weekend with friends in Brockville.

  1. Blanchard, Toronto, visited friends here on Wednesday.

Rev. D.D. Elliott, Mrs. Elliott and Evelyn leave for their new home at Point Fortune, Que., on Friday.

Rev. James Leach and family who are coming here from Bishop’s Mills will arrive this week and take up residence in the parsonage. Rev. Mr. Leach will preach his first sermon here in the Methodist church on Sunday afternoon at 2:30 o’clock. The members of the Orange Order will attend.

Miss Betty Riley is a guest at the home of her aunt, Mrs. V. Moulton.

 Addison, April 5, 1926

Mrs. John Best and Mrs. G.S.Booth have returned from Ottawa where they attended the funeral of their niece, Mrs. Will Forrest, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Alonzo Earl, formerly of Addison, now of Smiths Falls. Friends are sorry to hear of her sudden death. She leaves to mourn her loss her husband and several small children. Sam Brown and daughter, Vivian, also attended the funeral.

All are pleased to hear that Mrs. J. W. Sturgeon is improving after her illness of scarlet fever.

Mrs. Ted Best, who has been spending the past week in Addison with Mrs. J. Best returned to Delta to be with her daughter, Mrs. J. Scotland.

Miss Wilma Wills is receiving treatment in the General hospital, Brockville.

Much sympathy is extended Mrs. H. Watts in the death of her sister, Mrs. R. Symington.

Mrs. J. Moulton who has been ill for the past month is improving.

Levi Monroe and Mrs. Frank Taplin are both able to be around again, much to the delight of their many friends.

Miss. Helen Male, Guelph, is spending her holidays with her parents.

Miss Margaret Caldwell, Brockville, is spending a few days with her friend Miss Irene Greenham.

Miss Cora Howe is assisting in the store of R. Campo, Athens.

Ivan Mullin is visiting his sister, Mrs. F. Spence, Athens.

 Addison, April 16th , 1927

The monthly meeting of the Women’s Institute will be held in the church hall on Wednesday evening, April 20th at eight o’clock. The hostess will be Mrs. E. Neddo and Mrs. S. Hannah, and the roll-call “A Garden Hint”. A paper on the “Care of shrubs and small fruits” will be read by Mrs. W.J. Sturgeon. There will be an exhibition of homemade quilts and comforters. An Easter programme is being prepared.

The Easter thank offering meeting of the Missionary Society was held in the United church on Good Friday afternoon.

J.B. Hall, having spent the past six weeks visiting relatives, returned to his home in Nairn Centre, Algoma.

 

Addison, May 29, 1930

Scene of Fatal Accident at Addison

A sad and extremely tragic accident occurred at Addison on Sunday afternoon about 3 o’clock when Russell Reynolds, aged 5 years, youngest son of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Reynolds of that place was accidentally killed.

It seems the he was struck down by a motor car driven by Keith Gray, R.R. 4, Brockville, who was driving in northerly direction, at a rate of about 30 miles an hour, on the provincial highway no. 29

It appear that the child, in company with an older brother, Edwin Reynolds and two other children were walking along the highway, when in playing beside the road, young Russell suddenly jumped out on the roadway proper, in the path of the oncoming car. The driver of the vehicle, who was then about 10 feet from the child attempted to avoid striking the boy by swerving the car. This was unsuccessful, and the child was instantly killed when struck.

Much sympathy is extended to Mr. and Mrs. Reynolds, and also the two surviving brothers and one sister. Of them George and Mary have been attending High School in the village.

Leonard Quinn, World War II Veteran

Remembrance of my father by Barbara (Quinn) Dunster

While my story about World War II would pale to some, perhaps even right here at Parkview Place and as Remembrance Day draws near, I would like to share a few of my memories with you.

Leonard Quinn 1907-1980

My father, Leonard S. Quinn, (I always called him “Daddy”), was born in May 1907 and my mom Flora (MacNamara) Quinn, was born in July 1906. They were born and brought up in the Lyn area where they met and married in October 1932 and moved into the Village of Lyn.

They had three daughters, Beverly in 1933, Barbara in 1935 and Joan in 1937.

Daddy was a farmhand for several farmers in the area and worked for Simpson’s Sand and Gravel Shipping, hauling such from Wellesley Island in the St. Lawrence River to the mainland at Johnstown near Prescott, Ontario where the large grey structure still stands. He acquired a government job with the Dept. of Highways and was working on the rock cut at Rockport, Ontario, west of Brockville, Ontario for Highway #2, when the War broke out in September 1939. The construction of Hwy #2 ceased during the war years to allow money for war supplies etc.

When the Second World War was declared in the Fall of 1939, I was four and a half years old. My Dad was helping to build Highway #2 in the Brockville and Mallorytown area at the time, but his job ended immediately when the War broke out. Since work was hard to find and men were needed for service, Dad joined the Army with the Stormont, Dundas & Glengarry Highlanders. He trained in Kingston, Ontario and Truro, Nova Scotia before going overseas in April 1940. We didn’t see Daddy again for five years, “Snail Mail” was our only means of communication.

My Mother and two sisters spent the next 5 years coping with no Dad and many difficult times. Mom nursed us through all the Communicable Diseases and several surgeries, one which nearly claimed my life. At seven years old, I was stricken with Acute Appendicitis and required surgery immediately. I developed double pneumonia, went into a coma and was not expected to make it. They cabled overseas to tell my Dad, only to find he was in hospital with pneumonia, having just had a Mastoid operation. They never did tell him how ill I was, until he was well.

I remember the doctor coming to the house to witness the Ration Books being burned in the kitchen stove, after my sister and I had Scarlet Fever. Only then could we get new books issued. Of course we were quarantined for all those diseases then.

We lived for the days we’d receive a note or letter from “Overseas” with “Dear Wife and Kiddie” in it! We wrote many, many letters over the next five years and always begging him to come home. Same reply, “I’ll be home as soon as I can get there!”

My two sisters and I learned how to make “War Cake” early on. I still make it today and when you go by our door and smell cinnamon and cloves, I’m more than likely making War Cake*. We kept Daddy supplied with this cake because it keeps well and when he emptied his Kit Bag when he arrived home, there in the bottom was a small piece wrapped tightly in waxed paper along with a bent picture of his “Dear Wife and Kiddies”.

We helped gather the milk weed pods for making parachutes and were involved in the Concerts put on to raise money for War supplies. At these Concerts in the area, and at the Friday afternoon Sing-a-long at school, I would be asked to sing, accompanied by Don (now my husband of 51 years). The Song? “Bless Them All”. I cried! I remembered! We saved all our pennies to buy War Saving Stamps, thinking that would bring Daddy home sooner.

I was too young to understand fully the dangers of war, but I do remember us getting a letter that was covered with mud. They had become mired in it and didn’t think they would get out, so they scribbled notes to be sent home and threw them to the ones behind, until they reached solid ground.

It was difficult for my mother raising three little girls during that five year period. A monthly payment to Blue Cross was the only health plan. Mom received a cheque each month for $93.00 to cover food, home, clothing, medical needs etc. Sometimes those cheques arrived late making a more difficult situation, especially when they didn’t arrive until after Christmas.

Finally in June of ’45, the letter came that he would be home in August. I cannot tell you how excited I was! I literally grabbed the letter from Mom and raced down the hill to show my Aunt and Uncle. He would be sailing home on the “Isle de France”, docking in Montreal, taking the train to Brockville and driving the last four miles home to Lyn, where his “Dear Wife and Kiddies” were awaiting his arrival. He had done his Duty! My sister Beverly and I sang all night waiting for him to come home.

Daddy had fallen in a trench during a blackout in France and injured his shoulder to the extent that he was unable to return to highway construction. After waiting the required month upon receiving his honourable discharge in Kingston on August 31st he started work at the Brockville Ontario Hospital, beginning October 1st, 1945 as an Attendant, where he worked for the next 27 years until he retired at age 65. He received his training there and was known as a well respected, loyal, hard working male attendant.

After retirement they sold their home in Lyn and moved to the Churchill Apartments on Reynolds Drive in Brockville.

Daddy and Mom were totally devoted to we three girls, our husbands and our families. They waited every day for our phone calls, letters and our visits.

Although I never did get to know and understand my Dad well, after being separated from the time I was four and a half to ten years of age, I do know he was a quiet, hard working honest man, with a heart of gold, who loved me very, very much!

Daddy passed away February 21st, 1980 after a massive stroke. If he was here with us today, I would say “Thank You” for going to war, to help Our Country, and Really mean it, even though he left behind his “Dear Wife and Kiddies” for five and a half years.

My mother passed away on March 22, 1991

Daddy gave me his War Medals and I am so very proud of him!

Written by Barbara (Quinn) Dunster, July 2017. Barbara sadly passed away in August 2017.

Barbara (Quinn) Dunster 1935-2017

 

Leonard Quinn’s WWII Service Medals

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Barbara donated her father’s Service Metals to the Heritage Place Museum where they are on display. We are grateful to her for this gift.

