B & W Railroad – 1930

The Athens Reporter- the following article was in this paper on April 3, 1930. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario


Word was received this week in Brockville to the effect that no change will be made on the Westport sub-division of the Canadian National Railways, at least until the time arrives for the closing of the schools and in the meantime further consideration and study will be made by the management of the system to the details of a new schedule.

Following is a telegram received from Montreal by J. Gill Gardiner, a director of the railways.

“It has been decided to make no change in Westport service until the closing of the schools. This will give time for making arrangements for the opening of the schools in the fall. In the meantime, further consideration will be given to a new schedule.”







Toll Roads – The Athens Reporter 1906

The Athens Reporter- letter to the editor from 1906. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

 The Toll Roads- April 25, 1906

(Letter to the editor)

Having recently driven over the road between Athens and Brockville, I feel moved to offer a few observations on the state of that particular highway. To find fault with the roads at this season, and after the kind of winter we have had, may look like fault finding with Providence. No such complaint is intended; we should rather be thankful that through the agencies of frost and rain the disgraceful ruts of the Brockville road have been broken up from the bottom. This upheaval will lead to a smoother road than has been; for when dry weather comes the loose material will pack together and form a comparatively even surface. It is time something happened to these ruts, and we should all be thankful that nature has come to our relief.

But the question is, what part are the toll road people going to take in this good work? Are they going to leave the road to take care of itself, as heretofore, or is it their intention to do the repairing demanded by common decency? There is perhaps no more ridiculous spectacle to be seen in the Province than that of travellers stopping at the toll gates between Athens and Brockville to pay toll. If at these gates travellers were halted and presented with some silver coins, here would be a reason for these gates; for as a matter of fact, people driving over this road should receive remuneration. The labourer is worthy of his hire.

The disgraceful state of this road calls attention again to the fact that it is time for the abolition of tolls between this village and Brockville. It is a notorious fact that toll-roads are seldom or never good roads. The gates are a constant source of annoyance to the public, and, in the opinion of the writer, the work of collecting toll in all weathers and at all hours from people in all sorts of humors must be anything but an agreeable occupation. The toll road, in fact, is almost entirely bad. It is an exceedingly expensive road, that is, expensive to the public. There are three charges against such a road: (1) the interest on the company’s investment (2) the profits of the gatekeepers, and (3) the cost of keeping the road in repair. The public has to “put up” for all three; whereas, if the road were taken out of the hands of the company, two of these sources of expense would be eliminated. Toll roads are also objectionable for the reason that they have a tendency, and by no means a slight tendency, to damage trade. The fact that a toll gate has to be passed is sufficient to keep a certain number of people at home who would otherwise come into town on business. This may seem an unwarranted statement, but it is true. It is the conviction of the writer that if there were any way of arriving at an estimate it would be found that the business of Brockville is damaged every year to the extent of hundreds of dollars through the existence of toll gates, and Athens in proportion. This shortage of business is made up in other places not affected by the gates, or, perhaps, it is not made up at all. Merchants, professional men, and the public generally suffer in consequence. A free circulation of traffic is necessary to prosperity, just as is the free circulation of blood is necessary to the health of the body, and anything that impedes the free movement of traffic and intercourse generally ought to be abolished.

The charges that might be brought against the toll road do not end here. It is time for a change. Toll roads are coning more and more to be regards as barbarous relics of by gone days. All over the Province they are being taken over by the local and county municipalities. Why should we in this district lag behind other municipalities in the march of progress and go down in history with the unenviable record of having been the last to abolish the toll road nuisance?

Signed: I.N. Beckstedt

Toledo – News from the Village – 1924 to 1930

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the years – 1924 to 1930. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

Toledo – Nov 15th, 1924

Mr. and Mrs. Duncan McClure were Perth visitors on Friday, the 7th inst.

Misses Laura and Dorothy McClure of Perth, spent Thanksgiving holidays with relatives and friends here.

William Walsh Jr., has returned from the Canadian West where he spent the autumn.

Several from outlying points spent Thanksgiving with their parents and included Yates Marshall and Denton McClure, of Smiths Falls Collegiate Institute; Miss Marguerite McNamee of Brockville, who was accompanied by her friend, Miss Fennell of that town.

William Moran was a recent visitor at the home of his son in Plattsburg, N.Y.

W.C. Dowsley, I.P.S., of Brockville, visited the Toledo School on Thursday.

His many friends hope to hear of a better report soon, from James Gray, who had to be demoved [sic] to a Brockville hospital on Thursday morning.

Mrs. George Pepper recently disposed of her farm to Joseph Carr, of Frankville, and she and her daughter, Miss Irene Pepper, pudpose taking up permanent residence in Smith’s Falls in the near future.

Some of our local Nimrods have returned laden with spoil. Robert Mackie was hunting in the district north of Ashton, while Bert Ladouceur was with a parth which went to the Dalhousie lake region.

Toledo, April 3, 1925

Hume Kent has opened his cheese factory for the season.

Owing to temporary cessation of work on the dam in course of construction near Croghan, N.Y., Charles Nichol and Hurbert Cardiff have returned home for a while.

Clifford Eaton, lineman, and his staff are busy re-wiring a telephone line in Shane’s district.

Miss Eva Stratton is enjoying a few days’ visit with her sister, Mrs. Elmer Baldwin, and Mr. Baldwin, of Brockville.

Mrs. R.C. Latimer is suffering from a severe attack of acute indigestion, but at latest report she is slightly improved.

The sugar season is over and the general report is that quality was good, but the season very short.

The members of the Orange Lodge held their monthly meeting on Thursday night.

Herbert Bellamy was in Brockville on Thursday to spend the day with his wife, who is still in the hospital. Mrs. Bellamy is not improving as rapidly as her many friends would wish.

The owners of Perth and Smiths Falls creameries, respectively have been through here recently soliciting patrons for the summer months

The choirs of the different churches are preparing special music for Easter. In addition to the Easter service, the Union church Sunday school will hold a special morning service.

Toledo – Sep 21, 1925

C.Webster of Smiths Falls reciently made a business trip to Toledo.

Mrs. B. McCallum of Montreal is the guest of her sister Mrs. W. Dunham and Mr. Dunham

Dr. A.R. Hurley, Mrs. Hurley and family of Rochester, NY were recient guests here of Mrs. Hurley’s mother, Mrs. Lena Brigginshaw.

Rally Day in the Union Church will be observed a week fom next Sunday, October 4th.

Toledo is again to the front in regard to the school fair held there on Thursday, the 17th inst. The large crowd were keenly interested in the success of the fair and the pupils of the various schools represented made and excellent showing. Toledo won the cup again, being the school with the highest number of points to its credit, while the pupils of that school, under the able management of Miss Murray, won second place in the parade.

Clifford Eaton is busily engaged with his threshing outfit reciently purchased from Egbert Mott of Frankville.

Special services were conducted in St. Philip Neri Church last week. Rev. J.P. Fallon, O.M.I. officiating.

Wilfred Miller of Michigan is visiting at the home of his brother, Mr. and Mrs. L. Miller, also with friends in this vicinity.

Special service was conducted in the Toledo Union Church on Sunday afternoon, 20th inst., when Rev. T.F. Townsend, BA, BD., Union Church pastor, assisted by Rev. G.G. Upham of Athens, Baptist minister held service for the members of the Orange order here and the members of Newbliss ladies lodges, who marched to the church in a body led by Toledo brass band.

A host of friends here are pleased to know that Mrs. T.F.Townsend is progressing slowly but steadily after her recent serious operation.

Miss Mabel Quigley left on September 21st for Ottawa where she purposes attending the Normal School.

Mrs. P.J. Quigley is having a private sale of some household goods after which she intends moving to Ottawa, after visiting some friends in this vicinity for a month or so.

Many friends from this vicinity are sorry to hear of Robert Morrison’s death.

Toledo, Jan 27, 1926

Mrs. M. Weatherhead and Miss Jennie Nichol were recent Athens visitors.

Mr. and Mrs. G.C. Marshall and Miss Lucy Marshall recently entertained at their home the members of certain of the Union Church Sunday school classes, when a most enjoyable time was spent by all.

Mrs. Joseph Jordan, of |Lombardy, was a recent visitor at the home of Mrs. N. Nichol and Miss Jennie Nichol.

Mansell Weatherhead is busily engaged drawing wood to Athens. Fred Seward is drawing logs to Philipsville.

Toledo, Jan 27, 1926

Obituary for William Moran

It was a great shock to the people of this community (Toledo) when the word went forth Sunday afternoon, the 24th inst, that William Moran had passed away after a very brief illness. On Friday he suffered an attack of acute indigestion, but very few knew of it, and on Sunday, to the consternation of his near ones attending him, and to the great surprise of all, he suddenly passed away.

The late Mr. Moran was born in Ireland in 1855, a son of the late Maria Hipson and John Moran and when the boy William was six years old his parents came to Canada and settled in this district, where deceased spent the last years of his life. In his younger days he spent some time in Michigan, also in Western Ontario and later in Smiths Falls. He was an expert cabinet maker and actively followed that vocation up to the day he became ill. He also did considerable work as a painter.

Deceased was the possessor of many sterling qualities, very quiet and unobtrusive in his manner, but ever ready to lend a helping hand when called upon. He was strictly honest and industrious to a fault and in his unassuming way he exerted a great influence for good in this community, where he was held in high esteem. In politics he as a Conservative and in religion was of the Anglican faith.

The late Mr. Moran’s first wife formerly Miss Maria Morrison passed away in 1910. Their two children survive to mourn a loving father: Mrs. G. Gould of Alhambra, Cal., and Mortimer A. Moran of this place. A few years ago he married secondly Miss Cynthia A. Price, who survives also to mourn his loss. Of a family of eight there survive four sisters and one brother: Mrs. Thos. Rae, of Flint, Mich; Mrs. R.C. Russell of Detroit, Mich.; Mrs. Alexander McQueen, of Morefield, Ont.; Mrs. Sanford Morden, of Niagara Falls, NY., and Robert Moran of Alpena, Mich. A brother, John Moran died some time ago, while a sister Mrs. G.R.Mack, of Detroit Mich., passed away last August.

Toldeo, March 8th, 1927

Mr. and Mrs. J. Seymour of Athens were recent guests at the home of Mrs. J. Nichol and Miss Jennie Nichol.

Robert Bruce of Newbliss, township assessor, was through this district recently.

Eber Running, eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. S. Running, is ill, threatened with appendicitis. Dr. Kelly, Delta, is in attendance.

Wilfred Bruce has returned from Kingston, where he was attending the dairymen’s class last week.

Mrs. Herbert Bellamy has returned from a week’s visit in Brockville.

Mrs. James Gray was so unfortunate recently as to fall on the ice and fracture her wrist.

The construction of the Brockville- Smiths Falls provincial highway will surely be a reality as soon as weather conditions permit, for the engineers and staff are already marking out lines to be followed. The report circulated that the road it to go just northeast of the village instead of following the present route, is not being received favourably by the people of Toledo and surrounding country.

Me. And Mrs. H.N. Stinson recently entertained the latter’s sister, Mrs. W. Tackaberry, and Mr. Tackaberry of Philipsville.

Miss Irene Gray’s recent very severe cold has developed into bronchitis. She is still confined to bed and is under the care of Dr. Throop, of Frankville

W. Hanton of Jasper, was recently purchasing cows here for the American market.

Miss Ruby Whitmore is able to resume her duties after her recent illness.

Gertrude Walsh is still suffering from a very persistent cold.

Smith Brothers, Frankville, are busily engaged in this section with their portable sawing outfit.

Mrs. Carley and son, Vincent Carley of Frankville were visiting her son Burton Carley in Toledo on Sunday.

Miss Irene Gray was the recipient of a beautiful bouquet of cut flowers, with roses and orchids predominating, from the teacher and members of her Sunday school class.’

The party given last week by Mr. and Mrs. R.R. Eaton was greatly enjoyed by all present. Dancing was the principal amusement of the evening and was indulged in until a late hour.

 Toledo- April 11th , 1927

The well drillers are still busy in this district. Hume Kent is having a well drilled just inside his cheese factory.

Mr. and Mrs. James Walsh were Smiths Falls visitors on Saturday.

Mr. and Mrs. E. Baldwin of Brockville spent Sunday with the latter’s sister and brother, Miss Eva Stratton and E.H. Stratton.

Letford Millar made a business tip to Perth on Saturday.

In spite of the exceptionally long syrup making season, indications mow are for a big run at Easter. A large quantity of most exceptional quality has been manufactured, such big makers as Harold and Herbert Bellamy, H. Dunham, Fred Seward and others reporting several hundred gallons each.

Special music for Easter is being prepared by the choir of the three respective churches here.

Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Rowsome, their son, Garnet Rowsome, and the former’s mother, Mrs. E. Rowsome, of Belleville, en route from the home of the latter’s daughter, Mrs. R. Hanton, and Mr. Hanton, of Frankville, where they had spent the week, were calling upon friends in this district on Sunday evening.

Toledo, May 29, 1930

The commercial Hotel, a landmark of Toledo, Saturday morning was destroyed by fire. The building was owned by John McEwen, and was of frame construction. Most of the contents were destroyed. The Smiths Falls Department responded with a truck and hose, and the Frankville engine was also rushed to the scene. The flames however had spread so rapidly that the firemen concentrated their efforts to near-by buildings, some of them being saved with difficulty, the cause of the fire is unknown. It broke out in the kitchen, and while some insurance was carried, the loss will be heavy. This is the second large fire to occur in Toledo within four weeks. Three buildings were destroyed previously. It was the fourth fire in that village in less than a year.

Tin Cap – News from the Village – 1925-1926


The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the years – 1925 to 1926. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

 Tin Cap – Feb 27th, 1925

Mrs. Leonard Elliott, Brockville, spent a few days last week visiting her aunt, Mrs. George Boyd.

Fred Wright, Miss Mollie O’Donnell and Miss Myrtle Lyons visited on Tuesday at William O’Donnell’s.

Mrs. Anson Gilroy was called to Hamilton last week by the death of her father, Aquila Hanson.

Mr. and Mrs. B.S. Johnston, Brockville, are visiting the form parents, Mr. and Mrs. D.A. Johnston.

Roy Locke, Brockville is moving his household effects into his new home recently purchased from S. Barker.

Reeve Reuben Davis is in Toronto this week.

Tin Cap, Jan 25th, 1926

Harold Rowsome, recently of the Recorder and Times staff, Brockville, and a former resident of the Tincap, left last week for Ottawa where he has accepted a position in the Civil Service.

Mrs. Robert Marks is visiting in Smiths Falls

Basil Reed is visiting in Bishop’s Mills.

Mr. and Mrs. Reuben Davis celebrated their 40th anniversary of their wedding last week by entertaining a number of friends. Telephone messages and congratulations were received from many distant friends to wish them many more years of happy married life.

W.W. Anderson, Ottawa, visited at Jonas Gilroy’s last week.

Miss Matilda Anderson has been quite ill at her home here.

Redan – News from the Village – 1926

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the year – 1926. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

Redan , Jan 25th, 1926

Miss Laura Loucks spent the week-end at home in Smiths Falls.

Mrs. Mildred Pritchard has returned after having visited relatives in Westport

Elgin Mott spend Tuesday last in Smiths Falls, a guest of Mrs. George Foster.

Miss C. Young, of Glen Buell, spent Sunday at Horton Young’s.

The farmers in this vicinity are busy getting in their supply of wood.

New Dublin – News from the Village – 1925-1930


The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the years – 1925 to 1930. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

New Dublin – Feb 23, 1925

Dr. T.R. Whaley and Mrs. Whaley of Alsask, Sask., and Mr. and Mrs. W. Whaley of Charleston, visited their mother, Mrs. M.J. Whaley and their sister Mrs. A.A. Orr, last week. Dr. Whaley spent several days with his mother during his short visit in the east. He is a surgeon in his private hospital in Alsask and has only a limited time at his disposal from his work as a specialist in his line.

New Dublin – March 1st , 1928

The Women’s Institute met in the Township Hall this afternoon, a good gathering and some visitors being present. After the usual opening and the minutes of the last meeting there was a general discussion re the proposed pipe fence to finish the inclosing of the cemetery on the west side of the road. Considerable material has been purchased and plans are being made to proceed with the work in early spring. A short report of Parliamentry proceedings was given by the chairman of that department, also local history was discussed also several interesting anecdotes related, dealing with modes of life and work and thought of the people in pioneer days. Mrs. W.M. Nash spoke at some length on the Nash, Davis, McConkey and Barry families as pioneers and was asked to get data concerning those names and present them at the April meeting. Two new books were added to the birthday library. Mrs. H.A. Flood gave a very interesting reading on “The Back Woods Folk” in Scotch dialect. Meeting closed in the usual way to meet again on the first Thursday afternoon in April.

Mr. and Mrs. George Roantree and Mr. and Mrs. Harry Johnston of Morton visited at J.E. Johnstons last week.

Miss Dehlia Freeman of Frankville is spending some time with her friends Mr. and Mrs. John E. Johnston.

Miss Beatrice Healey has returned from several days visit with her relatives Mr. and Mrd. H.Woods and family at Chantry.

Wm. J. Bolton spent Tuesday in Brockville accompanied by his nephew C. Hall of Greenbush.

John B. Harton who has been seriously ill with rheumatism for several weeks is slowly improving in health.

Joseph Astlford has been ill of heart affection but is improving.

Master Harold Toppin is still quite ill, but hopes are held for his ultimate recovery. He is much missed at school and play by his young associates. Mrs. R. Toppin is enjoying very good health after her serious illness.

Mrs. Mort Rowsome is ill, in care of Dr. A.I. Armstrong.

Much sympathy is extended to Mrs. R. Willey in the death of her mother Mrs. A.O. Tait of Spencerville, which took place at the General Hospital in Brockville last week.

New Dublin – Aug 28th, 1928

The Women’s Institute will hold the September meeting on the first Thursday afternoon of the month. It will be grandmother’s day and all members and ladies of the locality are invited to be present and enjoy a good programme followed by luncheon. The meeting will open at 2 p.m.

The party held in the Township Hall on Friday evening provided an enjoyable occasion for a large number of young people from the surrounding district.

W.H Davis has returned from the General Hospital, Brockville, and is improving in health following an operation for appendicitis.

Miss Gladys Bolton R.N., accompanied her sister Evelyn home from the Brockville General Hospital, where she underwent an operation for appendicitis. Miss Gladys returned to Toronto where she will continue to practise her profession.

The school here will re-open on Sept. 4 with Miss B. Maud of Addison again in charge.

Several from this vicinity attended the Ottawa Exhibition last week.

Miss Eva Horton and G. Fox of Syracuse, N.Y. are visiting relatives and friends here and in Brockville.

Mrs. Lewis Blanchard has been spending a few days with her parents W.H. and Mrs. Davis.

W.R. Johnston went on the Harvestors Excursion to the Canadian West last week.

Miss Edna Jones of Syracuse N.Y., visited the Misses Ethel and Shirley Rowsome over the weekend.

Mrs. R.N. Willey is spending a few days with her sister at Watertown, N.Y.

Miss Celena Menut of Binghampton, N.Y., is visiting her aunt and uncle Miss E.M. and H.R. Horton

Rev. Townsend of Westport conducted the services in the United Church here on Sunday.

Miss Shirley Rowesome visited friends in Brockville last week.

 New DublinFeb 11, 1929

The play “Mary’s Castle in the Air” put on by the Manhard Y.P.A. in the Orange Hall on Wednesday evening was much enjoyed by a large audience.

The Women’s Institute met in the municipal hall on Thursday afternoon, the president Mrs. H.A. Frood in the chair and other officers present. On account of the prevalent illness in this locality the meeting for January was not held. Much correspondence was read by the secretary and considered by the meeting. Acknowledgements of Christmas remembrances were received from several recipients and a donation of five dollars from one so remembered.

Miss Beatrice Healy and Miss Shirley Rowsome were appointed a committee to prepare for a musical contest to be held before April 20. A household Science Course is to be asked for in the early part of June. At the close of the business session an interesting programme was put on by Mrs. R.N. Willey and Miss Norine Healey. The roll-call answered by “your favourite author.”

A paper on health was read by Mrs. Willey and Miss Norine Healey took charge of a humorous play “The House of Nuts.”

Mrs. T.E. Healey told a very amusing story and Miss Norine Healey gave several vocal selections accompanied by her ukulele which were very much enjoyed and applauded. Six new books were added to the birthday library.

The March meeting will be held on the first Thursday afternoon of the month, the programme in charge of Mesdames Thos Steel and Ed. Healey.

The history of the old mill near Bellamy and of the B.J.Horton farm will be read at the meeting. Roll call will be answered by, “Your favourite poet and a quotation from him.”

The annual vestry meeting of St. John Anglican Church will be held in the Township Hall on Friday evening, Feb 15. Light supper will be served at the close of the business session.

Mrs. Hiram Woods of Chantry is visiting her twin sister, Mrs. Fred Healey this week.

W.E. Earl is seriously ill of pleurisy in charge of Dr. A.I. Armstrong of North Augusta.

Miss Beatrice Healey has returned home from Toronto where she spent several months as stenographer in an Insurance Office

The Young People’s Guild of the United Church held a driving party to the home of Mr. and Mrs. Mort Nash on Friday evening, Feb 8. It was Miss Verna Healey’s anniversary of her birthday and a social evening was spent in games and music. Light lunch was served at the close.

Earnest J. Kendrick is busy in the neighbourhood with his sawing machine.

New Dublin Jan 2, 1930

The concert presented by the Sunday School and public school on Monday night was well attended considering inclement weather. Rev. Mr. Barbour acted as chairman in his usual able manner. The songs, recitations and playetts given by the children were all well rendered.

A pageant “Christmas Everywhere” was one of the most picturesque and interesting numbers imaginable, the different nationalities being well represented by members of the community. “Indian Huntresses,” a drill, was very beautifully done, the members all being in white and silver with bows and arrows, the same huntresses sang and Indian Lullaby around the campfire.

A three act play “Sniffling Hiram” provoked peals of laughter from the audience as did also a lesser dialogue “The Fliver family”. Instrumental music was given by Miss Beatrice Healey, the accompanist of the evening and Miss Shirley Rousome and James Barrigar. The whole programme was one of unusual merit and would be worth reproducing to a larger audience. Miss Florence McBratney, the teacher, and others in the program are to be congratulated on the success of the evening’s entertainment.

Edward Webster, a pupil of St.Alban’s School of Brockville, elder son of Mr. and Mrs. J.S.Webster, stood head of his form for the Michaelmas term just ended, making 88 percent average on all subjects. Edward is 13 years of age and in a class composed of 13 boys from Kingston, Brockville, Toronto, Montreal, Gananoque and one from New Dublin.

Miss Florence McBratney is spending the holidays with her parents in Brockville.

Mr. and Mrs. Elmer F. Griebe and two children and Niel Frood of Syracuse, N.Y. spent the holidays with relatives here.

Mrs. Elizabeth Orr of Brockville is visiting Mrs. Charles Burgess for a few days.

Mr. and Mrs. R.C. Willey and daughters spent Christmas with friends at Lyn.

On Tuesday evening about thirty friends gathered at the Municipal Hall for a social evening in honour of Mr and Mts. Elmer Grube, Niel Frood and Harold McDougal who have been absent from the community for ore than two years. Games and dancing were enjoyed till midnight when lunch was served and the company dispersed having spent a very enjoyable evening.

Mott’s Mills – News from the Village 1925

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the year – 1925. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

Mott’s Mills – April 1925

Miss Violet Greenwood, a student of the Athens High School, was quietly married Tuesday morning at the Anglican church parsonage in Smiths Falls to Mr. W.C. Ferguson, a well to do farmer residing near Motts Mills. They then took the train for Ottawa and other points. On their return they will reside on the old homestead.

Lyn – News from the Village – 1912 to 1942

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the years- 1912-1942. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

 Lyn, Sep 4, 1912

Killed on Track – While walking from Brockville to his home above Lyn, between twelve and one o’clock on Thursday afternoon, Nathan Purvis, a well known farmer, met his death on te tracks of the B.W.& N.W. Railway, at a point near Lyn Junction. An engine was a special freight train from Lyn to Brockville with D. Carty on the look-out. When nearing the place described he observed on the track what seemed to be a bundle of paper. As te train had almost reached the object and too late to give the signal Carty discovered that it was a man, who was run over and terribly mutilated. The body was sufficiently intact to permit identification by the train crew.

Lyn– June 27, 1925

Lyn Women’s Institute Holds Opening Meeting- membership comprises 41 residents of the village

The first regular meeting of the Lyn branch of the Women’s Institute was held on Tuesday afternoon in the Institute rooms. The president Mrs Stuart Booth, presided. After the singing of the Institute ode the roll call was responded to by the payment of fees, at the close of which the sectary reported a paid up membership of 41. Mrs. George McNish gave a splendid paper on “The value of co-operation”. Miss Julia Stafford collected suggestions for the yearly programmes from all present. Mrs. Helen Paul gave an interesting talk on the “Origin, Growth and Objects of Women’s Institutes,” which was followed by the nominations for the standing committees for the year. Refreshments were then served from a daintily decorated tea table, presided over by Ms. John Square and Mrs. Mazie Shipman. The social half hour was much enjoyed by all. The next meeting of the Institute will take place on the third Monday in July at 7:30 p.m.

Miss Bessie Billings has gone to New York to visit Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Bryson.

Miss Catherine Neilson is spending the summer at Ivy Lea.

Mr. and Mrs. C.J. Imerson and Omar Emerson motored to Delta on Sunday to visit friends. Mrs. Imerson is staying there for a few days.

Mrs. D. Leeder and baby, of Cartage, N.Y., were guests of Mr. and Mrs. C.J. Imerson last week for the Davis-Howard wedding.

In spite of the threatening weather the social held by the Anglican Church on the rectory grounds last Friday evening was quite a success. While the crowd was not so large as usual everyone seemed t enjoy themselves. Rev. L.E. Davis, Brockville, acted as chairman and a very interesting programme was given.

Miss Jean McFadyen, Kingston, is visiting Rev. and Mrs. W.F. McCree.

Miss Mary Cumming, Toronto, is home for the holidays.

Lyn, Sep 24, 1925

Women’s Institute of Lyn Increases its Membership- Seventy-Seven now on roll of the organization

The regular September meeting of the Ly branch of the Women’s Institute was held on Monday afternoon in the Institute rooms with the president, Mrs. Stuart Booth in the hair. There was a very large attendance of the members who had as their guests the older ladies of the community. Ten new members joined, making a total of 77 on the roll. “The First Recollections” given in response to the roll call, created much amusement. The treasurer, Mrs. J. Bolin, gave a splendid report showing a good balance on hand. Miss. J. Hamilton reported on the probability of having a class in basketry during the coming month. It was decided also to hold a sale at Thanksgiving time. During the programme antiques of china, pewter, linen and trinketry, all well over a hundred years old and carrying besides much of local interest, were on display. Mrs. John Square gave again by request a paper on the “Early History of Lyn.” Two splendid papers, one in favour of “Consolidated Schools” was read by Mrs. Wilson Burnham and one on “Christian Stewardship” read by Mrs. Herb Robins were much appreciated. An interesting summary of current events for the month was given by Mrs. Walace Gardiner in the absence of Miss. J. Taylor. Of interest to all was the very realistic demonstration, given by Mrs. M. Shipman and Mrs. R. Steacy, of the processes through which flax is passed in the preparation of home made linen. A vote of choice of the delegate from this branch to the annual astern Ontario convention in Ottawa was taken and resulted in the appointment of Mrs. Helen Paul, with Mrs. Joseph Bolin as alternate. Tea was then poured at a daintily spread tea table by Mrs. John McCready and Mrs. Norman Lee. The splendid programme and happy social hour following reflect much credit on Miss Julis Stafford, who with group three ladies was responsible for the meeting. The next regular meeting will be held in the evening on the third Monday in October.

Miss Bessie B. Billings has gone to St. John, N.B. where she will teach in a select girls’ school.

Misses Gladys Latimer and Mary Brown have gone to Ottawa to attend the Normal School.

Dr. and Mrs. F.M. Judson have been spending a few days at C.M. Taylor’s cottage, Lily Bay.

Miss Margaret McNish has returned from visiting relatives in Toronto and Weston.

Dr. Lloyd Hannah, Moosejaw, Sask. Who has been ill, is here on an extended visit to his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Gerald Hannah.

Mr. and Mrs. Stuart Miller and family and father Norton Miller, of Prescott, spent the weekend with Mrs. John Stead.

Miss Taylor, who has been visiting relatives in England will spend a few days with Rev. and Mrs. W.T. McCree, on her way across Canada to her home in New Zealand.

Allan G. Cumming has returned to Boston, Mass., after having spent some weeks with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. G.C Cumming.

Mrs. James A. Davidson, who s visiting her cousin, Ms. R.F. Tennant, was taken seriously ill on Wednesday, but is reported better at this writing.

Mrs. James Sheridan, Brockville, spent the weekend with Mrs. Williamson.

Mr. and Mrs. Muirhead, Brockville, were week-end guests of Mr. and Mrs. John Square.

Miss Georgina Pergeau, Gananoque, has returned from visiting her sister Mrs. Moris Lee, in Detroit, and is spending a few days with her mother, Mrs. George Pergau. Little Miss Betty Lee accompanied her home.

Last Friday evening Rev. and Mrs. A.E. Smart entertained the members of the A.Y.P.A. at the rectory.

The annual harvest Thanksgiving festival services of the Anglican Church will be held on Sunday afternoon, September 27, at 3 o’clock.

Miss May Stafford and friends are spending this week with Mrs. William Stafford and family.

L.A. Glassford, Toledo, Ohio, is spending a holiday in the village with Mrs. Glassford and Miss Widdis.

The Misses Agnes and Estella Bulloch are closing their home here next week and will go to Montreal to spend the winter.

Lyn, Jan 25th, 1926

On Sunday evening last a delightful song service was held in the United church and was thoroughly enjoyed by the large congregation present. Six well known hymns were sung by the congregation, who seemed to enter into the spirit of them, “Onward Christian Soldiers”, “All Hail the Power of Jesus’ Name”, “I Need The every hour”, “I hear thy Welcome Voice”, “I am Thine, O Lord”, “Oh for a Thousand Tongues to Sing”’ and the closing hymn, “O Vanada”.

The choir under the efficient leadership of Stuart Booth, excelled itself. The following anthems were given in a manner that would have done credit to any city choir; “Sing, O Daughter of Zion”, “Guide Me, O Thu Grat ehovah”, and “Seek Ye the Lord”.

Miss Fern Robinson rendered a solo entitled “Hear Me Cry”, and Casper Booth gave “The Holy City”. Mrs. M. Cornell, Miss Fern Robinson and J.Bushfield contributed solos in the anthems. The accompanists were Mrs. Stuart Booth, Mill Louise Booth and Miss Margaret Booth. At the close of the service many expressions of appreciation were heard. It is the intention of the organist and choir to hold similar song service once each month during the winter. The minister, Rev. F.G. Robinson, conducted the service.

Lyn– April 11th , 1927

Miss Margaret McNish is visiting Mr. and Mrs. F.W. Moffatt and Miss Mary McNish at Weston, Ont.

Sidney G. Easton is home from Lethbridge, Alberta to spend Easter with his father E.H. Easton and his sister, Miss. W.R. Easton.

Dr. and Mrs. E.J. Bracken and the Missess Elinor, Jean and Lois Bracken motored from Gananoque on Sunday to spend the day with relatives and friends.

Mrs. R.G. Stewart spent the weekend with Mr. and Mrs. Thompson Weeks at Poole’s Resort.

James W. Cumming is home from Detroit, Mich.

Mrs. G.W. Judson will leave this week to spend Easter with friends in Ottawa.

The Misses Vera Armstrong and Helen Purvis have purchased Essex coaches from R.G. Stewart, the local automobile dealer.

Mrs. G.C. Cumming has returned from visiting relatives and friends in Toronto and Windsor.

The condition of the Rev. E. Teskey does not improve the way his many friends would wish.

Master Murray Billings will leave this week to spend Easter in Toroto with his sister, Miss Bessie Billings.

Miss Ruth MacNish, R.N., is home from New Rochelle, NY to care for her sister, Mrs. William Robinson, who still remains quite ill.

On Wednesday afternoon last a number of members of the Women’s Institute met in the Institute rooms and tendered Mrs. G.W. Judson  and Dr. and Mrs. F.M. Judson a shower of preserved fruit, pickles, etc., as well as other useful articles as they were unfortunate to lose all of such things in the fire which destroyed their home recently. Mrs. Maurice Brown read a short address to which Mrs. G.W. Judson replied very fittingly. Refreshments were served by the committee in charge.

The regular meeting of the Women’s Institute will be held on Wednesday evening April 20, with Mrs. Maurice Brown as Convenor.

Lyn– July 23rd, 1948

County Farmers to Meet Tuesday at Lyn Farm

An evening meeting for farmers will be held on the farm of H.H. McNish, Lyn, Tuesday evening, July 27th at seven o’clock in the evening, under the supervision of the Experimental Farm Ottawa. J.R. Ostler, Leeds County agricultural representative, informed The Reporter yesterday.

He starter the newer and up to date work of the Experimental Farms and Illustration Stations would be outlined and it is expected speakers from Ottawa will be present for the occasion. Mr. McNich’s farm is the illustration station for this area.

The grain varieties are now nearly ripe and ready for observation as well as other crops and experiments going on. Leeds County Crop Improvement Association is co-operating with the Experimental Farm, Ottawa, in this programme.

Lillies – News from the Village – 1927

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the years- 1927. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

 Lillies, April 16th , 1927

Albert Gardiner is a patient at the General hospital. All are hoping to see him home soon.

Morton Charlton’s auction sale was well attended on Wednesday last.

The farmers are commencing to work on the land.

Miss Florence Booth had her tonsils removed recently at the General hospital, Brockville. All are pleased to learn that she is convalescing rapidly at her home here.

David Lawson purchased a valuable horse from Charles McNish recently.

Dr. and Mrs. F.M. Judson, Lyn, paid the Vickery family a short visit one day last week.

The Misses Mabel and Lois Marshall are guests of their parents, Mr. and Mrs. J.H. Marshall.

Mr. and Mrs. H. Dunster and family, Lyn, spent a day last week at A.H. Hendry’s.

The Misses Gladys Louise, Florence and Margaret Booth are holidaying at their home here.

Mrs. H. Darling spent a day last week with her daughter, Mrs. Morton Charlston.

Lehigh’s Corners

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the years- 1925 to 1926. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

Lehigh’s Corners – Mar 2nd, 1925

Mr. Wallace Hanton arrived home last week from Belleville where he has been for some time with his uncle, Mr. Ernie Rowsome.

Mr. and Mrs. R.T.Hays entertained a number of their friends on Monday might last to a shower given in honour of Miss Lela Eaton. She was the recipient of many costly and useful presents.

Mr. Vincent Carley returned on Tuesday after spending a few days with Soperton and Oak Leaf friends.

Attending sawing bees seems the order of the day in this section, the majority of farmers having nearly finished.

Miss Leita Burns arrived home on Tuesday after spending a few days in Chantry a guest of Mr. and Mrs. R. Trotter.

Mrs. Wilson Barrington and Mrs. R. Johnson were Brockville visitors last week.

Mr. Hurbert Eaton was unfortunate enough to have two of his fingers badly cut while sawing wood at Leslie Soper’s. Dr. Throop dressed the wounds and he is improving nicely.

Mr. Burton Carley has been busy these days hauling ice from Lake Eloida to Netterfield Moore of Frankville

Miss Dorothy Male of New Boue returned home on Sunday after spending a week with Mr. and Mrs. R.T. Hays.

Mr. and Mrs. Roy Blancher of Addison, spent Wednesday with Mr. and Mrs. George Cannon.

Lehigh’s Corners, Jan 28th, 1926

A number of young people gathered at the home of Mr. and Mrs. James Burns last Tuesday evening when a very enjoyable time was spent in games, music and dancing, after which dainty refreshments were served by the hostess. The special feature of the evening was the following address of farewell to Miss Hazel Burns, who is leaving soon for Gouverneur, where she has been offered a very lucrative position. Miss Mary Conlon read the address, and Miss Irene Mott made the presentation after which Miss Burns expressed her sincere thanks to one and all.

Dear Hazel,- We, your friends, have met here to-night to spend once more a pleasant evening with you in your home before you leave us to take up your new field of work in Gouverneur. We regret to have to lose you, as you will be missed very much by your friends here. We all sincerely wish you success in your work and trust you will enjoy it very much. As a slight token of our friendship we wish you to accept this purse. Signed on behalf of your many friends. January 26th. 1926

Jellyby – News from the Village – 1924-1928

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the years- 1924 to 1928. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

Jellyby –Nov 17th, 1924

Mr. and Mrs. Clifford Johnston, Greenbush spent Sunday with Mr. and Mrs. William Rowsome.

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Freeman attended the funeral on Sunday of their uncle, John Freeman, New Dublin.

Mr. and Mrs. Gordon Kennedy, Howard, Arthur and Kenneth Clark on Sunday visited the latter’s mother Mrs. Hiram Clarke, Ottawa, who is ill.

Miss M. Alguire spent the weekend at her home in Athens.

Mrs. James Henry Berry has returned home after having spent some time with her mother, Mrs. Condy, Smiths Falls, who is ill.

Miss Delia Freeman, Frankville, is spending a few days at the home of her nephew, Charles Freeman.

 Jellyby, Feb 23rd, 1925

A large number from here attended the auction sale held at Wellington Davis’ on Thursday.

Jonas Baldwin, Merrickville, spent a few days last week visiting his daughter, Mrs. Gordon Kennedy.

Mr. and Mrs. Clifford Johnston were Sunday visitors of friends here.