*War Cake was an egg-less, almost fat-less, milk-less cake, very aptly named, it was easy to make and the ingredients were available during the wartime shortages.

Recipe for War Cake

2 cups castor sugar; 2 cups hot water; 2 Tbsp lard; 1 tsp salt; 1 tsp cinnamon; 1 tsp cloves; 1 package seedless raisins

Boil all together. After cold, add 2 cups of flour, 1 tsp of baking soda dissolved in 1 tsp hot water. Bake about one hour in a slow oven (300-325f) (Internet source for this recipe)

Captain William James MacNamara

Every once in awhile, a forgotten soldier from the past re-surfaces. Thanks to notes and photos received from the great niece of William James MacNamara, Barbara Dunster (nee Quinn), we can piece together his life and pay tribute to this forgotten soldier who gave his life in World War I.

 

Lt. William MacNamara 1892-1916

William James MacNamara was born in Lyn on January 10th 1892. He was the son of John T. MacNamara and Beatrice (Cook). John was a farmer and stone mason living in the Lyn area. The family consisted of thirteen children, with their youngest child dying shortly after birth and one daughter dying of consumption at the age of thirty-three.

 

Growing up in Lyn, William would have attended the two story, relatively new, Lyn Public School on the west side of the village. He would have enjoyed village life, fishing in the Lyn pond, and in the winter skating on that same pond.

 

As a young man he joined the “Boys Cadets” and spent two years with them. Later on in his late teens, he was a Lay Minister at the Presbyterian Church in Lyn. He worked in general construction in and around the Lyn area.

When the war in Europe broke out on July 28th, 1914, William, like all the other young men his age, wanted to do their service for King and Country. On September 23rd, 1914 William at the age of 22, joined the army at Valcartier Quebec, the primary training base for the First Canadian Contingent in 1914.

On August 10, 1914, the government established the strength of the First Canadian Contingent for overseas service at 25,000, the figure requested by London. Minister of Militia and Defence Sam Hughes, eager to lead and coordinate personally a speedy call-up, chose to forgo the established mobilization plan and issued a more direct call to arms. Men from all classes and ages rushed to enlist at armouries and militia bases across the country. They all traveled to a single, hastily prepared camp at Valcartier for equipment, training, and preparation for war. Eventually the camp held over 35,000 troops.

Valcartier, Quebec 1914

We are not sure of William’s training dates or when he left for England, but we do know that he was assigned as a Lieutenant in the 3rd Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force. The chances are very good that he met up with the 3rd Battalion as they were training at Camp Bustard in England.

Bustard Camp, Salisbury Plain, England

Before leaving for Europe, William became engaged to Ethel MacKenzie of Lyn.

Through the war diaries of the 3rd Battalion, we are given a look into what his life would have been like.

“On Sunday Feb. 7th, 1915 during a heavy rain storm the battalion was preparing to leave England and move to the front. On Feb 17th they reached Armentieries, France (Northern France, near Belgium) and were billeted there and given instructions on the trenches at the front.”

We are going to skip ahead to November 6th when the 3rd Battalion was moved to Dranoutre to relieve the 2nd Battalion. An 8PM entry, notes: “Relief completed. Mud very bad, dugouts fallen in. Parties of 4th C.M.R. attached for training, about 15 O.R. to each of our companies. 2nd Canadian Division on our left, 4th Battalion on our right.”

A November 16th entry finds them still in the trenches at Dranoutre.

3rd Battalion in the Trenches

9 a.m. Our guns opened on German line near PETITE DOUVE FME., and continued intermittently until dusk.
3:00 p.m. Heavily shelled by a 5.9” on a train, using A.P shells. Lt. H.C. JONES and 7 O.R. wounded by one. Our heavies retaliated. Two 9.2” shells landed in our own lines, fortunately causing no casualties.
6:00 p.m. 1 O.R. wounded in D4 by rifle grenade.
9-10p.m. Our heavies pounded PETITE DOUVE steadily

2 p.m. 5th and 7th Battalions raided German line near PETITE DOUVE, bayoneting some 20 or 30, bombing others, and returned with 12 prisoners. Germans failed to retaliate. D section profoundly peaceful throughout the night. Weather –unsettled.”

 

On Sunday, December 5, 1915, we see the first entry noting Lt. MacNamara: “Location: DRANOUTRE
10:30 a.m. Church parade, A & D Corp. REV. CAPT. GORDON took the service.
CAPT. COOPER, LT. MACNAMARA and 21 O.R. went on leave.
2:30 p.m. Band gave concert in the square. CAPT. VALIQUET went to 1st Bn. Weather—rain, later fair Mild.”

We know from other sources that Lt. MacNamara would go to London for leave and stay at the home of Mrs. J. Hueston. At the time, she lived at Isleworth Court, 22 Palace Rd., Streatham Hill, London, SW. It was very common for Londoners to open their homes to servicemen on leave.

An entry from December 19, 1915 gives an idea of what life was like for William MacManara:

THE CANADIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE ON THE WESTERN FRONT, 1915-1918  Canadian troops in the front line trenches at Ploegsteert, March 1916. Copyright: © IWM.

“Location: In Trenches
3:00 am Heavy rifle fire from YPRES salient.
5:25 am Heavy gun fire from YPRES salient. (Word received Germans had attempted a gas-attack , but were stopped by our guns.)
5:45 am Gas very noticeable in our trenches.
3-4pm Heavy gunfire from YPRES salient—Gas again very noticeable.”

 

The next two entries where we see Lt. MacManara’s name, is when he was promoted to Captain on Feb. 23rd, 1916.

 

Wednesday, January 19, 1916
Location: THIEUSHOUK
Entry: Capt
TROY, Lts. BURKE, MacDONALD and MacNAMARA  & 4 n.c.o.’s returned from Divisional Training School. Played the Highland Light Infantry at football, wining 3-2.
Weather fine.

 Wednesday, February 23, 1916
Location: DRAMOUTRE
Entry: Gas Alert. Working parties. Still cold, snow on the ground.
Dinner by Capt DYMOND and Capt. MacNAMARA to wet their stars.”

Life continued for the men of the 3rd Battalion and the next three entries can help to give to an idea of what the daily life would have been like for the now Capt. MacNamara.

Thursday, March 2, 1916
Location: BRIGADE RESERVE
Entry:
4:30 am – Field guns, heavies & hows all opened up. MGs opening indirect fire on approaches appalling now. Germans contributed a splendid display of rockets & flares. The strafe lasted violently for 30 minutes, then gradually died down. It was a demonstration to cover attack on International Trench in YPRES salient. Attack was successful. Little reply to our bombardment. Draft of 26 O.R. reported. Bathing & working parties. Gas Alert. Weather – snow.

 Monday, March 13, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Our guns active all day. Meagre reply from enemy. Minenwerfer fairly active, wounding 1 O.R. Relieved by 2nd Bn, and moved to billets at DRAMOUTRE.

 Monday, March 27, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Violent bombardment by our artillery from
4-5 am, trench mortars joining in. Little retaliation. Germans shelled us heavily but without effect about 12 noon and about 5 pm.”

The next mention of Captain MacNamara is on Sunday, April 2nd and Monday April 10th, 1916 when he went on leave, again presumably back to London.

“Location: SCOTTISH LINES
Entry: Church parade. Rev. Capt. GORDON took the service. Capt ALLEY, Capt MacNAMARA and Lt ANGLIN with R.S.M. and 6 n.c.o.s went up to check over Brigade Support positions.
Moved to Brigade Support. Owing to UPPER GORDON TERRACE and KINGSWAY having been badly smashed by shelling this afternoon, whole Battalion quartered in BEDFORD HOUSE. Sgt EVANS wounded near R.10. Weather fine.

Monday, April 10, 1916
Location:
BEDFORD HOUSE
Entry: Capt MacNAMARA and Lt. McLEAN and 15 O.R. went on leave. Lt.
KIDD wounded in leg in front trench. Moved to relieve 2nd Battalion. 2 O.R. wounded by shell at BEDFORD HOUSE. Relief complete 11.15 pm.


On Saturday, April 22, 1916 we see that he has returned from a 12 day leave.
Location: POPERINGHE
Entry: Rainy. Capt MacNAMARA and Lt McLEAN from leave. Lt McDONALD to be Brigade Wiring Officer.

On Monday, May 29, 1916, he was transferred to “D Company”
Location: TRENCHES
Weather: Fine
Entry: German and British aeroplane brought down. Capt McNamara to duty with D Coy.

On June 1, 1916, he was transferred back to “C Company”
Place: Dickebusch Huts
Entry: Arrived from trenches about
2 am. Colonel Allan, acting Brigadier General in absence of Brigadier General HUGHES. Capt DYMOND returned from leave. Capt. McNAMARA posted to C Company, Lieut SIMMIE to Grenadiers.”

Little did he know that 12 days later, at the age of 24, he would die in an attack on the German Lines. His wounds and death are recorded in the following entry on June 13th 1916.