Miss Keitha Gray was the guest of her friend, Miss Viola Deval, on Sunday.

Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Watts, Plum Hollow, spent Sunday as the guests of Mr. and Mrs. Roy Symington.

Master Alton Freeman spent the week-end with his grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph E. Davis,

Mr. and Mrs. James Glazier, of Brockville, visited Mr. and Mrs. John Edwards on Sunday.

Mr. and Mrs. James C. Ferguson and daughter were recent visitors at R. Cavanaugh’s.

Visitors in the home of Gordon Kennedy on Thursday last were Mr. and Mrs. M. Baker and daughter Fern, Mr. and Mrs. H Knowles and Miss Elva and J.W. Baldwin all of Merrickville.

Jellyby – Jan 25th, 1926

Howard Clarke was an Athens visitor on Monday last.

Miss Della Davis, Bellamys, spent last week visiting Mr. and Mrs. Harvey Giffin

H.Rowsome, J. Jelly and R. Davis attended the swine marketing course last week at the Canadian Packing plant, Peterborough.

Mr. and Mrs. S. Foxton spent last Saturday at Mr. and Mrs. J.E. Davis’, Bellamys.

Mrs. John Symington, Greenbush, spent Sunday at Mr. and Mrs. Roy Symington’s.

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Freeman and Miss Delia Freeman spent Sunday as the guests of Mr. and Mrs. J.E. Davis, Bellamys.

Mr. and Mrs. Frank Sunderland spent Saturday with the former’s mother, Mrs. John Edwards.

Mrs. J.H. Davis is on the sick list. Her friends are hoping for a speedy recovery.

Mrs. A.J. Smith was a Brockville visitor on Saturday.

Miss Lyla Moore is suffering from a severe cold.

 Jellyby, Feb 21st ,1928

Mr. and Mrs. Harry Johnston, Mr. and Mrs. George Rowntree, Morton, and Mr. and Mrs.J.E.Johnston, New Dublin, and Miss Delia Freeman, Frankville, were guests on Friday of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Freeman.

Hiram Clark, Campbell’s Bay, is spending a couple of days with his sons here.

Miss T. Hinton was a recent guest of Mr. and Mrs. C. Freeman.

Miss Marion Clark, Greenbush, spent the week-end at the home of her brother, Arthur Clarke.

Mr. and Mrs. Carles Freeman and son Alton, spent Sunday with Mr. and Mrs. J.E. Bellamy’s.

Mrs. Harvy Knowles and little daughter, Elva, spent a couple of days last week with relatives in Merrickville.

Mr. and Mrs. Brock Moore spent Sunday with Mr. and Mrs. George Riley, Yule.

Jasper – News from the Village – 1926

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the years- 1926. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

Jasper. April 12, 1926

School re-opened o Monday.

Mrs. Carroll Livingston and daughter Doreen, of Frankville, were guests last week of Mrs. O. Burridge.

Mrs. Mort Davis, Smiths Falls, was the guest of Mrs. Walter Hanton on Friday last.

Mr. and Mrs. Howard Moore and children visited in Kemptville last week.

Miss Pearl Campton spent Sunday with friends in Smiths Falls.

C.A. Pryce is able to be out again having recovered from a bad cold.

Mrs. Harry Bates has returned home from Smiths Falls

Greenbush – News from the Village – 1902-1930

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the years- 1902 to 1930. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

Greenbush, Sep 10, 1902

The Ladies Aide of Greenbush Church are holding a harvest social on Friday evening next in aid of the church.


Greenbush– June 29, 1925

Robert Wallace and family spent Sunday with friends in Brockville.

Miss Ada Davis is having a public school picnic today before her departure for her home in Kinburn to spend the summer vacation.

The frequent rains are preventing the proper cultivation of the corn crop. The grain and hay crop are looking well.

Mr. and Mrs. Robert Forsythe were visitors at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Wilfrid Locke, Brinston’s Corers on Tuesday of last week, and on Monday at E.J. Suffel’s, Delta.

Mrs. George Burke of Brockville, visited her brother, Henry Paterson last week.

Dr. Arthur Tinkless of Watertown, N.Y., called on his brother and aged mother, Mrs. Margaret Loverin, on Saturday last.

Miss Muriel Earl, of Lyndhurst, is visiting her grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. J. Hewitt.

 Greenbush, Dec 5, 1927

The United Church here is holding Missionary Anniversary services on Sunday and Monday Dec. 11th and 12th. Rev. R.B. Ammond, a Missionary in China for more than a score of years will speak at Addison at 11am and at Greenbush Church on Monday evening the subject being “The present Crisis in China”. Offerings for Missions will be taken at all the services.

Members of the Greenbush SS. Are busy preparing for the annual S.S. Concert to be held in the church on the evening of the 23rd.

Miss Mabel Smith of Ottawa, who has been spending some time here following an operation, returned on Saturday to resume her duties as teacher.

Mr. and Mrs. Lewis K. Blanchard and family who spent summer at Franktown returned to their home here to spent the Winter. Shortly after their return the oldest son, Harold was taken ill of Typhoid fever and is still critically ill.

Mr. and Mrs. B.W. Loverin visited at Maynard last week and while there Mr. Loverin accompanied Mr. Percy Fretwell and Mrd. Obt. Seeley and attended the Royal Winter Fair.

Mr. A. Root left last week on a trip to Los Angles, Cal. Where he intends to spend the winter with his son Wilson E. Root.

The Greenbush Mission Circle held its annual meeting at the home of Miss Reba Olds, on Saturday Dec. 3rd where the following officers were elected:

President- Nina Wallace; Vice President- Florence Connel; Rec. Sec.- Kathleen Little; Cor. Sec.- Bella Twa; Treasurer- Maxine Loverin; Organist- Reba Olds. After the meeting the hostess served light refreshments.

Mrs. E. Kendrick of New Dublin is a guest at the home of her brother Mr. Fred Olds.

Mr. Kenneth Hall has gone to Detroit.

Miss Viola Duval spent Sunday at her home here.

Greenbush, March 1st , 1928

Mr. George Evans is still very critically ill at his home here. His daughter, Mrs. Gertie Ducoln of Alexandria Bay, NY is in constant attendance at his bedside.

The Greenbush Mission Circle held a social evening on the 24 inst. At the home of Miss Florence Connell, having their parents, the members of the Tuxis square and their parents as guests. An interesting programme of games, contests and music was carried out, followed by refreshments. A vote of thanks was tendered Mr. and Mrs. Connel for the use of their comfortable home thus enabling the young people to have such an enjoyable time.

Miss Florence Dunlop of Ottawa was a recent visitor at the home of Mr. and Mrs. A.E. Gifford, while here she favoured the Ladies Aid by giving one of her lectures entitled “Our Sister Dominions” which was listened to with much pleasure and profit by all present. During the evening Miss Marjorie Wallace gave a pleasing recitation and Mrs. Lloyd Brown rendered a comic reading in good style. Mrs. Williams of Addison gave two pleasing solos and the male choir gave a splendid selection. Rev. Jas. Leach very ably filled the chair.

Miss Evelyn Kilborn is in Ottawa a nurse in training at the Civic Hospital.

Several from here took in the hockey match in Brockville last night.

Mr. and Mrs. Anthony Suzerini of New York are guests at the home of the latter’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. Gordon Brayton.

The many friends of Mrs. Geo. Taplin regret to hear of her serious illness. Miss Merkley of Williamsburg is the nurse in attendance.

The box social held in the school house on Friday evening last under the auspices of the Ladies Aid was well attended and added over fifty dollars to the Treasury of that society. A good programme was given by local talent assisted by Mr. Jas. Watson of Eaton, Sask who is visiting here who rendered two solos in good style, At the close of the programme the boxes which were creations of art as well as receptacles of good things were auctioned by B.W. Lovern. Rev. Jas. Leach occupied the chair.

Greenbush –  July 11, 1928

Farmers have begun their haying and report a fair crop.

Mr. and Mrs. Dan Fenlong of Evans’ Mills, N.Y., were recent visitors at Dormon Fenlong’s.

Mrs. B.W. Loverin spent the weekend at Newington, the guest of her son Arnold and his family.

Margery Wallace and Gordon Little were successful in recent entrance examinations. Congratulations

Miss Bessie White underwent a serious operation in the Brockville General Hospital on Thursday last. Her sister Wilma is with her as special nurse.

Mr. and Mrs. E. Smith spent several days in Ottawa last week, the guests of her daughter, Muriel, when a farewell dinner was given by Mrs. Earl Scrivens in Honour of Sergeant-Major Harold Kerr and Mrs. Kerr on the occasion of their departure for Mayo in the Yukon Territory where Sgt.-Major Kerr will have charge of the Government Radio Station. Mrs. Kerr was formerly Miss Eileen Weaver R.N., of New York City. Mr. and Mrs. Kerr will visit relatives at Winnipeg and Vancouver en route for the North West.

Greenbush – Aug 21, 1928

Miss Mabel Smith of Ottawa, who is spending her holidays with relatives, has gone to New York City to visit her brother Dr. M.T. Smith.

Mr. and Mrs. W.T. Robinson of Rochester are here on a motor trip; they are accompanied by their friends Mr. and Mrs. J. Waldron and their son.

Mr. Joseph Peterson is visiting his daughter Mrs. A. Blanchard.

Mrs. Maurice Shaver of Ottawa was a recent visitor in the home of her sister, Mrs. E.N. Smith.

Mr. Herbert Olds with his daughter and grandson of Eric, Penn., are spending a couple of weeks with his father Mr. Morton Olds.

Mr. and Mrs. W.H. Tackaberry and Mr. and Mrs. John Deval and Miss Gretta motored to Dunrobin to visit friends recently.

Mrs. D. Fenlong arrived home last week from Merrickville where she had been visiting her daughter, Mrs. P. Morrow.

Mr. and Mrs. B.W. Lovern spent the weekend with friends at Elgin.

Mr. Bert Forsythe of Ottawa was a recent visitor in our village.

Mr. and Mrs. Edward wain of Moose Jaw, Sask., who are spending the summer with relatives at Morrisburg, called on friends here last week. Mrs. Swain was formerly Miss Lucy Loverin.

Greenbush – August 29th, 1928

Miss Evelyn Kilborn went to Ottawa on Tuesday to resume her training in the Civic Hospital which has been interrupted by illness.

Rev. Townsend, Westport, occupied the pulpit of the United Church here on Sunday last and gave an inspiring sermon on the subject. “The Evil Eye”.

Mr. Harry Sterling of Oshawa is spending his holidays with his Uncle and Aunt, Mr. and Mrs. Jas. Miller.

Miss Opal McVeigh, nurse in training at the Kingston General Hospital with a party of friends motored here on Sunday to visit her parents.

Mrs. And Mr. E. Smith and Miss Marguerite Kerr spent a few days in Ottawa last week and on their return were accompanied by Miss Muriel Kerr.

Miss Jessie Loverin spend last week with her friend, Mrs. Frank Frood at Dunrobin and also attended the Ottawa Fair.

Mrs. Hamilton Maird of North Collins, N.Y., with her children and grandchildren to the number of eleven persons are camping on Mr. Geo. Langdon’s lawn. While on their motor trip they intend to visit other places of interest.

The mission circle girls conducted a pleasant social evening on Mr. Jas. Gibson’s lawn on Saturday, Aug. 25th. Weiner’s, ice cream, cake and coffee were served to those wishing them and an impromptu programme was given. Among those taking part were Mrs. Ena Lawton and Mr. Claire Baird of North Collins, N.Y., and Mr. Robert Gregg, of Greenbush. Mrs. M. Moore and Mrs. E. Gifford were the accompanists for the evening. The Ladies Aid is holding a social evening at the same place on the evening of Sat., Sept. 1st.

Miss Mabel Smith returned to-day from New York where she has been visiting her brother, Dr. M.G. Smith and other relatives.

Greenbush – January 7th, 1929

Many of our citizens have suffered and are still suffering from the ravages of la grippe.

Miss Evelyn Kilborn started her duties as teacher at Toledo on Thursday last but her school has been ordered closed on account of sickness.

Mrs. Morris Loverin is in Kingston with her mother, Mrs. George Olds, who is very ill.

During the holidays Miss Mabel Smith visited her sister, Ms. Geo. Edwards in London.

Many family reunions were held on Christmas day. At Mr. Leonard Kendrick’s in addition to his own family were |Mr. and Mrs. E. Smith; Miss Marguerite Kerr; Mr. and Mrs. E.A. Gifford and family; Miss S.A. Smith; Mr. and Mrs. W.H White and son Archer; Mrs. S. Pritchard and Dr. Clare Pritchard of Athens; the Misses Muriel Kerr, Mabel Smith and Bessie White of Ottawa; Mr. Leslie Kerr of Baltimore, Maryland; Miss Wilma White, R.N., Mr. and Mrs. Charles Pritchard and Dr. M.T. and Mrs. Smith and son Edward of New York City.

The guests at B.W. Loverin’s at the family reunion were Arnold Loverin and family of Newington; Mr. and Mrs. Percy Fretwell and children and Mr. John Harrison of Prescott; Mr. and Mrs. Lyman Judson, Mrs. Bertha Judson and Mrs. Avis Daniels of Athens; Mr. and Mrs. John M. Percival and Miss Melba and Mr. Carl Percival of Addison.

On New Year’s Day there was a gathering of the Johnston family at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Kerr when all the members of the family from far and near were present except Mrs. David Johnston and her son Gerald, who were detained in Smiths Falls through illness.

Greenbush – Jan 28th, 1929

Mr. J. Hewitt had the misfortune to have his horse which he had driven to Brockville one day last week take sick, so he had to leave it there in the care of a veterinary who reports that it is improving.

Mrs. D. Fenlong, in company with her son Roy visited at the home of her daughter at Merrickville over the week-end.

The Mission Circle met on Saturday, the 21st inst. At the home of Mrs. B.W. Loverin where an interesting program was given by all the members, at the close of which all took part in a contest provided by Reba Olds. The hostess served refreshments.

The Annual congregational meeting of the Greenbush United Church was held in the church hall on the evening of Thursday Jan 24th with a good representation of different families present. The officers and teachers for Sunday School were elected, the Ladie’s [sic] Aid reorganized and a new finance board appointed. Plans were made to meet any deficiency in balancing the books for 1928. At the close refreshments were served.

Mr. Gordon Moore of Francis, Sask. Is visiting his brother Morton and other relatives and friends.

Mr. and Mrs. Ford Earl of Lyndhurst were visitors at the home of Mr. and Mrs. J. Hewitt on Thursday of last week.

Greenbush, Aug 18, 1930

Miss Alice Hudson of Glen Elbe is visiting her cousin Pearl Hall

Many residents here was the big dirigible R-100 both on its western trip Sunday night and going east on Monday afternoon.

After a weeks holiday spent with relatives here and at Charleston Lake, Dr. Morley Smith left yesterday for his hoe in New York accompanied by Mrs.Smith.

Miss Muriel Kerr of Ottawa is visiting relatives here.

Miss Sadie Twa, R.N., who has been engaged as special nurse on a case in Brockville spent Sunday at home.

Miss Wilma White, R.N., of New York City, who has been touring Europe, arrived home on Tuesday last and is spending some time in the parental home. While in Bavaria, she visited Aberammergan, the scene of the famous Passion Play, staged by the people of that town, and has consented to give a talk on this and other incidents of her trip for the benefit of the Woman’s Missionary Society at their meeting in the church on the afternoon of Wednesday, the 20th inst.

Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Campbell and two children of Montreal, were guests of Mr. and Mrs. W.H. White on the 10th inst, and Mr. and Mrs. Doughty with their son and daughter of Toronto were there on the 17th inst.

Miss Irma Olds, R.N., of Erie, Penn., who is spending her vacation here, is spending a few days with relatives in Brockville.

The Greenbush congregation will hold their 97th anniversary of the building of the church on the second Sunday of October, when Rev. Mr.Semple, of Smith’s Falls, will preach at the morning service and also give an address in the church Monday evening. The evening service on Sunday will be in charge of the Rev. M.I. Robinson of Athens.

The funeral of the late George D. Langdon was held at the home of his son Louis, on Monday last and was largely attended. The pastor, Rev. R. Barbour officiated. Among those from a distance aere Mr and Mrs W. Clow and Andrew Clow of Alexandria Bay, NY; Mr and Mrs George Clow, and Mr and Mrs Blake Dickey and family of Yonge’s Mills; Mr and Mrs James Eligh, Mrs Annie Eligh, Mrs Elton Eligh and Mr and Mrs Ogle of Sherwood Springs; Mr and Mrs Charles Buell and son Harry and Euret Clow of Brockville; Mr and Mrs W. White and son Visitor of Caintown; Mr and Mrs Lorne Brown of Glen Buell; Mr and Mrs W. Clow, Tincap; Mrs H. Willows, Seeley’s; and Mrs Gordon McLean, Athens. Interment was made in Glen Elbe cemetery.

The service in the United Church on the 17th inst. Was in charge of the pastor Rev. R. Barbour, with Rev. Mr. Gray, a home missionary from western Canada and a native of Edinburgh, Scotland, as a special speaker. He reminded us of our very large responsibility to the home mission work as no country in the world has so large a home missionary territory. A pleasing duet was given by Mrs. E. Smith and Mrs. C. Hall.

Last week Mr and Mrs .H.Tackaberry accompanied by Mr and Mrs Geo. Taplin of Addison motored to Gore’s Landing to visit the Rev. James Leach and family.

Mr and Mrs Williard Fretwell of Prescott accompanied by Mr and Mrs Percy Fretwell of Maynard spent last Friday with friends here and at Charleston Lake.

Glossville- News from the Village – 1905

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the year 1905. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

 Glossville, Dec 6, 1905

Mr. Willie Good spent Sunday at Maitland.

Miss Maggie Johnston is home after spending a coupe of months in Brockville

Mr. and Mrs. Wilson of Kemptville spent last Sunday the guests of Mr. and Mrs. James Love.

Miss Hazel Breakell spent Sunday with her parents at Brockville.

Miss Edith Church spent Sunday here.

Miss Keitha Brown of Athens spent a week with Miss Eva Brown.

Glen Buell – News from the Village 1905-1930

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the years- 1905 to 1930. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

 Glen Buell, Nov 27, 1905

Albert Hayes is erecting a new barn for Mr. Richard White and will soon have it completed.

Miss Ella Davis was the guest of friends in Smith’s Falls for a few days.

Miss Elsie Betz has returned home from a visit with friends in Uncle Sam’s domain.

Mr and Mrs John Andersen is having an addition built to his house.

Mr. and Mrs. Johnie Stewart were calling on friends in the Glen one day last week.

A number from around here attended the party at Mr. John Grey’s. All reported a good time.

Mr. Nath Stewart had the misfortune to lose a valuable young horse last week.

 Glen Buell – Sept 26th, 1925

Under the auspices of the Anglican church at Addison, a surprise party was held at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Burton Baxter Thursday evening in the honour of Mr. and Mrs. William Baxter. A hand-some oak writing-desk was presented to the young couple after which refreshments were served. Dancing was indulged in, until a late hour.

On Friday evening a shower was held at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Watson Percival in honour of Mr, and Mrs. Alan Stewart. The young couple were recipients of many handsome and useful articles.

Miss Kathleen  Forth, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William Forth, left on Saturday for Ottawa where she will attend the normal school.

Miss Naomi Baxter left Sunday for Ottawa to attend the Normal school.

Miss Nellie Newton left on Sunday for California after having spent the summer visiting her brothers, Arthur and Ernest Reynolds.

E.M. Westlake and son Byron left for Toronto on Wednesday where the latter is to enter the University as a student in the faculty of Arts.

Mr. and Mrs. .Horsefield, Frankville, were the guests of the latter’s parents Mr. and Mrs. Lorne Brown.

Master Roy Armstrong, who has been spending the summer with his aunt, Mrs. Joseph Anderson, returned to Niagara Falls on Saturday.

Mrs. Leach and daughter, Smiths Falls, were the guests of the former’s mother, Mrs. Brock Davis, last Sunday.

 Glen Buell April 6, 1926

Byron Westlake left this afternoon to resume his studies at Victoria University, Toronto, after having sent the holiday with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. E.M. Westlake.

The many friends of Mrs. Burton Baxter are sorry to know that she is very ill and all hope for a speedy recovery.

Miss N. Baxter, of the Normal School, Ottawa, is spending her Easter vacation with her parents.

Miss Kathleen Forth, of the Ottawa Normal School, is spending her holiday with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Forth.

Rev Dr. F.W.A. Meyer of Brockville ably filled the pulpit on Easter Sunday owing to the serious illness of the pastor, Rev.F.G. Robinson.

The many friends of Mrs. Lorne Brown are pleased to know that she is improving after her recent illness.

Miss Gertrude Forth is home from Toronto to spend her holidays with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. D.J. Forth.

 Glen Buell Farmer Loses House and Barn, Oct 23, 1930

About six o’clock this Thursday afternoon fire was discovered up stairs in the home of Mr. Burton Baxter, Glen Buell, caused from the chimney.

Help was summoned but by the time neighbours arrived the garage, barn and stable were all ablaze.

The cattle and horses were saved, but the contents of the house, the machinery and this season’s crop were all destroyed.

Mr. Baxter’s farm is 7 miles east of Athens, just south of the Athens-Brockville highway.

A year ago on another farm owned by Mr. Baxter, his barn and season’s crop were destroyed.

It was not learned whether or not any insurance was carried.

Frankville – News from the Village 1925-1930

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the years- 1925 to 1930. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

 Frankville- Feb 26, 1925

Kitley Mourns the Loss of William Henry Montgomery. Was a  School Teacher after leaving Athens High School

The death occurred at Frankville, on Tuesday, February 24, of a highly respected and widely known citizen in the person of William Henry Montgomery. The deceased had been strickened with paralysis only a few days before and had failed to show any improvement during the time up to his death. On Tuesday morning about 3:30 the end came. The whole community and surrounding country were in mourning. The one who had passed way was the great helper and advisor of the community. He was a man slow to criticize, of weighty judgment and of a charitable nature and the district has lost one of its greatest intellects. The deceased was much interested in public and political life. Being a staunch Conservative, he took and active part in politics.

The latter part of Mr. Montgomery’s life was spent at Frankville, where he was born in 1856, the son of the late Joseph Montgomery. He attended the Farmersville (Athens) High School and after graduating from that institution taught school in several parts of the district. Then he accepted a position as Customs Officer at Brockville, and spent some years in the service of the government. He returned to the home of his boyhood to spend the remainder of his life in the service of the people with whom he began his days.

The funeral left the home at 1 p.m. on Thursday and the service was conducted by the Rev. T.F. Townshend of the Toledo Union Church and internment made in the cemetery there.

Some years ago the only daughter, Mrs. W.J. Plunkett, Perth, Ont., passed away. A sorrowing wife, one grandson, E. Cleon Plunkett, and family, Ottawa; four brothers, J.W. Montgomery, Frankville; Stewart Montgomery, Frankville; Rev. Edgar Montgomery, Tauton, Mass; Herman Montgomery, Almonte and one sister, Mrs. H. Pierce, Smiths Falls remain to morn the great loss.

The pallbearers were the cousins of the deceased, Manford Montgomery. James Robb, George Robb, Edgar Robb, I.E. Lockwood and Morty E. Montgomery.

Among the floral offerings were sprays from Mr. and Mrs. H.A. Stewart, Brockville; Dr. W.H. Bourns and Mrs. Edgers, Frankville; and Dr. H.A. Clark, MPP, Brockville.

Much sympathy is extended to the bereaved wife and sorrowing friends.


Frankville, Feb 25, 1925

A miscellaneous shower was held last Monday evening at Mr. and Mrs. Richard Hayes’ for Miss Leala Eaton, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Clark Eaton. A large number of people were present and a wonderful collection of gifts testified to the esteem in which the bride is held by her many friends.

Mrs. T.F. Townsend entertained the Ladies’ Aid on Thursday last. A very enjoyable time was spent by all.

Miss Leala Eaton and Roy Carr were married at the Methodist parsonage on Tuesday by the Rev. T.F. Townsend. They were both of Frankville and will reside in Kemptville where Mr. Carr has a good position.

Rev. T.F. Townsend entertained a number of young married people on Tuesday night at the parsonage. Although the roads were in bad condition, a good crowd was there and an enjoyable time was spent.


Frankville, April 9, 1925

A golden wedding – Mr. and Mrs. Eber Yates

The pleasant and commodious home of Mr. and Mrs. Eber Yates was the scene of a happy gathering on Monday, April 6, when friends and relatives assembled to celebrate the 50th anniversary of their wedding.

The rooms were tastefully decorated with streamers and festoons in color of old gold; cut flowers added their incomparable charm to the setting and emblems (variously located) of “United Hearts”, all these in combination very clearly indicated the meaning of the event.

On being ushered into the spacious dining room the guests found awaiting them a magnificent spread, replete with all that could be desired of “Things good to eat and drink.”

Grouped on the lawn in front of the residence, a number of photo negatives were secured, first of the entire assembly, and again of smaller groups.

It had been understood that there were to be no presents, but this was disregarded and Mr. and Mrs. Yates were the recipients of a number of fine souvenirs in gold, properly marked and engraved for the occasion.

Time passed rapidly in pleasant converse and reminiscent exchange, following which a reading appropriate to the occasion was given by the elder daughter, Mrs. Wm. G. Towriss, of Athens, and a number of the old time melodies and favourites were rendered with Mrs. Claude Marshall, of Toledo, the younger daughter, as the accompanist, and the event was brought to a close by singing that old favourite “The Way of the Cross Leads Home”.

The departing guests wished bon voyage to Mr. and Mrs. Yates for the remaining portion of the journey of life.

 Frankville – July 1, 1925

Mr. and Mrs. Steward Montgomery are taking a trip to Winnipeg to visit their daughter, Mrs. Martin for a few months.

Quite a number of Frankville people attended the funeral of George Booth at Addison on Tuesday last.

A number of people went to Brockville to attend the funeral of Delbert A. Cummings who was so well known in this vicinity.

Mrs. P. Jones has returned home from Smiths Falls where she was visiting friends and relatives for a few days.

Dr W. Bourns is very ill again. His brother James has arrived from ‘Appelle to visit him.

Mrs. Albert Hanton and Mrs. John Lockes are in New York visiting Mr. and Ms. James Lockes and other relatives.

The Methodist social held on June 29th was a complete success, every person present seemed to enjoy it.

D.D. Leverette, wife and daughter, were Sunday visitors of his mother Mrs. G.M. Leverette.

Mr. and Mrs. L. Neddo and I.B. Leverette, Brockville were visitors of W. Perival on Sunday last.

Mathew Hanton is able to be out again after his recent illness.

 Frankville, April 10, 1926

Rev Mr. Douglas conducted Lenten services in St. Thomas’ church last week.

Arnold Smith returned this week to his cheese factory in Navan, Que.

On Easter Sunday Mr. and Mrs. W. G. Richards entertained their daughters and husbands, viz., Mr and Mrs. M. Barber, Plum Hollow; Mr. and Mrs. Harry Dunham, Toledo, also Mr. Dunham’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. Ham. Dunham.

G.W. Steen spent Easter with his sister, Mr. and Mrs. J Mitchell.

Miss Freeman has returned to her home after spending the winter with friends.

Mrs. Morrison returned to Brockville after spend a week with her brother, Mr. H. Hanton, who is very ill.

Miss Bouck, teacher, is spending holidays at her home at Osgoode Station.

Last Wednesday Mrs. W. Brown entertained the village teen age girls to their annual treat of warm sugar.

M.W.S. met Tuesday p.m. at the home of Mrs. W. Bryan. Mrs. (Rev.) Townsend, president, was not able to be present. Mrs. W.G. Richards was elected president of the Hildred Mission Band, Mrs. N. Moore having resigned owing to pressing duties.

Mr. Goff of Syracuse came over to accompany his aunt, Mrs. Kate Edgers, to his home for a time.

Mr. and Mrs. Edwards and family of Tincap, have moved into oart of the house with Mr. H. Sands.

A specially arranged programme by the choir and a decidedly pleasing sonata entitled “Pilgrims’ Vision”, followed by an unusually impressive sermon by Rev. Mr. Townsend, concluded the Eater services last Sunday evening in the United church.

Mr. Luke Morris is sick with the flu.

 Frankville– March 14th, 1927

 Frankville Family Remembered on Removal to Athens

A very pleasant time was spent last Saturday evening when about forty members of St. Thomas Church, Frankville, gathered at the home of Mrs. L.G. Eaton to tender a farewell to Mr. and Mrs. William Hewitt and to express their good will and regret at their removal to Athens.

The evening was very pleasantly spent by those present in games and music and the following address read by Mr. Richard \Hayes.

To Mr. and Mrs. William Hewitt.

Dear Friends:

We, the members of the Anglican Church, Frankville, wish to express our feelings and sincere regret at your departure from this community by accepting these small tokens of remembrance and coupled with this our fervent hope that you may be spared many years to enjoy health, prosperity and continued friendship in your new home ever remembering your friends of this place.

Signed on behalf of the Wardens and members of the church. R.T. Hayes and V.E. Carley

At the proper time Vincent Carley presented Ms. Hewitt with and umbrellas and Mr. Hewitt with a cane.

Mr. Hewitt on behalf of Mrs. Hewitt and himself expressed their regret at leaving Frankville and sincerely thanked them for their expressions of good will and tokens assuring them they would often remind them of their good friends in this community. This response was followed by “For they are Jolly Good Fellows”.

The ladies then proceeded to the kitchen and a dainty lunch was served which all enjoyed immensely.

 Frankville, March 11th, 1927

It is with deep sympathy that we have to report the death of another of resident of this place in the person of Mrs. Percival, widow of George Percival, by whom she was predeceased 29 years ago. She who passed away on Tuesday, March 8th at the advanced age of 84 years and ten months.

Deceased, before her marriage, was Miss Mary Louisa Leverette, daughter of the late William Leverette and Elizabeth Woods, among the early residents of this section. The late Mrs. Percival was the possessor of many kindly and loveable attributes and had many friends who will mourn her demise. She was also widely known and highly esteemed through out the entire community.

Those who are left to mourn her loss are one daughter and one son, Mrs. Louis Neddo, of Brockville, and William L. Percival of this place. Also surviving are two brothers, Charles W. Leverette of Frankville and J.B. Leverette of Brockville. Deceased was a member of the Frankville United church of Canada.

The funeral service was held at her late residence on Thursday at 2 o’clock by her pastor, Rev. Mr. Grdiner, who spoke from the 61st chapter of Isaiah, 2nd verse, after which the remains were laid to rest in the family plot at Lehigh cemetery. The pallbearers were George, Glen, Harold and Dalton Leverette all nephews of the deceased.

 Frankville, Oct 23, 1930

W.D. Livingston, Frankville carried bullet for 51 years.

To have a bullet extracted from his body where it remained for a period of 51 years, was the very unusual experience which befell W.D. Livingston of Frankville, on Monday of last week.

When a young man, Mr. Livingston accidentally shot himself in the left ankle with a .22 calibre revolver, while near Council Bluffs, Iowa. The bullet was not recovered and the wound healed with such success that no pain was caused and no discomfort resulted until a couple of weeks ago when the sole of his foot became sore.

Deciding to have the soreness investigated, Mr. Livingston consulted Dr. W. Earl Throop, Frankville. A small lump was discovered on the sole of the foot and when the lump was opened the bullet was found. A couple of stitches were required to close the wound and the patient suffered no ill effects.

The bullet was in a remarkable state of preservation. It was scraped along one side, possibly from contact with the ankle bone.

Mr. Livingston is 73 years of age, has been a farmer all his life and is enjoying good health.

Fairfield East – News from the Village – 1925

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for 1925. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

Fairfield East, Feb 25th, 1925

The auction sale of Claude Laforty was well attended and many from Brockville were there. The stock and implements brought extra good prices in spite of the sale being held over a day on account of the rains.

On Tuesday night the neighbours were entertained by Mr. and Mrs. C. Laforty, the evening being spent in games, music and dancing. The neighbours reported a splendid time and were grateful to their host and hostess for the entertainment. Miss Dora Barton, pianist, and Mr. Rowsome, violinist, furnished the music.

W.H. Irwin and Mrs. Richard Preston of Soperton are guests of Mr. and Mrs. C. Laforty.

F.W. Moulds, Brockville, spent Monday and Tuesday as the guests of H.E. Pyke

C.Moulds made a business trip to Brockville on Wednesday.

George N. Young, Brockville spent Monday with his brother in law, Ed Johns.

W.C. Dowsley, I.P.S. Brockville spent Wednesday morning at the local school.

Mrs. Peter Pyke is ill with a cold.

James Davis, Brockville, spent a day in the neighbourhood.

Addison – News from the Village 1902 to 1927

The Athens Reporter- excerpts have been taken from this newspaper for the years- 1902 to 1927. The original newspapers are in the archives of the Heritage House Museum, Athens, Ontario

 Addison, Sep 10 1902

Messrs. Frank and Fremont Blanchard are attending the Toronto Exhibition this week.

Mr. James Nevens of Easton’s Corners was a guest in our village for a few days last week.

Mr. John Wiltse has left to take a circuit with the Holiness Movement church at Avonmore, Ontario

Several of our local sports attended the fair at North Augusta on Friday last and reported a good time.

Mr. Charles Kincaid and lady, of Plum Hollow, passed through here last week en route to visit the Toronto Fair.

Mr. George Charlton of Mt. Pleasant has purchased the celebrated “Gray Eagle” from Mr. Herb Wiltse and is ready for the boys now.

The Rev. Mr. Lawson delivered the first Referendum sermon on Sabbath evening last. He is going into the campaign in full earnest and will not cease till the 4th of December next.

Mr.James Wiltse of Silver Brook is building a grand silo, which, when finished, will be second to none in this section. We wish there were more of such enterprising farmers as Mr. Wiltse in these parts.

Mr. Brown has been on the sick list for some weeks but was able to attend the North Augusta Fair on Friday last bringing home with him a very fancy driver. Any one wanting to deal should give him a call.

AddisonDec 6 1905

An open fall has enabled the farmers to do a lot of plowing

Mr. Henry Muscle has moved into the brick house formerly occupied by Mrs. L.Godkin, who has moved into Brockville.

Mr. R. Barber of Montreal is visiting his mother, Mrs. C. Barber of this place.

Prof. W.T. Lewis has been retained at the hospital at Brockville for some time past, though nervous prostration.

Mr. A.A. Davis of Brockville passed through this place one day last week.

It seems almost strange that anyone should take upon himself the responsibility of prophesying as to the mildness or severity of the coming winter, since so many, a year ago, foretold a mild winter, founding their statements upon the fact that the muskrats had not built and houses etc. One of the most correct proofs of a severe winter is seen in the ears of corn having an ample covering of husks, which was the case this season. Nevertheless, as there are exceptions to all rules, we hope this is one, although it would seem that the elements have combined to frustrate the most sanguine sage regarding this matter.

 Addison – Nov 20th, 1924

Miss Maud Alguire was a weekend visitor at the home of Whilma and Helen Sturgeon.

Miss Opal McVeigh returned to her home here after a pleasant visit with friends in New Dublin.

Albert Drummond, Chantry, was a guest last week at the home of J. Patamore.

Mr. and Mrs. R. Hill and Mr. and Mrs. H. Watts attended the funeral of Mrs. Hill’s uncle, John Freeman at New Dublin on Sunday afternoon.

Mrs. Arnold Loverin and Children, who have been spending a few weeks with relatives ere, have returned to their home in Finch.

Mrs. Omer Kilborn and infant son came to their home on Tuesday.

The November meeting of the Women’s Institute will be held in the Methodist hall, Addison on Wednesday November 26, Mrs. J.M. Percival will give and address on the preparation and serving of a Christmas dinner. Mrs. Delman Kilborn will tell of the Sins and Blessings of Christmas Giving.” Every member is asked to take part in the exhibition of useful and inexpensive Christmas gifts. The community is again reminded that the Institute library is at their disposal and books may be taken or returned every Saturday evening.

Rev W.F. Crawford, of the British and Foreign Bible Society, gave his illustrated lecture in the Methodist church, Greenbush, on Wednesday evening. A fairly good audience was present, and the lantern slides gave a splendid description of life in Turkey.

Addison – Feb 25, 1925

The Addison Women’s Institute will hold an open meeting in the church hall, Addison on the evening of Friday, Feb 27th at which E.F. Neff, of Athens, will show moving pictures and give an address on some subject of interest to agriculturalists. There will also be an oratorical contest for the boys and girls of the public schools of the community served by the Institute.  Good music is being provided and everybody is cordially invited to present.

Dwight Brayton, of Syracuse, N.Y., is spending a few days with his parents Mr. and Mts. G Brayton.

Rev. H.E. Warren, Athens gave a sermon on temperance in the Methodist church here on Sunday morning.

Miss Mary Bowen, Glen Tay, is at present the guest of her sister, Evelyn, at the Methodist parsonage.

Mrs. George Taplin returned home from Brockville on Saturday accompanied by her sister, Mrs. Meltz.

 Addison April 2, 1925

Mrs. R. Kelley spent a week in Delta, a guest at the home of her son Dr. J.M. Kelley.

Mrs. T. Brown spent a couple of days last week with friends in Brockville,

Miss Helen Male, Garretton spent the weekend at her home here.

Mr. and Mrs. F. Blanchard and R. Kelley attended the funeral of Mr. Topping in Athens last Thursday.

Miss Mary Wiltsie left on Saturday for Ogdensburg, where she has obtained a position.

Mr. and Mrs. Arnold Loverin and children after spending a week with friends here, returned to their home in Finch on Tuesday.

Mrs. Earle of Brockville, spent the week-end at the home of Mrs. George Booth and is at present a guest at the home of Mrs. I. Best.

Mrs. Herb Watts was a recent visitor at the home of her daughter, Mrs. E. Mott, Redan.