Battlefield- 1916

“Place: TRENCHES
Entry: 12.45 am – 1.30 am Intense bombardment by our artillery. 1.30 am, artillery lifted to our original support lines, and front line, and C, A and D Coy’s, with bombers and M.G., rushed German front line from S.P. 11 to MACHINE GUN TRENCH. Right attack met little opposition and bayoneted the Germans in the trench. C and A Coy’s met rifle and M.G. fire, but pushed on, carried trench and bayoneted most of the occupants. Capt. MACNAMARA was hit in both legs in this attack. Capt DYMOND was wounded. 1.40 am B Coy left X TRENCH, and two platoons to consolidate German front line. From 12.45 am on, the German shell fire along X TRENCH, and in front of it was very heavy.

1.50 am our artillery lifted to original German line, and the attack pushed forward to the crest, two platoons of B Coy. supporting the right. The crest was carried with slight loss, many Germans being bayoneted before they could get away. Some 60 or 70 wounded and unwounded prisoners were sent back. The consolidation of the line was at once begun. Capt. COOPERS, Lt. WILLIS, Lt. HUTCHISON, Lt. SLOANE, Lt. HOBDAY, Lt. GRASSETT, Capt. MARANI, Lt. WEDD were all wounded in this stage of the fight. Major MASON, in charge of the forward lines, was hit in the head, and later in the foot, but carried on until noon when he had to come out. The 1st Canadian Battalion, in support, sent a company forward to 1st German line, and later sent two companies, and then the remaining companies forward to our regained front line to help consolidate and hold the position. Two of our Lewis guns became choked with mud, and Lt. CRAWFORD turned three captured German guns on the enemy.

From this time – 2.30 am – on, German artillery fire on our new positions, especially on MOUNT SORRELL and on X TRENCH, was heavy, and continuous throughout the day. The woods and trenches were searched with shrapnel and H.E. and many casualties were caused. The band under Sgt. YOUNG, displayed great devotion in carrying wounded to the rear. Lt. KIPPEN, Intelligence Officer, and his scouts, before and during the attack, gained at great risk much valuable information and got it to Battalion H.Q. The signalers’ efforts to keep communication with MOUNT SORRELL were excellent, but the heavy shelling cut lines as fast as they were laid. A party under Sigr BLACKHALL, which went forward with the attack, got communication for enough time to give Battalion H.Q. in X TRENCH, information as to our new positions, but the lines were soon cut. The lines to Brigade were also cut and pigeons proved most valuable. After Major MASON was forced to leave, Lt. Col. CREIGHTON of the 1st Canadian Battalion took over immediate command on MOUNT SORRELL. Lt. SIMMIE was wounded while endeavouring to get supplies of grenades forward.

During the afternoon the enemy’s artillery fire increased Lt. Grasett who though wounded had carried on, was killed, Lt. GORDON, badly wounded, started for the rear but up to the 16th inst has not been heard of Lt. Weston was killed. Capt. MacNamara was carried out, bleeding to death. He died on the 14th. A direct hit on the H.Q. dugout on MOUNT SORRELL killed Capt. Vandersmissen, and fatally wounded Lt. Col. Creighton, who died on 16th June. A hit at the door of Battalion H.Q. in X TRENCH wounded 2 O.R. inside and slightly wounded Lt. Col. Allan, who carried on.

11 PM, relieved by 8th Canadian Battalion, and moved to F Camp. Total casualties:- 3 officers killed, 1 officer died of wounds, 1 officer missing, 11 officers wounded. 40 O.R. Killed, 92 O.R. Missing, 207 O.R. wounded.”

From family notes we have learned that William, as we read above, was wounded in the field and left to die. A close comrade of William’s begged to stay with him, but William encouraged him to go and be safe. He related this story to William’s mother when he returned to Canada after the war.

William would have been removed to No.3 Causality Clearing Station where according to official notes, he died of his wounds on June 14th, 1916, one day after he was critically injured in an attack on the German lines.

There is a note on Captain MacNamara’s  record to indicate that he may have first been buried at Dickebush New Military Cemetery, Belgium, but another notes states that he was buried at Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery, Belgium Plot 6, Row A, Grave 20.

Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery, Belgium
Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery, Belgium
Grave Marker for Capt. MacNamara

 

 

 

 

 

Honour Roll at Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery

 

 

 

 

 

Lijssenthoek, Military Cemetery, Original Graves 1916

On December 3rd, 1916, his mother Beatrice received a hand written letter from Mrs. H.F. Hueston.

“He was a dear, dear friend of mine, and has been my guest here at this house every time he was on leave in London. I have your dear Son’s best uniform in my possession, and ask if you would like to have it. Perhaps the sight of it may be altogether too painful for you, and that is the reason for writing to ask you about it before sending it. The uniform I speak of is one that he kept for best wear while in London and that is how it comes to be in my possession. I used to look after it for him while he was away at the front.

Dear mother of his, I am truly sorry to re-open your wound in this manner, He spoke of you so very often to me, and told me how proud you would be of him being a Captain. May God have mercy on the lad, and grant his dear soul eternal rest and peace. Hoping to hear from you and offering my sincere and heartfelt sympathy in your irreparable loss. Yours very Sincerely, J.Hueston”

Captain William MacNamara

 And so our story of William James MacNamara comes to an end. Remembered by only a few over the past 100 years, now his life has re-surfaced to be with us once more.

 

We owe our eternal gratitude to all those men like Captain MacNamara who gave their lives so we could live in freedom today.

 

 

 

 

 

For his service Captain MacNamara would have received the following two medals:

The Victory Medal

The Victory Medal (also called the Inter-Allied Victory Medal), is a United Kingdon and British Empire First World War Campaign medal.

 

The British War Medal is a campaign medal of the United Kingdom, which was awarded to officers and men of British and Imperial forces for service in the First World War.

British War Medal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

After the war, William’s family would have received:

The Memorial Plaque, which was issued after the First World War to the next-of-

Memorial Plaque

kin of all British and Empire service personnel who were killed as a result of the war.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scroll given to William’s parents to commemorate his service
Enlargement of the center of scroll
Highland Memorial, from scroll
Llissenthoek Military Cemetery, from scroll

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

William’s parents John T. MacNamara and Beatrice nee Cook

 

Note, for additional reading:

For the complete diary of the 3rd BN, it can be found at the following website:

3rd Bn War Diaries 1916

 

Lyn’s Flour Mill

from the The Athens Reporter – 1893

Flour making mill once was major industry of Lyn

In the year 1841 the late Richard Coleman of Lyn, conceived the idea of building up an industry in his native village that would give employment to a large number of mechanics, and make the village one of the manufacturing centres of Ontario. The only drawback was the lack of motive power, and as steam power in those days was too expensive, he decided to use the water trenches in the vicinity to furnish the power he required.

His knowledge of the watershed of the surrounding country enabled him to see at a glance how he could make the water supply running to Lyn almost inexhaustible. First of all he bought the Temperance Lake mill property, in order to be able to control the water flow from the lake and streams leading into it. Then he bought McIntosh Mills and erected a dam known as the “Marsh Ridge dam” at the head of Graham Lake (the natural water supply of McIntosh Mills) and thus he shut off the supply that formerly ran through the low swamp tract, between there and Temperance Lake.

By building the marsh bridge dam, all the water that formerly passed an through Graham Lake was held in a reservoir that covered several hundred acres. His next undertaking was to cut a canal from this reservoir to Lyn Pond, a distance of nearly one mile. This canal was 15 feet wide at the top and 9 feet at the bottom, with an average depth of 10 feet. It allowed the water to flow fro the reservoir referred to as the old Lyn Pond, or the Lee Pond as it was often called.

Lyn’s Mill Pond

The increased water in this pond made it necessary to build a long and massive dam at the lower end of this pond, and when all was completed he had one of the best inland water powers to e found in Ontario.

Following the curse of the old creek down from this dam to the small pond at the north western side of the village, it became necessary to enlarge and raise the old dam there, and by building a stone flume to the brow of the hill he had a clear fall of fifty feet.

While all the changes and improvements above mentioned were in progress, the master mind, who was the controlling factor in their promotion was busy in preparing plans for the erection of a flouring mill on a scale never before attempted in Eastern Ontario, and by the time the water was ready to be let out of the ponds, the mill was ready for it first grist.

The system of grinding was the old burr stone, and even that (which today would be called primitive) was such as to draw customers to the new mill from the whole country-side.

Of the factories projected and put into operation as a result of this extensive water power, obtained as above related; or of the sudden and tragic death of Richard Coleman, it is not our province to speak. Suffice it to say that the death of Richard Coleman caused the vast enterprise and properties to pass into other hands. It is truly said that Richard Coleman made Lyn a busy business centre, and his death made Lyn practically dear for many years, as far as business was concerned.

However during those years that Lyn had been lying dormant, so to speak, a young Scotch lad had been growing up in the village, who was ultimately to take front rank amongst the business men of the whole of Canada. James Cumming was, at the time of the first events of which we write, a mere lad. As a boy he was willing, careful and obliging, and as a young man he displayed a remarkable adaption for business, and the dream of his life was to see the Lyn Mills in operation again.