Rev. D.D. Elliott attended the district meeting in Lansdowne on Tuesday.

Ernie Millar, who spent the past few weeks with friends here, left last week for Oshawa to visit before returning to his home in Davidson, Sask.

George Millar made a business trip last week to Kingston and Toronto.

The Addison and Greenbush W.M.S. met at the home of Mrs. E. Davis, Greenbush, on Wednesday afternoon. A good programme was prepared and carefully followed. The open Easter meeting will be held in the church at Addison on Easter Sunday evening.

Mrs. Snider who has spent some time with friends in the West, arrived here on Monday evening and is a guest at the home of her sister, Mrs. J. Best.

 Addison– July 1st, 1925

Mr. and Mrs. MacDonald and son, Allen, Picton were recent visitors at the home of Mrs. E.O. Howe

George Millar made a business trip to Kingston this week.

Albert Patterson, Brockville was a recent visitor at the home of his sister, Mrs. George Taplin.

Rev. D.D. Elliott, Mrs. Elliott and Evelyn spent the weekend with friends in Perth and Renfrew.

Mrs. E.O. Howe spent the weekend with friends in Brockville.

  1. Blanchard, Toronto, visited friends here on Wednesday.

Rev. D.D. Elliott, Mrs. Elliott and Evelyn leave for their new home at Point Fortune, Que., on Friday.

Rev. James Leach and family who are coming here from Bishop’s Mills will arrive this week and take up residence in the parsonage. Rev. Mr. Leach will preach his first sermon here in the Methodist church on Sunday afternoon at 2:30 o’clock. The members of the Orange Order will attend.

Miss Betty Riley is a guest at the home of her aunt, Mrs. V. Moulton.

 Addison, April 5, 1926

Mrs. John Best and Mrs. G.S.Booth have returned from Ottawa where they attended the funeral of their niece, Mrs. Will Forrest, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Alonzo Earl, formerly of Addison, now of Smiths Falls. Friends are sorry to hear of her sudden death. She leaves to mourn her loss her husband and several small children. Sam Brown and daughter, Vivian, also attended the funeral.

All are pleased to hear that Mrs. J. W. Sturgeon is improving after her illness of scarlet fever.

Mrs. Ted Best, who has been spending the past week in Addison with Mrs. J. Best returned to Delta to be with her daughter, Mrs. J. Scotland.

Miss Wilma Wills is receiving treatment in the General hospital, Brockville.

Much sympathy is extended Mrs. H. Watts in the death of her sister, Mrs. R. Symington.

Mrs. J. Moulton who has been ill for the past month is improving.

Levi Monroe and Mrs. Frank Taplin are both able to be around again, much to the delight of their many friends.

Miss. Helen Male, Guelph, is spending her holidays with her parents.

Miss Margaret Caldwell, Brockville, is spending a few days with her friend Miss Irene Greenham.

Miss Cora Howe is assisting in the store of R. Campo, Athens.

Ivan Mullin is visiting his sister, Mrs. F. Spence, Athens.

 Addison, April 16th , 1927

The monthly meeting of the Women’s Institute will be held in the church hall on Wednesday evening, April 20th at eight o’clock. The hostess will be Mrs. E. Neddo and Mrs. S. Hannah, and the roll-call “A Garden Hint”. A paper on the “Care of shrubs and small fruits” will be read by Mrs. W.J. Sturgeon. There will be an exhibition of homemade quilts and comforters. An Easter programme is being prepared.

The Easter thank offering meeting of the Missionary Society was held in the United church on Good Friday afternoon.

J.B. Hall, having spent the past six weeks visiting relatives, returned to his home in Nairn Centre, Algoma.


Addison, May 29, 1930

Scene of Fatal Accident at Addison

A sad and extremely tragic accident occurred at Addison on Sunday afternoon about 3 o’clock when Russell Reynolds, aged 5 years, youngest son of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Reynolds of that place was accidentally killed.

It seems the he was struck down by a motor car driven by Keith Gray, R.R. 4, Brockville, who was driving in northerly direction, at a rate of about 30 miles an hour, on the provincial highway no. 29

It appear that the child, in company with an older brother, Edwin Reynolds and two other children were walking along the highway, when in playing beside the road, young Russell suddenly jumped out on the roadway proper, in the path of the oncoming car. The driver of the vehicle, who was then about 10 feet from the child attempted to avoid striking the boy by swerving the car. This was unsuccessful, and the child was instantly killed when struck.

Much sympathy is extended to Mr. and Mrs. Reynolds, and also the two surviving brothers and one sister. Of them George and Mary have been attending High School in the village.

Leonard Quinn, World War II Veteran

Remembrance of my father by Barbara (Quinn) Dunster

While my story about World War II would pale to some, perhaps even right here at Parkview Place and as Remembrance Day draws near, I would like to share a few of my memories with you.

Leonard Quinn 1907-1980

My father, Leonard S. Quinn, (I always called him “Daddy”), was born in May 1907 and my mom Flora (MacNamara) Quinn, was born in July 1906. They were born and brought up in the Lyn area where they met and married in October 1932 and moved into the Village of Lyn.

They had three daughters, Beverly in 1933, Barbara in 1935 and Joan in 1937.

Daddy was a farmhand for several farmers in the area and worked for Simpson’s Sand and Gravel Shipping, hauling such from Wellesley Island in the St. Lawrence River to the mainland at Johnstown near Prescott, Ontario where the large grey structure still stands. He acquired a government job with the Dept. of Highways and was working on the rock cut at Rockport, Ontario, west of Brockville, Ontario for Highway #2, when the War broke out in September 1939. The construction of Hwy #2 ceased during the war years to allow money for war supplies etc.

When the Second World War was declared in the Fall of 1939, I was four and a half years old. My Dad was helping to build Highway #2 in the Brockville and Mallorytown area at the time, but his job ended immediately when the War broke out. Since work was hard to find and men were needed for service, Dad joined the Army with the Stormont, Dundas & Glengarry Highlanders. He trained in Kingston, Ontario and Truro, Nova Scotia before going overseas in April 1940. We didn’t see Daddy again for five years, “Snail Mail” was our only means of communication.

My Mother and two sisters spent the next 5 years coping with no Dad and many difficult times. Mom nursed us through all the Communicable Diseases and several surgeries, one which nearly claimed my life. At seven years old, I was stricken with Acute Appendicitis and required surgery immediately. I developed double pneumonia, went into a coma and was not expected to make it. They cabled overseas to tell my Dad, only to find he was in hospital with pneumonia, having just had a Mastoid operation. They never did tell him how ill I was, until he was well.

I remember the doctor coming to the house to witness the Ration Books being burned in the kitchen stove, after my sister and I had Scarlet Fever. Only then could we get new books issued. Of course we were quarantined for all those diseases then.

We lived for the days we’d receive a note or letter from “Overseas” with “Dear Wife and Kiddie” in it! We wrote many, many letters over the next five years and always begging him to come home. Same reply, “I’ll be home as soon as I can get there!”

My two sisters and I learned how to make “War Cake” early on. I still make it today and when you go by our door and smell cinnamon and cloves, I’m more than likely making War Cake*. We kept Daddy supplied with this cake because it keeps well and when he emptied his Kit Bag when he arrived home, there in the bottom was a small piece wrapped tightly in waxed paper along with a bent picture of his “Dear Wife and Kiddies”.

We helped gather the milk weed pods for making parachutes and were involved in the Concerts put on to raise money for War supplies. At these Concerts in the area, and at the Friday afternoon Sing-a-long at school, I would be asked to sing, accompanied by Don (now my husband of 51 years). The Song? “Bless Them All”. I cried! I remembered! We saved all our pennies to buy War Saving Stamps, thinking that would bring Daddy home sooner.

I was too young to understand fully the dangers of war, but I do remember us getting a letter that was covered with mud. They had become mired in it and didn’t think they would get out, so they scribbled notes to be sent home and threw them to the ones behind, until they reached solid ground.

It was difficult for my mother raising three little girls during that five year period. A monthly payment to Blue Cross was the only health plan. Mom received a cheque each month for $93.00 to cover food, home, clothing, medical needs etc. Sometimes those cheques arrived late making a more difficult situation, especially when they didn’t arrive until after Christmas.

Finally in June of ’45, the letter came that he would be home in August. I cannot tell you how excited I was! I literally grabbed the letter from Mom and raced down the hill to show my Aunt and Uncle. He would be sailing home on the “Isle de France”, docking in Montreal, taking the train to Brockville and driving the last four miles home to Lyn, where his “Dear Wife and Kiddies” were awaiting his arrival. He had done his Duty! My sister Beverly and I sang all night waiting for him to come home.

Daddy had fallen in a trench during a blackout in France and injured his shoulder to the extent that he was unable to return to highway construction. After waiting the required month upon receiving his honourable discharge in Kingston on August 31st he started work at the Brockville Ontario Hospital, beginning October 1st, 1945 as an Attendant, where he worked for the next 27 years until he retired at age 65. He received his training there and was known as a well respected, loyal, hard working male attendant.

After retirement they sold their home in Lyn and moved to the Churchill Apartments on Reynolds Drive in Brockville.

Daddy and Mom were totally devoted to we three girls, our husbands and our families. They waited every day for our phone calls, letters and our visits.

Although I never did get to know and understand my Dad well, after being separated from the time I was four and a half to ten years of age, I do know he was a quiet, hard working honest man, with a heart of gold, who loved me very, very much!

Daddy passed away February 21st, 1980 after a massive stroke. If he was here with us today, I would say “Thank You” for going to war, to help Our Country, and Really mean it, even though he left behind his “Dear Wife and Kiddies” for five and a half years.

My mother passed away on March 22, 1991

Daddy gave me his War Medals and I am so very proud of him!

Written by Barbara (Quinn) Dunster, July 2017. Barbara sadly passed away in August 2017.

Barbara (Quinn) Dunster 1935-2017


Leonard Quinn’s WWII Service Medals









Barbara donated her father’s Service Metals to the Heritage Place Museum where they are on display. We are grateful to her for this gift.

*War Cake was an egg-less, almost fat-less, milk-less cake, very aptly named, it was easy to make and the ingredients were available during the wartime shortages.

Recipe for War Cake

2 cups castor sugar; 2 cups hot water; 2 Tbsp lard; 1 tsp salt; 1 tsp cinnamon; 1 tsp cloves; 1 package seedless raisins

Boil all together. After cold, add 2 cups of flour, 1 tsp of baking soda dissolved in 1 tsp hot water. Bake about one hour in a slow oven (300-325f) (Internet source for this recipe)

Captain William James MacNamara

Every once in awhile, a forgotten soldier from the past re-surfaces. Thanks to notes and photos received from the great niece of William James MacNamara, Barbara Dunster (nee Quinn), we can piece together his life and pay tribute to this forgotten soldier who gave his life in World War I.


Lt. William MacNamara 1892-1916

William James MacNamara was born in Lyn on January 10th 1892. He was the son of John T. MacNamara and Beatrice (Cook). John was a farmer and stone mason living in the Lyn area. The family consisted of thirteen children, with their youngest child dying shortly after birth and one daughter dying of consumption at the age of thirty-three.


Growing up in Lyn, William would have attended the two story, relatively new, Lyn Public School on the west side of the village. He would have enjoyed village life, fishing in the Lyn pond, and in the winter skating on that same pond.


As a young man he joined the “Boys Cadets” and spent two years with them. Later on in his late teens, he was a Lay Minister at the Presbyterian Church in Lyn. He worked in general construction in and around the Lyn area.

When the war in Europe broke out on July 28th, 1914, William, like all the other young men his age, wanted to do their service for King and Country. On September 23rd, 1914 William at the age of 22, joined the army at Valcartier Quebec, the primary training base for the First Canadian Contingent in 1914.

On August 10, 1914, the government established the strength of the First Canadian Contingent for overseas service at 25,000, the figure requested by London. Minister of Militia and Defence Sam Hughes, eager to lead and coordinate personally a speedy call-up, chose to forgo the established mobilization plan and issued a more direct call to arms. Men from all classes and ages rushed to enlist at armouries and militia bases across the country. They all traveled to a single, hastily prepared camp at Valcartier for equipment, training, and preparation for war. Eventually the camp held over 35,000 troops.

Valcartier, Quebec 1914

We are not sure of William’s training dates or when he left for England, but we do know that he was assigned as a Lieutenant in the 3rd Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force. The chances are very good that he met up with the 3rd Battalion as they were training at Camp Bustard in England.

Bustard Camp, Salisbury Plain, England

Before leaving for Europe, William became engaged to Ethel MacKenzie of Lyn.

Through the war diaries of the 3rd Battalion, we are given a look into what his life would have been like.

“On Sunday Feb. 7th, 1915 during a heavy rain storm the battalion was preparing to leave England and move to the front. On Feb 17th they reached Armentieries, France (Northern France, near Belgium) and were billeted there and given instructions on the trenches at the front.”

We are going to skip ahead to November 6th when the 3rd Battalion was moved to Dranoutre to relieve the 2nd Battalion. An 8PM entry, notes: “Relief completed. Mud very bad, dugouts fallen in. Parties of 4th C.M.R. attached for training, about 15 O.R. to each of our companies. 2nd Canadian Division on our left, 4th Battalion on our right.”

A November 16th entry finds them still in the trenches at Dranoutre.

3rd Battalion in the Trenches

9 a.m. Our guns opened on German line near PETITE DOUVE FME., and continued intermittently until dusk.
3:00 p.m. Heavily shelled by a 5.9” on a train, using A.P shells. Lt. H.C. JONES and 7 O.R. wounded by one. Our heavies retaliated. Two 9.2” shells landed in our own lines, fortunately causing no casualties.
6:00 p.m. 1 O.R. wounded in D4 by rifle grenade.
9-10p.m. Our heavies pounded PETITE DOUVE steadily

2 p.m. 5th and 7th Battalions raided German line near PETITE DOUVE, bayoneting some 20 or 30, bombing others, and returned with 12 prisoners. Germans failed to retaliate. D section profoundly peaceful throughout the night. Weather –unsettled.”


On Sunday, December 5, 1915, we see the first entry noting Lt. MacNamara: “Location: DRANOUTRE
10:30 a.m. Church parade, A & D Corp. REV. CAPT. GORDON took the service.
CAPT. COOPER, LT. MACNAMARA and 21 O.R. went on leave.
2:30 p.m. Band gave concert in the square. CAPT. VALIQUET went to 1st Bn. Weather—rain, later fair Mild.”

We know from other sources that Lt. MacNamara would go to London for leave and stay at the home of Mrs. J. Hueston. At the time, she lived at Isleworth Court, 22 Palace Rd., Streatham Hill, London, SW. It was very common for Londoners to open their homes to servicemen on leave.

An entry from December 19, 1915 gives an idea of what life was like for William MacManara:

THE CANADIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE ON THE WESTERN FRONT, 1915-1918  Canadian troops in the front line trenches at Ploegsteert, March 1916. Copyright: © IWM.  

“Location: In Trenches
3:00 am Heavy rifle fire from YPRES salient.
5:25 am Heavy gun fire from YPRES salient. (Word received Germans had attempted a gas-attack , but were stopped by our guns.)
5:45 am Gas very noticeable in our trenches.
3-4pm Heavy gunfire from YPRES salient—Gas again very noticeable.”

The next two entries where we see Lt. MacManara’s name, is when he was promoted to Captain on Feb. 23rd, 1916.


Wednesday, January 19, 1916
Entry: Capt
TROY, Lts. BURKE, MacDONALD and MacNAMARA  & 4 n.c.o.’s returned from Divisional Training School. Played the Highland Light Infantry at football, wining 3-2.
Weather fine.

 Wednesday, February 23, 1916
Entry: Gas Alert. Working parties. Still cold, snow on the ground.
Dinner by Capt DYMOND and Capt. MacNAMARA to wet their stars.”

Life continued for the men of the 3rd Battalion and the next three entries can help to give to an idea of what the daily life would have been like for the now Capt. MacNamara.

Thursday, March 2, 1916
4:30 am – Field guns, heavies & hows all opened up. MGs opening indirect fire on approaches appalling now. Germans contributed a splendid display of rockets & flares. The strafe lasted violently for 30 minutes, then gradually died down. It was a demonstration to cover attack on International Trench in YPRES salient. Attack was successful. Little reply to our bombardment. Draft of 26 O.R. reported. Bathing & working parties. Gas Alert. Weather – snow.

 Monday, March 13, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Our guns active all day. Meagre reply from enemy. Minenwerfer fairly active, wounding 1 O.R. Relieved by 2nd Bn, and moved to billets at DRAMOUTRE.

 Monday, March 27, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Violent bombardment by our artillery from
4-5 am, trench mortars joining in. Little retaliation. Germans shelled us heavily but without effect about 12 noon and about 5 pm.”

The next mention of Captain MacNamara is on Sunday, April 2nd and Monday April 10th, 1916 when he went on leave, again presumably back to London.

Entry: Church parade. Rev. Capt. GORDON took the service. Capt ALLEY, Capt MacNAMARA and Lt ANGLIN with R.S.M. and 6 n.c.o.s went up to check over Brigade Support positions.
Moved to Brigade Support. Owing to UPPER GORDON TERRACE and KINGSWAY having been badly smashed by shelling this afternoon, whole Battalion quartered in BEDFORD HOUSE. Sgt EVANS wounded near R.10. Weather fine.

Monday, April 10, 1916
Entry: Capt MacNAMARA and Lt. McLEAN and 15 O.R. went on leave. Lt.
KIDD wounded in leg in front trench. Moved to relieve 2nd Battalion. 2 O.R. wounded by shell at BEDFORD HOUSE. Relief complete 11.15 pm.

On Saturday, April 22, 1916 we see that he has returned from a 12 day leave.
Entry: Rainy. Capt MacNAMARA and Lt McLEAN from leave. Lt McDONALD to be Brigade Wiring Officer.

On Monday, May 29, 1916, he was transferred to “D Company”
Location: TRENCHES
Weather: Fine
Entry: German and British aeroplane brought down. Capt McNamara to duty with D Coy.

On June 1, 1916, he was transferred back to “C Company”
Place: Dickebusch Huts
Entry: Arrived from trenches about
2 am. Colonel Allan, acting Brigadier General in absence of Brigadier General HUGHES. Capt DYMOND returned from leave. Capt. McNAMARA posted to C Company, Lieut SIMMIE to Grenadiers.”

Little did he know that 12 days later, at the age of 24, he would die in an attack on the German Lines. His wounds and death are recorded in the following entry on June 13th 1916.

Battlefield- 1916

Entry: 12.45 am – 1.30 am Intense bombardment by our artillery. 1.30 am, artillery lifted to our original support lines, and front line, and C, A and D Coy’s, with bombers and M.G., rushed German front line from S.P. 11 to MACHINE GUN TRENCH. Right attack met little opposition and bayoneted the Germans in the trench. C and A Coy’s met rifle and M.G. fire, but pushed on, carried trench and bayoneted most of the occupants. Capt. MACNAMARA was hit in both legs in this attack. Capt DYMOND was wounded. 1.40 am B Coy left X TRENCH, and two platoons to consolidate German front line. From 12.45 am on, the German shell fire along X TRENCH, and in front of it was very heavy.

1.50 am our artillery lifted to original German line, and the attack pushed forward to the crest, two platoons of B Coy. supporting the right. The crest was carried with slight loss, many Germans being bayoneted before they could get away. Some 60 or 70 wounded and unwounded prisoners were sent back. The consolidation of the line was at once begun. Capt. COOPERS, Lt. WILLIS, Lt. HUTCHISON, Lt. SLOANE, Lt. HOBDAY, Lt. GRASSETT, Capt. MARANI, Lt. WEDD were all wounded in this stage of the fight. Major MASON, in charge of the forward lines, was hit in the head, and later in the foot, but carried on until noon when he had to come out. The 1st Canadian Battalion, in support, sent a company forward to 1st German line, and later sent two companies, and then the remaining companies forward to our regained front line to help consolidate and hold the position. Two of our Lewis guns became choked with mud, and Lt. CRAWFORD turned three captured German guns on the enemy.

From this time – 2.30 am – on, German artillery fire on our new positions, especially on MOUNT SORRELL and on X TRENCH, was heavy, and continuous throughout the day. The woods and trenches were searched with shrapnel and H.E. and many casualties were caused. The band under Sgt. YOUNG, displayed great devotion in carrying wounded to the rear. Lt. KIPPEN, Intelligence Officer, and his scouts, before and during the attack, gained at great risk much valuable information and got it to Battalion H.Q. The signalers’ efforts to keep communication with MOUNT SORRELL were excellent, but the heavy shelling cut lines as fast as they were laid. A party under Sigr BLACKHALL, which went forward with the attack, got communication for enough time to give Battalion H.Q. in X TRENCH, information as to our new positions, but the lines were soon cut. The lines to Brigade were also cut and pigeons proved most valuable. After Major MASON was forced to leave, Lt. Col. CREIGHTON of the 1st Canadian Battalion took over immediate command on MOUNT SORRELL. Lt. SIMMIE was wounded while endeavouring to get supplies of grenades forward.

During the afternoon the enemy’s artillery fire increased Lt. Grasett who though wounded had carried on, was killed, Lt. GORDON, badly wounded, started for the rear but up to the 16th inst has not been heard of Lt. Weston was killed. Capt. MacNamara was carried out, bleeding to death. He died on the 14th. A direct hit on the H.Q. dugout on MOUNT SORRELL killed Capt. Vandersmissen, and fatally wounded Lt. Col. Creighton, who died on 16th June. A hit at the door of Battalion H.Q. in X TRENCH wounded 2 O.R. inside and slightly wounded Lt. Col. Allan, who carried on.

11 PM, relieved by 8th Canadian Battalion, and moved to F Camp. Total casualties:- 3 officers killed, 1 officer died of wounds, 1 officer missing, 11 officers wounded. 40 O.R. Killed, 92 O.R. Missing, 207 O.R. wounded.”

From family notes we have learned that William, as we read above, was wounded in the field and left to die. A close comrade of William’s begged to stay with him, but William encouraged him to go and be safe. He related this story to William’s mother when he returned to Canada after the war.

William would have been removed to No.3 Causality Clearing Station where according to official notes, he died of his wounds on June 14th, 1916, one day after he was critically injured in an attack on the German lines.

There is a note on Captain MacNamara’s  record to indicate that he may have first been buried at Dickebush New Military Cemetery, Belgium, but another notes states that he was buried at Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery, Belgium Plot 6, Row A, Grave 20.

Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery, Belgium
Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery, Belgium
Grave Marker for Capt. MacNamara






Honour Roll at Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery






Lijssenthoek, Military Cemetery, Original Graves 1916

On December 3rd, 1916, his mother Beatrice received a hand written letter from Mrs. H.F. Hueston.

“He was a dear, dear friend of mine, and has been my guest here at this house every time he was on leave in London. I have your dear Son’s best uniform in my possession, and ask if you would like to have it. Perhaps the sight of it may be altogether too painful for you, and that is the reason for writing to ask you about it before sending it. The uniform I speak of is one that he kept for best wear while in London and that is how it comes to be in my possession. I used to look after it for him while he was away at the front.

Dear mother of his, I am truly sorry to re-open your wound in this manner, He spoke of you so very often to me, and told me how proud you would be of him being a Captain. May God have mercy on the lad, and grant his dear soul eternal rest and peace. Hoping to hear from you and offering my sincere and heartfelt sympathy in your irreparable loss. Yours very Sincerely, J.Hueston”

Captain William MacNamara

 And so our story of William James MacNamara comes to an end. Remembered by only a few over the past 100 years, now his life has re-surfaced to be with us once more.


We owe our eternal gratitude to all those men like Captain MacNamara who gave their lives so we could live in freedom today.






For his service Captain MacNamara would have received the following two medals:

The Victory Medal

The Victory Medal (also called the Inter-Allied Victory Medal), is a United Kingdon and British Empire First World War Campaign medal.


The British War Medal is a campaign medal of the United Kingdom, which was awarded to officers and men of British and Imperial forces for service in the First World War.

British War Medal
















After the war, William’s family would have received:

The Memorial Plaque, which was issued after the First World War to the next-of-

Memorial Plaque

kin of all British and Empire service personnel who were killed as a result of the war.











William’s parents John T. MacNamara and Beatrice nee Cook

Note, for additional reading:

For the complete diary of the 3rd BN, it can be found at the following website:

3rd Bn War Diaries 1916


Lyn’s Flour Mill

from the The Athens Reporter – 1893

Flour making mill once was major industry of Lyn

In the year 1841 the late Richard Coleman of Lyn, conceived the idea of building up an industry in his native village that would give employment to a large number of mechanics, and make the village one of the manufacturing centres of Ontario. The only drawback was the lack of motive power, and as steam power in those days was too expensive, he decided to use the water trenches in the vicinity to furnish the power he required.

His knowledge of the watershed of the surrounding country enabled him to see at a glance how he could make the water supply running to Lyn almost inexhaustible. First of all he bought the Temperance Lake mill property, in order to be able to control the water flow from the lake and streams leading into it. Then he bought McIntosh Mills and erected a dam known as the “Marsh Ridge dam” at the head of Graham Lake (the natural water supply of McIntosh Mills) and thus he shut off the supply that formerly ran through the low swamp tract, between there and Temperance Lake.

By building the marsh bridge dam, all the water that formerly passed an through Graham Lake was held in a reservoir that covered several hundred acres. His next undertaking was to cut a canal from this reservoir to Lyn Pond, a distance of nearly one mile. This canal was 15 feet wide at the top and 9 feet at the bottom, with an average depth of 10 feet. It allowed the water to flow fro the reservoir referred to as the old Lyn Pond, or the Lee Pond as it was often called.

Lyn’s Mill Pond

The increased water in this pond made it necessary to build a long and massive dam at the lower end of this pond, and when all was completed he had one of the best inland water powers to e found in Ontario.

Following the curse of the old creek down from this dam to the small pond at the north western side of the village, it became necessary to enlarge and raise the old dam there, and by building a stone flume to the brow of the hill he had a clear fall of fifty feet.

While all the changes and improvements above mentioned were in progress, the master mind, who was the controlling factor in their promotion was busy in preparing plans for the erection of a flouring mill on a scale never before attempted in Eastern Ontario, and by the time the water was ready to be let out of the ponds, the mill was ready for it first grist.

The system of grinding was the old burr stone, and even that (which today would be called primitive) was such as to draw customers to the new mill from the whole country-side.

Of the factories projected and put into operation as a result of this extensive water power, obtained as above related; or of the sudden and tragic death of Richard Coleman, it is not our province to speak. Suffice it to say that the death of Richard Coleman caused the vast enterprise and properties to pass into other hands. It is truly said that Richard Coleman made Lyn a busy business centre, and his death made Lyn practically dear for many years, as far as business was concerned.

However during those years that Lyn had been lying dormant, so to speak, a young Scotch lad had been growing up in the village, who was ultimately to take front rank amongst the business men of the whole of Canada. James Cumming was, at the time of the first events of which we write, a mere lad. As a boy he was willing, careful and obliging, and as a young man he displayed a remarkable adaption for business, and the dream of his life was to see the Lyn Mills in operation again.

When things looked darkest for the village of Lyn, he never for a moment lost faith in the capabilities of the surroundings to make the Village of Lyn regain, if not surpass its former business activity.

In 1862 the owners of the mill appointed James Cumming manager, and he successfully conducted the business until 1867 when Messer’s Chassels and Rivers took the management into their own hands and sank $50,000 in the business in the next ten years. In 1878 James Cumming was again offered the job of manager and he made a proposal to purchase the whole estate, which was gladly assented to by those in charge.

After becoming the new owner, Mr. Cummings’ first move was to completely remodel the flouring mill. He commenced to make flour by what was known as the “New Process”, and still later on a new departure was made and by a combination of millstones, rolls and purifiers, the quality of flour turned out was much improved. Finally on 1890 the full roller mill was put in, which was most successful.

Five Story Mill with rail siding

At the present time, in 1893, the mill turns out flour for home and shipping trade in four brands A, B, C, and D grades, which lead all the fancy flours of the mills of the west, in Eastern markets.

The mill building is of stone five stories in height and presents a most imposing appearance from any direction. On the ground floor are situated the motors consisting of two giant 14- inch wheels, which develop 90 h.p. under a pressure of 50 feet. The water is carried from the brow of the hill to the wheels by a large wrought iron tubes.

On the second floor are the rollers, consisting of a line of six pairs of break rolls, and eight pairs of smooth reduction rolls, a four sided burr for middling, three large purifiers, one monitor feed mill for pre vender, and the heating apparatus which is a series of steam pipes.

The third floor contains the b….ing machinery, consisting of a large chest of double operating Lima separators, four hexagon scalpers, four flouring reels, two cylindrical flouring reels, two cylindrical flouring reels, two separating purifiers, one Cyclone dust collector, and required number of supply hoppers for breaks.

On the fourth floor are placed two Silver Creek Disintegrating centrifugals, one tailing reel, one place sifter, the first machine of its kind to be built in Canada. This is a recent Hungarian invention, and said to be the most important change made in the milling machinery since the adoption of the roller. It resembles a huge piano, hung up in mid air gyrating at the speed of 160 shakes a minute. It does the work of 6 reels, saves 50% in power and room, and makes a great improvement in the quality of the flour.

Inside the old mill

The fifth floor is where the wheel cleaners are run. They consisted of one Booth Separator, one Hercules Scourer, one Eureka Polisher, one Eureka Brush and one cockle machine and grader arranged and driven by a horizontal shaft from the shafting beneath. In another compartment on the fifth floor are the bran-duster, shorts – duster, official grader and air tanks.

The sixth floor lands one inside a garret, a distance of 74 feet from the ground. Here the shafting equipment and the ends are used in running the elevator and a few other pieces of machinery.

Owing to the favourable situation of the mills, and east access to the Grand Trunk, Canadian Pacific, B & W Railways, for receiving and delivering grain and flour, the tonnage enjoyed by this mill is second to none in Eastern Canada. This efficient steam plant has recently been added in an annex, to be used in case of accident to the water supply.

Mr. Cumming is assisted in this operation by his two sons, who also display marked ability for the management of extensive enterprises.

Carnival Held on Lyn Rink is a Great Success

From a local newspaper, date unknown:


Lyn, March 12 – A very successful carnival was held on the local ring on Friday evening which attracted a large number of skaters and spectators. Several contests were held and the valuable prizes which were donated by Brockville and Lyn stores were well worth trying for. The judges were Miss. Helen Purvis, Miss Anna Nelson, Mrs. J.C. McCready and Harris Hanna, who awarded the prizes to the following:

Oldest Skater- Walter Billings

Oldest skating couple – Mrs. Jock Stewart and Walter Billings.

Fastest skater, boy under 14 – Glen Darling

Fastest Skater boy over 14 – Ward Pettem, Louis Darling

Fastest skating girl – Miss Doris McNish

Best skating couple – Miss Rose Leader and Hurbert Leader

Best costume, girls – Mrs. Jock Stewart and Mrs. W. Coon

Best costume, men – Arthur Ladd

Best lady skater – Miss Esther Ladd

Fastest backward skating girl – Miss Dorothy Mott

Fastest backward skating boy – Cauley Ladd

Largest family on skates – Arthur Ladd

Fastest log sawyers – Donald Gibson and W. Smith completing the cut in three minutes and 55 seconds

Nail driving contest – Thomas McNish, six strokes

Prizes were donated by the following: C.E. Johnston Co., Arnold’s stationary store, J.H. Doyle, Smart’s hardware, Hugh Cameron, Cameron and Borthwick, Fullertons drug store, McDougal Brothers, Johnston’s Hardware, H.P. Conklin, H,B, Wright Co., J.C. McCrady, V.W. Coon’s bakery, Walter Billings, Walter Jarvis Gilmaur’s wholesale dealers. The valuable door prize has not yet been called for. The lucky ticket is 248 and the person holding this ticket should call at once at McCrady’s store and receive the prize.

(There was no indication of the newspaper or date of this article we would estimate that it was held in the 1920’s or 1930’s)

The Mills and Rills of Lyn

By Wallace Havelock Robb

(article published around 1890, publication unknown)

 If I were to go on a trip to Europe, and someone were to ask me if I had seen my own country, what answer would I give? A month ago, if I had been asked this question, my answer should have been “Why, of course, for I have been in every province of Canada, have camped and toured and worked from Victoria, B.C. to Halifax. Know my country? I should say I do!” That has been my song for many a day, that I have seen my own country. If I had gone to Europe last month, that should have been my answer. Not so now!

Listen my friends: I’ve been down to Lyn! Oh, what a bonnie place is Lyn! If I were to go to Europe, or some other country no matter what my answer and self-satisfied pride might have been, say, a month ago, I very much fear I could answer only this, that I thought I knew my Canada like a book, but I have seen Lyn, and all my confidence is shaken Lyn has awakened me to the simple fact that Canada has not yet been found by me. How many other Lyns are there, and to which I have never been? Quaint little villages, off the beaten highway, serene, pure, gentle and oh, what shall I say? Very lovely indeed.

No, if I were to venture abroad and be asked how much I know of my own land, well, my answer is going to be, henceforth. “I’m not very sure about my knowledge of Canada, not very sure, but I’ve been down to Lyn.”  And they will not know what I mean and they will ask me, and I shall answer them somewhat like this: Did you ever hear of the small river Afron, the “Sweet Afton” of the poet Robert Burns “How lofty, sweet Afton, thy neighbouring hills, Far marked with the courses of clear winding rills!” Or again, in another verse, “How peasant thy banks and green valleys below, Where wild in the woodlands the primroses blow.” You know these lines? Do you know, or can you picture the sweet and gentle scene of Burns’ day? Well, if Burns had passed through Lyn, Ontario, his poem, “Sweet Afton”, might have found its setting there.

Lyn is a quaint and lovely village near Brockville. But no! For shame! I am in error: Brockville is a town not far from the beautiful village of Lyn. But, perhaps, that is unfair to Brockville, for, after all, Brockville just hasn’t the natural endowment of beauty to be found at Lyn. The same thing is true, largely, of nearly all the lake or river front towns of Ontario, they haven’t the rolling countryside of the towns back a wee bit in the counties. And Lyn is a typical case, for it is set in a picturesque frame of hills and valleys and rhythmic watercourses. Lyn is an idyll ! It is a village unspoiled in an age of ruin through so-called improvement. It is a psalm in a world of noise and destruction. Its tranquil vales and placid, ambling waters are a rebuke to modern ways of men. It seems to have an atmosphere untouched by the rot and decay of modern hurry, and it knows not the panic of haste of today, that impatience with life which makes the builders poison their mortar so that disintegration starts in the foundation before the roof is finished. Lyn is a pastoral, a poem of peace and quaint beauty, a song of life, a melody in the wistful and yearning key of a shepherd piping ‘neath a tree in the meadow. Ah, yes, all this, and more: It is the soul of true life floating up from the valley on the wind, the fluting of Pan, as he muses on the rim of the river down in the glade where the stream meanders from the meadow over against the wooded hill.

Yes, we, Mrs. Robb and I, went down to Lyn. I gave a recital there. The trees are old, the houses look, each one, like home. There is a well-kept lawn, the tidy walk and friendly feeling. It is off the main route of travel.

And so, if I seem to have gone mad over Lyn, well, hold your horses a bit; don’t condemn me too hastily. Go down to Lyn yourself, and, I dare to say it, I’ll have company in my madness.

Lyn’s Local Factories

Lyn, October 21st, 1896 (Newspaper unknown)

Our industries seem to be running about full time. The Last Factory employing about ten hands in turning blocks of hard maple wood into lasts for the Quebec shoe factories to make their shoes on have been running steadily under A.E.Cumming, proprietor.

The Lyn Agricultural Works owned by Geo. P. McNish have established more than a county reputation among the farmers for his land rollers, cultivators, root cutters, etc. and his sales this season have been larger than ever.

The roller flour mills owned by Jas. Cumming are running night and day by water power with steam auxiliary turning out 300 bags of flour per day, taking a car load of wheat per day to keep them supplied. They have been running behind in their orders all summer and the present boom in wheat has increased that difficulty.

The Lyn Woollen Mills, run by steam power, have had an increase in their trade lately due, no doubt, to the excellent cloths and yarns turned out by Mr. R. Walker. “No Shoddy” is his motto and he is bound to win.

One of the latest industries to start here is that of Mr. Alba Root who manufactures wooden ware including Elm hub blocks, dry and liquid measures, curry combs, etc. Mr. Root started in a small way, and as he is a practical mechanic and oversees all his work, his business has increased. He sells his goods to the wholesale men of our Canadian cities.

The G. & C. Eyre Co. although mot actively manufacturing just now are still able t fill all orders for their several classes of wooden ware.

The Grandfather Clock

Grandfather clockalso called longcase clock, tall pendulum clock enclosed in a wooden case that stands upon the floor and is typically 1.8 to 2.3 metres (6 to 7.5 feet) in height. The name grandfather clock was adopted after the song “Grandfather’s Clock,” written in 1876 by Henry Clay Work, became popular. The first grandfather clocks featured a Classical architectural appearance, but a variety of styles have enjoyed popularity over the years. One form of early pendulum clock was wall-mounted but, because of its heavy lead weights, probably difficult to secure. It is believed that the grandfather clock was developed to support these heavier clock mechanisms. (Encyclopedia Britannica)

The history of our clock is somewhat interesting:

This Grandfather Clock was built by Brockville resident John Oscar Adams Fenton (1856-1949) in 1930. He built it for his second cousin Dorothy Hayes Fenton as a gift for her 16th Birthday. The wooden case of the clock was built from old wooden church pews and church organ parts.

Because of the Great Depression, money was in short supply, thus the works and Westminster Chimes were installed later in 1937. The works and chimes were supplied by local jeweller, Allan Hayes.

The Grandfather Clock was donated to the Heritage Place Museum in 2017 by Donald Ruston UE, son of Dorothy (Fenton) Ruston.





World War I – Postcards

The First World War, the “war to end all wars” 1914-1918, stirred the nationalistic pride and sense of duty to King and Country in our Canadian men and boys. Many hurried to join in the very beginning as it was felt that the war would be over before they got the chance to fight.

Postcards were a chance for those serving to send back home a glimpse of what life in the military was like. They give us a look into what daily life was like for those who served.

While our collection is small, we wanted to share with you what those who served shared with their family and friends back home.

We are always interested in increasing our collection so that we may share with everyone this glimpse into our past. If you have postcards there are three ways in which you could share them with us:

1) a direct donation to the museum

2) loan them to us, we will scan them and return the originals to you

3) if you have a digital image you can send it to us at our email address:

If you can identify some of the ranks and units of specific postcards we would appreciate hearing from you so we can add this information to the picture:

The War at Home


Post Office The Camp- Location is unknown
The Camp – Everyone can recognize the Eaton’s Store- location unknown








The Merry Cooks
This training march from Ottawa to Kingston, of which we have several photos was made into a post card. It was not uncommon to take photos and have them made into postcards. the year of this march was 1915
Another view of the 1915 march. The soldiers spent the night camped out on the “on the Bark Flats” right below the village. Their unit was the 5th Mounted Rifles.




Bustard Camp at Salisbury Plain

In 1914, when the British accepted the Canadian government’s offer of a contingent of 25,000 men, they decided to station the Canadians at Salisbury Plain for final training and work up before going to France.

Salisbury Plain, in central southern England, had since 1898 been one of the British Army’s main training bases. At the time they had nearly 300 square miles of grassy hilly terrain with an occasional stand of trees. There was a thin coat of topsoil on top of a chalk base. The Plain had been used to conduct manoeuvres, summer camps, and rifle and artillery training on the ranges.

In preparation for the Canadians arrival they had pitched floor-boarded tents and erected cook houses. The arrival of an additional 8,000 men above the 25,000 they had been informed to expect, the British Army had to scramble to find additional tents for the men.

12th Platoon, C Company




Training in camp









Unfortunately no information was available for this post card
Unfortunately no information is available


“For Auld Lang Syne”- Should auld aquaintance be forgot; And never brought to min’?; Shouls auld acquaintance be forgot.; And days o’ lang syne?


An enlargement of the above showing a woman pushing a stroller, possibly next to her husband


The men and women stationed sent postcards home of places they may have visited to send notes and to give them a glimpse of a peaceful England


The Castle from Connaught Park, Dover

The Castle from Connaught Park, Dover

Connaught Park was the answer to a long-felt need for a public park in Dover and was achieved in 1883 by the lease of land on rising ground to the north-west of the Castle. Voluntary public subscription covered the cost of landscaping, the lake, trees, shrubs, fencing, and the park-keeper’s lodge.

The Castle

King Henry II’s Keep (Great Tower) above Inner Curtain Wall (Inner Bailey) and Kings’s Gate. Also has a Western Outer Curtain Wall and Constable’s Gateway. The Park was opened by the Dutchess of Connaught in 1883.



Battle Abbey Gateway

In 1070, Pope Alexander II ordered the Normans to do penance for killing so many people during their conquest of England. In response, William the Conqueror vowed to build an abbey where the Battle of Hastings had taken place, with the high altar of its church on the supposed spot where King Harold fell in that battle on Saturday, 14 October 1066. He started building it, dedicating it to St. Martin, sometimes known as “the Apostle of the Gauls,” though William died before it was completed. Its church was finished in about 1094 and consecrated during the reign of his son William known as Rufus. William I had ruled that the church of St Martin of Battle was to be exempted from all episcopal jurisdiction, putting it on the level of Canterbury. It was remodelled in the late 13th century but virtually destroyed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1538 under King Henry VIII.

Battle Abbey Gateway

At the dissolution, the displaced monks of Battle Abbey were provided with pensions, including the abbot John Hamond and the prior Richard Salesherst, as well as monks John Henfelde, William Ambrose, Thomas Bede and Thomas Levett, all bachelors in theology.

The abbey and much of its land was given by Henry VIII to his friend and Master of the Horse, Sir Anthony Browne, who demolished the church and parts of the cloister and turned the abbot’s quarters into a country house. (Wikipedia)


Netley Hospital

Netley Hospital

The Royal Victoria Hospital or Netley Hospital was a large military hospital in Netley, near Southampton, Hampshire, England. Construction started in 1856 at the suggestion of Queen Victoria but its design caused some controversy, chiefly from Florence Nightingale. Often visited by Queen Victoria, the hospital was extensively used during the First World War. (Wikipedia)







Dover Marine Parade and Castle

over Marine Parade and CastleDuring both World War I (1914-1918) and World War II (1939-1945) Dover became Fortress Dover – a military zone from where, amongst other things, troops embarked for Continental Europe and beyond. Indeed, Dover, besides being a port was also a major military base with huge barracks on both the Eastern – where the Castle is – and Western Heights. Because Dover was the military port, Folkestone remained the civilian port for the Channel crossing, supplementing as a military port when needs necessitated.  (The Dover Historian)







Some Post Cards had little pockets in which were a pull out section of smaller pictures, here is one such card.

One for the pot and a packet of views from Ramsgate
Inner and Outer Harbours
Sands from East Pier
Louisa Gap
The Sands
The Bandstand from Paragon House Hotel
West Cliff Promenade
Lighthouse, West Pier & West Cliff
Convalescent Home & Cliff
Granville Hotel from Promenade Pier



General View
Royal Victoria Pavilion
The Inner Harbour


Soldier’s Portraits               

During the period 1914-1918, local photographers in British towns, villages and training camps took hundreds of thousands if not millions, of portraits of soldiers in uniform. The photographers were simply responding to the demand of these young men who wanted their picture taken before leaving England for the Western Front and elsewhere. You will find WWI photographs taken in 1914-15, of proud young volunteers – ‘Kitchener’s Men’ – looking pleased to be in their new uniforms and soon to be doing their duty for ‘King and Country’. And there are WWI photographic postcards from 1916 on wards, showing not volunteers but conscripts now, who also look happy to be photographed in khaki – but not always!

Photo 1
Photo 2
Photo 3a
Photo 3
Photo 4
Photo 5
Photo 6
Photo 7
Photo 8
Photo 9
Photo 10










Photo 11
Photo 12
Photo 13


HMS Thunderer was the fourth and last Orion class dreadnought battleship built for the Royal Navy in the early 1910s. She spent the bulk of her career assigned to the Home and Grand Fleets. Aside from participating in the Battle of Jutland in May 1916 and the inconclusive action of August 19th, her service during Word War I generally consisted of routine patrols and training in the North Sea.

Sailor on the right is from the HMS Thunderer


HMS Thunderer














WWI Silk Post Cards

The embroidered silk postcard is a common souvenir of the First World War.  They are blank postcards onto which an embossed paper surround has been glued, to frame and hold a central piece of silk.  On the silk, a design is hand-embroidered in coloured thread.

The embroidered postcards were very popular with British soldiers who often sent them home. They were sold in thin paper envelopes but were seldom sent through the post in them.  They were too fragile and, more particularly, they represented quite an investment – they were not cheap souvenirs.  Usually they were mailed with letters.  For this reason, they are often unwritten, with no marks on the back, any message having been sent in an accompanying letter.

A Kiss from France
Best Christmas Wishes
England Forever
This card has a front pocket
To my Sweetheart
Happy Birthday
Forget Me Not
1915- Sincere Friendship
17 or Glory – 17th Lancers
Brittons All
This card has a pocket on the front
Flowers of France- Gathered for You
From Your Soldier Boy
I’m Thinking of You

Comic Postcards

The Great War of 1914-18 was certainly not one of the funniest events to be recorded on picture postcards, especially for those men fighting in the mud-filled trenches of France and Belgian. However, there were artists – both military and civilian – who were willing to inject a little humour or satire into their postcard drawings and paintings – even when depicting the gloomiest of situations. (Tony Allen)

Photo 1
Photo 2







From a soldier of the King
A Loving Kiss

Rembering someone left behind

Some people found in verse cards the sentiment that they wanted to convey to another but could not express it themselves. In addition, if the verse was not signed perhaps it gave more of a feeling to the receiver that their soldier had created it. Some of these postcards ran in series. (Tony Allen)

Down Texas Way (3) I keep hearing a Southern tune; Makes me feel like a crazy loon; Want to dance ‘neath a harvest moon, The family’s expecting me along home soon.
Down Texas Way (1) I can picture a spot so fair; Smiling faces are ev’rywhere; Wish some fairy would take e therre; And drop me nice and comfy in an old arm-chair















If I could turn the clock back a year (1) I listen to the old clock chime, when shadow-time is due, Somehow it seems to speak of happy days and you; Old Father Time goes creeping on through all our joy and care, With vain regrets my lonely hours I share.
If I could turn the clock back a year (2) If I could turn the clock back just one year, If angry words might be forgotten too, Whether sleeping or waking, my heart is aching, I can think of nothing in all the world but you; I miss those nights of gladness, days of joy, And all those blissful moments ever dear; I dream of you and sunny flow’rs, and all the love that might be ours, If I could turn the clock back only just one year.
If I could turn the clock back a year (3) I wonder if you dream like me, and wish that dreams come true, I wonder if you miss the arms that ache for you; I ponder in the gloaming, when the day has reach’d its close, And whisper as I kiss a faded rose.






Good Luck to You Here’s to the laddie so far away We know you have the pluck To make you a winner where you are That’s why we wish you luck
The White Comrade never lets a friend go under, but says-‘Lo I am with you always’
The Lord watch between me and thee, when we are absent one from another.- From All Saints’, Haggerston, R.E.- Where we are praying for you at our Christmas Communion
Prohibited During The War
The clouds will soon pass by…
Memories of You When I come Back to You There will be sweet birds calling when I come back again, Songs of deep joy awaking, after the storm and the rain; There will be sunlight gleaming, skies will be shinning and blue, When I am by your side, when I come back to you.


Postcards From France

A variety of post cards were sent from France and Belgium during the war. Some were depicting scenes of the war and destruction, while others depicted Allied Forces united in fighting the Germans. Others were general in nature trying to not focus on the day to day misery that the men and women endured.

Greetings from Afar
Best Wishes for a Happy Future
A Good Joke Behind the Lines
Scots Tried and True







Tommy finds shell holes comfortable to sleep in
France’s Principal Occupation of Belgium
Daily Mail War Pictures – R.A.M.C. Picking up wounded in a captured village








Photo No. 1 War in France
Photo No. 2 War in France
Photo No. 3 War in France


13th R.H.C. – Cooks- West Down South 1914

13th Battalion (Royal Highlanders of Canada), CEF

The battalion was formed from volunteers from the Royal Highland Regiment of Canada (The Black Watch), a militia regiment based in Montreal, as well as men from other militia regiments. Sent to England as part of the First Contingent in September, 1914, the 13th Battalion became part of the 3rd Brigade of the 1st Canadian Division. The 3rd Brigade had the distinction of containing the 13th Battalion (the Royal Highlanders of Canada), the 14th Battalion (the Royal Montreal Regiment), the 15th Battalion (he 48th Highlanders of Canada) and the 16th Battalion (The Canadian Scottish). (Wikepedia)


Photo No. 4- War in France
Photo No. 5 – War in France
Photo No 6 – War in France
Photo No. 7 – War in France
Three Loyal Scots
British Tank in Action
Crossing a canal
Allies No.1
Allies No.2
Allies No. 3
Allies No. 4
















To my dear sister
A Kiss from Belgium
Greetings From France

Loved Ones Left Behind

It was very common to have photos of loved ones made into postcards and mailed to those serving overseas. Other cards were sent to boost the spirits of the men. Here are some examples of such cards. carried by the men in France to remind them of home.

A series of two cards, they could be general greeting cards or someone’s girl left behind.
The second in the series












Loved Ones No. 1
Loved Ones No, 2
Loved Ones No. 3
Loved Ones No 4
Loved Ones No.5
Loved ones No. 6
Loved Ones No 7
Loved Ones No. 8
Loved Ones No.9




From the book “How Dear to My Heart” by Walter Kilborn Billings


In my youth, Harper’s hill was all that could be desired as a spot to spend an afternoon on. At first the big hand sleigh at the farm was the only means of conveyance, but many times, unless the snow was pretty well packed and frozen, the runner would cut through and you usually got a tumble and a skinned nose in the bargain.

My first toboggan was a very crude affair – just three or four barrel staves laid flat and cleats nailed across at each end. This was very speedy but it was a problem, as it would turn around on the hill and carry you down backwards. Later on I secured a thin board about fourteen inches wide and four feet long. The front end was thinned down and the half of a cheese box band was nailed on the under side with a cleat across the other end of the board. Another cleat was nailed across the back. This toboggan proved very satisfactory and would carry two or three quite comfortably.

Through the winter, the road in front of our farm house would drift high with snow, and teams passing over it often got stuck or tipped their loads over, and we were called out to help them. On one occasion a team from MacIntosh Mills got stuck and we boys took shovels to help them out. The mills at that time were doing a big business making toboggans. After we had helped him through the banks. Tom Stevenson, the driver of the team said “Well boys, I have no money but if one of these toboggans happens to slide off my load I guess it will be yours.” And it slid off!

These toboggans were well constructed of narrow slats, steamed and bent to the proper shape, with cleats across the rawhide thongs binding the slats to the cleats. A little grove was cut underneath so that the cords would not be damaged when used. Our toboggan proved very satisfactory but was not big enough. Harper’s Hill by this time had become very popular and young folks gathered nightly to enjoy the sliding. As we had packed the snow and made a good track clear to the creek, we could cross over it and go up the bank, usually at a pretty good speed.

Sometimes, unfortunately the toboggan would leave the track and carry us to a point on the creek where the ice was not solid. On one occasion I was steering, at the back, when this happened. As we neared the edge of the ice, I fell off, the toboggan and the two in front passed over the creek, but did not go clear up the bank, and slid back with the end of the toboggan going through the ice. Of course the water was not deep and the girls waded to the shore. When they missed me they had thought I had gone under the ice and they started to yell. But I was safe and they were wet!

Te foundry man in Lyn, a very handy fellow who could do wood work, said he could make us a good strong toboggan. Instead of making his of narrow slats he made it in three sections, each seven inches wide. The cleats were securely with screws, countersunk in the boards, and the boards at the front as usual steamed and bent, and secured with wire to the first cleat. This proved a very satisfactory process and we gave the speedy new toboggan a good trial on Harper’s Hill.

One night a couple of my uncles came over with their families and decided to take a ride down the hill. I still have a vivid recollection of Uncle Bidwell Billings, who always wore a felt hat in the winter. As the toboggan gained speed his hat blew off, and I can still see his long hair and whiskers as he went past me down the hill. That same night my other uncle, Herb Billings, decided to have a ride. He was sitting up on the toboggan near the back, and as the toboggan gained speed down the steeper part of the hill he got scared and put his feet out to stop it. When they caught in the snow he was lifted clear and landed face downward and hands outstretched, the result being a skinned nose, forehead and chin. We had to take him to the doctor for repairs. About this time the boys decided to build a slide in Lyn, and in the fall of 1887, cedar posts and lumber were donated and the slide erected, on the hill just west of where the Storey barn now stands. It was a splendid structure and on down the hill the boards were put on their edge to form a channel for the toboggans and their surface was well ice. You could go up the steps at the back of the slide, assemble your load at the top, get a push from the starter and in a second you were down in the flat and across the pond, even to the edge of Cornell’s woods. Sometimes though after leaving the boarded side of the slide, your toboggan would jump the track and head for the cat-tails which covered you with the fluffy tops until you looked like as if you were in a feather bed. The foundry man did a big business making these toboggans for a while. Nearly every family in the neighbourhood secured one.

Another slide was erected on Schofield’s Hill, Brockville, just behind where a gasoline station now stands. This was a splendid structure with two slides; at night when it was lighted with torches beside the track it was a gorgeous sight to see boys dressed in blanket suits and toques, swiftly speeding down the hill and across the pond. I enjoyed one night on this hill, my cousin, Eck Kilborn, had a good toboggan and we four, my cousin Joe Clark, later a prominent politician in the West, Bob Geddes, and I had a wonderful evening. Another slide in Brockville was built on what was known as the Lacrosse Grounds.

Glen Buell Church photo 2015

The slide in Lyn did not last long. In 1889 this district was visited by a severe windstorm. Roofs were blown off barns, trees uprooted, and the Methodist Church, not then in use, was blown down and the slide a few rods from it, was levelled to the ground and never rebuilt. The posts and lumber afterwards were used to build sidewalks in the village of Lyn. The wrecked church was rebuilt at Glen Buell, with the brick and other material that was salvaged and fit for use. This church still stands, with a record over its door stating it was erected in 1890.

The natural slide at the farm is gone. The demand for building sand has meant that trucks have been hauling for four or five years from he hillside, and now only mounds of earth show where we raced down on our toboggans many years ago.




Glenn Buell Church made from material from the Lyn Methodist Church photo 2016



From the book “How Dear to My Heart” by Walter Kilborn Billings


I never seemed to have much luck at this sport. As a boy I could go down to the creek and over to the falls, where with a can of worms I could catch a dozen bullheads, which when cleaned and ready for the frying pan were about the size of sardines. In the spring, by walking along the bank of the creek, I could see nice big red-fin suckers basking in the sunlight, and once or twice, a two foot pike; but a bent pin on the end of a string was no way to catch them.

Ai Haffie of Lansdowne and his catch from the St. Lawrence River c 1930

I remember going with my Aunt Belle to the Brooks Farm just east of Butternut Bay, on the St. Lawrence River. As she wanted to go fishing we went down to the boathouse and got the boat into the water. I did not know much about rowing, but my aunt said we should not go fast to troll, and we didn’t. I usually bumped the oars together and pinched my fingers, but we got along very well. All at once she said, “Oh, I have a bite!” But it was a false alarm. In a few minutes she called again, “I have another bite,” but again no luck. It was hard for me to keep the boat on a straight course, but she warned me if she hooked a fish I was to keep on rowing.


Again she called, “I have got something this time!” I kept on rowing, but it was getting so exciting that I could hardly keep the boat out in deep water. All at once, about twenty feet behind the boat, the fish jumped and tried to shake the hook from its mouth, then went down under again. My aunt kept pulling in the line, and was just in the act of lifting the big fish over the edge of the boat when it gave a flop, its tail struck the side of the boat and the line broke. She leaned over the edge and saw the big fish swim away!


My aunt had become so excited that she was hysterical and just sat there and cried. We certainly had lost a big fish, as I had caught a glimpse of it as its head appeared above the water. As we had lost our tackle and our fish we went ashore and back to the house. For weeks she could hardly talk of anything but the big fish she had lost.


Mallorytown Landing 1904

Years later, my brother and I had a similar experience outside of Mallorytown Landing about the year 1933. We had hooked a big maskinonge, but just when we got it up beside the boat the line broke. This exciting event was witnessed by the occupants of another boat, and the item was printed in the local paper, where I found it among other articles a few weeks ago.


Jones’ Creek, below the old mill was the mecca of local fisherman, and many tales of big catches. Practical jokes played on unsuspecting fisherman always added zest to the stories told after one of these outings. One, as told by my cousin Burt Billings, seems worth repeating.


He and his cousin Herb Blair drove to the Mills one night, tramped along the bank to the big rock, where they proceeded to try their luck with worms for bait. Herb seemed the lucky one that night as he hauled in a dozen or more big bullheads. Burt’s luck was different. For an hour he sat there and did not get even a bite. Finally he called to Herb that he was going down near him, to try again. Of course Herb objected, saying if he came down there neither would get a bite, but Burt came just the same, and in a few minutes he hauled in a nice fish! A few minutes later he got another, while Herb’s luck changed. Burt kept on till he had a nice catch of fish and finally Herb said he was tired and was going home. Winding up his line and going back to gather up his fish, on a string, in the dark he could not find where he had placed them; finally he gave up and started for his horse. Burt, gathering up his catch, followed him and they drove home, Herb all the way bemoaning the loss of his fish.


Burt got out first and as Herb started on, Burt stopped him saying “Oh Herb I guess the joke is on you. It was your fish I was catching all the time and you can take them home. I just picked one from your lot each time I hauled that piece of stick from the water.”


Yonge Mills abt 1905

At one time at Yonge Mills there was a long channel or sluice-way; at the head of it you could take up the planks or gate and let the water pour down the passage to the pool below. In the spring the boys would go there, open the gate so that the fish would swim up this runway in droves; then, with a plank placed across this stream near the lower end and a large hoop net placed in the water and held by one of the boys, the rest of the fisherman would go up stream, shut off the water and catch the returning fish in the net.


One night my partner Bob, four other lads and I drove to the Mills. They had put the net in three or four times but as the season for suckers was about over had no luck. Finally they said “Bob, you hold the net and we will try again. We will take the poles and splash the water and surly some will go down.”


In the darkness with Bob squatting on the plank holding the hoop of the net the boys went up and started splashing. Finally they heard Bob yell, “Come on down quickly! The net must be full! I can hardly hold it. Hurry, Hurry” The lads rushed down, and all together they lifted the net from the water and dumped its contents on the grass but there was no sound of fish flopping. Bob lit a match and held it over the empty net. There were no fish there but the skeleton of a calf, which the boys had thrown into the stream above!


Yes we had fun in those days going fishing.

Mallorytown Landing Henry MacDonald’s Boat and Boat House c1910


Mallorytown Landing the front of Henry MacDonalds Boat House c1910



Jones Creek where it empties into the St. Lawrence River abt 1930

Taking the Calves to Market


From the book “How Dear to My Heart” by Walter Kilborn Billings


In the ordinary herd of cattle on the farm there were very few thoroughbreds and in the spring it was the custom to keep the offspring of only the best cows.

A neighbour, wishing a good calf to raise could usually get one for the asking; all others were fed for a few weeks for veal or slaughtered. At the present time many whole herds are thoroughbred animals and young calves not needed on the home farm are sold for prices ranging from twenty-five to fifty dollars each.

My job was to dispose of the unwanted calves, and rather than kill them I would try to feed them for a few days and sell them to a drover, who usually called about once a week. It was sometimes a difficult feat to teach a young calf to drink from a pail, as usually it would it would put its nose down to the bottom of the pail, give it a bunt and over would go the milk on the floor or on your clothes.



The C.P.R. Wharf located at Block House Island in Brockville
C.P.R. Wharf and sheds at Brockville













One week when I had missed the drover he left word he would be at the C.P.R. dock the next day, and would take the two calves I had. As I did not care to kill them I decided to load them in the spring wagon and go to town with them. Tying their feet and then tying the caves themselves, I started.

King Street Brockville looking West from Market Square.


A cousin, Annie Slack of Lansdowne, who was visiting us, decided she would go along. It had been raining and the roads were muddy, but all went well until, passing along King St. (Brockville), just opposite Gilmour & Co. office, someone called from the sidewalk and pointed to the back of the wagon. Looking around I saw one calf, hanging, its body suspended behind the box and its feet tied to the other calf. I stopped the horse and handing the reins to the girl I jumped out and ran around behind. I was too late. The other calf had struggled and both had fallen to the street. Brockville streets in the spring were not the clean paved thoroughfares of the present day. Then they were covered with a couple of inches of mud and filth in which the calves were lying. A few years previously we had brought a long black fur coat. It had always been a couple or three inches too long for walking comfortably but I never had it shortened, and this day I had worn it, as the weather was still cold. The horse was a bit nervous as a crowd was beginning to gather to watch the fun.

I stooped over, gathered the calves in my arms, and was just straightening up to land them in the wagon when the horse made a step ahead. I attempted to move up also but my foot caught in the front of my coat and down I went full length, my arms still around the calves. My cap fell off, and finally freeing myself from the calves which were struggling and splashing in the mud, I saw that my driver was so convulsed with laughter that she could do nothing with the horse. Hailing a passing team I got the man to come and hold my horse. He backed the wagon nearer to me, and this time I managed to land my load in place.

It must have been a very amusing scene for those on the board side walk, but I did not see much fun in it and got away and down to the dock and rid of my load. When I got home and told my parents, I said “Never again! The calves can die of old age before I ever try that again.”


Holstein Sale at Avondale Farm in the 1930’s

Haying Time

From the book “How Dear to My Heart” by Walter Kilborn Billings

The modern way of caring for the hay crop seems a far cry from the old way in which the weather had a lot to do with curing and stacking.

The horse fork for unloading was a wonderful improvement, as before it was installed, one man passed the hay to a scaffold at the big beam of the barn and another passed it on up to the man in the hay mow. With the horse fork, when help was scarce and a horse was trained to draw the load, one man could unload his wagon alone, the hay being left to be spread around later.

My first memory of haying time was when we had the old wooden horse rake, which I have described in another article. I have heard Father say that for a couple of years after coming to the farm he cut the hay and grain by hand. However, for cutting the grain a cradle was used. This consisted of a scythe with extra prongs, nearly the length of the blade, one above the other, that caught the grain when it fell and laid it in neat shape the heads all pointing one way. Thus the one following to bind the sheaves could, with the aid of a wooden hand rake, draw it together, make a band of a handful of the straw and with a neat twist of the ends secure the sheaf and leave it to be stoked up.

1874 Advertisement for Cossitt Bros. Agricultural Machinery

About the year 1870 we purchased a new mowing machine. It was manufactured by Cossitt Bros., then of Smiths Falls, (later moved to Brockville) and sold by Edward Glazier. This was a great improvement on the hand cutting. The frame was made of oak, and for thirty-five years it did all the cutting of hay on the farm. A year later a reaper attachment was purchased. This consisted of a platform fitted to the cutting bar and bolted to the frame of the mower at the back; an iron wheel at the other side of the platform carried its weight, and a reel similar to the ones used on the binder of later years held the grain to the knives.  On the centre of the platform a post secured with a saddle and breast-plate, so that a man could stand and support himself in the saddle, rest his chest against the breast-plate and with a fork gather the grain from the knives, pass it over to his left until he had enough to make a sheaf, and then with his fork, place the bundle behind the mower, ready to be tied. This mower is now in the museum of the Experimental Farm at Ottawa, with a lot of other farm machinery of ancient manufacture.

Later a self-raking reaper was purchased, but the bundles of grain still had to be tied by hand. As binders were beginning to be used locally about the year 1892, a second had Chatham binder, a cumbersome machine, with a wooden frame, was secured and the three neighbours, Father, Horton Rowsom and Will Morrison, managed to get it in working order. It cut the grain on the three farms but the next season the knotter refused to work. The lever that started the tying part having been damaged, the result was that the grain would fill up the knotter and the lever would have to be pulled by hand.

Horton Rowsom had a hired man, Ed Haywood. He tied a strong chord to this lever, walked along beside the knotter and when enough grain was in place would pull this cord. So Ed had a job, and all through the harvest he walked around the field pulling the string. Ed was a war veteran from the British army, who had come to Canada One day he ran away with a woman, went over the river and they were married. Ed said afterwards, it was awful rough crossing the river and it had been rough ever since! His wife finally left him, and he made his home with the Rowsoms.

In 1894 I had a trip to Manitoba with Horton Rowsom and Stewart Morrison, on one of the Harvest Excursions. There I had a chance to see the new Massey-Harris and Deering binders in operation. The next year a Massey-Harris binder with sheaf carrier was purchased and this served the three of four farms cutting the grain for many years

But to get back to the haying…. A new steel horse rake was bought about the year 1875. It also was a Cossitt rake and we were all very proud of it. However, five years later the hired man took old Tom, one of our team, to the field to do some raking after supper. Finishing this he drove the horse to a windrow of hay and left him, while he went on to cock up the raked hay. Tom (the horse) was not used to being in the field without his team mate and decided to leave for home. He took a straight course, the wheel went over a stone pile, and the teeth dropped down making such a clatter that it scared Tom and started him running. We children were outside the fence of the lawn rolling on the slope at the side of the road when we heard Tom coming. The wheel struck the gate post as he came on the road, and the axle broke. Fortunately we knew enough to get inside the fence as he crossed the road and passed right over the place where we had been playing. Striking the rake against a telephone pole, he left the remains of the rake there and went on to the stable.

Later, the 14 acre field back of the woods had yielded a great crop of hay. Father had it all ready to stack and secured a couple of extra men and team. All that day I had been on the horse rake following the wagons to clean up the rakings. At four o’clock Father said “Walt, you hitch the horse on the spring wagon, go to the house and bring out our supper. Your mother will have it ready.” Driving across the woodlot and into the meadow I soon reached the house where mother gave me a couple of market baskets all covered with papers and a table cloth, and I drove carefully back to the field.

I will ever forget that supper. The men came in, sat round on the ground, the cloth was spread and the basket unloaded – warmed up potatoes, smoked ham, just fried and tender, eggs, fresh buns and in the end of the other basket a large dinner plate of pancakes, each one the size of the plate and covered with butter, then spread with soft maple sugar, to make a pile at least six inches high. Father cut into them as you would a layer cake, each serving the width of a piece of pie and half the depth of the pile! Again they came back for more until the plate was clean Then we finished with a pot of tea and a jug of coffee. It was pretty hard for the men to move very swiftly after such a supper. I think I had two helpings of the pancakes. But by dark the three stacks of hay were finished, the poles were placed on them and we were ready for home. Is it any wonder that the memory of that day and that supper has been with me all these years?

Cutting grain on the Johnston Farm on the Lyn Road c1930
John Johnston standing next to his team of horses c1930
John Johnston getting ready to cut, next to the main CNR line c1930
Cutting grain c1930
A field of cut and stacked grain on the Johnston Farm just north of the CNR tracks and east of the Lyn Road shown in this photo c1930


Drawing Milk to the Cheese Factory


From the book “How Dear to My Heart” by Walter Kilborn Billings


In Lyn the cheese factory was located at the foot of the Jarvis Hill, just across the creek from the tan-bark field where they used to play ball. One road led around the corner at the hotel (Stacks), down the mill hill, across a little bridge and along the ban of the creek. The other road turned at the schoolhouse, down the Jarvis hill, past the old barn and on to the factory. At first Father had made a cart with the two wheels of the old wooden horse rake, a wooden axle and long shafts running back to about the back of the wheels. A platform of boards was nailed to the shafts, and the springs taken from an old army wagon, and secured in the centre on the axle and the ends fastened underneath the shafts. For a seat an abandoned bee-hive was used, cleats were nailed on the inside and a loose board laid in. When I got groceries at the store, I could just lift up the board and drop the parcels into the box. There was room on the platform for only one large milk can, which was all that was needed at that time. The horse I was given to drive was one that was hard to make trot, for just as soon as she was stirred up a bit she would break into a canter, with the result that the shafts were bobbing up and down and your neck would get sore trying to keep your head steady.


The old Post Office on the right (white building), located on main street. At one time this was the site of the original Lyn Mill.

One morning going through the village I had my sister Lou along, and as we went past the post office the horse was doing the regular canter but with not much speed. As I came back up into the village and stopped for the mail, the constable, Tom Hudson, came over to the cart and said “My boy, if I see you going through the village as you went this morning, I will take you to jail!” So I always watched after that for Mr. Hudson.


It was fun to see the milk wagons coming along the gravel pit road, and then hurry along and up around the school-house and down the Jarvis hill, and to get in ahead of them at the factory. But one morning as I was going around that way, I saw ahead of me down near the foot of the hill another milk cart. The driver Bob King had been to the factory and unloaded his milk, and had gone up to the village for some bread, and was returning to the factory to get his whey, as he had come in on the gravel pit road. Hurrying along down the hill I yelled to the driver to get out of my way but he did not have time, and as I went by him the hub of my wheel caught the rim of his wheel and tipped his cart over on its side. I drove on down to the factory and got in line, then went back to help the lad whose cart I had tipped over. I do not think I have ever heard anyone use as many cuss words as he did that morning! I dare not go near him, but held the horse by the head while he straightened the cart up. For several days I kept out of his way.


The next year my father secured a spring wagon, took the box off and built a platform with room for three or four cans. I had been cautioned to drive carefully, as I was drawing a neighbour’s milk also. For some time I did very well, but one morning on arriving opposite the town pump a big load of milk came down the hill from Seeley’s and on to the main road ahead of me. This was too much! I stirred up my horse and caught up to the load, and was passing just before we came to the hotel on the corner when I was crowded to the sidewalk with both the front and hind wheels on the walk. As we neared the corner the road was lower and the wagon began to tip, with the result that it finally went over on its side and the cans fell to the ground. Fortunately the neighbour’s milk can went clear over and finally landed right end up, so that very little milk was lost from it. One of our own cans that had a very tight cover did the same, but the third can landed on its side and nearly all of its contents poured on to the ground.

Of course a crowd arrived on the scene at once and the wagon was righted. I watched for the constable, but he was not up yet, so I did not go to jail. However, I had to draw our neighbour’s milk nearly all summer for nothing, to pay Father for the can I had spilled.







Jarvis Street Hill leading down to the cheese factory. This is now Church St, Lyn.


Returning from the Lyn Cheese Factory (This is not a photo of Walter Billings, but an unknown driver)


Log Canoes

From the book “How Dear to My Heart” by Walter Kilborn Billings


The only log canoe that I can remember appeared first on the Lyn pond. An Indian had brought it down from the back lakes, portaging it from back of Temperance Lake, through the canals, over the dams, and finally pulled it up on the shore behind the Lyn post office. He later traded in the village for groceries, and one day when in the village the grocer asked me whether I would like to buy it. This I did, and drew it home to the farm on the milk wagon. As it was late in the fall I did not have a chance to try it our, but that winter I scraped and sandpapered the outside of the canoe. In the spring my mother gave me a collection of paint cans, each containing a small quantity of paint, which I poured all together and stirred well. The resulting colour did not prove very attractive, being a pinkish yellow. However, with great care I puttied all the cracks, then applied the paint, giving it two coats. I saved a small quantity of red paint and this I used to mark a band along the top edge. On the bow I painted the name “Daisy”, and it was ready for the water. One day when father was away I hitched the grey mare to the stone boat, loaded the canoe on and started to lead the horse down the hill to the creek. I had not put a bridle on her but was just leading her by the halter. As we went down around by the barn she got a glimpse of the canoe behind her, and started to run. I hung on as long as I could but finally had to let her go. She ran along the edge of the gravel pit and the canoe rolled off and over and over to the bottom of the hill. I finally caught the mare and got her back in the stable, then went down to examine my canoe. On its was down the hill it had struck a boulder which had opened up a crack in the bottom. Securing more putty I wedged and plastered the break as best I could, but had to wait for the putty to dry. When all was ready I dragged my canoe into the water and tried it. It did not leak very much, and another application of putty completed the job.


Anyone who has never tried to keep a log cane right side up would be surprised how easily it tips over; I got wet several times before mastering the art of paddling. I suggest that if you want to try you should get on a floating log, put your feet in the proper position sit down and see how long you can balance yourself ! We had a lot of fun that summer with the canoe. We could go swimming, get into the canoe, one of us at each end and then try to tip it over by leaning over the edge, the other boy leaning the opposite way, then the first one would straighten up and over would go the canoe before the other boy would have time to save himself, both usually getting wet.


That summer a few families of Indians came to the neighbourhood to pick strawberries for the farmers, one group living in the little house on our farm. One Sunday two young squaws from the house decided to go for a boat ride. One of them was soon to be married and had bought muslin for a dress. Mother had cut it out and sewed it on our machine, and it looked very neat on the Indian girl, but of course she must put it on for the trip in the canoe. There was only one paddle, and as we sat on the hill watching them, the girl with the paddle put the end of it towards the shore to push the canoe out; the end of it stuck in the mud and as she pulled to release it , it came loose sooner than she expected. Over the canoe went ! They were a sorry looking pair of squaws as they got on their feet and waded to shore, their long black hair hanging about their faces and down their shoulders ! They never tried the canoe again, and in a week or two went back to their homes in St. Regis.


The log canoe proved the source of a lot of fun that summer, and many children of the neighbourhood learned to handle it, which was of some benefit to them when later they paddled the lighter cedar canoes manufactured in the factories.


I do not remember what became of my canoe, but think it broke away and ws dashed to pieces by the flooded stream later that fall when it was carried down the lower rapids.

Elizabethtown Township Map of 1861-62

The original 1861-62 map was a large paper on cloth wall map showing all the townships I Leeds and Grenville County. We so happen to have one of these large maps in the museum. However in 1973 Mika Publishing in Belleville reproduced these maps by township in a book called: Historical Atlas of Leeds & Grenville, Ontario” Also included in this book are excerpts and illustrations from Thad. Leavitt’s book “History of Leeds and Grenville from 1749 to 1879” published in 1879.

We have reproduced a full view of this map, along with smaller sections of the map

Map of Elizabethtown Township


Concession 1 & 2 Eastern Side of Township 


Concession 2, 3 & 4 Eastern side of Township


Concession 5 & 6 Centre of Township


Concession 7 & 8 Centre of Township


Concessions 1,2 & 3 Western side of Township


Concessions 3 & 4 Western side of Township


Concessions 5, 6 & 7  Western Side of the Township


Concession 7, 8 & 9 on the Western side of the Township


Concessions 7,8,9,10 & 11 on the Western side of the Township


Concessions 7 & 8 in the Centre of the Township


Concession 5 & 6 in the Centre of the Township


Concession 4 & 5 in the Centre of the Township


Concession 2, 3 & 4 in the Centre of the Township


Concession 1 & 2 in the Centre of the Township


Concession 2, 3 & 4 in the Centre of the Township


Concession 4 & 5 on the Eastern side of the Township


Concession 5, 6 & 7 on the Eastern Side of the Township


Concession 7, 8 & 9 on the Eastern side of the Township


Concessions 9, 10 & 11 in the Centre of the Township


Concessions 7,8,9,10 & 11 in the North East Corner of the Township


Concessions 1, 2 & 3 in the South West Corner of the Township




Kitley Township Map of 1861-62

The original 1861-62 map was a large paper on cloth wall map showing all the townships I Leeds and Grenville County. We so happen to have one of these large maps in the museum. However in 1973 Mika Publishing in Belleville reproduced these maps by township in a book called: Historical Atlas of Leeds & Grenville, Ontario” Also included in this book are excerpts and illustrations from Thad. Leavitt’s book “History of Leeds and Grenville from 1749 to 1879” published in 1879.