When things looked darkest for the village of Lyn, he never for a moment lost faith in the capabilities of the surroundings to make the Village of Lyn regain, if not surpass its former business activity.

In 1862 the owners of the mill appointed James Cumming manager, and he successfully conducted the business until 1867 when Messer’s Chassels and Rivers took the management into their own hands and sank $50,000 in the business in the next ten years. In 1878 James Cumming was again offered the job of manager and he made a proposal to purchase the whole estate, which was gladly assented to by those in charge.

After becoming the new owner, Mr. Cummings’ first move was to completely remodel the flouring mill. He commenced to make flour by what was known as the “New Process”, and still later on a new departure was made and by a combination of millstones, rolls and purifiers, the quality of flour turned out was much improved. Finally on 1890 the full roller mill was put in, which was most successful.

Five Story Mill with rail siding

At the present time, in 1893, the mill turns out flour for home and shipping trade in four brands A, B, C, and D grades, which lead all the fancy flours of the mills of the west, in Eastern markets.

The mill building is of stone five stories in height and presents a most imposing appearance from any direction. On the ground floor are situated the motors consisting of two giant 14- inch wheels, which develop 90 h.p. under a pressure of 50 feet. The water is carried from the brow of the hill to the wheels by a large wrought iron tubes.

On the second floor are the rollers, consisting of a line of six pairs of break rolls, and eight pairs of smooth reduction rolls, a four sided burr for middling, three large purifiers, one monitor feed mill for pre vender, and the heating apparatus which is a series of steam pipes.

The third floor contains the b….ing machinery, consisting of a large chest of double operating Lima separators, four hexagon scalpers, four flouring reels, two cylindrical flouring reels, two cylindrical flouring reels, two separating purifiers, one Cyclone dust collector, and required number of supply hoppers for breaks.

On the fourth floor are placed two Silver Creek Disintegrating centrifugals, one tailing reel, one place sifter, the first machine of its kind to be built in Canada. This is a recent Hungarian invention, and said to be the most important change made in the milling machinery since the adoption of the roller. It resembles a huge piano, hung up in mid air gyrating at the speed of 160 shakes a minute. It does the work of 6 reels, saves 50% in power and room, and makes a great improvement in the quality of the flour.

Inside the old mill

The fifth floor is where the wheel cleaners are run. They consisted of one Booth Separator, one Hercules Scourer, one Eureka Polisher, one Eureka Brush and one cockle machine and grader arranged and driven by a horizontal shaft from the shafting beneath. In another compartment on the fifth floor are the bran-duster, shorts – duster, official grader and air tanks.

The sixth floor lands one inside a garret, a distance of 74 feet from the ground. Here the shafting equipment and the ends are used in running the elevator and a few other pieces of machinery.

Owing to the favourable situation of the mills, and east access to the Grand Trunk, Canadian Pacific, B & W Railways, for receiving and delivering grain and flour, the tonnage enjoyed by this mill is second to none in Eastern Canada. This efficient steam plant has recently been added in an annex, to be used in case of accident to the water supply.

Mr. Cumming is assisted in this operation by his two sons, who also display marked ability for the management of extensive enterprises.

Carnival Held on Lyn Rink is a Great Success

From a local newspaper, date unknown:

 

Lyn, March 12 – A very successful carnival was held on the local ring on Friday evening which attracted a large number of skaters and spectators. Several contests were held and the valuable prizes which were donated by Brockville and Lyn stores were well worth trying for. The judges were Miss. Helen Purvis, Miss Anna Nelson, Mrs. J.C. McCready and Harris Hanna, who awarded the prizes to the following:

Oldest Skater- Walter Billings

Oldest skating couple – Mrs. Jock Stewart and Walter Billings.

Fastest skater, boy under 14 – Glen Darling

Fastest Skater boy over 14 – Ward Pettem, Louis Darling

Fastest skating girl – Miss Doris McNish

Best skating couple – Miss Rose Leader and Hurbert Leader

Best costume, girls – Mrs. Jock Stewart and Mrs. W. Coon

Best costume, men – Arthur Ladd

Best lady skater – Miss Esther Ladd

Fastest backward skating girl – Miss Dorothy Mott

Fastest backward skating boy – Cauley Ladd

Largest family on skates – Arthur Ladd

Fastest log sawyers – Donald Gibson and W. Smith completing the cut in three minutes and 55 seconds

Nail driving contest – Thomas McNish, six strokes

Prizes were donated by the following: C.E. Johnston Co., Arnold’s stationary store, J.H. Doyle, Smart’s hardware, Hugh Cameron, Cameron and Borthwick, Fullertons drug store, McDougal Brothers, Johnston’s Hardware, H.P. Conklin, H,B, Wright Co., J.C. McCrady, V.W. Coon’s bakery, Walter Billings, Walter Jarvis Gilmaur’s wholesale dealers. The valuable door prize has not yet been called for. The lucky ticket is 248 and the person holding this ticket should call at once at McCrady’s store and receive the prize.

(There was no indication of the newspaper or date of this article we would estimate that it was held in the 1920’s or 1930’s)

The Mills and Rills of Lyn

By Wallace Havelock Robb

(article published around 1890, publication unknown)

 If I were to go on a trip to Europe, and someone were to ask me if I had seen my own country, what answer would I give? A month ago, if I had been asked this question, my answer should have been “Why, of course, for I have been in every province of Canada, have camped and toured and worked from Victoria, B.C. to Halifax. Know my country? I should say I do!” That has been my song for many a day, that I have seen my own country. If I had gone to Europe last month, that should have been my answer. Not so now!

Listen my friends: I’ve been down to Lyn! Oh, what a bonnie place is Lyn! If I were to go to Europe, or some other country no matter what my answer and self-satisfied pride might have been, say, a month ago, I very much fear I could answer only this, that I thought I knew my Canada like a book, but I have seen Lyn, and all my confidence is shaken Lyn has awakened me to the simple fact that Canada has not yet been found by me. How many other Lyns are there, and to which I have never been? Quaint little villages, off the beaten highway, serene, pure, gentle and oh, what shall I say? Very lovely indeed.

No, if I were to venture abroad and be asked how much I know of my own land, well, my answer is going to be, henceforth. “I’m not very sure about my knowledge of Canada, not very sure, but I’ve been down to Lyn.”  And they will not know what I mean and they will ask me, and I shall answer them somewhat like this: Did you ever hear of the small river Afron, the “Sweet Afton” of the poet Robert Burns “How lofty, sweet Afton, thy neighbouring hills, Far marked with the courses of clear winding rills!” Or again, in another verse, “How peasant thy banks and green valleys below, Where wild in the woodlands the primroses blow.” You know these lines? Do you know, or can you picture the sweet and gentle scene of Burns’ day? Well, if Burns had passed through Lyn, Ontario, his poem, “Sweet Afton”, might have found its setting there.

Lyn is a quaint and lovely village near Brockville. But no! For shame! I am in error: Brockville is a town not far from the beautiful village of Lyn. But, perhaps, that is unfair to Brockville, for, after all, Brockville just hasn’t the natural endowment of beauty to be found at Lyn. The same thing is true, largely, of nearly all the lake or river front towns of Ontario, they haven’t the rolling countryside of the towns back a wee bit in the counties. And Lyn is a typical case, for it is set in a picturesque frame of hills and valleys and rhythmic watercourses. Lyn is an idyll ! It is a village unspoiled in an age of ruin through so-called improvement. It is a psalm in a world of noise and destruction. Its tranquil vales and placid, ambling waters are a rebuke to modern ways of men. It seems to have an atmosphere untouched by the rot and decay of modern hurry, and it knows not the panic of haste of today, that impatience with life which makes the builders poison their mortar so that disintegration starts in the foundation before the roof is finished. Lyn is a pastoral, a poem of peace and quaint beauty, a song of life, a melody in the wistful and yearning key of a shepherd piping ‘neath a tree in the meadow. Ah, yes, all this, and more: It is the soul of true life floating up from the valley on the wind, the fluting of Pan, as he muses on the rim of the river down in the glade where the stream meanders from the meadow over against the wooded hill.

Yes, we, Mrs. Robb and I, went down to Lyn. I gave a recital there. The trees are old, the houses look, each one, like home. There is a well-kept lawn, the tidy walk and friendly feeling. It is off the main route of travel.

And so, if I seem to have gone mad over Lyn, well, hold your horses a bit; don’t condemn me too hastily. Go down to Lyn yourself, and, I dare to say it, I’ll have company in my madness.

Lyn’s Local Factories

Lyn, October 21st, 1896 (The Recorder Newspaper)

Our industries seem to be running about full time. The Last Factory employing about ten hands in turning blocks of hard maple wood into lasts for the Quebec shoe factories to make their shoes on have been running steadily under A.E.Cumming, proprietor.

The Lyn Agricultural Works owned by Geo. P. McNish have established more than a county reputation among the farmers for his land rollers, cultivators, root cutters, etc. and his sales this season have been larger than ever.