We have shown an overview view of the map,and then individual sections.

Kitley Township full Map


Concessions 6,7,8,9 Eastern side of Township
Concessions 8,9, 10 on the Eastern side of the Township
Concessions 4,5,6 & 7 on the Eastern side of the Township
Concessions 1,2,3,& 4 on the Eastern side of the Township
Concessions 1,2,3 & 4 on the Western side of the Township


Concessions 5,6,7 & 8 on the Western side of the Township
Concessions 7,8,9, and 10 on the Western side of the Township

The One Room Schoolhouse in Kitley – Complete Listing

For photos maps etc. look under the school name on our website

Blanchard School

 (School Section No. 4 or 11)


Concession #1, Lot 26, built 1834  (see map)


Shane’s School enjoyed an upswing in attendance during the 1950’s, when more people moved into the area. Further down the Town Line Road, Blanchard’s School suffered reverses and was closed in 1956. Pupils from Blanchard’s were then transferred to Mott’s Mills.


Blanchard’s reopened in 1961, operated for two years and closed forever in 1966. Motts Mills School also closed in the early 1960’s. Students from these two schools were then bussed to Jasper Public School.


Blanchard’s School was originally a log cabin located on the northwest corner of the Gardiner homestead. It was replaced in 1874 by a stone structure and educated generations’ of Blanchard children over the next 90 years.


In the School reorganization of the 1960’s, the school was phased out. It is now a private residence and stands on Lot 26 of the First Concession of Kitley. The school was built on land donated by the Gardiners.


In the 1870’s, probably 10 to 15 South Elmsley students attended Blanchard’s School. In 1874, John Gardiner sold the corner lot of his homestead to the school section as the site of a new school. A stone school was erected without borrowing money.


Thomas and Richard Gilday of Lombardy, brothers who specialized in carriage making, also were carpenters and stone masons. They built the new Blanchard’s School.


Blanchard’s School in 1905 had 21 pupils but in 1940 only 5 attended the school. New families coming into the area built up the population again but there were still less than 20 students when the school finally closed in 1963.

(Recorder and Times c1980 Darling Collection Book 5, pg.1)









Coad School and Dack’s School

 (School Section No. 6)


Concession #4, Lot 17, built early 19th Century (see map)


The former Coad’s school, a stone building, was erected in 1875, replacing the earlier log cabin school. The school had originally been named for the Dack Family, but adopted the name of Coad in the 1850’s.


Dack’s school was built on Lot 17 of Concession 4 about 1830, a simple log structure with unpainted interior walls and austere benches and desks.


“The other school section in Newbliss was #6, with its school being called S.S. #6 Coad’s School. Originally, Coad’s School was known as Dack’s. This schoolhouse was also constructed of log before being replaced by a stone building in 1870. Upon its closure in the 1940s, Coad’s School was sold to the Orange Lodge.” (Kitley 1795-1975 by Glenn Lockwood)


Cornell School

 (School Section No. 9)


Concession #5, Lot 22, burned in 1865 (see map)



Crystal School

 (School Section No. 12)


Concession #7, Lot 6, built 1875 (see map)


George Hornick built the area’s first school. The school was located in Lot 6 of the 7th Concession. The exact date of the construction is unknown but it was listed in the 1861census.


It was a school which held both Kitley and Wolford pupils, being know on the Kitley side as S.S. No.12.


In 1861 it was located between the farm houses of George and Robert Hornick and in 1872 the teacher was Samuel Hornick. In 1875 Sam Hornick sold the half acre on which the school was located to the local school trustees.


The school one of the last log structures to be used by the Leeds and Grenville School system was phased out in 1961 after more than a century of service, and Crystal area children were bussed to a new school in Frankville. The old log structure was sold to a Brown Family, moved to the North Augusta Road and renovated as a home.

Frankville School


The old Frankville school was built in 1875 and served until a new school was built in 1975.



Hutton’s School

 (School Section No. 1)


Concession #1, Lot 7, built late 1870’s (see map)



Judgeville School

 (School Section No. 7)


Concession #4, Lot 26, built prior to1870 (see map)




Kinch St. School

 (School Section No. 8)


Concession #6, Lot 9, built 1840’s (see map)


The first log school house here was built in the early 1840’s on the west corner of the farm of pioneer Isaac Foster. Known as S.S. #8, the log school burned down a few years after it was built.


The community replaced it with a wooden frame structure sheeted in galvanized iron and painted white. For around 100 years it educated generations of Kinch Street children, until it was phased out by the school consolidation in the 1950’s.


The teacher in 1876 was John Mackay, a veteran educationalist who taught in Newbliss for 20 years before coming to this school.


School trustees in 1876 were Isaac Foster who had donated the plot on which the school stood, James Love and James Morrissey, who was also the board’s secretary treasurer. A Dr. Kinney was the school inspector.



Lake Elodia School

School Section #17



Concession #10, Lot 27 (see map)


Known as “17 Kitley and 19 Yonge” built on part of Concession 10, Lot 27 in KItley. It served the rear lots of 10 to 30 of Concession 10 in Kitley, Concession 11 of Yonge and some of Bastard. It was built in 1868 and closed in 1961. Previous to it being built school was held in the home of William T. Howe who lived on that land. Thomas Howe received these 200 acres by Crown Patent Sept. 1. 1838 but had been developing the land since at least 1820. The original nominee of this land was Solomon Conley and Margaret Howe. In his will he left part of the land plus 50 pounds to be used to build a school. In the early years of the school it was also used as a Church.




Lehigh’s School

School Section #18


Concession #9, Lot 22 (see map)


Gideon Leehy believed in educating the youngsters, so he put up a log school on the south side of Kitley’s Ninth Concession Road.


The school lasted until 1851, when it burned down. By this time a number of other families had moved in and a small community was flourishing.


The good burghers elected to build a stone school, which was completed in 1852. For 109 years it served the area well, standing sturdy and sound on the north side of the road, opposite the charred remains of the old school.


In 1961, the school was phased out of the system and replaced by the modern Frankville School on Hwy. 29.


Old school records show that in 1872, R.W.Hornick was the teacher of the one room school. In 1882 the school’s budget was $200., rising to $230 the next year.


Malcome Lehigh was teaching there in 1887 and in 1896 the muster showed six Leigh children attending: Maude, Mertle, Edna, Carrie, Everett and Ernie Lehigh. The last teacher when the final class was dismissed in 1961 was Aileen Montgomery.



Mahon’s School

(School Section No. 10)


Bellamys Mill was its own common school section, known as school section #10. The school, first built in 1836, was named S.S. #10 Mahon’s School. The first log schoolhouse burned down and was rebuilt in the 1850s across the road. The school ran successfully until the 1910s when it was periodically closed and reopened until its permanent closure in the 1940s. At the time of its closure it was converted into a private residence. Additionally at Bellamys Mill was a Roman Catholic separate school, known as R.C. #10. (Wikipedia)



Mitchell School

(School Section No. 14)


Concession #8, Lot 23, built late 1840’s (see map)





Motts Mills School

 (School Section No. 3)


Concession #3, Lot 21, built c1833 (see map)


Generations of Motts Mills children were educated at the community’s old one room school, which closed around 1950. The original log school was built on Lot 21 of the 3rd Concession of Kitley. It was succeed by a frame building, which in turn was demolished to make room for a stone school built in 1906.


In its heyday, the school accommodated up to 80 pupils. When Motts Mills went into decline and the population dropped, school enrolment was greatly reduced. After the Second World War, the decline was much more noticeable. All schools in the north of Leeds suffered setbacks and many were closed.


Further down the Town Line Road, Blanchard’s School suffered reverses and was closed in 1956. Pupils from Blanchard’s were then transferred to Mott’s Mills.


Pioneer Sam Hough was the original owner of the land on which Mott’s Mills School stood. The Lot no 21 in the 3rd Concession of Kitley was deeded to Hough on December 18, 1803. In 1816, the lot was sold to Sam’s son, Brewin Hough who in turn disposed of it in the following year to Micajah Purdy. It was probably in Purdy’s time that the first school was erected on the lot. George S. Scovil bought the lot in 1833, and that portion on which the school stood was deeded over to the area school board.


Motts Mills School also closed in the early 1960’s. Students from these two schools were then bussed to Jasper Public School.





Newbliss School

(School Section No. 5)


Concession #4, Lot 13, built late 1830’s (see map)


Newbliss village had a log school which was replaced in 1874 by a stone structure. Newbliss School was phased out of existence in 1961 with the pupils being transferred to Jasper.


Newbliss had two schoolhouses to serve the community, each its own section. The first school was built around 1830 and was titled S.S. #5 Newbliss School. It is believed the first schoolhouse for S.S. #5 was made of log, however no records of the school exist. In 1858, the stone schoolhouse which replaced the log structure was erected. This schoolhouse is still standing, located at the intersection of Highway 29 and Line Road 4. (Kitley 1795-1975 by Glenn Lockwood)



Rathwell’s School

School Section #22

 (Wolford School Section No. 6)


Concession #4, Lot 4 (see map)


After 1858 the school that was Wolford  SS#22 became Rathwell’s School, northeast corner of County Road 16 and Corkoran Road.

(Note: on the 1862-62 map there was no school at this location, the closest school we could find was the one circled on the map, this may or may not be the correct one)




Redan School

(School Section #20 – Kitley)

(School Section # 26 – Elizabethtown)


Redan was settled in the years 1840-1860 by Irish Immigrants. The original inhabitants were the Youngs, the Marshalls, Burnetts, Pritchards, Motts, Richards and Wilsons. The old Richardson homestead here was originally part of a clergy reserve. In 1854 the government released all clergy reserve land to the public and the Richard family took a 100 acre plot in the centre of this community.


Redan School was located a short distance from the Mott homestead.  The original schoolhouse was a log structure located near the junction of the Rocksprings and Redan roads. The site is now covered by a swamp.


School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: no report

1854: Frame building


The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1873:


That the request of the trustees of school section no 26 be excepted and that the sum of $125. be levied and collected on the rateable property for the current year 1862- 1862
that the application of the Trustees of School section No 26 be complied with and the sum of $80 be levied and collected on the rateable property of said School Section exclusive of all expenses-1871
that the application of the Trustees of School Section No 26 be complied with and the sum of $80 dollars be levied and collected on the Taxable property of said section exclusive of expenses-1872
that $36 dollars of Clergy money be divided amongst the School Sections of this Township in the following manner, namely Sections No 1 $10, No 12 $5, No 26 $9, No 27 $9.31 cents, No 28 $5, No 29 $2, No 30 $5, No 31 $6 bring union section all the full Sections will leave the sum of $13.11 cents each and the Clerk ? the sum to be paid to the Trustees of each School Section-1873[1]



Rock Springs School

(School Section # 19 – Kitley)

(School Section #25 – Elizabethtown)


School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: no report

1854: no report



Shane’s School

School Section No. 2


Concession #1, Lot 9, in South Elmsley Township (see map)


In 1873, school trustees received the deed for a property of land from Henry Shane.


A new stone building was constructed in 1875, replacing an older school further down the road which was subject to arson, possibly committed by a pupil. The schoolhouse was used after hours as the community church, as well as a meeting hall. Well into the 1900s, the building was used by the Shane’s Women’s Institute.


Shane’s Corners was a small settlement located along Highway 29 near what was the First Concession of Kitley. Shane’s Corners was settled by a man named Lawrence Shane and his wife; Mrs. Shane kept a private school here at one time. The settlement consisted of a few homesteads and very few businesses. [2]


The settlement was large enough that it was able to become its own school section in the late nineteenth century. The school was known as S.S. #2 Shane’s School, and at the time was located along the boundary of Kitley and South Elmsley townships. [2]



Shane’s School enjoyed an upswing in attendance during the 1950’s, when more people moved into the area.


The old Shane’s Road running west from Shane’s Corners on No.29 highway forms the boundary between South Elmsley and Kitley.


Known as the Town Line, the road was a natural spot for school houses. Thus at least three were set up along its route, and because education knows no boundaries, these schools became union, uniting South Elmsley and Kitley pupils.


Shane’s School, still sitting in quite dignity on the knoll that marks the junction of Shane’s Road and No.29 Highway, was a union school with around 15 South Elmsley children attending it in 1840, though it was located in Kitley.


Halfway between Shane’s Corners and Blanchard’s Hill, another public school, also union existed in the 1840’s. It has since vanished and no historian today knows where it stood.


[2] Recorder and Times]


Soper’s School

(Otterman’s School)

 School Section No. 13


Concession #9, Lot 12, built 1850 (see map)


The origins of the original Soper School have been lost in the sands of time. It was probably a log cabin school and existed on the site as early as 1820. This original one room school was known as Otterman’s School, from the Otterman family living nearby. Later when Soper deeded the land over to the School Section board it became Soper School.


Levi Soper owned a homestead three miles to the east of Fankville. A school was built on part of this property. The school stands on the 9th Concession, but the road running past the school building is Morrison Road, Kitley 8th line. The school fence runs between the two concessions..


A stone building supplanted the original log school and it served the community until it was destroyed by fire in 1912. The present stone building was erected on the site in the same year. George Brundige was the contractor when the school was rebuilt. The building was constructed of square cut stone locally quarried. The inside was finished with a white plaster. A raised platform was installed for the teacher.


Among the first settlers around the old school site were the Morrisons, Wilkins, Pryces, Sopers, Wrights, Reynolds, Barringstons, Davises, Mulvaughs, Steacys, Hewitts, Hantons, Brundiges, Merciers. Later the Cooks and O’Gradys moved in.


Louise Mulvaugh was a teacher there prior to 1900. In the 1900’s teachers included Miss. Cocklin (1908), Miss. Greeves; Kenneth Blanchard, Miss. Clow, Misses Nellie and Rose Judge and Fred Leacock who later became a doctor and was killed in a car accident. First salaries paid to teachers ran from $200. to $300. per year. Average attendance was 25-30 pupils but when the school closed in the 1960’s attendance was down to 12. (Recorder and Times)



Unidentified School


Concession #6 Lot 28, see map


We cannot find a name for this school.








Toldeo had  3 log schools





Mitchell School- two miles west of Frankville


Brick School on Chantry Road, four miles west of Toledo









Original basic information ie. School Name, SS #, Concession and Lot # and date of construction from the Brockville Genealogical Society


[1] Lyn Museum Archives

The One Room Schoolhouse in Elizabethtown- Complete Listing


For Photos, Maps etc. look under the school name on our website

Addison School

 (School Section No. 21)

There have been four schools in Addison. The first was built of logs and burned. Both the second and third schools[1] in Addison doubled as Episcopal and Methodist Churches. The second school was a stone building which stood beside the third, framed school. This school was moved to Benjamin Scott’s property and used as a horse stable. It was torn down in the early 1950’s. The third school is a frame building which was constructed in the early 1870’s. It continued to be the Addison School until the 1960’s. The building is now privately owned.

In the 1820’s a log school was erected to replace the one room educational centre in the smithy. This building gave way to a stone school which served Addison for 90 years.


Charles O.Stowell, who married the two daughters of John Ketchum, was born in Massechusetts February 17, 1797. Educated in the United States he came to Canada as a young man with a teaching certificate. In 1832 he took a teaching job at the old Addison school about 200 yards south of the old Perth Trail. This pioneer log school was later torn down and the school moved into the Methodist Church. When the Methodists build a new stone church on the other side of the road, now the Addison United Church, the old house of worship became a permanent school. This school served the community for 90 years until it became unfit for school purposes. It ended its days as a stable on the Scott Farm, where it eventually gave way to decay and collapsed.


A wooden frame school replaced the stone structure and in the late 1960’s it was closed. The Addison School was listed as 21


School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: Log building, 20×26 in size, constructed in 1850, condition: Good

1854: Stone building first opened in 1832



Bell’s School (School Section #24)

Wolford Twp (School Section #16)


Bell’s School was a shared school between Elizabethtown and Wolford Township. It was located on the Rocksprings Road and to the immediate east of the schoolhouse is the Bell’s Cemetery. There used to be a stone church in one corner of the emery, but all that remains now are a few foundation stones.


“The school was built on land donated by James Bell who settled there with his family on or before the year 1831. The land for the school was purchased from S. Harper for £30 it was lot 13” (Recorder and Times article)


School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: no report

1854: Log building, first opened in 1838


The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1873:


To the Local Superintendent of schools for the Township of Elizabethtown. Pay to Mary B.Smith as ordered out of the school fund apportioned to School Section No. 24 in the Township of Elizabethtown the sum apportioned to said section (Signed and Sealed) Walter Bell and Richard Richards, Trustees-1871




Bolton School

(School Section # 23)


The old Bolton School once stool on the property of Henry White. The school once stood near the Bolton Cemetery on Lot 5 of the Tenth Concession in Elizabethtown.  There were several Berry Families located near the school, and their children made up the larger part of the student body.


The Bolton School was located in the hamlet of Shiloh.


School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: no report

1854: Log building, first opened in 1842





Fairfield East School

(School Section #8)


The first school was a log cabin built on the west corner of the farm owned by McDougall’s. Johnathan Barr was the teacher and was noted for his stern and strict qualities. When the community became more settled it was found that the school was not central nor adequate enough so a second school was built about a mile and half farther west. This one also passed into history with the erection of a third, which was built a few rods [sic] east again and which is most up to date.[2]


About 1865 a wooden frame school was built west of the McDougall farm and around 1900 the third Fairfield East School was erected. The school was phased out during the school consolidation of the 1960’s. (R&T Darling Collection Bk3)



School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: Frame Building, size 20×24, no construction date, condition Good

1854: Log building, first opened in 1808




Glen Buell School

(School Section # 16)


“Peter Booth’ School 1842

Dr. John G.Booth’s eldest son was Peter Booth, born at the farm in 1825. In 1842 at the age of 17, he started teaching at the log school in Glen Buell. He had 63 children, ranging in age from 4 to 17, and received the magnificent salary of 2.5 pounds per month. Peter Booth died in 1860, of tuberculosis, leaving a wife and three young children. In 1842, and enthusiastic young buck, he wrote his first report to the district council:

I beg leave to submit the enclosed report of the Common School at present under my instruction. The school house in which this school is taught is on the rear of Lot 31, in the 6th Concession of Elizabethtown on the Main Road leading from Brockville to Farmersville.

All the pupils that have attended resided within two miles of the school house and there are probably from 16 to 20 children more living within that distance from the schoolhouse between the ages of 5 and 16 whose names are not on this report as they have not been in attendance. The school was commenced about the first pf April last, Teachers wages two pounds five shillings per month with the expectation that further aid would be granted from the public monies.” (from Lea Booth, John Booth, p54-55) [3]


The original school was a small log schoolhouse constructed by Eri Hayes in the 1820’s.


The school was closed in the spring of 1965 and pupils bused to either Addison or New Dublin depending on where they lived. Because of overcrowding at New Dublin a few years later, Glen Buell was re-opened for Grade 1 students for a short time.


School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: Log Building, size 24×24, construction date 1837, condition Good

1854: Frame building, first opened in 1844


The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1873:


That the request of the trustees of School Section No 16 be complied with that the sum of one hundred dollars be levied and collected on the rateable property of said section exclusive of expenses-1869
that the Trustees of School Section No 16 be paid the sum of $1 as non-collected school tax an that Lot 34 in the Seventh Concession of Elizabethtown and the Clerk order the sum to be paid to Boyd Hall-1870[4]






Greenbush School

(School Section No. 20)


The first school in Greenbush was built of logs in 1835 on land donated by James Haskin. It burned in 1845 after only ten years of use. The second school, made of stone, was constructed on the same site in 1848. It was twice as large as the first. However it was torn down in 1918 in order to build a larger school. Construction of the brick building was completed within six months, In 1905 the school grounds were enlarged, trees were planted and a fence erected. The land for the extension was purchased from Thomas Webster.


While construction was underway in 1918 classes were held in the United Church Hall. Between 1845 and 1848 classes were held above the store at Millhouse and in one of William Olds’ houses.


The first teacher on record is Miss. Sarah Taggart in 1840. She was followed by Miss. Lucinda Keller who received $5. per month.


The school was phased out of the school system in 1965. [5]

School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: Log Building, size 26×24, construction date 1830, condition Good

1854: Brick building, first opened in 1849


The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1873:


That Edward Davis be detached from school section no 18 and be attached to school section no 20-1858[6]




Halleck’s School

(School Section #5)


On June 28, 1963 the school rang its’ bell for the last time. The teacher at the time was Mrs.Marion Ross, and she was the last person to teach at the little brick school house located on the Halleck’s Road. The 27 remaining pupils from this school are being transferred to the Lyn Public School. About 10 years prior there were 34 pupils in the school


The original school was a log school house located in the north corner of the Halleck’s Road and No. 2 Highway. Rev. William Hallock built a school before 1810 which had a ready made class, what with 16 Coles, 13 Clows, 10 or 12 Fulfords and his own six children. The school was replaced by the present building in 1935, a trim neo-classical brick Edifice.[7] The brick school house was built further north on the Halleck’s Road around 1839. The land on which the present school was built was donated by Mr. Caleb Halloch (Squire Halloch) on May 12, 1838 and was built by Archibald Davidson a stone mason. A well was drilled for the new school in the 1930’s and toilets were installed around 1939. In the early 1940’s electricity was installed. Between 1886 and 1900 teachers salaries were from $220. to $300 per year.


Heritage Elizabethtown erected a plaque near the original school recalling an incident that took place during the War of 1812. The plaque reads as follows:


Hallock’s School and the ‘Underhill Incident’


“A one room school near here was the site of an international incident before the war of 1812. William Hallock (1770-1836), a Methodist preacher, established the school in a log cabin on his property. In 1809 the teacher was Isaac Underhill, an alleged American army deserter. On May 1, three American soldiers disembarked from a schooner on the St. Lawrence, seized Underhill at the school and dragged him, bound and gagged towards the river. When Underhill broke free and ran, his captors shot him from behind. They then fled to their boat with armed settlers in pursuit. Underhill died the next day. His murder was a flagrant violation of British sovereignty which outraged Canadians and lingered long on local memory” (Issac Underhill is said to be buried in an unmarked grave in the Fulford Cemetery)


School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: Frame Building, size 24×34, construction date 1811, condition: Not Good

1854: Frame building, first opened in 1817 (this report combines SS #3 and 5)


The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1872


That the union of School sections no 3 & 5 be dissolved and that all resolutions uniting the same be rendered the same as if said divisions ere never united at the request of a public meeting held for that purpose signed by Henry Clow, Chairman- 1858
that the Clerk be instructed to prepare a Bylaw to unite School Sections No.3 and No.5 into one section agreeable to the request of the rate payers of said sections- 1869
that the application of the Trustees of School Section No 5 be complied with and the sum of $200 be levied and collected on the Taxable property of said section exclusive of expenses -1872[8]



Hawke’s School

Sectional School No. 27

(Rear of Young SS # 11)



There was a school in Glossville called “Hawke’s School. The school was so named because there were two group of Hawke’s children who attended the school in its early years. One Hawke farm was located north of the school the other farm to the south of the school. The school was sandwiched between the two farm families and filled with Hawke children. It was here that Glossville children were educated. The community sent its children to the old brick school long after people stopped using the name Glossville. After Hawke’s closed the children were bussed to Frankville or to Addison. Land for the school was donated to the area school board in 1857 by John Hawke, and it is probable that the stone building was erected within the following three years. Hawke’s School closed in 1962. The school was located at the junction of Hwy 29 and the Lake Eloida Road.


School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: no report

1854: first opened in 1830




The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1873:


that $36 dollars of Clergy money be divided amongst the School Sections of this Township in the following manner, namely Sections No 1 $10, No 12 $5, No 26 $9, No 27 $9.31 cents, No 28 $5, No 29 $2, No 30 $5, No 31 $6 bring union section all the full Sections will leave the sum of $13.11 cents each and the Clerk ? the sum to be paid to the Trustees of each School Section- 1873[9]




Howard School

(School Section #6)


On the 12th Day of October 1861, a parcel of land was purchased on which to build the Howard School.  The indenture was between Andrew Donaldson and his wife Eliza and the School Section number 6 in the township of Elizabethtown, for a sum of sixty dollars. The parcel of land was described on the indenture as a part of the rear of the east half of Lot number twenty three in the Second Concession in the Township of Elizabethtown. In 1946 a well and pump were installed.[10]


School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: no information except: condition: Not Good

1854: Frame building, first opened in 1850








(School Section # 22)



School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: No Report

1854: Stone building, first opened in 1826





Lillie’s School

(S.S. No. 12 Elizabethtown)

(S.S.No. 9 Front of Yonge)


Lillie’s School was located at Lillie’s about five miles from Lyn on the Graham Lake Road. The original school was built of wood and located on the west corner of Hendry Road a quarter of a mile west of the new school. The wooden structure blew down in a wind storm. It was replaced by one made of brick in 1880. This school was 40 feet long by 30 feet wide and could accommodate 35 students. The new brick school was used up until school consolidation in the 1960’s. The school was closed in June 1963, and was demolished in 1988.[11]


The school also served as a church and services were held there every two weeks on a Monday evening by Methodists Ministers from Lyn. One the first graduates of Lillie’s School was John Booth who became a provincial land surveyor and helped to survey the counties of Leeds and Grenville.


School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: Stone Building, size 26×36, construction date 1845, condition: Poor

1854: Stone building, first opened in 1842




The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1872


That $36 dollars of Clergy money be divided amongst the School Sections of this Township in the following manner, namely Sections No 1 $10, No 12 $5, No 26 $9, No 27 $9.31 cents, No 28 $5, No 29 $2, No 30 $5, No 31 $6 bring union section all the full Sections will leave the sum of $13.11 cents each and the Clerk ? the sum to be paid to the Trustees of each School Section – 1873[12]



Lyn School

(School Section #7)


The first school house was located in the centre of the village by the creek. It was abandoned for a newer one room brick school at the west end of the Village, across from the present building. It was in use until 1867 when it burned down. The growth of the village led to a new two story, four room stone school house being built across from the one room brick structure.


The stone schoolhouse in Lyn was built in 1867 and served the children of the district until 1959/1960.  “The classrooms were on the ground floor and the second floor boasted a small stage so that concerts and plays could take place. Parties and dances were held there too”[13]


The Public School in Lyn was built in the year 1867. Although the first annual meeting of the school, on record, took place in 1876 there was undoubtedly meetings before that, as an entry in the old minute and account book shows that John Halliday was the Sect-Treasurer in 1871.  The first annual meeting of School Section No 7 was held in the school hall Wed, Jan 12, 1876 at 10 o’clock. Mr. Norman Coleman was appointed chairman and R.S.Hudson Sect. The school has to date had 60 teachers. The first school fair was held about 1914 on the old “Tan Bark Flats” with entries of cooking, vegetables, fancy work and collections of butterflies and insects. (Suzanne Coke, 1944) [14]


The “New” Lyn School opened its doors to 185 pupils on September 4, 1956. It was planned by architect Mr.Prus and built by contractor Mr.J.Saunders of Prescott for the cost of $92,000.  Miss. Anna Hudson was the prince[al of this new school. As the enrolment of the school increased with the closing of the Howard and Halleck’s School, it was found necessary to add four more room sto the original six room building. The addition was completed and ready for use in September 1963. The enrolment then was 263 pupils. Still the number increased and by 1965 all those pupils residing on the Howard Road were transferred to the Tincap School. In June 1965 the enrolment was 295. On June 29th, 1967 Miss Anna Hudson retired as Principal , Mr.J.Tallmire of Brockville became the new principal. (Anna Hudson, 1967) [15]



School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: no report only: condition: Good

1854: Brick building, first opened in 1850


The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1872


that the trustees of Lyn School Section No 7 be paid the amount due said section on account of debentures and the clerk order the same to be paid- 1871[16]





Manhards School

(School Section # 13)



School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: Stone Building, size 18×24, construction date 1847, condition: Good

1854: Stone building, first opened in 1844





Marshall School

(School Section No. 17- Elizabethtown)

(SS # 3 – Augusta)

Alt name Gosford School


The first children of the area of Linden Bank went to school in a crude log building, but in 1869 the farmers of the area constructed what became to be known as Marshall School.


The school was built out of stone on a low knoll on Gosford Road probably 100 yards off the North Augusta Road.  After serving generations pf Linden Bank children the school was phased out by the school consolidation of the 1960’s.


The school itself was built on land donated by the Marshall Family. Several families of Marshalls lived in the area, running their farms and contributing to community life. The school had rough wooden benches and desks. It had only one room, in which all the grades were taught. It was designated as Elizabethtown SS No. 17. A plague over the doorway gave the date of construction as 1869.


School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: Stone Building, size 32×26, construction date 1848, condition: Good

1854: log building, first opened in 1844



The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1873:


That the request of the trustees of School Section No 17 be complied with that the sum of three hundred and fifty dollars be levied and collected on the rateable property of said section exclusive of expenses-1869
that the Reeve be and is hereby authorised to notify according to law that portion of the Township formerly composed of Union School Section No 29, also School Section No 17 that the council intend to pass a Bylaw to attach the first named portion of the Township to School Section No 17 at the next sitting of the Council on the 4th of Oct next- 1871
that the Trustees of School Section No 17 be paid the sum of $200 dollars being part of the assessment on said Section for school purposes and the Clerk order the same to be paid-1873[17]




Maud’s School

(School Section No. 18)


School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: Stone Building, size 28×38, construction date 1830, condition: Good

1854: Log building, first opened in 1819



The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1873:


That Edward Davis be detached from school section no 18 and be attached to school section no 20-1858
That the request of the trustees of School Section No 18 be accepted and that the sum of $60. be levied and collected on the rateable property of said section for school purposes-1862
that the petition of the trustees of School Section No 18 be complied with and the sum of Thirty dollars be levied and collected on the assessed rateable property of said section free of all expenses for school purposes and paid to the trustees of said section- 1867
That the request of the trustees of School Section No 18 be complied with that the sum of sixty five dollars be levied and collected on the rateable property of said section exclusive of expenses-1869
that the application of the Trustees of School section No 18 be complied with and the sum of Eighty dollars be levied and collected on the rateable property of said section exclusive of expenses-1871
that the application of School Trustees Section No 18 be complied with and the sum of $100 dollars be levied and collected on the Taxable property of said section exclusive of expenses-1872[18]




Sectional School No. 14



School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: Frame Building, construction date 1826, condition: Good

1854: Stone building, first opened in 1820


The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1873:


that the sum of three dollars and fifty cents be paid to trustees of School Section No 14 of Elizabethtown as uncollectible and the clerk order the same to be paid Benjamin Frances 1873[19]


Moores School

(School Section #21)


We have no additional information about this school. If anyone has any information or photos, we would appreciate hearing from you.



School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: Log building, 20×26 in size, constructed in 1850, condition: Good

1854: Stone building first opened in 1832




New Dublin School

(School Section #15)


The first school was built near Lamb’s Pond, almost across the road from the Ernest Kendrick farm, later owned by Donald Stewart. Later a school was built on the Horton Farm near the present school. No dates are know for the erection of either of these buildings. The second school was torn down and while the third school was being built pupils attended classes in the first Orange Hall, a frame building between the present school and the Methodist Church. The third New Dublin School was built in 1880.


Annie Scott who taught in 1894 received $310. per year. [20]


School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: Log building, 20×24 in size, constructed in 1837, condition: Good

1854: Stone building first opened in 1813


The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1872


That the sum of 21.50 pounds clear of all expenses be levied and collected on the rateable property of school section No 15.- 1862
that the application of the Trustees of School Section No 15 be complied with and the sum of $30 be levied and collected on the assessed taxable property of said School Section for School Purposes exclusive of expenses for the year 1869
that the application of the Trustees of School section No 15 be complied with and the sum of $115 be levied and collected on the assessed taxable property of said section exclusive of expenses for school purposes- 1871
that the application of the Trustees of School Section No 15 be complied with and the sum of $155 be levied and collected on the assessed taxable property of said Section exclusive of all expenses for the year 1872




Purvis Street School

(School Section # 8 Front of Yonge)


The first school was a stone structure built in 1844. The children sat on wooden benches and in the winter these benches were placed around a box stove to keep the pupils warm. On May 12, 1890 the local ratepayer held a meeting and voted to build a new school. The school closed in June 29, 1967. The school was located west of Lyn.


The pupils who attended this school will attend Caintown School until the new modern 12 room school is ready in Mallorytown. The present brick structure was built to replace a stone building which had been erected in 1844. On May 12, 1890 the ratepayers held a meeting and voted 11 to 9 in favour of building a new school. On June 16, 1890 the following resolution was passed “ The tender of George Aaron Purvis of Purvis Street to build a school similar to the one recently built near the Toll Gate on the Perth Road, at the rear of Brockville for the sum of $675.00 and use of the old material from the other school was accepted” The school referred to in this resolution nwas the Brick School on the Chemical Road. A plate bearing the date of the old school was transferred to the new one. The first teacher was Laura Clow (later Mrs.McCraken of Brockville) who received a salary of $225. Mr.Kenny was the inspector. The caretaker received $15. a year and hard maple wood was purchased for the box stove at $1.19 a cord. In 1891 William Young furnished the material and build a wood shed for $90. [21]


The stone used in construction was from another school on the Chemical Road[22]



Read’s School

(School Section 2- Elizabethtown)

(School Section 30 – Augusta)


Read’s Public School, a log structure, was built in 1831 and served the community of Bethel for nearly 50 years until a stone building was erected in 1880 on the same plot of land. The land had originally been donated by UEL Pioneer Guy Carleton Read (1785-1849), The Read family gave their name to the school and the nearby Read’s cemetery which dates back to 1800.


The original log school was also used by Methodist circuit riders for church services.


Among the early teachers were Jehiel Collins, in the early 1800’s; William Garvey around 1820; John Walker 1854; Tom Henderson 1855; Catherine Wright 1858 and many others. The school was located in Bethel.

(Recorder and Times, Darling Scrapbook Collection Book 3 pgs 17-29)


School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: Frame building, 28×30 in size, constructed in 1810, condition: Good

1854: Stone building first opened in 1853


The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1873:



that the request of the Trustees of School Section No 2 be complied with and that the sum of $160.00 clear of all expenses be levied and collected on the assessed rateable property of said school section for school purposes for the current year 1867
That the request of the trustees of School Section No 2 be complied with that the sum of two hundred dollars be levied and collected on the rateable property of said section exclusive of expenses- 1869
that the Clerk order the treasurer to pay the Trustees of School Section No 2 or their order the sum of $160 as part payment of the amount due said section- 1870
that the application of the Trustees of School section No 2 be complied with and the sum of Two hundred and forty dollars be levied and collected on the taxable property of said section exclusive of expenses-1871
that the application of School Trustees Section No 2 be complied with and the sum of $240 be levied and collected on the Taxable property of said section exclusive of expenses 1872[23]






Redan School

(School Section # 26 – Elizabethtown)

(School Section #20 – Kitley)


Redan was settled in the years 1840-1860 by Irish Immigrants. The original inhabitants were the Youngs, the Marshalls, Burnetts, Pritchards, Motts, Richards and Wilsons. The old Richardson homestead here was originally part of a clergy reserve. In 1854 the government released all clergy reserve land to the public and the Richard family took a 100 acre plot in the centre of this community.


Redan School was located a short distance from the Mott homestead.  The original schoolhouse was a log structure located near the junction of the Rocksprings and Redan roads. The site is now covered by a swamp.


School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: no report

1854: Frame building


The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1873:


That the request of the trustees of school section no 26 be excepted and that the sum of $125. be levied and collected on the rateable property for the current year 1862- 1862
that the application of the Trustees of School section No 26 be complied with and the sum of $80 be levied and collected on the rateable property of said School Section exclusive of all expenses-1871
that the application of the Trustees of School Section No 26 be complied with and the sum of $80 dollars be levied and collected on the Taxable property of said section exclusive of expenses-1872
that $36 dollars of Clergy money be divided amongst the School Sections of this Township in the following manner, namely Sections No 1 $10, No 12 $5, No 26 $9, No 27 $9.31 cents, No 28 $5, No 29 $2, No 30 $5, No 31 $6 bring union section all the full Sections will leave the sum of $13.11 cents each and the Clerk ? the sum to be paid to the Trustees of each School Section-1873[24]




Rock School


The new Rock School, which stands today as a home, was built in 1937. The school was built of native granite quarried a few yards distant from the school. This new school is located on Hwy 2 west of Brockville, and west of Oakland Cemetery. It is regarded as a model rural public school with accommodations for over 30 pupils, indoor toilets, two cloak rooms, a teacher’s room, store room and a basement playroom.


The original Rock School was built in 1844, and stood to the west of the present site. Prior to this stone school and earlier log school stood on the bank of Grants Creek further east of the present location.