The roller flour mills owned by Jas. Cumming are running night and day by water power with steam auxiliary turning out 300 bags of flour per day, taking a car load of wheat per day to keep them supplied. They have been running behind in their orders all summer and the present boom in wheat has increased that difficulty.

The Lyn Woollen Mills, run by steam power, have had an increase in their trade lately due, no doubt, to the excellent cloths and yarns turned out by Mr. R. Walker. “No Shoddy” is his motto and he is bound to win.

One of the latest industries to start here is that of Mr. Alba Root who manufactures wooden ware including Elm hub blocks, dry and liquid measures, curry combs, etc. Mr. Root started in a small way, and as he is a practical mechanic and oversees all his work, his business has increased. He sells his goods to the wholesale men of our Canadian cities.

The G. & C. Eyre Co. although mot actively manufacturing just now are still able t fill all orders for their several classes of wooden ware.

The Grandfather Clock

Grandfather clockalso called longcase clock, tall pendulum clock enclosed in a wooden case that stands upon the floor and is typically 1.8 to 2.3 metres (6 to 7.5 feet) in height. The name grandfather clock was adopted after the song “Grandfather’s Clock,” written in 1876 by Henry Clay Work, became popular. The first grandfather clocks featured a Classical architectural appearance, but a variety of styles have enjoyed popularity over the years. One form of early pendulum clock was wall-mounted but, because of its heavy lead weights, probably difficult to secure. It is believed that the grandfather clock was developed to support these heavier clock mechanisms. (Encyclopedia Britannica)

The history of our clock is somewhat interesting:

This Grandfather Clock was built by Brockville resident John Oscar Adams Fenton (1856-1949) in 1930. He built it for his second cousin Dorothy Hayes Fenton as a gift for her 16th Birthday. The wooden case of the clock was built from old wooden church pews and church organ parts.

Because of the Great Depression, money was in short supply, thus the works and Westminster Chimes were installed later in 1937. The works and chimes were supplied by local jeweller, Allan Hayes.

The Grandfather Clock was donated to the Heritage Place Museum in 2017 by Donald Ruston UE, son of Dorothy (Fenton) Ruston.

 

 

 

 

World War I – Postcards

The First World War, the “war to end all wars” 1914-1918, stirred the nationalistic pride and sense of duty to King and Country in our Canadian men and boys. Many hurried to join in the very beginning as it was felt that the war would be over before they got the chance to fight.

Postcards were a chance for those serving to send back home a glimpse of what life in the military was like. They give us a look into what daily life was like for those who served.

While our collection is small, we wanted to share with you what those who served shared with their family and friends back home.

We are always interested in increasing our collection so that we may share with everyone this glimpse into our past. If you have postcards there are three ways in which you could share them with us:

1) a direct donation to the museum

2) loan them to us, we will scan them and return the originals to you

3) if you have a digital image you can send it to us at our email address: LynMuseum@gmail.com

If you can identify some of the ranks and units of specific postcards we would appreciate hearing from you so we can add this information to the picture: LynMuseum@gmail.com

The War at Home

 

Post Office The Camp- Location is unknown
The Camp – Everyone can recognize the Eaton’s Store- location unknown

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Merry Cooks
This training march from Ottawa to Kingston, of which we have several photos was made into a post card. It was not uncommon to take photos and have them made into postcards. the year of this march was 1915
Another view of the 1915 march. The soldiers spent the night camped out on the “on the Bark Flats” right below the village. Their unit was the 5th Mounted Rifles.

 

England

 

Bustard Camp at Salisbury Plain

In 1914, when the British accepted the Canadian government’s offer of a contingent of 25,000 men, they decided to station the Canadians at Salisbury Plain for final training and work up before going to France.

Salisbury Plain, in central southern England, had since 1898 been one of the British Army’s main training bases. At the time they had nearly 300 square miles of grassy hilly terrain with an occasional stand of trees. There was a thin coat of topsoil on top of a chalk base. The Plain had been used to conduct manoeuvres, summer camps, and rifle and artillery training on the ranges.

In preparation for the Canadians arrival they had pitched floor-boarded tents and erected cook houses. The arrival of an additional 8,000 men above the 25,000 they had been informed to expect, the British Army had to scramble to find additional tents for the men.

12th Platoon, C Company

 

 

 

Training in camp

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unfortunately no information was available for this post card
Unfortunately no information is available

 

“For Auld Lang Syne”- Should auld aquaintance be forgot; And never brought to min’?; Shouls auld acquaintance be forgot.; And days o’ lang syne?

 

An enlargement of the above showing a woman pushing a stroller, possibly next to her husband

 

The men and women stationed sent postcards home of places they may have visited to send notes and to give them a glimpse of a peaceful England

 

The Castle from Connaught Park, Dover

The Castle from Connaught Park, Dover

Connaught Park was the answer to a long-felt need for a public park in Dover and was achieved in 1883 by the lease of land on rising ground to the north-west of the Castle. Voluntary public subscription covered the cost of landscaping, the lake, trees, shrubs, fencing, and the park-keeper’s lodge.

The Castle

King Henry II’s Keep (Great Tower) above Inner Curtain Wall (Inner Bailey) and Kings’s Gate. Also has a Western Outer Curtain Wall and Constable’s Gateway. The Park was opened by the Dutchess of Connaught in 1883.

 

 

Battle Abbey Gateway

In 1070, Pope Alexander II ordered the Normans to do penance for killing so many people during their conquest of England. In response, William the Conqueror vowed to build an abbey where the Battle of Hastings had taken place, with the high altar of its church on the supposed spot where King Harold fell in that battle on Saturday, 14 October 1066. He started building it, dedicating it to St. Martin, sometimes known as “the Apostle of the Gauls,” though William died before it was completed. Its church was finished in about 1094 and consecrated during the reign of his son William known as Rufus. William I had ruled that the church of St Martin of Battle was to be exempted from all episcopal jurisdiction, putting it on the level of Canterbury. It was remodelled in the late 13th century but virtually destroyed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1538 under King Henry VIII.

Battle Abbey Gateway

At the dissolution, the displaced monks of Battle Abbey were provided with pensions, including the abbot John Hamond and the prior Richard Salesherst, as well as monks John Henfelde, William Ambrose, Thomas Bede and Thomas Levett, all bachelors in theology.

The abbey and much of its land was given by Henry VIII to his friend and Master of the Horse, Sir Anthony Browne, who demolished the church and parts of the cloister and turned the abbot’s quarters into a country house. (Wikipedia)

 

Netley Hospital

Netley Hospital

The Royal Victoria Hospital or Netley Hospital was a large military hospital in Netley, near Southampton, Hampshire, England. Construction started in 1856 at the suggestion of Queen Victoria but its design caused some controversy, chiefly from Florence Nightingale. Often visited by Queen Victoria, the hospital was extensively used during the First World War. (Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

Dover

Dover Marine Parade and Castle

over Marine Parade and CastleDuring both World War I (1914-1918) and World War II (1939-1945) Dover became Fortress Dover – a military zone from where, amongst other things, troops embarked for Continental Europe and beyond. Indeed, Dover, besides being a port was also a major military base with huge barracks on both the Eastern – where the Castle is – and Western Heights. Because Dover was the military port, Folkestone remained the civilian port for the Channel crossing, supplementing as a military port when needs necessitated.  (The Dover Historian)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Some Post Cards had little pockets in which were a pull out section of smaller pictures, here is one such card.

One for the pot and a packet of views from Ramsgate
Inner and Outer Harbours
Sands from East Pier
Louisa Gap
The Sands
The Bandstand from Paragon House Hotel
West Cliff Promenade
Lighthouse, West Pier & West Cliff
Convalescent Home & Cliff
Granville Hotel from Promenade Pier

 

 

General View
Royal Victoria Pavilion
The Inner Harbour

 

Soldier’s Portraits               

During the period 1914-1918, local photographers in British towns, villages and training camps took hundreds of thousands if not millions, of portraits of soldiers in uniform. The photographers were simply responding to the demand of these young men who wanted their picture taken before leaving England for the Western Front and elsewhere. You will find WWI photographs taken in 1914-15, of proud young volunteers – ‘Kitchener’s Men’ – looking pleased to be in their new uniforms and soon to be doing their duty for ‘King and Country’. And there are WWI photographic postcards from 1916 on wards, showing not volunteers but conscripts now, who also look happy to be photographed in khaki – but not always!

Photo 1
Photo 2
Photo 3a
Photo 3
Photo 4
Photo 5
Photo 6
Photo 7
Photo 8
Photo 9
Photo 10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Photo 11
Photo 12
Photo 13

 

HMS Thunderer was the fourth and last Orion class dreadnought battleship built for the Royal Navy in the early 1910s. She spent the bulk of her career assigned to the Home and Grand Fleets. Aside from participating in the Battle of Jutland in May 1916 and the inconclusive action of August 19th, her service during Word War I generally consisted of routine patrols and training in the North Sea.

Sailor on the right is from the HMS Thunderer

 

HMS Thunderer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WWI Silk Post Cards

The embroidered silk postcard is a common souvenir of the First World War.  They are blank postcards onto which an embossed paper surround has been glued, to frame and hold a central piece of silk.  On the silk, a design is hand-embroidered in coloured thread.

The embroidered postcards were very popular with British soldiers who often sent them home. They were sold in thin paper envelopes but were seldom sent through the post in them.  They were too fragile and, more particularly, they represented quite an investment – they were not cheap souvenirs.  Usually they were mailed with letters.  For this reason, they are often unwritten, with no marks on the back, any message having been sent in an accompanying letter.

A Kiss from France
Best Christmas Wishes
England Forever
This card has a front pocket
To my Sweetheart
Happy Birthday
Forget Me Not
1915- Sincere Friendship
17 or Glory – 17th Lancers
Brittons All
This card has a pocket on the front
Flowers of France- Gathered for You
From Your Soldier Boy
I’m Thinking of You

Comic Postcards

The Great War of 1914-18 was certainly not one of the funniest events to be recorded on picture postcards, especially for those men fighting in the mud-filled trenches of France and Belgian. However, there were artists – both military and civilian – who were willing to inject a little humour or satire into their postcard drawings and paintings – even when depicting the gloomiest of situations. (Tony Allen)

Photo 1
Photo 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

From a soldier of the King
A Loving Kiss

Rembering someone left behind

Some people found in verse cards the sentiment that they wanted to convey to another but could not express it themselves. In addition, if the verse was not signed perhaps it gave more of a feeling to the receiver that their soldier had created it. Some of these postcards ran in series. (Tony Allen)

Down Texas Way (3) I keep hearing a Southern tune; Makes me feel like a crazy loon; Want to dance ‘neath a harvest moon, The family’s expecting me along home soon.
Down Texas Way (1) I can picture a spot so fair; Smiling faces are ev’rywhere; Wish some fairy would take e therre; And drop me nice and comfy in an old arm-chair

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If I could turn the clock back a year (1) I listen to the old clock chime, when shadow-time is due, Somehow it seems to speak of happy days and you; Old Father Time goes creeping on through all our joy and care, With vain regrets my lonely hours I share.
If I could turn the clock back a year (2) If I could turn the clock back just one year, If angry words might be forgotten too, Whether sleeping or waking, my heart is aching, I can think of nothing in all the world but you; I miss those nights of gladness, days of joy, And all those blissful moments ever dear; I dream of you and sunny flow’rs, and all the love that might be ours, If I could turn the clock back only just one year.
If I could turn the clock back a year (3) I wonder if you dream like me, and wish that dreams come true, I wonder if you miss the arms that ache for you; I ponder in the gloaming, when the day has reach’d its close, And whisper as I kiss a faded rose.

 

 

 

 

 

Good Luck to You Here’s to the laddie so far away We know you have the pluck To make you a winner where you are That’s why we wish you luck
The White Comrade never lets a friend go under, but says-‘Lo I am with you always’
The Lord watch between me and thee, when we are absent one from another.- From All Saints’, Haggerston, R.E.- Where we are praying for you at our Christmas Communion
Prohibited During The War
The clouds will soon pass by…
Memories of You When I come Back to You There will be sweet birds calling when I come back again, Songs of deep joy awaking, after the storm and the rain; There will be sunlight gleaming, skies will be shinning and blue, When I am by your side, when I come back to you.

 

Postcards From France

A variety of post cards were sent from France and Belgium during the war. Some were depicting scenes of the war and destruction, while others depicted Allied Forces united in fighting the Germans. Others were general in nature trying to not focus on the day to day misery that the men and women endured.

Greetings from Afar
Best Wishes for a Happy Future
A Good Joke Behind the Lines
Scots Tried and True

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tommy finds shell holes comfortable to sleep in
France’s Principal Occupation of Belgium
Daily Mail War Pictures – R.A.M.C. Picking up wounded in a captured village

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Photo No. 1 War in France
Photo No. 2 War in France
Photo No. 3 War in France

 

13th R.H.C. – Cooks- West Down South 1914

13th Battalion (Royal Highlanders of Canada), CEF

The battalion was formed from volunteers from the Royal Highland Regiment of Canada (The Black Watch), a militia regiment based in Montreal, as well as men from other militia regiments. Sent to England as part of the First Contingent in September, 1914, the 13th Battalion became part of the 3rd Brigade of the 1st Canadian Division. The 3rd Brigade had the distinction of containing the 13th Battalion (the Royal Highlanders of Canada), the 14th Battalion (the Royal Montreal Regiment), the 15th Battalion (he 48th Highlanders of Canada) and the 16th Battalion (The Canadian Scottish). (Wikepedia)

 

Photo No. 4- War in France
Photo No. 5 – War in France
Photo No 6 – War in France
Photo No. 7 – War in France
Three Loyal Scots
British Tank in Action
Crossing a canal
Allies No.1
Allies No.2
Allies No. 3
Allies No. 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

To my dear sister
A Kiss from Belgium
Greetings From France

Loved Ones Left Behind

It was very common to have photos of loved ones made into postcards and mailed to those serving overseas. Other cards were sent to boost the spirits of the men. Here are some examples of such cards. carried by the men in France to remind them of home.

A series of two cards, they could be general greeting cards or someone’s girl left behind.
The second in the series

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loved Ones No. 1
Loved Ones No, 2
Loved Ones No. 3
Loved Ones No 4
Loved Ones No.5
Loved ones No. 6
Loved Ones No 7
Loved Ones No. 8
Loved Ones No.9

 

Tobogganing

 

From the book “How Dear to My Heart” by Walter Kilborn Billings

 

In my youth, Harper’s hill was all that could be desired as a spot to spend an afternoon on. At first the big hand sleigh at the farm was the only means of conveyance, but many times, unless the snow was pretty well packed and frozen, the runner would cut through and you usually got a tumble and a skinned nose in the bargain.

My first toboggan was a very crude affair – just three or four barrel staves laid flat and cleats nailed across at each end. This was very speedy but it was a problem, as it would turn around on the hill and carry you down backwards. Later on I secured a thin board about fourteen inches wide and four feet long. The front end was thinned down and the half of a cheese box band was nailed on the under side with a cleat across the other end of the board. Another cleat was nailed across the back. This toboggan proved very satisfactory and would carry two or three quite comfortably.

Through the winter, the road in front of our farm house would drift high with snow, and teams passing over it often got stuck or tipped their loads over, and we were called out to help them. On one occasion a team from MacIntosh Mills got stuck and we boys took shovels to help them out. The mills at that time were doing a big business making toboggans. After we had helped him through the banks. Tom Stevenson, the driver of the team said “Well boys, I have no money but if one of these toboggans happens to slide off my load I guess it will be yours.” And it slid off!

These toboggans were well constructed of narrow slats, steamed and bent to the proper shape, with cleats across the rawhide thongs binding the slats to the cleats. A little grove was cut underneath so that the cords would not be damaged when used. Our toboggan proved very satisfactory but was not big enough. Harper’s Hill by this time had become very popular and young folks gathered nightly to enjoy the sliding. As we had packed the snow and made a good track clear to the creek, we could cross over it and go up the bank, usually at a pretty good speed.

Sometimes, unfortunately the toboggan would leave the track and carry us to a point on the creek where the ice was not solid. On one occasion I was steering, at the back, when this happened. As we neared the edge of the ice, I fell off, the toboggan and the two in front passed over the creek, but did not go clear up the bank, and slid back with the end of the toboggan going through the ice. Of course the water was not deep and the girls waded to the shore. When they missed me they had thought I had gone under the ice and they started to yell. But I was safe and they were wet!

Te foundry man in Lyn, a very handy fellow who could do wood work, said he could make us a good strong toboggan. Instead of making his of narrow slats he made it in three sections, each seven inches wide. The cleats were securely with screws, countersunk in the boards, and the boards at the front as usual steamed and bent, and secured with wire to the first cleat. This proved a very satisfactory process and we gave the speedy new toboggan a good trial on Harper’s Hill.

One night a couple of my uncles came over with their families and decided to take a ride down the hill. I still have a vivid recollection of Uncle Bidwell Billings, who always wore a felt hat in the winter. As the toboggan gained speed his hat blew off, and I can still see his long hair and whiskers as he went past me down the hill. That same night my other uncle, Herb Billings, decided to have a ride. He was sitting up on the toboggan near the back, and as the toboggan gained speed down the steeper part of the hill he got scared and put his feet out to stop it. When they caught in the snow he was lifted clear and landed face downward and hands outstretched, the result being a skinned nose, forehead and chin. We had to take him to the doctor for repairs. About this time the boys decided to build a slide in Lyn, and in the fall of 1887, cedar posts and lumber were donated and the slide erected, on the hill just west of where the Storey barn now stands. It was a splendid structure and on down the hill the boards were put on their edge to form a channel for the toboggans and their surface was well ice. You could go up the steps at the back of the slide, assemble your load at the top, get a push from the starter and in a second you were down in the flat and across the pond, even to the edge of Cornell’s woods. Sometimes though after leaving the boarded side of the slide, your toboggan would jump the track and head for the cat-tails which covered you with the fluffy tops until you looked like as if you were in a feather bed. The foundry man did a big business making these toboggans for a while. Nearly every family in the neighbourhood secured one.