Rock Springs School

(School Section #25 – Elizabethtown)

(School Section # 19 – Kitley)


School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: no report

1854: no report





Rowes Corners

(School Section # 4)


School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: Frame building, constructed in 1832, condition: Good

1854: Stone building first opened in 1846



The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1873:


That the sum of $73. clear of all expenses be levied and collected on the rateable property of school section No 4.-1862
that the application of the trustees of School Section No 4 be received and laid over for further consideration- 1868
that the Trustees of School Section No 4 of Elizabethtown be paid to Samuel McNish agreeable to the request of the Trustees of said Section- 1871
To the Municipal Council of the Township of Elizabethtown in Council assembled, Gentlemen, Please pay Samuel McNish the sum due School Section No 4 of Elizabethtown, signed Sidney Easton and Cyrus Wright- 1871
that James Daniels and John Daniels be relieved from paying School Tax to School Section No 4 amounting to $6.66 cents as said Daniels belong to the Separate School in Brockville and the collector get a copy of this motion- 1872[25]





Seeley’s School

(School Section #10)



The original school building made of stone was built in 1849. The second building was built of brick in 1889, the brick school burned one cold winter’s day on January  26, 1957. Only the bell in the belfry and one baseball bat in the basement were saved. Seeley’s School was built across from North Star Farms at Seeley’s Corners. There were 17 students in the last class at the school in 1957.


The growth of the settlement at Seeley’s necessitated the building of a school. In 1849 one was built on the corner of Sawmill Road and that leading to Leetuck, or Lee Road on the farm of Thomas Booth. This location was on the 6 acres purchased by Alexander Stewart. In 1889 the school became crowded and John W. Stewart, rather than have the new one so near his own dellings gave anther lot $50 and drew the bricks from one lot to the other. The first teacher of the new school was Homer Moore. On Sunday January 26, 1957 the building was destroyed by fire. The last teacher was Mrs. Allan Stewart and she and her twenty pupils’ were transported to the Old Lyn Public School. Starting the following September the pupils went to the new Lyn School then to the New Dublin School. (Mrs. Allan Stewart 1967) [26]


A teacher’s yearly salary in 1862 was sixty dollars.


The original building was probably a one room log building.


Old School Victim of Sunday Fire. A venerable brick building built in 1889 was complete. It destroyed by fire of unknown origins. The school had a capacity for 33 pupils, however at the end it had 20 students. Mrs. Alvin Gardiner, residing nearby spotted the fire about 1:10pm. Brockville Fire Department was called, but before the men could receive permission to make the trip, a second call was received stating that nothing could be done to save the building. There was no water supply and the nearby creek was frozen solid. The school was a sturdy building that served the community well during the past 68 years. The building was about 40 feet long and 30 feet wide, it had been the means of education for generations of district youngsters. The current students would be bused by Stewart’s bus lines to the Lyn School. [27]


School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: Frame building, constructed in 1810, condition: Not Good

1854: Stone building first opened in 1809


The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1873:


that the application of the Trustees of School Section No 10 be complied with and the sum of Two Hundred Dollars be levied and collected on the assessed Taxable Property of said section exclusive of expenses for School Purposes[28]




Sherwood Springs School

(School Sectional #3 Elizabethtown)

(School Sectional # 1 Front of Yonge)



The first school building was made of logs and located on the west side of Sherwood Springs Road, near the site of Jim Eligh’s brick house. It started in 1851, but not opened until January 3, 1854. The second school structure was a framed building built on the north side of Hwy 2 across from where Sherwood Springs Rd. now meets Hwy 2. This building was purchased by Fred Latham and moved down to the opposite side of the road and a second story was added.[29]


The third school was located on Hwy 2, where Woodland Park Zoo was built after the school closed. The school built in 1907 was closed in 1956 with an enrolment of 20 students. The original school which closed in 1906 was located in a white house at Latham’s Corners, Susie Doolan was the first teacher.


School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: Stone building, 30×36 in size, constructed in 1844, condition: Good

1854: report combined with SS#5


The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1873:


That the union of School sections no 3 & 5 be dissolved and that all resolutions uniting the same be rendered the same as if said divisions ere never united at the request of a public meeting held for that purpose signed by Henry Clow, Chairman- 1858
Annual school meeting of School Section No 3 of the freeholders and householders of said section, acceptance of financial report; that we have a free school this year; that Wm Clow & Mr.S.Fulford be auditors for the ensuing year; that one chord of wood be delivered at the school house and cut by each scholar that the teacher measure the wood and if it falls short that the person who brought it shall bring another chord; that the persons who send children to school shall board the teacher- 1862
That the petition of the trustees of School Section No 3 be complied with and that the sum of $140. clear of expenses be levied and collected on the rateable property of said school section for school purposes for the currant year 1865
that the Clerk be instructed to prepare a Bylaw to unite School Sections No.3 and No.5 into one section agreeable to the request of the rate payers of said sections- 1869
that the application of the Trustees of School section No.3 be complied with and the sum of $18 be levied and collected on the rateable property of said section exclusive of expenses – 1869
that the Trustees of School Section No 3 be paid the sum of $240 the amount levied on said section for School purposes and the Clerk order the said amount to be paid to William Wilson-1873[30]




Spring Valley School

(School Section #11)



Spring Valley School was first located at the corner of W.E.Stewarts field to the left of Ruben Davis’ driveway. The original school was an unpainted frame building, that got so old that it could no longer be kept warm in winter. In 1878 the present school was completed farther down the road and opened in September of that year. The foundation for this school was laid in 1877. The land was donated by Frank McCrae on condition that the building be used for both school and church purposes. The first contract to build the new school was not completed and later Harvey Hayes took the contract and hired James Davidson to do the work. Miss Jennie Grant was the first teacher in 1878. The first gathering in the school was a church service on Sunday conducted by Rev.Mr.Blair who was the Pastor of the Lyn Circuit. The enrolment of the school in 1950 was 18 pupils, in 1902 it was 27. (the original name of Spring Valley was Niblock’s Corners)


The school had it’s last class on June 29, 1965, students were then bussed to the new school at New Dublin.



School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: Stone building, 22×28 in size, constructed in 1843, condition: Not Good

1854: Frame building first opened in 1816


The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1873:


That the sum of 20 pounds clear of all expenses be levied and collected on the rateable property of school section No 11.- 1862
Tax levies for School section No 11- 1862[31]



Stewarts School

(School Section #1 – Elizabethtown)

(School Section #16 – Augusta)



Adiel Sherwood inherited Lots 1 & 2 on the death of his father in 1826, and four years later sold Lot 1 to Henry Bradfield, a stone mason. Bradfield who lived here for 50 years also donated land for a school in 1860 (S.S.#1) on the Highway. [32]


School Superintendents Report for 1854 shows that the school was made of stone and opened in 1860[33]


School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: Stone building, 20×26 in size, constructed in 1844, condition: Good

1854: Stone building first opened in 1860



The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1873:


That the request of the trustees of Union School section No 1 in Elizabethtown and No 1 in the Twp of Augusta be completed and the sum of 90 pounds be levied and collected on that property 1862
that the trustees of School Section No. 1 be paid the sum of $0.67 cts as School tax on 12 acres of land on part Lots 7&8 in the 1st concession of Elizabethtown assessed to William Holms and the clerk order the same to be paid 1870
that the application of the trustees of School Section No 1 be complied with and the sum of $100 be levied and collected on the assessed taxable property of School Section No 1 of the Township of Elizabethtown for school purposes free from all expenses for the year 1870
that the application of the Trustees of School section No 1 be complied with and the sum of $150 be levied and collected on the rateable property of said section exclusive of expenses 1871
that the Trustees of School Section No 1 be paid the sum of $52.82 as balance of the amount levied and collected in said Section for school purposes and the clerk give an order for the same- 1872
that the application of trustees of school section No 1 Elizabethtown be complied with and the sum of $150 be levied and collected and the rateable property of said section for school purposes exclusive of expenses- 1872
that the Trustees of School No 1 be paid the sum of $150 dollars being the amount levied on said section for School purposes and the Clerk order the sae to be paid to Alexander Miller- 1873
that $36 dollars of Clergy money be divided amongst the School Sections of this Township in the following manner, namely Sections No 1 $10, No 12 $5, No 26 $9, No 27 $9.31 cents, No 28 $5, No 29 $2, No 30 $5, No 31 $6 bring union section all the full Sections will leave the sum of $13.11 cents each and the Clerk ? the sum to be paid to the Trustees of each School Section- 1873
that the Trustees of School Section No 1 be paid the sum of $150 dollars being payment of the amount collected on said section for school purposes and the Clerk order the same to be paid to the Trustees[34] – 1873





Tin Cap School

(School Section #9)



The unique name of Tincap was given to the community by some early settlers because the old stone schoolhouse boasted a cupola with a tincap, and as this was the only building of note, Tincap seemed a very suggestive name.


The school was burned about 1894, classes were then held for a short time in a stone house owned by Mr.M. O’Donnell.


A new frame building was built, it was equipped with a tin cap and bell, to keep this school linked to the original. The first teacher in the new school was Miss. Susie Hanna of Lyn.


Here is an excerpt from Alvyn Austin in his unpublished 2000 book “ The History of Elizabeth Township”  The Tin Cap- “ Another more fanciful version is that Breakenridge furnished the militia with ‘tin caps’ during the war of 1812 and placed one on the school cupola, which sparkled in the sun and could be seen for miles. The log schoolhouse was replaced by stone in 1850, which burned in 1894; the present school (the 4th) has a replica of the famous “Tin Cap” in its foyer”


School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: Stone building, constructed in 1844, condition: Good

1854: Frame building first opened in 1800




Tincap School

New Building



The new all brick structure was opened on Monday November 7th, 1960. The school continued as a complete grade 1-8 until 1972. At that point the older grades were transferred to Lyn School, and Tincap remained as JK to grade ?,

Until it’s final closure in  2005.





Yonge Mills School

(School Section #28 – Elizbethtown)

(School Section # 2 & 3 – Front of Yonge)



The Yonge Mills School house is located on the Yonge Mills Road, some 3 ½ miles west of the village of Lyn.  On September 26th 1874 a ¾ acre lot was severed from the land owned by Mr. Griffin and Phillips and transferred to the Trustees of the Public School Section. The school opened in 1874 and was in use until its closure in 1968. The school was built from stone and similar to others built around the same time period.


In 1954/55 a wall was erected across the room so that the lower level students could be taught by a second teacher. In 1960 a well was dug and a furnace room added. Prior to 1960 the school was without running water and each day a student had to carry a bucket of water from Gardiner’s across the road to the school. The lavatory was divided with the teacher’s in the centre and two on either side for the boys and girls.


The first school in Yonge Mills was a wooden structure located on the corner of Devil’s Door Road and County Road 27, opposite Yonge Mills Church. The second school was a brick structure which held classes from 1859 to 1874. The third school was a stone structure built in 1874 and was open until June 1968.


In 1956 the enrolment of the school was over 50 pupils. [35]


This was a Union School Section some of the pupils coming from Elizabethtown Township and some from Front of Yonge Township.


School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: No Report

1854: No Report




The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1873:


that $36 dollars of Clergy money be divided amongst the School Sections of this Township in the following manner, namely Sections No 1 $10, No 12 $5, No 26 $9, No 27 $9.31 cents, No 28 $5, No 29 $2, No 30 $5, No 31 $6 bring union section all the full Sections will leave the sum of $13.11 cents each and the Clerk ? the sum to be paid to the Trustees of each School Section[36]






Name Unknown (Moores  ??)

Sectional School No. 19


School Superintendents Report (Ontario Archives)

Shows the following information, which in some cases contradicts what we have already researched, and contradicts other filed School Superintendents Reports:

1850: Log building, 22×28 in size, constructed in 1836, condition: Good

1854: No Report



The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1873:


introduce a Bylaw to set forth and establish the Boundaries of School Section No 19- Elizabethtown
that said by law do now pass and be entitled ByLaw to set forth and establish the Boundaries of School Section no 19- Elizabethtown
That payment of 7 pounds be given to Peter Buell Section Treasurer of School Section no 19 as uncollected and non resident tax for that section
That the sum of $175. clear of all expenses be levied and collected on the rateable property of school section No 19.
that the clerk be authorized to communicate with the Chief Superintendent of Schools respecting voucher for ten pounds of school moneys for school section No 19 in Elizabethton for the year 1860 to inform him if he received such voucher and if the money is available
That Stephen Scott treasurer be authorized to retain $8.13 from the ten pounds revenue from the Chief Super indent of Education and apply it to school purposes ten pounds being moneys paid for school purposes for school section no 19 out of the funds of this municipality in 1862
that the request of the trustee of school section No 19 be complied with and the sum of sixty dollars clear of all expenses be collected of the assessed house holders and free holders of said section for current year 1867
that the application of the Trustees of school Section No 19 be compiled with and the sum of $160. be levied and collected on the rateable property of said section free of all expense
that the Clerk order the treasurer to pay the Trustees of School Section No 19 or their order the sum of $160 as part payment of the amount due said section
that the Trustees of School Section No 19 be paid the balance of assessment due said section and the clerk order the sum to be paid the William Stafford
that the sum of $150 be levied and collected on the rateable property of School Section No 19 for school expenses agreeable to the request of the Trustees of said Section exclusive of expenses
that the Prayer of the Petition Wm Mott and others be complied with and that rear part of Lot No 9 in the first concession of the Township of Elizabethtown from the corporation of the Town of Brockville back to the Second Concession in said Township be detached from School Section No 32 and attached to School Section No 19 is said Township
that the Trustees of School Section No 19 be paid the sum of $52.31 cents being balance of assessment and such section and the clerk order the same to be paid Charles Wesley ?  ? Of said section[37]





Brockville Schools

Sectional School No. 29



The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1873:


that the Reeve be and is hereby authorised to notify according to law that portion of the Township formerly composed of Union School Section No 29, also School Section No 17 that the council intend to pass a Bylaw to attach the first named portion of the Township to School Section No 17 at the next sitting of the Council on the 4th of Oct next 1871
that $36 dollars of Clergy money be divided amongst the School Sections of this Township in the following manner, namely Sections No 1 $10, No 12 $5, No 26 $9, No 27 $9.31 cents, No 28 $5, No 29 $2, No 30 $5, No 31 $6 bring union section all the full Sections will leave the sum of $13.11 cents each and the Clerk ? the sum to be paid to the Trustees of each School Section[38] 1873




Name Unknown

Sectional School No. 30



The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1873:


that $36 dollars of Clergy money be divided amongst the School Sections of this Township in the following manner, namely Sections No 1 $10, No 12 $5, No 26 $9, No 27 $9.31 cents, No 28 $5, No 29 $2, No 30 $5, No 31 $6 bring union section all the full Sections will leave the sum of $13.11 cents each and the Clerk ? the sum to be paid to the Trustees of each School Section- 1873 [39]






Name Unknown

Sectional School No. 31



The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1873:


that $36 dollars of Clergy money be divided amongst the School Sections of this Township in the following manner, namely Sections No 1 $10, No 12 $5, No 26 $9, No 27 $9.31 cents, No 28 $5, No 29 $2, No 30 $5, No 31 $6 bring union section all the full Sections will leave the sum of $13.11 cents each and the Clerk ? the sum to be paid to the Trustees of each School Section- 1873[40]


Name Unknown

Sectional School No. 32



The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1873:


that the Prayer of the Petition Wm Mott and others be complied with and that rear part of Lot No 9 in the first concession of the Township of Elizabethtown from the corporation of the Town of Brockville back to the Second Concession in said Township be detached from School Section No 32 and attached to School Section No 19 is said Township-1871[41]







Name Unknown

Sectional School No. 33



The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1873:


that the application of school trustees of School Section No33 in the township of Elizabethtown be complied with and that the sum of seventy five dollars be levied and collected on the taxable property of said section for school purposes exclusive of expenses for the year 1873
that the Clerk be and he is hereby authorized to correct the assessment of school Sect No 33 by adding the assessment of Joseph Miller, John B.Moor and Ruben Per to said Section-1873[42]





Sheldon School



Reference Notes:


The following information was extracted from the motion papers of the Elizabethtown Council 1855-1873:


(Petition) To the Honourable Council in New Dublin Assembled; The humble petition of the undersigned most humbly requests that your honourable body will be pleased to grant a sum of money on road section leading from the town line of Kitley to Johnston School House partly between Lots No twenty one and twenty two in the eleventh concession of Elizabethtown the ? obstruction is a steep precipice which is very injurious to the traveling community for which your petitioners shall as in duty bound for ever pray (signed) Bouf W Tackaberry, ?, Joseph Portes, Jacob Smith, S,Johnston. John Humpres-1854
that the clerk be authorized to prepare a Bylaw to Divide the township of Elizabethtown into two Electoral Divisions for elections purposes the first division to be five front concessions and the poling place to be at the Stone School house near the tin cap in the third concession of said township and the second division to consist of the six read concessions of said township and the poling place to be at the town hall at Dublin Corners-1866
that the request of the Trustees of School Section No ? be complied with and that the sum of $85.00 free of all expenses be levied and collected on the assessed rateable property of said school section for school purposes for the current year-1867



[1] Greenbush and Addison Villages a look at the history and homes by Karen Clout BA pub 1994

[2] The Recorder & Times Apr 11, 1927 “ Fairfield and its Pioneers by Mrs. H.E.Pyke

[3] The History of Elizabethtown Township, by Alvyn Austin unpublished 2002


[4] Lyn Museum Archives

[5] Greenbush and Addison Villages a look at the history and homes by Karen Clout BA pub 1994

[6] Lyn Museum Archives

[7] An unfinished history of Elizabethtown Township 2000 by Alvyn Austin


[8] Lyn Museum Archives


[9] Lyn Museum Archives

[10] Board of Trustees Annual report for 1946


[11] Focus on the District by Harry Painting February 1980


[12] Lyn Museum Archives

[13] Lyn 1784-1984 by Mary G.Robb

[14] Women’s Institute History Book 3 page 159


[15] Women’s Institute History Book 3 Pg 167


[16] Lyn Museum Archives

[17] Lyn Museum Archives

[18] yn Museum Archives

[19] Lyn Museum Archives

[20] Recorder & Times May 1965

[21] Women’s Institute History Book 3 Pg 175

[22] Lyn 1784-1984 by Mary Robb

[23] Lyn Museum Archives

[24] Lyn Museum Archives

[25] Lyn Museum Archives

[26] Women’s Institute History Book 3 page 174

[27] The Recorder and Times Jan 1957

[28] Lyn Museum Archives

[29] Education in Front of Yonge 1784-2000 by Sandra Wells 2008

[30] Lyn Museum Archives

[31] Lyn Museum Archives

[32] The History of Elizabethtown by Alvyn Austin 2002

[33] Archives Ontario- Microfisch No.

[34] Lyn Museum Archives

[35] A brief history of Yonge Mills School by Joe Moore 1997

[36] Lyn Museum Archives

[37] Lyn Museum Archives

[38] Lyn Museum Archives

[39] Lyn Museum Archives

[40] Lyn Museum Archives

[41] Lyn Museum Archives

[42] Lyn Museum Archives

The Sunburn


From the book “How Dear to My Heart” by Walter Kilborn Billings

It was nearly the end of July 1881. The hay crop had been all taken care of when Father and Mother decided to take a holiday and drive to Gananoque, a town about thirty miles west, to visit her sister. It was a three hour trip with horse and carriage, and was undertaken only about once a year.

When returning they had brought with them a cousin, Vernon Taylor, a boy about my own age. As usual, the creek was the great attraction. A raft which I had constructed a few weeks previously was anchored in the shallow water, and next afternoon we played around with it for quite a while. Then we decided to build a wharf to moor the raft to it. Securing an axe from the barn we sharpened the end of a couple of sticks and drove them into the bed of the creek a couple of feet from the bank, put a board on its edge from one stake to the other and secured it with some stones. Next we took the raft, paddled it up the creek to a spot where a heavy bank of sods hung down to the water, the earth underneath having been washed away by the spring floods. We could break off a chunk, put it on the raft and continue till we had a load, then shove them to our wharf, pile them like stones on one another until we had a solid foundation above the water level.

The day was warm and sunny. Since I had been in the water nearly every day, I had a pretty good tan. My cousin, although he had to wear a bathing suit at home, also had a fairly brown skin, but as we were playing in a secluded part of the creek, we decided he also would not wear his suit; therefore before the end of the afternoon he had acquired a pretty good sunburn. Finally at the call for supper we climbed the hill to the house and soon afterwards were in bed.

Next day was a holiday. The Farmers’ Picnic was to be held at St. Lawrence Park, a short distance west of the Brockville cemetery. My cousin had complained in the morning of being uncomfortable from the sunburn he had received the day before, but went with us to the picnic.

Tablecloths were spread on the grass under the trees, and dinner was served, everyone sitting around tailor fashion and enjoying the many good things from the lunch baskets, all but my cousin, who protested he did not care to sit, but leaned against a tree to eat his lunch.

In the afternoon there were swimming races, boat races, and a lot of other fun, but Vernon would not even get in a boat, as it hurt him to sit down, he said. It was a wonderful afternoon. The men got a long rope; choosing sides till twelve men were selected for each team and then had a tug of war. It was a great day, but to soon we were loaded onto the wagons, all but the big boys and girls who were staying for the evening to enjoy a dance at the pavilion.

Next morning my cousin’s sunburn was hurting terribly and he had me examine him to see what was causing the trouble. When I found two water blisters nearly as large as his hand, I understood why he preferred to eat his lunch standing up the day before.

While we were playing around the yard one of us suggested we have a tug of war, the same as they had had at the picnic, but as there was no one to take hold of the rope we had found in the shed we tied one end to the top of the lath fence at the side of the house. Then we took hold of the other end and started pulling. My cousin was behind me and as the laths would bend we would brace ourselves and give another pull, the same as the men did….. Unfortunately, there was a limit to the strength of the laths, and all at once they broke and we sat down in the driveway, my cousin giving out a horrible yell as he struck the ground. The blisters had broken! In a couple of hours he felt quite comfortable, but after that he always wore his bathing suit when we went out on the raft.

St. Lawrence Park Picnic Party
St. Lawrence Park Picnic Party










For information on St. Lawrence Park look under Along Hwy 2, St. Lawrence Park on this website

Butternut Bay

Butternut Bay is located at the very western edge of Elizabethtown Township in the First Concession along the banks of the St. Lawrence River.

Etching from Levaitt’s Book published in 1879

In Thad. W.H. Leavitt’s book “History of Leeds and Grenville” published in 1879 he writes the following about Butternut Bay: (It was originally called “St. Lawrence Central Camp Ground”

“This beautiful and healthful summer resort and Camp Meeting Ground, is situate on a high bluff of the St. Lawrence, in the first Concession of the Township of Elizabethtown. The ground is admirably located, commanding a fine view of the majestic river. Nature has done much to make the spot a coveted summer retreat. The grounds, embracing some twenty-five acres, are finely wooded, being in that respect superior to the Parks located on Well’s Island. To the untiring exertion of the Rev. A.D. Traveller, assisted by other ministers, is fue the honor of having established the first permanent Park upon the Canadian side of the river. In 1875, the land was purchased and is now held and controlled by the Bay of Quinte Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church. A spacious Tabernacle, a Boarding House and about thirty beautiful Cottages have been erected, and others are in the process of completion. Two sessions of religious services are held each year, one in June and the other in September. Among the contemplated improvements is the establishment of a Telegraph Office, a Post Office and a Custom’s Office. At the close of the season (1878), six series of religious meetings had been held upon the grounds. It certainly is not asking too much of Canadians to expect them to cordially assist the undertaking. The Park is only three and a half miles from Brockville, with which it is in constant communication through the medium of a comfortable steamer, during the sessions of religious service. A special feature of attraction is the establishment of a Sunday School Parliament, which assembles annually during the June Session. The price of lots has been placed very low, to enable all classes to secure a summer home, the intention being to make the Park not only a Camp Ground but also a permanent place of residence during the summer months.”

In Alvyn Austin’s book “Elizabethtown: The Last of the Royal Townships” pub 2009 we learn the following about The St. Lawrence Campground (Butternut Bay).

“Rev. A.D. Traveller, the minister of George Street Methodist Episcopal church in Brockville, bought 25 acres of Jessup’s Tract in 1875, a bluff surrounding a little bay in the river. He planned a religious campground like the famous Chautauga, with lectures and music in addition to the religious sermons. There were several religious campgrounds on the American side, at Morristown and Wellesley Island, larger and more urban than Butternut, as well as further afield like Old Orchard Beach, Maine. There were only in Ontario, the St. Lawrence Campground and Grimsby, which has disappeared.

The Camp meetings promoted a teaching called Holiness, an important evangelical doctrine which permeated Canadian churches into the 20th century. Holiness teachings (also called Entire Sanctification by John Wesley) stated that believers could by conscious diligence live without sin. Moreover they should expect an intense religious experience, a “Second conversion”, in secular terms ‘regeneration’, and thereafter would live the Higher (or Deeper) Life, free from sin. The best place to induce this emotional fervour was a ‘primitive’ woodland setting, ‘a grove of trees to shade the worshippers, log seats, an elevated stand for the preachers, tents, a spring of clean water, burning pine knots for light, and a way of dealing with rowdies and liquor sellers’

The Tabernacle c 1880-1888


At first the people lived in tents, and the meetings were held under a large marquee ‘tabernacle’. The land was surveyed into lots 30 by 40 feet, and leased to church members for $10. for a tent lot and $25. for a cottage lot “and an annual rental of one peppercorn, for a period of 999 years. The building committee set a standard design for the cottages, a small farm house ornamented with a square, mansard-roofed tower and deep overhanging gingerbread, far out of scale with the house. A frame tabernacle, a post office and telegraph, general store and custom’s house were added. One advertisement enticed prospective buyers with “good lodging, abundant and healthful food, beautiful lots for those who wish to pitch tents or erect cottages, wide streets, broad parks and a fresh water ocean, well stocked with fish, boats, good society, and the very noblest of intellectual and religious entertainment.”

The following are excerpts from a booklet published in 2006 “Butternut Bay a Treasured Summer community” by Dr. Reginald Anderson and Bob Anderson:

The ‘Cliff Chateau Hotel’

The original hotel was built in 1885 and was destroyed in the windstorm of 1888. It was rebuilt in 1889 by Mr. M.B.Slack of Lyn and was known as the Cliff Chateau. It extended along the front of the adjacent woods, facing the river. There is no record to tell when the last guests were accommodated but apparently the hotel was still in operation in the 1920’s.

Cliff Chateau Hotel c1916


A brochure for the hotel reads as follows:

The Cliff Chateau- This spacious hotel is situated in a beautiful park, known as Butternut Bay, about six miles above the City of Brockville, on the St. Lawrence River, at the beginning of the Thousand Islands. The hotel is built on a cliff, 75 feet above the river and 50 feet from t, commanding an excellent view of the St. Lawrence in all directions and making it the coolest summer resort on the river. It has been thoroughly renovated and contains large, airy double and single rooms. Spacious upper and lower verandahs. Good home cooking, particularly homemade bread. Cliff Chateau can be reached from Brockville by the Str. Missisquoi on Mondays and Fridays, leaving Mather’s wharf at 1 PM, giving you half and hour’s beautiful sail through some o0f the islands landing at Butternut Bay, three minutes walk from the hotel or any day by conveyance of auto, cab or motor boat. Excellent boating, safe bathing, good fishing, tennis lawn, telephone, daily mail. This hotel opens June 20 and closes October 1st.

Rates of the Cliff Chateau

2 persons in a room-  $20. to $28. per week

1 person in a room- $10, $12 and $15 per week

Reduced rate for children occupying Parent’s or Nurses’ Room

Rate by the day $2.50, single meals, 75¢

Thos. C. Kemp, Prop. and Mgr.

RR #3, Brockville, Ont.


Because of very poor roads and unreliable early model automobiles, except for the last year of two of its operation, all the hotel guests would have arrived by steamship. (The S.S. Brockville was still bringing cottagers to Butternut Bay as late as 1920) One wonders about staying at the hotel in September, noting October 1st as the closing date. The weather can be chilly in September and it is difficult to visualize how the “Large airy rooms” could have been heated. It is interesting to recall that in the early 1920’s there still remained an indication of the lawn tennis court in front of the hotel.

The following photos are undated, but will give you some idea of what Butternut used to look like:


Victorian Style of one of the many cottages
Summer Cottage life, notice the hammocks on the front porch



A row of Victorian Gingerbread cottages
The Post Office
Sunday School Classes
Cottage Life
A Duplex Cottage c1900
Swimmers at the waterfront


Swimmers in their bathing suits and caps



The Cottages and docks
Cottages, c1980
Cottages c1980
Cottages c1980
Cottages c1980
Cottages c1980
Cottages c1980









Cottages c1980






View from the dock c1980
The Dock c1980
Butternut Bay from the river c1980


The Swimming Hole

From the book “How Dear to My Heart” by Walter Kilborn Billings


Our old farm house was situated on the south side of the Lyn road. It had been re-modelled about the year 1871, and with lots of apple trees around it was a very pleasant spot to be brought up in. South of the house and on the side hill were the barns; the hill below was quite steep, ending with the sandpits that dropped away sharply to the creek.

To stand near the house and look south across the valley was always a pleasure, and in the spring to the east of the barns you could hear the roar of the falls a quarter of a mile away. The water flowing down and across the flat below the sandpits was always cool, as Father said it was fed from the springs away below the gravel pit bordering its banks; and at one spot where there was a bend, our swimming hole was located.

It was the mecca for all the boys, and in the summer evenings you could run down the hill hide your clothes behind a bush, and for a half hour enjoy the clean fresh feeling of a good swim. Then, putting on only what was necessary, you made your way to the house, and with fresh clothing you were ready for anything. Sunday morning was usually the time that more of the boys gathered for a cooling dip. We always tried to get down there first, as we had to hurry to be ready for church, but a lot of the boys who had other views regarding this spent an hour or two in the water.

There was always another reason why we wanted to have our swim first; if these boys arrived before you were dressed, a handful of mud or sand tossed your way hit you with a splash and sent you back in to clean up again. But the tough guy who started this was usually the last one to get dressed, as repeated attempts were usually failures, and finally you saw him race over to where his clothes were, grab them and run for the woods, where nettles were most abundant.

It was a great spot in the spring when the snow was melting. The stream always overflowed its banks, and driftwood, pieces of boards, and fence rails were salvaged, pulled back from the shore and later were made into a raft. The pieces of boards we nailed crosswise with some nails we had secured from where an old barn had been torn down. These nails were nearly all made by hand and hammered out square, and the ends pounded to a point, with the head left a bit larger. It was not known when this barn had been built and no one could remember when it had ever been used.

The stream or creek, above our lot rambled and twisted its way for a quarter of a mile through the woods, having tumbled its waters over the falls, that at one time furnished power for a mill located below and at one side of the narrow flume. The flume had been cut through solid rock with the help of hand drills, blasting powder and chisel. In our boyhood it was a great place to spend an afternoon, fishing for bullheads below the falls, and playing around the few remaining timbers of the old mill that was still standing. I remember tracing an abandoned road from the mill to the bank of the stream above the falls, where at one time a bridge had crossed the water. The road then ran on to the main concession or street. Below our farm and on for a bit the creek wound its way around trees, protruding rocks and bushes to a deep gully worn through the rough rocky bed of the stream. In the spring you could stand on the bank and see large red fin suckers dashing through the running water to the quieter pools farther up, and many times were treated to a nice dinner of fish caught in these rapids.

As the flooded flats cleared and the stream went back to its natural course we built our raft, fastening a long rope on one end so that one of us could go aboard and pole across the creek, while the other boy hung onto the rope, fastened another rope in place and towed our raft from each side up as far as we could go. It was great fun! Reading David Harum and his experience driving horses or mules hitched to the end of a tow rope, hauling barges on the Erie Canal always reminded me of these days with the raft.

My sister’s birthday came in April, and Mother had a party for her. A few of the boys too were invited, but instead of staying at the house and playing there, they all wanted to go to the creek. My raft had been securely tied to a tree along the shore, and they all wanted to play with it. I had told them that it was not safe for more than two or three at once, but they would not listen, and four stepped on. They used with poles out from the shore and when the current caught it away they went down stream, laughing and yelling. All went well. It was always a tricky job to steer around the crooks and rocks on the bank, and they were nearly down to the lower log where they would have to stop, when the raft caught a rock, swung around and struck again and it was all over! I managed to salvage the broken boards and the rails, but the bys were wet right to their armpits! Their good clothes of course were soaked, so we went back to the house. One of the lads who did not live far away went home. I can see him yet plodding along with the water gushing from his boots at each step.

The three others, well, Mother found enough clothing for them and their garments were hung around the kitchen stove to dry. Mother told them she ought to make them put on the girls’ clothes as punishment, but it nearly broke up the party.

There was another swimming hole above the falls to which the big boys at noon would run from school, for a dip before one o’clock. One day I went with three or four of them, not to swim, but to play around on a flat rock at the edge of the deeper water. Getting too near the edge I slipped and down I went. I can still feel the weeds at the bottom of that hole at my feet I came to the top but down I went again. Next time, as I came up I heard one of the boys yell “he’s drowning!”  Well they dove in and got me out, laid me with my face down hill and was I sick! I went back to school that afternoon and had a horrible head-ache. A neighbour heard about it and told Father. He said. “All right boy, I am going to teach you to swim!”

Father in his younger days was an athlete; he could play ball, swim well and could do a perfect dive. I have heard him tell of going to the river, climbing up the high rock overlooking the swift water of the Needle’s Eye, and after diving into the swirling current he would swim down to the eddy below, then go back and do it all over again. He could turn cartwheels, do hand springs and walk all over the flat on his hands.

We were all in the water one day. (You could go back a couple of rods from the bank, take a run and jump, and land in two or three feet of water.) All at once I heard a loud splash, and looking round, saw Father in the water. I knew it was of no use for me to try to get away, he caught me and before I left the creek that day I could swim.

Years later when the family were all home for a holiday, we went down to the swimming hole, eighteen of us, enjoyed a swim and then sat on the bank and told others of the fun we had when as children, we took our bath in the swimming hole at the creek.

The Lyn Falls photo taken in 1910


Billings Home on the Lyn Road


Needles Eye west of Brockville from a 1906 postcard



More Bees

From the book “How Dear to My Heart” by Walter Kilborn Billings


It was nearly the last week of haying. Father and a neighbour, Chris Bateson, had done this work together on both farms, and I drove the rake.

1874 Advertisement for a Ithaca Steel Horse Rake

This day we were on our neighbour’s farm, and I was following the wagon, cleaning up the rakings.  I remember I had gone over a small clump of grass and had wondered why the mower had missed it, when all at once my horse started to switch his tail, kick and shake his head. I did not realize what was wrong until I felt a sting on my bare leg, and looking down, saw a swarm of bumble bees. My rake was about half-full of hay, which was rolling over and over in front of the teeth, and each time it came over, more bees came from it. I had raked into the nest, pulled it into the hay, and was rolling out more bees at each turning. By this time my horse had started to run away, so I dumped out the hay and away we went down the fields. Fortunately there was noting in the way, so I hung on and let him run guiding him enough that we finally came to a high rail fence, and I got him stopped. We had left the bees still flying around the hay, and next day I went over and burned or smoked them out.

The foundry man in Lyn was of an inventive mind. One day he had been out in the country delivering a cultivator, and in the deal had secured three hives of honey bees. Bringing them home, he had placed them on a long bench at the edge of the garden.

Later on he was called form the shop with the news that he bees were swarming, and going to the garden found the whole swarm had lodged on the limb of an elm tree about ten feet from the ground. Backing up his spring wagon under them and placing a couple of packing boxes in it, he fastened a market basket on a short pole, tied a cord to the end to the limb and climbed up on the boxes. He held the basket under the bees and started jerking the cord, the bees dropping in bunches into the basket. All went well until he made a misstep, tipped over the boxes and fell on the floor of the wagon, with the basket of bees tipping over on him. I was talking to his son a short time ago. He gave me a part of the story, but he said he ran from the scene as his father fell, so that he could not remember any remarks that came from the occupant of that wagon !

There always seemed to be a fascination for some people in keeping bees, and my partner decided he was going into the bee business. Procuring one hive to start with, he placed it in his garden, under a small apple tree, between the house and barn. The weather turned warm and one day his bees swarmed, and lit in a limb of the apple tree. He had prepared for this event, had a large straw hat fixed up, with a netting around the rim and a cord to tie it around the neck. He had tied cord around the legs of his trousers at his boot-tops, his wife had placed a pair of leather gauntlets on his hands, tying them tightly at his wrists, and he was ready to get the swarm into the new hive already placed in position.

Stepping up to the limb he proceeded to shake it gently, the bees dropping around the hive, and some, of course, dropping around his boots. He was careful not to step on them. All at once he started to yell, and ran for the house. In moving around he had stepped on one of the ends of the bow-knot of the cord tied around his trouser leg, loosened it, and the bees had crawled up inside stinging him around the waist-band. He was met at the door by his wife, who told him not to come in there as the baby was asleep in the kitchen.

Then he turned and started for the barn but remembering his horse was loose inside, he again turned, ran out to the street and across the canal. His hat by this time had come off and was hanging behind his head with the netting still over his face. At that time the steps to the work shop were outside the main building, and up these steps he ran and into the room above. Wondering what the mater was, I followed him. Then he yelled “Don’t come in here”

He found a wood chisel, cut the strings on his gauntlets and the one on the other pant leg and finally got those trousers off and beat off the bees that still insisted on staying with him. Finally he went home and to bed. There were over twenty stings around his waist ! His wife had to go to the druggist for a remedy, but he was quite ill for a day or two.

Later he decided that bee-keeping was not in his line, and made someone else happy with his bees.

My Cousin

From the book “How Dear to My Heart” by Walter Kilborn Billings

My cousin Eck Kilborn, a boy of about my own age, and doubly related to me, (his mother was a first cousin of my father and his father a brother of my mother), was an only child and so for companionship was always ready to come to my house. We were great chums, and I am sorry to say we seemed to get into more trouble than any others of my family. His home was about four miles from mine, and he was always planning, when we were together, some reason for my going home with him.

One day he and his father and mother came to our house, driving a team of horses on a lumber wagon with a high box. They had a spring seat raised up and resting on the side board of the box. A heavy buffalo robe was thrown over the east, hanging down in front and behind and touching the floor of the box.