Another slide was erected on Schofield’s Hill, Brockville, just behind where a gasoline station now stands. This was a splendid structure with two slides; at night when it was lighted with torches beside the track it was a gorgeous sight to see boys dressed in blanket suits and toques, swiftly speeding down the hill and across the pond. I enjoyed one night on this hill, my cousin, Eck Kilborn, had a good toboggan and we four, my cousin Joe Clark, later a prominent politician in the West, Bob Geddes, and I had a wonderful evening. Another slide in Brockville was built on what was known as the Lacrosse Grounds.

Glen Buell Church photo 2015

The slide in Lyn did not last long. In 1889 this district was visited by a severe windstorm. Roofs were blown off barns, trees uprooted, and the Methodist Church, not then in use, was blown down and the slide a few rods from it, was levelled to the ground and never rebuilt. The posts and lumber afterwards were used to build sidewalks in the village of Lyn. The wrecked church was rebuilt at Glen Buell, with the brick and other material that was salvaged and fit for use. This church still stands, with a record over its door stating it was erected in 1890.

The natural slide at the farm is gone. The demand for building sand has meant that trucks have been hauling for four or five years from he hillside, and now only mounds of earth show where we raced down on our toboggans many years ago.

 

 

 

Glenn Buell Church made from material from the Lyn Methodist Church photo 2016

Fishing

 

From the book “How Dear to My Heart” by Walter Kilborn Billings

 

I never seemed to have much luck at this sport. As a boy I could go down to the creek and over to the falls, where with a can of worms I could catch a dozen bullheads, which when cleaned and ready for the frying pan were about the size of sardines. In the spring, by walking along the bank of the creek, I could see nice big red-fin suckers basking in the sunlight, and once or twice, a two foot pike; but a bent pin on the end of a string was no way to catch them.

Ai Haffie of Lansdowne and his catch from the St. Lawrence River c 1930

I remember going with my Aunt Belle to the Brooks Farm just east of Butternut Bay, on the St. Lawrence River. As she wanted to go fishing we went down to the boathouse and got the boat into the water. I did not know much about rowing, but my aunt said we should not go fast to troll, and we didn’t. I usually bumped the oars together and pinched my fingers, but we got along very well. All at once she said, “Oh, I have a bite!” But it was a false alarm. In a few minutes she called again, “I have another bite,” but again no luck. It was hard for me to keep the boat on a straight course, but she warned me if she hooked a fish I was to keep on rowing.

 

Again she called, “I have got something this time!” I kept on rowing, but it was getting so exciting that I could hardly keep the boat out in deep water. All at once, about twenty feet behind the boat, the fish jumped and tried to shake the hook from its mouth, then went down under again. My aunt kept pulling in the line, and was just in the act of lifting the big fish over the edge of the boat when it gave a flop, its tail struck the side of the boat and the line broke. She leaned over the edge and saw the big fish swim away!

 

My aunt had become so excited that she was hysterical and just sat there and cried. We certainly had lost a big fish, as I had caught a glimpse of it as its head appeared above the water. As we had lost our tackle and our fish we went ashore and back to the house. For weeks she could hardly talk of anything but the big fish she had lost.

 

Mallorytown Landing 1904

Years later, my brother and I had a similar experience outside of Mallorytown Landing about the year 1933. We had hooked a big maskinonge, but just when we got it up beside the boat the line broke. This exciting event was witnessed by the occupants of another boat, and the item was printed in the local paper, where I found it among other articles a few weeks ago.

 

Jones’ Creek, below the old mill was the mecca of local fisherman, and many tales of big catches. Practical jokes played on unsuspecting fisherman always added zest to the stories told after one of these outings. One, as told by my cousin Burt Billings, seems worth repeating.

 

He and his cousin Herb Blair drove to the Mills one night, tramped along the bank to the big rock, where they proceeded to try their luck with worms for bait. Herb seemed the lucky one that night as he hauled in a dozen or more big bullheads. Burt’s luck was different. For an hour he sat there and did not get even a bite. Finally he called to Herb that he was going down near him, to try again. Of course Herb objected, saying if he came down there neither would get a bite, but Burt came just the same, and in a few minutes he hauled in a nice fish! A few minutes later he got another, while Herb’s luck changed. Burt kept on till he had a nice catch of fish and finally Herb said he was tired and was going home. Winding up his line and going back to gather up his fish, on a string, in the dark he could not find where he had placed them; finally he gave up and started for his horse. Burt, gathering up his catch, followed him and they drove home, Herb all the way bemoaning the loss of his fish.

 

Burt got out first and as Herb started on, Burt stopped him saying “Oh Herb I guess the joke is on you. It was your fish I was catching all the time and you can take them home. I just picked one from your lot each time I hauled that piece of stick from the water.”

 

Yonge Mills abt 1905

At one time at Yonge Mills there was a long channel or sluice-way; at the head of it you could take up the planks or gate and let the water pour down the passage to the pool below. In the spring the boys would go there, open the gate so that the fish would swim up this runway in droves; then, with a plank placed across this stream near the lower end and a large hoop net placed in the water and held by one of the boys, the rest of the fisherman would go up stream, shut off the water and catch the returning fish in the net.

 

One night my partner Bob, four other lads and I drove to the Mills. They had put the net in three or four times but as the season for suckers was about over had no luck. Finally they said “Bob, you hold the net and we will try again. We will take the poles and splash the water and surly some will go down.”

 

In the darkness with Bob squatting on the plank holding the hoop of the net the boys went up and started splashing. Finally they heard Bob yell, “Come on down quickly! The net must be full! I can hardly hold it. Hurry, Hurry” The lads rushed down, and all together they lifted the net from the water and dumped its contents on the grass but there was no sound of fish flopping. Bob lit a match and held it over the empty net. There were no fish there but the skeleton of a calf, which the boys had thrown into the stream above!

 

Yes we had fun in those days going fishing.

Mallorytown Landing Henry MacDonald’s Boat and Boat House c1910

 

Mallorytown Landing the front of Henry MacDonalds Boat House c1910

 

 

Jones Creek where it empties into the St. Lawrence River abt 1930

Taking the Calves to Market

 

From the book “How Dear to My Heart” by Walter Kilborn Billings

 

In the ordinary herd of cattle on the farm there were very few thoroughbreds and in the spring it was the custom to keep the offspring of only the best cows.

A neighbour, wishing a good calf to raise could usually get one for the asking; all others were fed for a few weeks for veal or slaughtered. At the present time many whole herds are thoroughbred animals and young calves not needed on the home farm are sold for prices ranging from twenty-five to fifty dollars each.

My job was to dispose of the unwanted calves, and rather than kill them I would try to feed them for a few days and sell them to a drover, who usually called about once a week. It was sometimes a difficult feat to teach a young calf to drink from a pail, as usually it would it would put its nose down to the bottom of the pail, give it a bunt and over would go the milk on the floor or on your clothes.

 

 

The C.P.R. Wharf located at Block House Island in Brockville
C.P.R. Wharf and sheds at Brockville

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

One week when I had missed the drover he left word he would be at the C.P.R. dock the next day, and would take the two calves I had. As I did not care to kill them I decided to load them in the spring wagon and go to town with them. Tying their feet and then tying the caves themselves, I started.

King Street Brockville looking West from Market Square.

 

A cousin, Annie Slack of Lansdowne, who was visiting us, decided she would go along. It had been raining and the roads were muddy, but all went well until, passing along King St. (Brockville), just opposite Gilmour & Co. office, someone called from the sidewalk and pointed to the back of the wagon. Looking around I saw one calf, hanging, its body suspended behind the box and its feet tied to the other calf. I stopped the horse and handing the reins to the girl I jumped out and ran around behind. I was too late. The other calf had struggled and both had fallen to the street. Brockville streets in the spring were not the clean paved thoroughfares of the present day. Then they were covered with a couple of inches of mud and filth in which the calves were lying. A few years previously we had brought a long black fur coat. It had always been a couple or three inches too long for walking comfortably but I never had it shortened, and this day I had worn it, as the weather was still cold. The horse was a bit nervous as a crowd was beginning to gather to watch the fun.

I stooped over, gathered the calves in my arms, and was just straightening up to land them in the wagon when the horse made a step ahead. I attempted to move up also but my foot caught in the front of my coat and down I went full length, my arms still around the calves. My cap fell off, and finally freeing myself from the calves which were struggling and splashing in the mud, I saw that my driver was so convulsed with laughter that she could do nothing with the horse. Hailing a passing team I got the man to come and hold my horse. He backed the wagon nearer to me, and this time I managed to land my load in place.

It must have been a very amusing scene for those on the board side walk, but I did not see much fun in it and got away and down to the dock and rid of my load. When I got home and told my parents, I said “Never again! The calves can die of old age before I ever try that again.”

 

Holstein Sale at Avondale Farm in the 1930’s

Haying Time

From the book “How Dear to My Heart” by Walter Kilborn Billings

The modern way of caring for the hay crop seems a far cry from the old way in which the weather had a lot to do with curing and stacking.

The horse fork for unloading was a wonderful improvement, as before it was installed, one man passed the hay to a scaffold at the big beam of the barn and another passed it on up to the man in the hay mow. With the horse fork, when help was scarce and a horse was trained to draw the load, one man could unload his wagon alone, the hay being left to be spread around later.

My first memory of haying time was when we had the old wooden horse rake, which I have described in another article. I have heard Father say that for a couple of years after coming to the farm he cut the hay and grain by hand. However, for cutting the grain a cradle was used. This consisted of a scythe with extra prongs, nearly the length of the blade, one above the other, that caught the grain when it fell and laid it in neat shape the heads all pointing one way. Thus the one following to bind the sheaves could, with the aid of a wooden hand rake, draw it together, make a band of a handful of the straw and with a neat twist of the ends secure the sheaf and leave it to be stoked up.

1874 Advertisement for Cossitt Bros. Agricultural Machinery

About the year 1870 we purchased a new mowing machine. It was manufactured by Cossitt Bros., then of Smiths Falls, (later moved to Brockville) and sold by Edward Glazier. This was a great improvement on the hand cutting. The frame was made of oak, and for thirty-five years it did all the cutting of hay on the farm. A year later a reaper attachment was purchased. This consisted of a platform fitted to the cutting bar and bolted to the frame of the mower at the back; an iron wheel at the other side of the platform carried its weight, and a reel similar to the ones used on the binder of later years held the grain to the knives.  On the centre of the platform a post secured with a saddle and breast-plate, so that a man could stand and support himself in the saddle, rest his chest against the breast-plate and with a fork gather the grain from the knives, pass it over to his left until he had enough to make a sheaf, and then with his fork, place the bundle behind the mower, ready to be tied. This mower is now in the museum of the Experimental Farm at Ottawa, with a lot of other farm machinery of ancient manufacture.

Later a self-raking reaper was purchased, but the bundles of grain still had to be tied by hand. As binders were beginning to be used locally about the year 1892, a second had Chatham binder, a cumbersome machine, with a wooden frame, was secured and the three neighbours, Father, Horton Rowsom and Will Morrison, managed to get it in working order. It cut the grain on the three farms but the next season the knotter refused to work. The lever that started the tying part having been damaged, the result was that the grain would fill up the knotter and the lever would have to be pulled by hand.

Horton Rowsom had a hired man, Ed Haywood. He tied a strong chord to this lever, walked along beside the knotter and when enough grain was in place would pull this cord. So Ed had a job, and all through the harvest he walked around the field pulling the string. Ed was a war veteran from the British army, who had come to Canada One day he ran away with a woman, went over the river and they were married. Ed said afterwards, it was awful rough crossing the river and it had been rough ever since! His wife finally left him, and he made his home with the Rowsoms.

In 1894 I had a trip to Manitoba with Horton Rowsom and Stewart Morrison, on one of the Harvest Excursions. There I had a chance to see the new Massey-Harris and Deering binders in operation. The next year a Massey-Harris binder with sheaf carrier was purchased and this served the three of four farms cutting the grain for many years

But to get back to the haying…. A new steel horse rake was bought about the year 1875. It also was a Cossitt rake and we were all very proud of it. However, five years later the hired man took old Tom, one of our team, to the field to do some raking after supper. Finishing this he drove the horse to a windrow of hay and left him, while he went on to cock up the raked hay. Tom (the horse) was not used to being in the field without his team mate and decided to leave for home. He took a straight course, the wheel went over a stone pile, and the teeth dropped down making such a clatter that it scared Tom and started him running. We children were outside the fence of the lawn rolling on the slope at the side of the road when we heard Tom coming. The wheel struck the gate post as he came on the road, and the axle broke. Fortunately we knew enough to get inside the fence as he crossed the road and passed right over the place where we had been playing. Striking the rake against a telephone pole, he left the remains of the rake there and went on to the stable.

Later, the 14 acre field back of the woods had yielded a great crop of hay. Father had it all ready to stack and secured a couple of extra men and team. All that day I had been on the horse rake following the wagons to clean up the rakings. At four o’clock Father said “Walt, you hitch the horse on the spring wagon, go to the house and bring out our supper. Your mother will have it ready.” Driving across the woodlot and into the meadow I soon reached the house where mother gave me a couple of market baskets all covered with papers and a table cloth, and I drove carefully back to the field.

I will ever forget that supper. The men came in, sat round on the ground, the cloth was spread and the basket unloaded – warmed up potatoes, smoked ham, just fried and tender, eggs, fresh buns and in the end of the other basket a large dinner plate of pancakes, each one the size of the plate and covered with butter, then spread with soft maple sugar, to make a pile at least six inches high. Father cut into them as you would a layer cake, each serving the width of a piece of pie and half the depth of the pile! Again they came back for more until the plate was clean Then we finished with a pot of tea and a jug of coffee. It was pretty hard for the men to move very swiftly after such a supper. I think I had two helpings of the pancakes. But by dark the three stacks of hay were finished, the poles were placed on them and we were ready for home. Is it any wonder that the memory of that day and that supper has been with me all these years?

Cutting grain on the Johnston Farm on the Lyn Road c1930
John Johnston standing next to his team of horses c1930
John Johnston getting ready to cut, next to the main CNR line c1930
Cutting grain c1930
A field of cut and stacked grain on the Johnston Farm just north of the CNR tracks and east of the Lyn Road shown in this photo c1930

 

Drawing Milk to the Cheese Factory

 

From the book “How Dear to My Heart” by Walter Kilborn Billings

 

In Lyn the cheese factory was located at the foot of the Jarvis Hill, just across the creek from the tan-bark field where they used to play ball. One road led around the corner at the hotel (Stacks), down the mill hill, across a little bridge and along the ban of the creek. The other road turned at the schoolhouse, down the Jarvis hill, past the old barn and on to the factory. At first Father had made a cart with the two wheels of the old wooden horse rake, a wooden axle and long shafts running back to about the back of the wheels. A platform of boards was nailed to the shafts, and the springs taken from an old army wagon, and secured in the centre on the axle and the ends fastened underneath the shafts. For a seat an abandoned bee-hive was used, cleats were nailed on the inside and a loose board laid in. When I got groceries at the store, I could just lift up the board and drop the parcels into the box. There was room on the platform for only one large milk can, which was all that was needed at that time. The horse I was given to drive was one that was hard to make trot, for just as soon as she was stirred up a bit she would break into a canter, with the result that the shafts were bobbing up and down and your neck would get sore trying to keep your head steady.

 

The old Post Office on the right (white building), located on main street. At one time this was the site of the original Lyn Mill.

One morning going through the village I had my sister Lou along, and as we went past the post office the horse was doing the regular canter but with not much speed. As I came back up into the village and stopped for the mail, the constable, Tom Hudson, came over to the cart and said “My boy, if I see you going through the village as you went this morning, I will take you to jail!” So I always watched after that for Mr. Hudson.

 

It was fun to see the milk wagons coming along the gravel pit road, and then hurry along and up around the school-house and down the Jarvis hill, and to get in ahead of them at the factory. But one morning as I was going around that way, I saw ahead of me down near the foot of the hill another milk cart. The driver Bob King had been to the factory and unloaded his milk, and had gone up to the village for some bread, and was returning to the factory to get his whey, as he had come in on the gravel pit road. Hurrying along down the hill I yelled to the driver to get out of my way but he did not have time, and as I went by him the hub of my wheel caught the rim of his wheel and tipped his cart over on its side. I drove on down to the factory and got in line, then went back to help the lad whose cart I had tipped over. I do not think I have ever heard anyone use as many cuss words as he did that morning! I dare not go near him, but held the horse by the head while he straightened the cart up. For several days I kept out of his way.

 

The next year my father secured a spring wagon, took the box off and built a platform with room for three or four cans. I had been cautioned to drive carefully, as I was drawing a neighbour’s milk also. For some time I did very well, but one morning on arriving opposite the town pump a big load of milk came down the hill from Seeley’s and on to the main road ahead of me. This was too much! I stirred up my horse and caught up to the load, and was passing just before we came to the hotel on the corner when I was crowded to the sidewalk with both the front and hind wheels on the walk. As we neared the corner the road was lower and the wagon began to tip, with the result that it finally went over on its side and the cans fell to the ground. Fortunately the neighbour’s milk can went clear over and finally landed right end up, so that very little milk was lost from it. One of our own cans that had a very tight cover did the same, but the third can landed on its side and nearly all of its contents poured on to the ground.

Of course a crowd arrived on the scene at once and the wagon was righted. I watched for the constable, but he was not up yet, so I did not go to jail. However, I had to draw our neighbour’