My Cousin suggested that, about the time they would be ready for home I get into the box, crawl under the seat inside the robe, and lie down on an old cushion he had put there for me. At last they were ready, and I climbed in and we started off. We had decided I should crawl out when we were well on our way and too far from my house for me to be returned. All went well, although the stone road was so rough that I got a lot of bumps on the way down. My cousin said he would kick the robe with his feet when it was time for me to appear, and I watched patiently for the signal. Finally it came. I crawled out in front of my aunt and uncle. It was too late for them to turn back and take me home, so they decided to drive on and send word to my grandfather’s that I was with them.

My family missing me, started to search the barn, down at the creek and at the neighbour’s. Finally word came to them that I had hidden in the wagon and was at my cousin’s. My parents came down that night for me and as punishment I had either to take a thrashing or agree not to go to my cousins for two months. I was just a little fellow only seven years old, so finally I took the strap, on Eck’s advice.

Buggy Shafts were the poles in front of the buggy that attached to the horse

One day my cousin came to see me, driving with his parents in their covered buggy. It was quite new, and had such high wheels that to climb in you needed a box to stand on. They had unhitched the horse, and left the buggy in front of the barn. My sister, my cousin and I were playing around it and as there was some mud on the wheels we decided to run it down to the creek, going around by the cow path and on down where it was not to steep. My sister climbed up in the seat, the back curtain of the top was rolled up and I got in and held up the shafts, my cousin pushing behind. Finally as we moved off, he climbed up on the axle and stood looking through at me in the shafts. The buggy gained speed. I tried to make the turn and keep in the track but fell. I hung on to the shafts and was dragged down almost to the high edge of the gravel pit where there was a drop of about forty feet to the boulders and water below, when the ends of the shafts started digging into the ground. I still hung on and finally we stopped…

They had to hitch the team to the back of the buggy to get the shafts out of the ground and haul it back up the hill. My sister was crying and I was muddy and scared. One shaft was splintered but they took a strap from some old harness and wound it around and put some tacks in to get home. I had already suffered my punishment as I was sore and sick for a week- but we didn’t wash the buggy!

My cousin Eck was a great one to go exploring wherever there were old machines or iron stored. On one of his visits with us we went up into our shed, that later was moved away to make room for the more modern woodshed. There were a couple of scantling nailed against the end of the building and cleats nailed on making a ladder to climb up to the little square door opening into the upper floor, It was quite a feat to go up this ladder, open the door and climb in.

We three, my cousin, my sister and I were all up there. Eck was pulling out an old piece of iron that lay on the floor. The sap buckets made of wood at that time, were piled one above the other on the floor, and as he pulled again, he tipped over the pile of buckets. Al at once there was a loud buzzing, and a cloud of bumblebees swarmed around our heads. My sister was nearest the door and she tried to get down the ladder, but got several stings before getting outside. I took off my new hard sailor hat and started fighting the bees with it. My cousin headed for the door and he got his share of stings. When I finally got down, all that was left of my new hat was the brim.

It was a warm rainy day in August. To deaden the stings, my sister said to go out and get some mud from the road, put it on the spots and let it stay there for awhile. The road at that time had been covered with red cinders from the Chemical Works, and the mud from these left a red stain on everything it touched. But we did not care! We started daubing our stings with mud so that when we were through we looked like spotted tigers. We went into the house, and didn’t we get it! “Where in the world have you been and what has happened?” my mother exclaimed.

When later I rescued the crown of my hat, Mother sewed it to the brim and I had to wear it like that all the rest of the summer.

The Bear Story

As told by Marble Billings many years ago, about 1879

Shortly after I was married and moved to my farm east of Lyn, I was called to the door one morning in November by a neighbour, William Judson, who said that he had left his horses out in the back pasture the day before, and finding a couple of inches of snow on the ground next morning had started out to bring them home. On arriving at the pasture, which also contained a growth of shrub trees, he found his horses in a very excited state, running around with heads and tails up, snorting and very scared. His dog, which had preceded him into the grove, started barking and growling, running around a clump of bushes, and finally with an awful howl, started for home.

On approaching a little nearer the grove, he saw a large black bear digging in the leaves for some wild apples that had fallen from a small apple tree growing there. At once, realizing he could do nothing alone, he had hurried to me to bring my dog and a gun, a muzzle-loader shot gun, which I first loaded with buckshot. Then I routed out another neighbour, Clark Clow, also Firman Judson, and Henry Rowson, who each had shot guns, which were soon all loaded with buckshot or bullets. Then we started back to the pasture.

Of course our several collie dogs were all excited at seeing the guns being loaded, and upon arriving at the grove, the dogs got the scent of the bear aand started tracking him along a ditch that crossed the side road and into the Rowsom woods. Soon they caught up to him, barking and racing towards him, when suddenly Mr. Bear turned and gave one of the dogs a cuff with his paw, and started chasing them. By this time we were getting pretty close to him and one man fired. The bear then turned, and coming to a big elm tree that had proved the tallest in the woods, he started to climb it, keeping on the side farthest from the hunters. Up and up he went and finally stopped where there were a couple of big limbs branching out making a little shield for him from the shots now being fired. Finally, when a well aimed shot penetrated his ear he squealed, and started backwards down the tree again.

Mr. Rowsom finally fired. The bullet penetrated his brain and he fell backwards to the ground. I had not fired my gun before as I knew it would have been of no use, but when the bear struck the ground I ran up and held the muzzle of my gun to his head, but the bear was dead. By George ! We were an excited bunch.

We got a wagon and team into the woods and loaded the carcass on. Putting the side board up so that it would not roll off, we drove up to Lyn to the hay scales which at that time were at the side of the street opposite the Baxter Block. We had covered our prize with blankets and we were over to the store and asked whether they would come and weigh our bear. Of course everybody laughed for they thought it was a joke. But when we lifted off the blankets and side board there was a mad rush towards the wagon.

Our bear weighed over four hundred pounds, and we sold the hide for seven dollars. I have always been sorry I did not buy it myself, as it would have made a lovely sleigh robe.

I have heard my father tell this true story many times, and always it was so real that we children listening were very much disturbed by it, especially when it was told to a neighbour about our bed time.


A Bear Sleigh Robe. This robe was made out of the fur from a Black Bear shot by John Johnston on his farm south of Lyn around 1895. It was used on their cutter in the winter to keep them warm
The Black Bear Robe measures 4′ x 5′ and has a wool backing on it





Forgotten People from Our Past

In our various collections we have photos of people with no names attached, our forgotten people. Take a look and see if you recognize anyone, if you can put a name and date with a photo please let us know. There are a total of 150 photographs.

Perhaps you will discover a part of your past !


Photo No 1
Photo No 2
Photo No 3
Photo No 4
Photo no 5
Photo No 6
Photo No 7
Photo No 8
Photo No 9
Photo No 10
Photo No 11
Photo No 12 in Lyn
Photo No 13
Photo No. 14
Photo No 15
Photo No 16
Photo No.17
Photo No 18
Photo No 19
Photo No. 20
Photo No 21
Photo No 22
Photo No 23
Photo No 24
Photo No 25
Photo No 26
Photo No 27
Photo No. 28
Photo No.29
Photo No. 30
Photo No 31
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Photo No. 33
Photo No 34
Photo No. 35
Photo No. 36
Photo No. 37
Photo No. 38
Photo No. 39
Photo No. 40
Photo No. 41
Photo No. 42
Photo No. 43
Photo No. 44
Photo No. 45
Photo No. 46
Photo No. 47
Photo No. 48
Photo No. 49 (maybe in Brockville)
Photo No. 50
Photo No. 51
Photo No. 52
Photo No. 53
Photo No. 54
Photo No 55
Photo No. 56
Photo No. 57
Photo No. 58
Photo No. 59
Photo No.60
Photo No. 61
Photo No.62
Photo No. 63
Photo No. 64
Photo No. 65
Photo No.66
Photo No. 67
Photo No. 68
Photo No. 69
Photo No. 70
Photo No. 71
Photo No. 72
Photo No. 73
Photo No. 74
Photo No. 75 in Lyn


Photo No. 76 in Lyn
Photo No. 77 in Lyn
Photo No. 78
Photo No. 79
Photo No.80
Photo No. 81
Photo No. 82
Photo No. 83
Photo No. 84
Photo No. 85
Photo No. 86
Photo No. 87
Photo No. 88
Photo No. 89
Photo No. 90
Photo No. 91
Photo No. 92
Photo No. 93
Photo No. 94
Photo No. 95
Photo No. 96
Photo No. 97
Photo No. 98
Photo No. 99
Photo No. 100
Photo No. 101
Photo No. 102
Photo No. 103
Photo No. 104
Photo No. 105
Photo No. 106
Photo No. 107
Photo No. 108
Photo No. 109
Photo No. 110
Photo No. 111
Photo No. 112
Photo No. 113
Photo No. 114 (Kingston Bridge Brockville ?)
Photo No 115
Photo No. 116
Photo No. 117
Photo No. 118
Photo No. 119
Photo No. 120
Photo No. 121
Photo No. 122
Photo No. 123 (Falkner Photographer,Athens)
Photo No. 124 (Gamble Photographer, Brockville)
Photo No. 125 (Joynt Photographers, Athens, Ontario)
Photo No. 126
Photo No. 127
Photo No. 128
Photo No. 129
Photo No. 130
Photo No. 131
Photo No. 132
Photo No. 133
Photo No. 134
Photo No. 135
Photo No. 136
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Photo No. 139
Photo No. 140
Photo No. 141
Photo No. 142
Photo No. 143
Photo No 144
Photo No. 145
Photo No. 146
Photo No. 147
Photo No. 148
Photo No. 149
Photo No 150
Photo No 151
Photo No. 152 TinType
Photo No. 153 TinType
Photo No. 154 Tintype
Photo No. 155 Tintype


Photo No, 156
Photo No. 157
Photo No. 158
Photo No 159
Photo No. 160









Fragonard Perfumes

Box Set of Three Feminine Fragonard Fragrances

Fragonard Perfumes

The beginnings of the historic ‘Fragonard Parfumeur’ began in Grasse, France shortly before the First World War. By the 17th century, Grasse was the capital of perfume production with its ideal climate for the cultivation of roses, jasmine and other essential flowers that were used to make attractive fragrances. More importantly to the development of the Fragonard Perfumery, Grasse and it’s French Rivera charm, was becoming a popular destination for tourists. Entrepreneur and a perfume aficionado, Eugène Fuchs, opened his own perfumery in 1926 based on the idea of selling fragrance directly to the tourists. He named it in homage to the renowned 18th century French romantic painter Jean-Honoré Fragonard (1732-1806); a fitting tribute to the son of a master glove maker and perfumer who was born in Grasse, the city Fuchs also hoped to commemorate for its refinement of arts.


Zizanie, Moment Volé and Belle de Nuit fragrances – names of the original fragrances were inspired by their namesake’s paintings, such as Moment Volé and Belle de Nuit

Fuchs’ spirit and enthusiasm behind the success of his perfumery has grown under the help of four succeeding generations who have all contributed to Fuchs’ passion and design. For example, under the direction of Fuchs’ grandson Jean-François Costa, Fragonard went through a rapid expansion and modernization. Additionally, in 1978, Costa opened the Musée des Parfums, located on the top floor of the original perfume factory in Grasse that celebrates the role of perfume production in the culture and history of Grasse.  The museum is open to this day.  Currently, Fragonard is run by Costa’s three daughters; they have opened additional production in Eze and Paris, as well as greatly expanded the retail line in not only selling fragrances and perfumes, but also eaux de toilettes, cosmetic products, soaps, shower gels, old-fashioned bath salts, scented candles and home fragrance diffusers.

Northern Electric Company Limited Wooden Telephone Box

Northern Electric Company Limited Wooden Telephone Box

The Northern Electric Company, established in the late 1800s, was a revolutionary enterprise that pioneered Canada’s telecommunications production and innovation. Founded in Montreal, Quebec (later expanding to other locations, such as Bellville, Ontario), Northern Electric went through a historic evolution from a small Canadian telephone equipment supplier to the architect of a budding world of networks. Under a few different company names (i.e. Northern Electric,  Northern Telecom Limited, Nortel) numerous products, such as radios, televisions, amplifiers, speakers, switchboards, and telephones were manufactured and sold on a massive scale.

Sketch of a Wooden Coffin Shaped Telephone

Wooden wall phones were one of the first telephone models available to the public and had a long lifespan in rural Canadian households. For example, the long and bulky coffin shaped wooden wall mounted telephone box was one the first telephones put into wide circulation. The three-box telephone was another popular wooden model that did not house the phones features in a large coffin shaped box, but rather in 3 separate wooden boxes. Both these local battery powered magneto phones were manufactured until the early 1960s, and remained in service well into the 1970s despite the evolution of household telephones.

Our collection houses a Northern Electric Company Limited wooden telephone box that I speculate to be the top or upper box of a three-box wall mounted telephone. This upper box would contain the magneto or electric generator that produces the electricity required to ring the bells of the party being called. The middle box would contain the phone’s transmitter, and the bottom box would contain the batteries that would have powered the phone and a protruding flat or inclined horizontal surface that would allow for the jotting down of notes while using the telephone.

Northern Electric Company Limited Wooden Telephone Box

Sugar Making

A Story of Sugar-Making

By Walter K. Billings

Clarence McCrady’s Sugar Shack on the Harris Farm

One spring, when I was about fourteen, we had several white frosts. The snow in the sugar-bush was still early two feet deep, but it was nearly time to get out the tin sap buckets, put on a couple of kettles of water, build a good fire in the kitchen stove, and give these buckets a through cleaning. The spiles also came in for a good scalding before we could tap the bush.

Early next morning it looked the right time to head for the woods, so with our load we started. There had been a track broken in from the road and the team jogged along until we came to the maple grove. Then with a hatchet, a bit and bit stock, I struck out over the frozen snow, picked out the spot to bore the hole, and proceeded to tap the tree. The driving in the spile to the proper depth, I went on to the next tree while my sister Lou brought the bucket and hung it in place.

Nearly all forenoon we could walk on the crust, but by eleven o’clock the snow began to get soft and your feet would break through, sometimes causing you to fall. With the great depth of snow it began to mean hard work, but we stuck to it and by noon had nearly two hundred and fifty trees tapped.

We already had a sugar shanty, and going to it we cleared the snow from around the front door and got the door open. The wood for the fireplace had been piled ready, and we started for home. Having plunged through the wet snow until we were wet to our hips, we had to hunt out dry clothes and put them on before we had dinner.

As the next day was cold and stormy there was no use of our going to the bush. However, the second day proved a real sap day, and before night we found every bucket filled. Boiling the sap seemed a slow process, but by night we had a foaming pan of thin syrup, and, as Father had come down prepared to boil all night and had the fur robes all arranged in the bunk beside the arch, I decided to stay with him. So after seeing there was lots of wood inside, I curled up in the robes and went to sleep.

About two o’clock father woke me saying he had forgotten to fill the lantern, and I would have to go home and get some coal-oil. This seemed a long trip, so I said I would go across the hill to the Brown farm on the chance of finding an oil can in their shed. Emerging from the bush I walked over the hill and down to the shed door, where I knew they usually had a supply of lanterns, as they often had to go to the cattle barns during the night. Entering the woodshed I held my Lantern up and sure enough on a long girder hung a dozen lanterns. I went over to them and picked one up. There was no oil in it; the next one was the same. The third one had lots of oil in it, but the chimney was broken. Comparing the lanterns, I saw the chimney on my lantern would work on the other, so going outside, I changed the chimneys, lit the third lantern and returned to the sugar bush in a very short time. We were able to take care of our syrup and were home before daylight.

The first attempts at boiling sap are quite vivid in my memory. Three big kettles at the farm that were used for heating water at butchering time were cleaned and taken to the bush. At the spot there was a ledge of rock about four feet hgh, against which the kettles were placed. A green pole with supports at each end was placed over the kettles and chains fastened to them and around the pole; then it was raised until there was room to build a good fire underneath. With the pole securely braced we were ready for the sap. It was slow work as the sap would boil over when too much fire was put on, and the smoke and ashes would settle on the top of the kettles. The only way we had to stop it boiling over was to plunge a chunk of fat pork fastened to the end of a long stick into the foaming sap. I did not understand the virtue of this, but I remember having to stand before the fire and to watch those kettles. A year of two later an arch was built, and a nice new tin sap-pan was bought, also a couple of hundred tin sap buckets.

The first buckets we used were made of wood, similar to wooden pails that later were sold from the stores. Before farmers used wooden buckets they made sap buckets by hand. Basswood logs about fourteen inches across were split in two, an axe was used to hew a hollow in the centre of each log. This was cut in spaces of about two feet each, an adze was used to smooth the hollow, the saw cut them in the right lengths, the round side of each trough was flattened so that it would not tip over, and they were ready for the sap.

Before the metal spile was used, pieces of cedar about ten inches long were split to about an inch and a quarter, a channel was cut in the piece and at the other end a hole was bored lengthwise in to the channel gouged out, a hot piece of heavy wire shoved through the hole to clear out the shaving and this end then shaped to fit in the hole bored in the tree. When later metal spiles were obtained and the wooden buckets used, my father made a loop of wire near the top of the bucket and then could hang the wire on the hook of the metal spile. Our wooden buckets had at one time been painted red on the outside, with the name “A.Dunham” printed on each one. I suppose these buckets had at one time been owned by this man.

One incident I well remember. Our old friend, Vanamber Brown, had a bush just over the line fence between our two wood-lots. He had built up an arch of dry stones and banked it with earth. We were first that night to get our pan off, and we placed the syrup in a large milk can, for transportation to the house. We had hurried over to help Vanamber, but we were too late. He had noticed that his syrup was ready to come off, and had placed a couple of poles about seven feet long, one end on the side of the arch and the other on a log inside the shanty. He then attempted to pull the pan over on the poles, and had got along so far all right. However, unfortunately the pole near the front of the pan was lower that the other. He turned to get his can ready, and the syrup started running to the front of the pan, with the result that the weight of the syrup upended the pan and the whole day and a half’s boiling ran out on the ground. He managed to save about a gallon that still remained in the end of the pan, but the rest was gone.

The memory of a dinner in the bush at Easter when Mother would send down warmed up potatoes, boiled ham, eggs, doughnuts, fresh syrup coffee and a mince pie, still remains in my thoughts along with the fun and frolics of our guests, who, gathered for a sugar-off, were all eager to help Dad with the fire. I can see them yet, piling armfuls of dried limbs all around him till you could just see his head, but he enjoyed it all and had a warm welcome for the whole crowd.

Then we made jack-wax on the pans of snow, packed solid so that the hot syrup would not go through. Forks were passed around, or small cedar sticks dipped in the syrup as it hardened in the snow, and eyes glistened as the sweet sticky jack-wax was drawn in a ribbon form and then rolled again on the forks to taste and taste again. These were great days – Often in later years these guests would write to remind us of the big dinner and the sugaring off in the maple bush on our farm.

Sugar making in Elizabethtown


Curling Irons /Curling Tongs

Curling Irons /Curling Tongs

Curling irons or curling tongs are far from being a modern invention. In fact, these hairstyling tools have been around for centuries and were used by early Babylonian, Assyrian, Persian, Greek and Egyptian civilizations. Often used to signify wealth and beauty, Persian and Greek nobles used iron or bronze rods, that were heated over a fire, to produce impressive hairstyles, and for Egyptian nobles, stylish wigs. Even Babylonian and Assyrian men crimped and curled their beards with basic curling irons.

Curling Tong – Circa 1920s

Sir Hiram Maxim, a US-born citizen of England, who gained hundreds of patents for various military, household, health, and beauty industry inventions (i.e. the maxim machine gun, a light bulb, an asthma inhaler, and a mousetrap) is accredited with patenting one of the earliest  curling iron designs in 1866. By 1921, many more patents were materializing.

Frenchman Marcel Grateau is acknowledged as the official inventor of the curling tong. In 1872, Grateau revolutionized hair styling when he invented the “Marcel Wave” as alternative hairstyle to the long curls that were in trend at the time.

The curling tong he invented, and used to create the “Marcel Wave,” still closely resembled the curling irons used by ancient civilizations. Over time, only the handles of curling tongs and the size of the metal barrel varied from one tool to another;  handles would often be made of different types of wood, or more expensive models would have  nickel-plated handles and floral embellishments. However, curling tongs were still designed with metal barrels that needed to heated over gas burners. Many accidents resulting in burnt or damaged hair occurred as the heat of the metal tongs was difficult to control, even in the hands of trained operators. A problem which was solved with the invention of an electric curling iron, which was easier to control the apperatus’s temperature and therefore safer to operate.

Curling Tongs with Wooden Handles And a Small Barrel -Circa 1920
Retrieved From Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,”Edna Fearon Models the Marcel Wave,” (accessed March 09, 2017)







Washing Machines and Washboards

One of The Many Washboards in The Collection. “Economy Glass” Washboard Manufactured by the Canadian Woodenware Mfg. Company of St. Thomas Circa The 1920’s

Washing Machines 


Prior to the 1800’s, the idea of powered washing machine was just beginning to come to fruition. That being said, the “scrub board” or “washboard” has arguably been around for ages. The traditional washboard were made out of a rectangular piece of wood that had a series of ridges for the clothing to be rubbed upon. Whereas, later washboards still had a wooden fame, but its ridges were made out of metal. Yet, rubbing, wringing, and lifting water-laden clothes and linen was a daunting and time consuming task. To ease this chore, numerous washing machines models were being patented during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

For instance, New Yorkers Amos Larcom and Nicholas Bennett and Canadian John E. Turnbull are just a few of the long list of names associated with the development of the washing machine in the early 1800’s and onwards. In 1858, William Blackstone of Indiana built a washing machine for his wife that was the first official washing machine model made for convenient use at home to remove dirt and stains. In 1907, the Hurley Electric Laundry Equipment Company out of Chicago invented the “Thor” washing machine which was the first commercially sold electric-powered model with a galvanized tub and an electric motor.


We house three washing machines in our collection:



A hand crank washing machine manufactured by the Boss Washing Machine Company out of Norwood, Ohio. Run by the companies president Conrad Dietz, they produced and developed models from hand-operated wooden machines to electric-motorized metal washers.

A wooden Dolly Washer that was water powered. While we do not know what company manufactured this model, we do know that it was patented in 1916.

Lastly, a wooden hand operated model manufactured, circa 1908, by the Michigan Washing Machine Company out of Muskegon, Mi.


Kodak Brownie Hawkeye Camera

Kodak Brownie Hawkeye Model

Kodak Brownie Hawkeye Camera 

The Kodak Brownie Hawkeye camera was one of the many Kodak ‘Brownie’ cameras that Eastman Kodak (Rochester, NY) manufactured between the 1900’s and well into the 20th Century. These cameras shared the ‘Brownie’ name, but ranged from box cameras, to folding cameras, and later, movie cameras. Kodak Brownie box cameras were sold at inexpensive prices to the average consumer who took ‘everyday’ photos.

The Hawkeye model debuted in 1949 and its production lasted through 1951. This Bakelite box camera produced twelve 2¼” by 2¼” images on 620 spool film. It sold extremely well and acquired popularity for its sleek design and simple minimalist features, such as a single-element non-focusing meniscus lens and a simple rotary shutter that were easy to operate. Its size and weight were great for your average user and had a convenient strap at the top.

In 1950, Kodak introduced the Kodak Brownie Hawkeye Flash model. This model was the same as the Kodak Brownie Hawkeye but added a new feature to the existing design, a “Kodalite Flasholder” accessory that synchronized with the shutter. Production of the Flash model seized in 1961, but both models are popular collector’s items, as well as fun and efficient cameras that photographers still enjoy using today.

Elizabethtown-Kitley Fire Department History

A Brief History of the Elizabethtown-Kitley Fire Department

From the very beginning to the Present

Our township is located along the St. Lawrence River and our municipality surrounds the City of Brockville, Ontario Canada. We amalgamated with our neighboring township of Kitley on January 1st, 2001 and are now the Township of Elizabethtown-Kitley and cover an area of 590 sq kilometers. We have 3 fire stations with 1 full time Fire Chief, 1 full time Administrative Assistant and 1 part time Fire Prevention Officer, along with 60 volunteer firefighters. We house 4 Tankers, 4 Pumpers, 3 Rescue units, 1 Medical Van, and 2 Club Cab Trucks.

Elizabethtown Fire Department was established in 1963 at 26 Main St. W. in the Village of Lyn, a second station was a converted two bay garage. Kitley Fire Department was established in the Village of Frankville in 1965.

The following is historical information on both Elizabethtown and Kitley Fire Departments


  1. Who were the first members of each fire department, Elizabethtown & Kitley?


Dave McCrady-Chief              Earle Miller-DC          Arnold Ladd                Ivan Cross

George Williams                     Herb Simpson              Frank Willows             William Murray

George Bycroft                       Cliff Churchill             Gerald Coon               Ron Flood                  

Allan Hanna                            Don Jowett                  Ron Murphy                Alf McDonald

Norm Reynolds                        Don Toohey                 Don White                   Frank VanDusen

Eddy Casselman, Clarence Hoare, Don Toohey, Frank Willows, Doug Jowett, Matt Bonokoski, Herb             Dewar, Jack Darling, Bill Gaskell, Huge McClintock, Don Mott, Roy Bradley, Bill Empey, Ron Cross,      Joe Cirtwell     



Gerald E. Moran- Chief          Gib Johnston               Charlie Smith              Garnet Baker

Borden Armstrong                  Ray Bennett                 James Dawson            Arthur Ferguson

Allan Mercier                          Gerald Sands              Doug Bryan                 James Rae J.R.

Victor Johnston                       Guy Johnston              Marshall Davidson      Ray Ireland

Gordie Brundige                     Ronald Eaton              Basil Beaupre              Gerald Lawson

Earl Sands                               Gerald Mercier           Gerald S. Moran         Jack Wilkinson

Ken Baker                               Jack Hanton   


  1. Who were the Fire chiefs of each fire department, Elizabethtown & Kitley?

Elizabethtown-            Dave McCrady          1963-1967

                                    George Williams        1967-1979

                                    Don White                  1979-1989

                                    Jim Donovan              1989-2001

Kitley-                         Gerald E. Moran        1965-1967

                                    Ray Ireland                1967-1989

                                    Ken Baker                  1989-2001

Elizabethtown –Kitley            Jim Donovan              2001- Present


  1. Who are the fire chiefs today, and their role and duties?

           Fire Chief Jim Donovan,   Deputy Fire Chief  Andy Guilboard

A chief (and/or his/her designate) is the person who is ultimately responsible to Council and is appointed to deliver Fire Protection Services as set out by the municipality for the residents. They are also appointed by the Province to enforce the Fire Protection and Prevention Act and the Ontario Fire Code.

 The 2017 Fire fighters are,Barb Brownell – Fire Administration 1995-present

           Doug Andress          Daniel Ashe             Randy Beaupre                  Gerry Bell    

           Brad Buchanan        Rachel Bond           Cody Burridge                    Donna Carty                       Dillon Champagne  Lisa Charbonneau Jesse Dentz                         Mike Dunster                      Derrick Empey          Tom Evans               Adam Findlay                      Andrew Flood         Gary Foster                        Dave Goguen          Steven Goguen                   Paul Gordon                        Andy Guilboard     Ryan Healey                        Aaron Heidemann              Steve Helmus                      Derrik Hill            Matt Huskinson      Bill Johnston                       Michael Jonker       Alfred Kelly              Tyler Knapp                       David Laliberte                    Brian Lawson          Dakota Layng          Nathan Leclair           David Loney                          Andrew Malanka     Dylan Maud              Alan Merkley            Steve Moore                                    Dan Noel                   Brian Normandin    Chris Paul                Zack Paul                  Pascal Peladeau    

           Eric Perrin                  Jeremy Renkema   Michael Rowntree              Jeff Sargent             Chad Scott  Matt Shaw                Tim Slusarchuk                  Gerry Smith             

           Jeff Smith                   Matthew Spencer   Jamie St. Pierre                   Owen Stevens

           Scott Tedford            Tim Tedford             Brian Triemstra                   Mark Weldon           Cory Wilson                       Matt Worden                        Michael Yates                                             


  1. Number of fire and rescue call per year?

Approximately 210 calls per year


  1. What is the average number of hours spent attending fire and rescue call per year?

           Total Hours for 2016- 9,503


  1. How many hours are spent in training per year?

           Training Hours for 2016 – 3,723.5 hours


  1. List the awards the department has won locally, regional, provincially?

Extrication Team- The team was established in 1999 and since has competed in 13 regional competitions and 5 international competitions.

In 2008 the extrication team hosted the Eastern Ontario Extrication Competition in Frankville.


           Fire Fit Team – Riverfest 2008-Placing First.  2008 Ingleside – Fastest Relay Team

           2008 – Canadian Nationals- Fastest Volunteer Relay in Canada


  1. What Fund-raising activities dose the fire department do? and what do they use the money for?

                        Fund Raising – Chicken BBQ, Fish Fry, MD Boot Drive

                        Fire Fighter’s Association

Both, the Elizabethtown and the Kitley Fire Fighter Associations still actively fund raise to assist in the purchasing of equipment, sponsoring local youth recreation activities and donating to local charities (MD). They participated in parades throughout the Counties again this year.


  1. What is the fire department Mission Statement/Motto?



The primary mission of the Township of Elizabethtown-Kitley Fire & Emergency Services is to provide a range of programs to protect the lives and property of the inhabitants of the Township of Elizabethtown-Kitley from the adverse effects of fires, sudden medical emergencies or exposure to dangerous conditions created by man or nature.

Our Family, Helping Yours


The above information was provided by the Elizabethtown-Kitley Fire Department

Kitley Fire Department

Kitley Volunteer Fire Department- 1965 to 1985

The First Twenty Years


Kitley Fire Hall c1985

 On May 6th, 1985, Kitley Fire Department celebrated its’ 20th Anniversary. During these years the Township of Kitley went from being without a fire department to having one of the best equipped and best trained in the Country. Accomplishing this took a considerable outlay of time and money.

Fire protection for the township prior to 1965 was inadequate at its best. Smith’s Falls was paid to respond to calls for help, and respond they did. Their best equipment however was allocated for use in the town of Smith’s Falls, and only their second pumper came to calls in Kitley. Since an adequate supply of water in town was supplied by hydrants, they did not have a tanker to haul water. Local residents had to supply the water unless the fire was close to a creek or pond from which they could pump water. Seeing milk cans of water being hauled to supply the pumper was a frequent sight at a fire in the township. No matter how great the effort, water could not be hauled in sufficient quantity to supply the pumper.

The first hope for improvement came because of a push from the village of Frankville. A group known as the Frankville Fire Brigade was formed to provide fire protection for the village. Thought their equipment was very limited, they had a building and a good well. The well was equipped with a deep lift pump, and was able to provide a continuous supply of water through a  1 ½ inch line.

On August 13, 1964, Reeve Charles Sands met with the Village of Frankville Trustees, The Frankville Fire Brigade and a large group of interested people. The decision was made that changes in Fire Protection were necessary.

The Fire Marshall’s office was contacted regarding requirements for a legal fire department. Mr. Maurice Roussey met with the Council and informed them that setting up an adequate Fire Department was too large a venture for a village and that a Township Fire Department should be considered instead.

A survey of the Township’s requirements was undertaken and provided information that the Frankville Fire Hall and an unused Toledo Fire Hall did not meet standards and did not have room for expansion. The discussion for a new fire hall was discussed at length by Council. Even though they would have liked to have the building in the centre of the Township, this was not possible since the men interested in being firefighters were from the Frankville area. In the end, the location was decided when land was donated on the north end of Frankville for this purpose. The property was of sufficient size and on Hwy#29. The deed was completed and the lot fenced in May of 1965.

Construction of the Fire Hall

With the support of volunteers a fire hall was constructed. The building including heating and hydro cost a total of $7,445. Of this amount Council through taxes paid only $3,205., the Fire Association through fundraising paid the rest as well as 2,222 hours of volunteer labour by 66 men.






The total equipment at this time amounted to a 1946 Mercury truck with a 1000 gallon tank inherited from the Frankville Fire Brigade. This truck affectionately named “Lulabelle” was the complete source of water. Driving ‘Lulabelle’ however required special care, since there were no baffles in the tank, unless it was completely full, the movement of the water would push her through stop signs.



The Fire Department decided a better tanker was necessary, and in November of 1965 a 1959 GMC truck was purchased for $900. as well as a 1200 gallon tank. The money was borrowed from the bank using the signatures of 27 men as collateral. By June of 1966, the loan as well as interest was paid off Volunteers repaired the truck and tank to get it ready for use by the department.

December 14, 1965 was a great day for Kitley Fire Department. The new pumper arrived! This vehicle from King Seagrave carried 500 gallons of water and was equipped with a pump capable of delivering 625 gallons per minute, it was completely equipped with hose, nozzles, ladders and most of the other items a firefighter might need. A new Hale portable pump, to be used for filling the tankers also arrived in December. The pumper at a cost of  $17,486. and the portable pump at $610. were both purchased by council.

The official opening of the Fire Hall took place on Saturday, June 223, 1966 at 2pm. Kitley Fire Department now had equipment which would meet all the requirements of the Fire Marshall’s Office.

Alarm System

In order to receive calls an alarm system was needed. Since no system was available through the Lewis Telephone System, the firefighters set up their own. They installed phones in all the firefighter’s homes and then strung their own wire to the old Frankville Fire Hall and to the office of the Lewis Telephone System. Even though the wire was old, the system for ringing the 25 phones was ‘state of art’ for 1965. The wire however was a different matter. Every weekend Ray Ireland and Ken Baker spent many hours climbing poles and splicing wires. Stories still circulate regarding the number of side cutters that Ray left on the cross arms of telephone poles.

Fire Association

The Fire Department would have been hard pressed to succeed without the assistance of the Firefighter’s Association. Since the formation of the Department, the Association has met regularly on the 3rd Monday of every month. Hey have been involved in almost continual fundraising for 20 years. They raised money through raffles, Walk-a-thons, New Year’s Eve dances, Wedding receptions and in numerous other ways. The association has raise many thousand dollars and spent it on necessary equipment for the Fire Department

Women’s Auxiliary to the Fire Department

Kitley Fire Depts. Women’s Auxiliary 

On April 25, 1977, the Women’s Auxiliary was formed with Linda Brundige as its first president. Their objective was fund raising and they helped purchase pagers and turn out gear.









Extracts taken from the booklet “ Kitley Volunteer Fire Department- The first twenty five years- 1965-1985. Authors and publisher unknown. Thanks to the Elizabethtown-Kitley Fire Department for this information.

Unfortunately our photos are not the best, if anyone has some good qualtiy photographs we would appreciate hearing from you.




1965 Tanker
Kitley Fire Chiefs
1969 Van
Kitley Firefighters of 1979









Railroad Lanterns and Lamps

Railroad Lanterns and Lamps

Lanterns and lamps were used daily as a tool of the trade for railroad workers in the past. They were the best means of communication when operating and directing trains. These lanterns communicated signals  between trains, stations, and workers, since loud working environments and the distance involved in train operations negated communication by speaking or yelling.

Railroad Kerosene Lantern With Clear Glass Globe and Wire Caging

Railroad lanterns and railroad lamps serve two separate ways of signalling. Railroad lanterns have a globe surrounded by a metal frame or caging and a fuel source, originally oil and later kerosene. A railroad lantern was portable and was an effective light source that could be easily seen at night from a distance. The railroad worker would swing and move the lantern in different ways according to what message he wanted to send.  For instance, to give a stop signal, the lantern would be swung back and forth horizontally across the tracks and the signal to proceed was to move the lantern up and down vertically.

In addition, different coloured globes or lenses, of both the lanterns and lamps, were used to mean different signals. Red, Blue, Yellow, and Green and Clear/White, had its own significance. For example, a lantern with a blue globe was hung on equipment to mark that wasn’t to be moved. A lantern with a green globe was used by switch tenders to indicate that the switches were aligned properly and to proceed with caution.

Railroad lanterns are often classified into five different categories. These are: fixed globe lanterns, tall globe lanterns, short globe lanterns, conductors’ lanterns, and inspectors lanterns.

Unlike lanterns, railroad lamps were designed to be stationary and were made out of sheet metal or cast metal. While they may have handles on them for transportation, they were generally larger than lanterns and had lenses to magnify the light, rather than a globe. Additionally, while lanterns were primarily used at night, lamps were used during the day as well as the night.

A Railroad Signal or Marker Lamp
Further Investigation Needed to Identify Correctly

Railroad lamps include: marker lamps, switch lamps, classification lamps, crossing-gate lamps, semaphore lamps, and each were mounted in different places and gave different signals.  Marker lamps, for example, were hung on the last car to signal the end of the train.  Whereas, switch lamps were mounted to a railroad track switch and would indicate, using specific colours, which position the switch was set to.


“PIPER TORONTO” engraved on the top of the lamp

Sad Irons

Sad Irons 

The forebears to modern electric irons, flat irons or smoothing irons, later modified into what is more commonly known as ‘sad irons,’ were constructed by blacksmiths in the Middle Ages.

Sad Irons With Metal Handles

‘Sad’ is an Old English word for “solid,” and the term “sad iron” is used to distinguish heavy flat irons, usually weighing 5 to 9 pounds. The heft of a sad iron would proportionally effect the amount of heat held in the iron, and consequently how well the fabric would be pressed flat. The base of a sad iron is triangular shaped with a pointed tip to make it is easy to iron around buttons. They were heated on an open fire or a stove, and their metal handles had to be gripped with a thick potholder, rag, or gloves while ironing.

Detachable wooden handles were added later to sad irons in place of the soldered metal handles. Wooden handles would stay cool while the metal bases were heated. Sad irons, circa 1900, featured an asbestos lining, under a removable hood that fitted over the heated “core,” and prevented heat from traveling up into the handle and burning the hand of the user.

Canadian Sad Iron From Taylor and Forbes Company Limited (Guelph, Canada) #2 Model with Detached Wooden Handled
Sad Irons With Detachable Wooden Handles

The Sleigh Ride

By Walter K. Billings


It was about the middle of January. We had been nearly snowed under from a week’s snow storm, then rain that flooded the flats along the creek, and a sudden change to a very cold weather that froze the snow, making a glare sheet of ice from the Lyn Road down across to the creek that was still level with its banks.

Bay and James Streets, no photos presently exist of the hill that Walter Billings wrote about

Sunday afternoon my cousin with his parents came up for a visit. We two were out in the yard, playing on the crust with the big hand sleigh, and looking across to Harper’s hill, decided it would be a good chance to try a ride there. We walked up the road, climbed the fence and got the sleigh in position, then I lay down on my stomach and my cousin lay on my back. Away we went! The hill at the top was very steep, the sleigh gained speed and in seconds we were on the glare ice of the flat, then across the creek, up the bank and …Then I came to. We had gone head first into a clump of small bass-woods. My cousin seeing the danger had thrown himself clear but I had no chance; the force of the collision had knocked me out for a minute or two. We finally got back across the creek, where my cousin laid me on the sleigh and began the long pull back to the house. We finally got to the warmth of the barn where I lay down on the straw in the feed floor, in front of the cattle for an hour. When I returned to the house, where my uncle was waiting to go home, I complained of a headache and got sent to bed. Next morning I felt better but never told Mother what had happened, as I knew that she would say it was good enough for me, when I had gone sleigh-riding on Sunday.

Driving along the Lyn Road I often look down the hill. The line fence has been moved and passes close to the clump of trees we hit that Sunday long ago. The sand and gravel have been taken away to the city so that there is no more fun on Harper’s hill. But the memory of that boyhood escapade still lives.


Museums Genealogical Binders

Each binder contains information about the person and their family.

Genealogical Information in Binders
Each binder contains large amounts of family information
Family Name Other Names included
Clow, Corp William
Coates, Arthur Churcher
Cornell Family
Lewis Family
Perrin, Evelyn May
Scott, Doug, Const
White, Joseph 7 Sarah Lucy Kilborn,John White;Henry White; Ruben Sherwood White;Sarah Berry; JamesWhite; Annie Pearson

The Great Herbal Balm ‘Zam Buk’ Tin

The Great Herbal Balm ‘Zam-Buk’ Tin

Zam-Buk is a healing antiseptic ointment or embrocation that was advertised to help soothe and heal: cuts, bruises, burns, scalds, sprains, piles, pimples, eczema, leg, sores, ulcers, ringworm, chapped hands, sores, insect bites, chafing, chilblains, rheumatism, and cold sores. Zam-Buk had several formulas but was sold with antimicrobial and analgesic properties from ingredients like camphor and eucalyptus oil.

The Great Herbal Balm Zam-Buk Tin

The origins of Zam-Buk can be traced back to the early 1990s and was founded by Charles Edward Fulford of Leeds, England. The geneses of the products name, Zam-Buk, is unknown but is believed by some to have its roots from a town in South Africa. However, this theory remains unproven.

The ‘Zam-Buk’ name and product acquired widespread recognition and popularity from its original use on rugby and football pitches in Australia and New Zealand. First aid officers would apply the antiseptic to injured players, cleansing their wounds and eliminating the chances of infection. The term ‘Zam-Buk’ would come to mean the first aid officers, rather than the treatment itself. The ointment was used extensively in the sporting world and was advertised as being “unequalled for sportsman.”

This cure-all balm found itself on Canadian pharmacy shelves circa 1903, and sold with great success. Manufacturing efforts discontinued in 1998.

Photos from an Album taken around 1914

Unfortunately not all of the photographs in our collection are identified. In this instance we have a small black photo album that was donated and we know nothing about it. The photos are not labelled. From the clothes and the military uniforms on some of the men we would estimate the dates of the photos between 1910 and 1920. The photos are not of the best quality, but nonetheless they do give us a good insight into how the people lived back then.

If anyone recognizes any thing familiar in these photographs we would appreciate hearing from you.

1-This old unpainted clapboard house is prominent as a background in many of the photos


2-The clapboard house
3-The corner of the house











4-What special occasion would bring the family together for this photo?
5-Sisters ?
6-The same people are in most of these photos







7-For some reason they choose the corner of the house for many photos.


8-Is this all one family ? Four boys and three girls. The man with the moustache is the same one in the photo above.


9-Friends taken in the winter
10-Same friends taken in the summer







11-Is this the farm house in the background ?
12-In front of the barns
13-Three generations ?








14-This one has a name “Vivian”


15-Mothers and daughters in front of the shed. Unfortunately the sign on the barn is un-readable, notice the chicken in front of the barn door.


16-Is this the house
18-Dressed to go somewhere
17-This couple in their everyday work clothes








19-Where did they get the ship’s life preserver ?


20-In town now, is this the same white horse as pictured before ?


21-A mother and her two sons and three daughters ?


22-Same location as the above photo ?


23-A house in town ?


24-Friends or family


25-Out riding
27-In front of the house
26-Where could this house be ?







28-In front of a house in town


30-Same woman in the hat above ?
29-Sharing a secret











31-An indoor family gathering, perhaps a young people’s social ?


32-Friends or family
33-A cold day for an outside photo








34-At the farm gate


35-Mothers and daughters


36-Are those canal gates behind them, could this be the Rideau Canal ?


37-On the house steps


38-Watch for the dogs in the next photos



39-A boy and his dogs
40-Sisters and their brother ?









41-Two dogs in a wheel barrow


42-Friends ?


43-Relaxing in the hammock
44-Relaxing in the snow










45-Clapboard house in the winter ?


46-Looking after the horses
48-WW I uniform


47-WW I uniforms









49-A World War I Soldier


50-Are those large buildings in the background


51-Friends at steps along the canal?


52-An old couple
53-A good corn crop










54-Does anyone recognize this church ?


55-Using the cutter in winter
56-More than friends ?

57- Same people different place










58-A thoughtful pose


59-Making good use of the wheel barrow
60-A popular spot for photos










61-By the corner of the Clapboard house



62-Sisters and brothers ?
63-Out for a summer ride








64-A cold time to pose for a photo


65-Time for a family photo


66-Taken in front of the barn and barn yard
67-Dressed for a photo









68-A fall day
70-A winter’s day





69-A loving couple


71-What a shame that the names of these people are lost to history


Stereoscopy – Stereoscopes

As photography developed as a commercial medium during the 1840s, it was realised that it was perfect for producing stereoscopic images and daguerreotypes were produced to be viewed using Wheatstone’s apparatus.  This was achieved initially by taking one photograph, then moving the camera a few inches and taking a second.  In early stereo views, sometimes the movement of people between the exposure of the left and right images is obvious. Soon, special stereoscopic cameras were developed to take the left and right images simultaneously, with two lenses separated by around the same distance as human eyes.

In late 1840s, David Brewster greatly improved the viewer by using lenses instead of mirrors and this allowed a compact, portable device to be produced.  Queen Victoria was amused by his viewer at the Great Exhibition 1851 and helped spawn a craze.  Brewster claimed that by 1856 over 500,000 viewers had been sold.

In the 1850s and 1860s, it can be argued that it was stereoscopic views, along with cartes-de-visite that popularised photography and spurred its growth and development.  The London Stereoscopic Company was probably the largest manufacturer of photographs in the world during the 1860s, with its slogan ‘a stereoscope in every home’.  By the end of the 1860s, this must have been virtually true for the middle class homes of Britain.

Although its popularity ebbed, there was a second growth phase in the 1890s, with Underwood and Underwood becoming a huge publisher of images.  They were eventually taken over by Keystone, who continued producing stereo views into the 1930s.

In addition to the classic stereo view card (approx. 170mm x 80mm), several other smaller side-by-side formats emerged (particularly in France).  The Viewmaster disc was probably the best known and is still produced today. (internet-no source name available)

The stereoscopic viewing cards posted here are from our collection and give you a glimpse into the past.

Travel and Nature

“A mountain torrent’s strength is here.” Yellowstone River at Yellowstone National Park, USA – c 1901


Down Yellowstone Canon, from Moran’s Point, showing crags, Yellowstone Park – c 1901


“In Wonderland” Watkins Glenn, New York, c 1899


The Royal Gorge and headwaters of the Arkansas River, Colorado, USA – c 1900


The Grandeur of the Royal Gorge and Canon Arkansas River, Colorado, USA – c 1900


Williams Canon, Maniton, Colorado c1904


Roger’s Pass from Hermit Mountain, British Columbia, Canada – c 1900


The beautiful Falls of the Riviere du Loup, Quebec – c 1902


Looking down Oak Creek Canyon Canon, towards Ouray, Colorado – c 1906


North Dakota Prairie Chickens in Autumn – c 1906


Climbing the steep Zigzags in the trail to the top of Nevada Falls, Yosemite Valley, Cal – c 1906


“The antler’s monarch of the waste” The American Moose -c 1905


Mirror Lake and Mt. Watkins, Yosemite Valley, Cal. c-1906


“The groves were God’s first temple”- Among the venerable Giants of the Mariposa Grove, Cal. c 1906


Hook Eye Curve, Breckenbridge, Col c-1904


Home in the Rockies, Ouray, Col c-1906


Striking cone of the Grotto Geyser, Yellowstone National Park, Cal. c 1900


Crater of the Giant Geyser, Yellowstone National Park – c 1900


The Gateway and Majestic Pike’s Peak, Col. USA  c 1900


Stupendous El Capitan, 3300 ft. above floor of Yosemite Valley, Cal. c 1900


Seventh Cascade, Cheyenne Falls, Manitou, Colorado c 1904


Moonlight on the Cedar Rapids of the St. Lawrence River c 1900


Crater of the Castle Geyser, “Old Faithfull” in distance,  Yellowstone National Park


“Rock-ribbed and ancient as the sun” -Box Canyon, Ouray, Cal c-1906


Rugged Grandeur of Mystic Gorge, Au Sable Chasm, New York c 1906


Niagara’s most Enchanting sight – American Falls and Luna Island from Goat Island, Niagara, NY c 1905


Majestic Niagara, rolling in ceaseless roar – American Falls from below- USA c1901


“The breaking waves dashed high on a stern and rock bound coast” – Niagara Rapids




Italian Statuary, Palace of Liberal Arts, Louisiana Purchase Exposition, St. Louis, USAWorld’s Fair in St. Louis c 1904


Giant Elephant made of English Walnuts, California’s Exhibit in Horticuitural Building, World’s Fair in St. Louis c 1904


Judging Hereford Bulls, greatest of Cattle Shows, World’s Fair, St. Louis USA c1905



Randolph Street, Chicago, USA


Floral Beauty, Soldier’s Home, Dayton, Ohio, USA c 1892


An army miners and prospectors ascending the heights of the Chilcoot Pass c 1898


City of Cold Feet, Alaska c 1899


The Nation’s Capitol from the South East, Washington, DC c1900


East Room, (McKinley’s Administration) Mansion, Washington, DC c1900


U.S. Hotel Court, Sartoga, NY


Cotton is King- A Louisiana Plantation Scene c1900 (Prize Cotton)


A visit to Lallberte’s – the finest fur parlour in the world, Quebec, Canada c1904


“Aim Low Boys” Company M, First Illinois Volunteers, Spanish American War c1899


A Pretty Avenue in Elitcha Garden, a popular pleasure resort,  Denver, Colorado c1906



President William McKinley, our third Martyred President U.S.A. c1901


President Roosevelt with Alice Roosevelt-Longworth and Honorable Nicholas Longworth in Bridal attire c1906


Swedish Girls and their country home, province of  Blekinge, Sweden c1902


Monte Carlo, Bird’s eye View, Monaco  c1894


General View of Jani Temple and Grounds. Calcutta, India


Tablet in Albert Memorial Chapel, Windsor
Durham Cathedral from the River, Eng c1898


“Porta della Carta” Grand Entrance, Ducal Palace, Venice, Italy c1898


In Beautiful Drottningholm Place, Stockholm, Sweden c1901


An Irish Obstruction- Driving the pigs to market in the scenic land of Erie  c1905


General Subjects


“You can’t get me now” c1903


Weaning the Twins c1894


The Brides Prayer: “Make Thy face to shine upon me, Make my life a life of love”c1905


How dear to my heart are the scenes of my childhood c1903


Nearing the haven c1902


Innocents and the Household Pet c1905


Her Guardian Angels c1893


“He shall give His angels charge concerning thee  c1905


And they never called me c1899


A Light Lunch c1894



A Train Robber holding up a train  c1900


Quickest way to spread the news -TELL-A-WOMAN c1904


Quick way to Spread the News- Telegraph c1904


“Oh fortunate, Oh happy day”  c1894


Bliss c 1888


Bliss Disturbed c1888



Anson McNish – Photographs of his daughter Florence Catherine

Anson McNish was born in Lyn, Ontario, the son of George McNish owner of the Lyn Agricultural Works and Almira Jane Fell.

Anson was a mechanic by trade, but also an Amateur Photographer. As an amateur photographer, Anson has given us some very fine detailed pictures with glimpses into his life and surroundings.

Anson married Antoinette (Nettie) Brookman, in Fultonville, NY on August 10, 1910. Together they had one daughter Florence Catherine who was born on Dec 3, 1913 in Weston, Ontario and unfortunately died at the early age of 15 on April 16, 1928 in Fultonville, NY

These photos are of his daughter Florence, who from the photographs taken was loved by both Anson and Nettie. It must have been a great loss for both of them when she died in 1928 at the young age of 15.

Florence McNish is buried along with her mother in the Fultonville, NY cemetery.

Here are some of the photos that Anson took of his daughter, Florence.

1-Anson, Nettie and daughter Florence – 1914


2-Nettie and daughter Florence- 1914


3-Florence and Friends in Weston, Ontario- 1914


4-Florence at 7 months- June, 1914


5-Florence – 1914


6-Florence- 1914 at home in Weston, Ontario
7-Florence- in her swing at her Weston Home – 1914











8-Bath Time -1914






11-Florence waiting for a push


12-Nettie and Florence, Weston, July 1916



13-September 1916 going for a ride


14-Florence – January 1917


15-Florence with her dolls -1917


16-Summer- 1917


17-Family and Friends in Weston, Ontario


18-Nettie and Florence at their Weston home


19-Florence on the right and a friend, Weston, Ontario


20-Florence – Weston
21-Florence- Weston











22-Florence and her dolls



23-Florence- in her hat
24-Florence getting ready for winter










25-Florence in a field with a friendly calf




27-Florence and her mother Nettie


28-Florence and friends- Weston, Ontario, note the toy train in the ground


29-Florence with her chickens in their Weston, Ontario back yard


30-Florence and Friends


31-Can Florence come out to play ? Both little girls are Florence, Anson took two photos and split the negatives to get this effect.


32-Florence in the middle on their porch hammock


33-Florence and friends, notice how dressed up they are to play in sand


34-Florence and family at their Weston, Ontario home


35-Florence- Tea time


36-Florence with her doll carriage


37-Florence in 1921 at age 7


38-Florence in the middle, with her mother Nettie and father Anson behind her to the left


39-Florence at home in Futtonville, New York


40-Florence at the bridge over the Hudson River, in 1924 age 11


41-This is the last known photo we have of Florence. She died in 1928 at the age of 15. She is buried with her mother in the cemetery in Fultonville, NY











Museum’s Genealogical Archival Boxes

Museum’s Genealogical Archival Boxes  Updated Jan 2017
Name Items Other names included
Anderson, Alice deed of land 1937 Blake,Edna
Baker, Arden News story 1985
Barton, Herbert Military Pass 1941
Billings, Walter writtings
Bissell, Sarah Mortgage 1902 Parker, Robert
Blair, Donald Vincent WWI Military papers
Blake, Edward Mansell Military Service Record
Bolin, John Family Tree Blake, Dean,Bain,Stewart,Morrison, Watt, McCullough
Bolin, Joe and Grace Photos
Booth, Casper Stuart Military Information WWI
Booth Family Newsclippings
Bowen, Aylmer Frederick Military Discharge 1941
Brown, William Deed of Release 1823 Judson, Anna & Rathel; Brown William
Brownell, Harold & William Family Information & Photos
Carpenter, Mary Home Insurance Policy 1974
Cassels, Robert Deed of Land 1879
Charles, D. Railway Pass 1937
Chisamore, Almer Erwin WWI Booklet
Clow Family Deeds, News stories, Photos
Clow, George Gardiner Memorial Record d.Feb 1918
Clow, Mrs. John S. News Clippings
Clow, Margurita Christmas Card
Coleman, Able Will 1810; Family History
Coleman. Abel Henry Biography
Coleman, Cannon Harry News clippings; photo
Coleman, Vincent Family Tree
Coleman, Richard II Family Tree
Coleman Family Family Tree
Colwman Lewis Family Tree
Coleman, James Wesley Family Tree
Coleman, Hiram Family Tree
Coleman, Edwin Family Tree
Coleman, David C. Family Tree
Coleman, William C. Obituary
Connolly, Michael J. Deed 1872 Tennant, John Isabella
Coon, Gerald Voter Registration Card 1940
Cornell, David Correspondence and papers
Cummings Family Family Tree
Cummings, James Deed 1880
Darling, Garnett personal writtings
Darling, Ivan Frank WWI service information
Darling, Sanford News clippings, home insurance
Darling, Stanlry Clarence WWI service information
Davidson, Donald WWII Service Information
Dickey, Winona photo 1937
Duncan, John Samuel WWII Discharge Papers
Duncan, J.R. 1891 letter to Jack
Dunster, Sam WW! & II service Information
Dunster, Samuel H. WWI photos
Edgley, Omer Family history and photos
Francie, Richard H. Deed 1874 Buell, James ad Caroline
Ferguson, James A. Building Contract 1880 Phillips, Robert
Ferguson, Merrill Roy WWII Discharge Papers
Ferguson, Isaac Allen WWII Discharge Papers
Gardiner, George W. Family Tree and Photos Booth, Mary Ann
Gardiner, Richard P. Family Tree and Photos Tennant, Euphemia
Gardiner, Richard Family Tree and Photos Turkington, Mary Ann
Gardiner, Stanley Louis Family Tree Orton, Minnie
Gardiner, Stanley Photos of farm
Giffen, Elwood Archibald Service Record
Glazier, Curson Photos
Gray, Catherine Speech
Gunness, Cecil Ford Service Record
Hall, James Cecil WWII news clippings
Hall, Harold David WWII news clippings
Hallett, Fred Poem
Hanna Family Newsclippings
Haskins Family Family Tree
Hayes, J.F. Correspondence and papers
Heggerman, John Deed c1850
Hodge, Mortimer WWI service information
Howe Family Obituaries Morrison;Scott;Kerr;Byers;Oxton;Bowen;Ready;Root;Sayers;Darling,Hanna
Hudson, Anna Family Tree Kilborn; Freeman;Hall;Allen
Johnston, Stanley Estate Settlement 1907
Johnston, Celia Irene WWI service information
Johnston, Roy Walter WWI service information
Jones, Harold Carman WWI service information
Judson, Silas deeds 1808
Kilmury, Jack Photo
Kincaid, John Deeds- 1864,1877
Krugel, Joyce Beverly Biography
Ladd, Orval and Pat News clippings
Lee, Frank Deed 1940
Lee, Fred H. Family Information
Lee, Jack Morden WWII Service Information
Lee, Jack Morden Familt Information
Leeder, Francis & Isobel Photos
Leeder, James & Annie Obituaries Annie Buchanan
Lennox, George Evert Family Information and Photo
Lewis, Madeline Rothwell Deed 1940 Anderson, Lelia Grace
McNamara, john Philip WWII Service Information
McClintock, Hugh Certificate 1959
McCready Family Family Tree
McCready, Fred stories and poems
McCrae, James Diary 1940
McCrady, Kathleen Diary 1923
McKinney, Louise C. News clippings
McLean, John Spencer Will 1880
McNish Family Newsclippings
McNish, Harris WWI information and photos
McNish, Margaret Photo
Massey, George Alfred WWII photo
Montgomery, William H. Teaching certificates 1880
Moore, Raymond WWII Service Information
Moore, George Newton WWII Service Information
Moores Family News clipping
Orton, Minnie Family Tree
Parker, Robert Deed 1902 Bissell, Sarah
Parslow, Horton Garfield WWI service information
Pelton, Keith writtings
Pergam, Peter Deed 1894 Cassels, Robert
Pergau, James Deed 1920 Stewart, Ray
Pettem, George Deed 1923 Pergau, Laura
Pergau, Peter Family Tree
Purvis Family Family history
Purvis, Peter Deed 1841 Thompson, Benjammine and Polly
Purvis, Peter Discharge Paper copy 1785
Purvis, Thomas Deed 1840 Leslie, James & Auldjot, George
Race, Ernie Photo
Reynolds, Hartley Ernest WWII Service Information
Robb, Wallace Havelock Writtings
Robinson, Mildred Louisa Personal History
Rowsom, William Family Tree
Rowsome, William R. WWII Service Information
Rowsome, Roy Gerald WWII Service Information
Sager, Kathleen Correspondence and papers
Scott, Doug, Const News Clippings
Sexton, Len Letter 1819 Susher, Eri
Shipman, Ezekiel Will 1873
Smith, Lindsay & Lawrence WWII news clippings
Square, John Photo of home
Storey, Tom Letter 1943 Donnelly, Tom
Tackaberry, Walter Waite WWI service information
Taylor, Clayton Miller Family Tree Gardiner, Harriet Louisa
Taylor, Josephine Gardiner Family Tree
Tennant, John W. Deeds 1872 & 1877 Buell, James ad Caroline
Tennant, Viola Burial Plot Receipt 1967
Tennant, William Deed 1856 Thomson, Archabald
Turkington, Mary Ann Family Tree
Vickery, Fred stories and poems
Vyfvinkel, Henry News Clippings
Warren Family Family History
Weatherhead, Clifford WWI service information
Webster, Eric and Nancy Photos
Weekes Family Family Tree
Willson, Charles H. Family History
Genealogical Information in Binders
Each binder contains large amounts of family information
Clow, Corp William
Coates, Arthur Churcher
Cornell Family
Lewis Family
Perrin, Evelyn May
Scott, Doug, Const

Obituaries 2000 to 2016

Hertitage Place Museum
Obitutaries- 2000 to 2016
Name Age Birth Death Pg.No.
Ackerman, Alice 94 1919 2013 90
Ackerman, Gordon Keith 76 1937 2013 85
Armstrong, William G. 78 1932 2010 69
Baker, Jean W., Rev. nee Porteous 53 1952 2005 22
Bellinger, Joseph Ernest (Joe) 83 1923 2006 30
Bolin, John Bryce 74 1926 2000 3
Bonokoski, Kurt 2002 7
Bonokoski, Matt 1980 7
Bonokoski-Gillis, Shirlee nee Dunseith 90 1924 2014 103
Bowen, John Franklin 94 1915 2010 66
Boyd, Beverly Lorraine 83 1933 2016 119
Bradley, Raymond 71 1938 2010 72
Bryan, Arlene nee Gibson 82 1923 2005 19/22
Bryan, Stanley George 95 1920 2015 112
Burns, Allan 68 1942 2010 69
Bushfield, Irene Aleitha nee Willows 96 1915 2010 65
Bycroft, Sydney 96 1909 2005 22
Cairnie, Nan 72 1935 2007 37
Campbell, Evelyn Edythe nee Dunster 88 1920 2009 53
Casselman, Edward Gerald Clifford 70 1938 2008 48
Chartier, Russell (Russ) 75 1940 2015 109/110
Chisamore, Clifford 74 1932 2006 25
Chisamore, Margaret Isobel nee Kingston 69 1941 2010 70
Clow, Edgar 87 1917 2004 13
Clow, William Allan (Bill) 80 1926 2006 29
Cole, Freda Mary 90 1924 2014 104
Coon, Donald Elton 83 1929 2013 87
Coon, Gerald (Jerry) 85 1927 2012 82
Coon, Melville W. (Mel) 79 1932 2011 77
Coon, Ruth Isobel nee Shewan 81 1933 2014 102
Cornell, Dorothy nee Kennedy 86 1915 2001 6
Craig, David 94 1910 2005 21/22
Darling, Garnet R. 83 1929 2012 81
Darling, Glenn 85 1921 2006 27
Davidson, Vada Bernice 82 1934 2016 117
Dean, Allen Joseph 60 1951 2011 77
DeDekker, Carol Ann nee Davidson 71 1938 2009 59
Deir, Raymond Dennis 60 1953 2013 86
Donnelly, Keith Orville 86 1925 2012 83
Duncan, Donald James 77 1930 2007 42
Dunster, Ronald Dale 54 1955 2009 57
Eddeley, Eva Pauline 75 1929 2004 18
Edgeley, Ethel Irene nee Lee 90 1920 2010 75
Ferguson, Donald R. 96 1908 2004 17
Ferguson, Joan 59 1957 2016 118
Fletcher, Jacoba (Coba) 80 1935 2015 114
Franketto, Glenna nee Hanna 76 1934 2010 67
Frasch, Robert (Bob) 87 1919 2007 40
Gardiner, Kathleen (Kay) nee Doggett 97 1917 2014 101
Gaskell, Willis Ada 88 1920 2008 45
Gray, Catherine nee Neilson 99 1904 2004 16
Green, Gladys 95 1906 2001 5
Greenhalgh, William James 67 1939 2006 26
Grendel, Sjoerd (Stuart) 69 1939 2009 57
Hallett, Mabel Margaret nee Turner 91 1915 2006 27/28
Hanna, Raymond Lloyd 81 1930 2011 78
Hanna, Sandra Lee 2014 95
Hendry, George Berton 81 1932 2013 89
Howard, Ronald Alexander 91 1924 2015 115
Howe, Marjorie Elinor nee Ready 83 1924 2008 43
Howe, Sylvia nee Sayers 73 1936 2010 66
Hudson, Beryl Anna 83 1927 2010 71
Hudson, Mary Boye nee Morwick 72 1931 2003 9
Hunter, Sarah Aileen (Sally) 88 1919 2007 38
Hurst, George 70 1944 2014 97
Hutchinson, Louis 83 1931 2014 101
Jackson, Donald 78 1934 2012 81
Johnston, John Armstrong, Dr. 79 1935 2014 105/106
Jowett, Audrey Inez nee Hodge 85 1929 2014 96
Jowett, Donald Arnold (Don) 79 1928 2007 31/32
Kearney, Marjorie Winnifred nee Mustard 2013 91
Krugel, Harold John 74 1926 2000 2
Krugel, Joyce Beverly nee Disher 81 1929 2009 62/63
Ladd, Mildred 81 1925 2006 29
Ladd, Orval 83 1931 2014 107
Leaves, Harold William (Choppy) 88 1912 2000 1
Lee, Willard 79 1934 2013 90
Looby, Allan Eilliam 74 1930 2005 20
Mack, David 71 1936 2007 33/35
Marshall, Glenn Richard 75 1933 2008 44
Massey, Herbert Emery (Herb) 88 1920 2008 49/51
Massey. William Howard 89 1925 2014 94
McClintock, Hugh Craig 72 1936 2008 47
McCrady, Leola nee Willows 88 1911 2000 4
McNish, Ian Thomas 47 1963 2010 75
McNish, Jennie Margaret nee Cole 81 1933 2014 95
McWhirter, Gwen S. nee Green 76 1938 2014 101
Miles, Alfred John 73 1934 2007 42
Moore, Ronald (Ron) 89 1930 2013 88
Murphy, Ronald Walter (Ron) 76 1938 2014 98
Newman, Grace Adrianna nee Grendel 48 1967 2015 113
Noel, David 54 1956 2010 68
Oomen, Peter Nicolas 83 1925 2009 58
Paquette, Muriel G. nee Earl 97 1916 2013 92
Poole-Leeder, Marorie Ellen 83 1932 2015 113
Robb, James Preston, Dr. 90 1914 2004 15
Robb, Mary Grierson nee Waller 94 1916 2010 73/74
Robertson, Charles Arthur Gerald (Gery) 78 1930 2009 55/56
Roduner, Bonnie Marie nee Massey 53 1955 2008 46
Salmon, Grace nee Cole 89 1921 2010 76
Serson, Dorothy nee Massey 86 1921 2008 45
Shane, Alice Jean nee Dunster 86 1929 2015 111
Simpson, Herbert 75 1925 2000 1
Slack, Charles Osborne 72 1939 2011 78
Stevens, Elsie Hope nee Haggart 79 1928 2007 36
Stevens, William Carlyle (Bill) 72 1942 2014 98
Stewart, Donald Ian 75 1932 2007 41
Stewart, John D. 2008 43
Stewart, Joyce Annabelle nee Simon 89 1925 2014 93
Verburg, Melissa (Missy) 26 1985 2011 79
Vyfvinkel, Henry 80 1934 2014 99
Walker, Irene Elizabeth nee McNish 88 1924 2012 82
Walsh, Patricia Ann 61 1952 2013 87
Wang, Mary Scott nee Fry 94 1919 2013 86
Watts, Ethel Irene 73 1936 2009 58
Webber, Brian Oswald 71 1933 2004 13
Westlake, Jessie Buelah nee Edgley 95 1913 2008 46
White, Corrinna Frances nee Munday 48 1961 2009 57
White, Donald Edward 81 1927 2009 60/61
Whiteland, Reginald 81 1930 2011 79
Wilgosh-McCrady, Carol nee Sharpe 67 1939 2007 39
Wills, Jacqueline (Jackie) 77 1932 2009 54
Wilson, Wayne Douglas 58 1948 2006 30
Worden, Harold Henry 85 1919 2005 23
Wright, Edna Bertena 79 1927 2006 26
Wylie, John D. 76 1924 2000 3

Anson McNish – Photographs from around the area

Anson McNish was born in Lyn, Ontario, in 1878, the son of George McNish owner of the Lyn Agricultural Works and Almira Jane Fell.

Anson was a mechanic by trade, but also an Amateur Photographer. As an amateur photographer, Anson has given us some very fine detailed pictures with glimpses into his life and surroundings.

Anson married Antoinette (Nettie) Brookman, in Fultonville, NY on August 10, 1910. Together they had one daughter Florence Catherine who was born in 1913 and unfortunately died at the early age of 15 in 1928.

These photos are some of the very first photographs the Anson did. In these photos he shows us everyday life of his friends and family in and around the Lyn Area.

Thanks to Anson we have some great insight into this time period of the late 1800’s to early 1900’s.


1-Yonge Mills, a popular fishing area- 1905


2-Old Stone Church at Yonge Mills


3-Presbyterian Church at Caintown


4-Presbyterian Church at Mallorytown, Ontario


5-Nunn’s Falls (Lyn Falls)


6-Market Square, Brockville


7-Fullerton’s On King St. East, Brockville


8-Morristown, NY across the St.Lawrence from Brockville, ONtario


9-Grain Elevator at Prescott, Ontario


10-St. Lawrence Skiffs on the St. Lawrence River


11-The Steamer Kingston, on the St Lawrence River


12-Camp Jolly, Charleston Lake


13-Pic Nic at Charleston Lake


14-A good day’s catch


15-Cat and Kittens



16-Pic Nic at Hudson’s Point on the St. Lawrence


Anson McNish – The Early Years- Lyn

The Early Photography of Anson McNish

Anson McNish was born in Lyn, Ontario, in 1878, the son of George McNish owner of the Lyn Agricultural Works and Almira Jane Fell.

Anson was a mechanic by trade, but also an Amateur Photographer. As an amateur photographer, Anson has given us some very fine detailed pictures with glimpses into his life and surroundings.

Anson married Antoinette (Nettie) Brookman, in Fultonville, NY on August 10, 1910. Together they had one daughter Florence Catherine who was born in 1913 and unfortunately died at the early age of 15 in 1928.

These photos are some of the very first photographs the Anson did. In these photos he shows us everyday life of his friends and family in and around the Lyn Area.

Thanks to Anson we have some great insight into this time period of the late 1800’s to early 1900’s.


1-Henry and Addie McNish on Main Street Lyn in 1894


2-Main St West, Lyn with the Methodist Church on the right and the Lyn School next to it


3-Main Street, Lyn looking to the East, the Blacksmith shop is the first building on the left


4-Main Street Lyn looking west on the left are Coon’s Bakery, Stewart’s Garage, Stores,  Taylor’s Drug Store and Stack’s Hotel


5-Original dam for the Lyn Pond on Main Street, the original mill is the white building on the right


6-Presbyterian Church on Perth St, Lyn


7-Presbyterian Church, Lyn – Sanctuary


8-Rev. Daley, Minister of the Presbyterian Church, Lyn in 1903


9-Old Red Saw Mill, Lyn


10-Blacksmith Shop, Main St, Lyn


11-Lyn Agricultural Works, on Main Street. Owned by George McNish. Anso worked here while he lived in Lyn



12-Gerald Hanna hauling a log to the mill, Main St., Lyn


13-On Perth St. looking east to Bay Street, Lyn

The Following Three Photographs taken by Anson McNish are the earliest pictures we have of the Village of Lyn taken from the Valley

14-Looking up to Lyn from the Valley, the Methodist Church steeple is on the left, the five story Mill is on the right


15-Looking across the Lyn Valley the Anglican Church can been on the hill on the right


16-Across the Lyn Valley, the mill is on the left


17-The Five Story Lyn Flour Mill



18-The Lyn Public School built in 1867


19-Lyn School Play. The second floor of the school was left open as one big room for meetings, plays etc.


20-The Lyn Mill Pond


21-The Lyn Mill Pond


22-Skating Party on the Lyn Mill Pond


23-Ice Harvest on the Lyn Mill Pond 1911


24-George McNish and dog Ted watering cows at the Mill Pond, directly across from St. John’s Hall
25-George McNish- Anson’s Father
26-Almira Jane Fell, Anson’s Mother










27-Home of Henry McNish, west of Lyn


28-Henry and Stanley McNish


29-Inside of Henry McNish’s Home


30-Henry Manhard’s home, Lyn


31-Anson McNish family home on Perth Street, Lyn. Photo was taken by moonlight in December 1900 at 8 pm


32-Walking on Perth Street, Lyn


33-The McCready Farm Home, located on an abandoned side road west of the Lyn Road


34- Anglican Church Rectory across from the church in Lyn


35-Lyn Valley in the winter


36-Walking on the bridge over the creek on what is now the Lyn Valley Road


37-Gerald Hanna and Family


38-Gerald Hanna and Family


38-Gerald Hanna and Family


40-Harris, Stanley and Mabel Hanna


41-Mable Hanna


42-Harris Hanna 1894


43-Harris Hanna and Clarence Green


44-Edith and Sherwood Hanna 1894


45-Earnest Cumming


46-Boys with a dog sled, Main Street Lyn


47-Lloyd Hanna and Florence Boyd



48-James and Maggie Lee’s Home in Lyn


49-Albert and Alfred McCready, Lyn


50-Henry McNish-1905


51-McNish Family- 1905


52-Addie, Henry and Edith McNish


53-Pals in Lyn


54-Unfortunately this is a great photo without names


55-Another Group photo without names


56-Christmas at Elm Grove, Lyn in 1905


57-Christmas in 1906 at Springbrook, Lyn


58-Valentines Day Party, 1906 at the Cedars, Lyn


59-Friends on a fence


60-Farewell Gathering at G.A. Purvis, Lyn – 1907


61-Farewell Gathering at G.A.Purvis, Lyn- 1907


62-School Sled going to BCI in Brockville – 1906

Anson McNish – New York State

Anson McNish was born in Lyn, Ontario, the son of George McNish owner of the Lyn Agricultural Works and Almira Jane Fell.

Anson was a mechanic by trade, but also an Amateur Photographer. As an amateur photographer, Anson has given us some very fine detailed pictures with glimpses into his life and surroundings.

Anson married Antoinette (Nettie) Brookman, in Fultonville, NY on August 10, 1910. Together they had one daughter Florence Catherine who was born in 1913 and unfortunately died at the early age of 15 in 1928. Nettie and Florence are prominent features in most of his photographs.

In 1920 Anson moved to Fultonville, NY. He owned and operated a car repair garage with Nettie’s sister’s husband in the next village, Fonda, NY. After his wife (1944) and daughter (1928) died  Anson sold his interest in the garage and moved back to Brockville.


1-Fultonville, New York


2-Fultonville, New York


3-Main Street, Fultonville, New York


4-Mohawk River at Fultonville, New York


5-Bridge over the Mohawk River at Fultonville, NY


6-Along the Erie Canal


7-Mohawk River, Fultonville, New York


8-Mohawk River, Fultonville, New York


9-Fultonville M.E. Church


10-Fultonville M.E. Church Interior


11-Silk Glove Factory, Fultonville NY (This building was located near the New York State Thruway, and today a truck stop stands on the property)


12-Nettie and friend at work in the glove factory


13-Silk Glove Factory interior


14-At work inside the Silk Glove Factory, Fultonville, NY


15-Nettie McNish and Co-workers at the Silk Glove Factory


16-Starin Mausoleum, Fultonville, NY constructed in the 1880’s by John H. Starin who died in 1909. In 1975 this mausoleum was in disrepair and taken down


17-Gateway to Starin’s Mansion (Shipping magnate John H. Starib built a 26 room stone and brick mansion in 1878, it was tended by a staff of about 125 servants)


18-Gateway to Starin’s Mansion, Fultonville, NY


19-Tom Baily, Kathy Rhodes and Nettie McNish (person on right is unknown)


20-Nettie McNish on the right


21-Nettie and Florence, Fultonville, NY


22-Statue, Fultonville, NY


23-Anson and Friend driving an Electric Car, Fonda, NY